Deuteronomy 10:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Fear the LORD your God and serve him. Hold fast to him and take your oaths in his name.

New Living Translation
You must fear the LORD your God and worship him and cling to him. Your oaths must be in his name alone.

English Standard Version
You shall fear the LORD your God. You shall serve him and hold fast to him, and by his name you shall swear.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall fear the LORD your God; you shall serve Him and cling to Him, and you shall swear by His name.

King James Bible
Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You are to fear Yahweh your God and worship Him. Remain faithful to Him and take oaths in His name.

International Standard Version
You are to fear the LORD your God and serve him. Cling to him and swear by his name.

NET Bible
Revere the LORD your God, serve him, be loyal to him and take oaths only in his name.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Fear the LORD your God, worship him, be loyal to him, and take your oaths in his name.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave and swear by his name.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall fear the LORD your God; him shall you serve, and to him shall you cleave, and swear by his name.

American King James Version
You shall fear the LORD your God; him shall you serve, and to him shall you hold, and swear by his name.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt fear Jehovah thy God; him shalt thou serve; and to him shalt thou cleave, and by his name shalt thou swear.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him only: to him thou shalt adhere, and shalt swear by his name.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt fear Jehovah thy God; him thou shalt serve, and unto him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve; and to him shalt thou cleave, and by his name shalt thou swear.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.

World English Bible
You shall fear Yahweh your God; you shall serve him; and you shall cling to him, and you shall swear by his name.

Young's Literal Translation
'Jehovah thy God thou dost fear, Him thou dost serve, and to Him thou dost cleave, and by His name thou dost swear.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:12-22 We are here taught our duty to God in our principles and our practices. We must fear the Lord our God. We must love him, and delight in communion with him. We must walk in the ways in which he has appointed us to walk. We must serve him with all our heart and soul. What we do in his service we must do cheerfully, and with good will. We must keep his commandments. There is true honour and pleasure in obedience. We must give honour to God; and to him we must cleave, as one we love and delight in, trust in, and from whom we have great expectations. We are here taught our duty to our neighbour. God's common gifts to mankind oblige us to honour all men. And those who have themselves been in distress, and have found mercy with God, should be ready to show kindness to those who are in the like distress. We are here taught our duty to ourselves. Circumcise your hearts. Cast away all corrupt affections and inclinations, which hinder you from fearing and loving God. By nature we do not love God. This is original sin, the source whence our wickedness proceeds; and the carnal mind is enmity against God, for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be; so then they that are in the flesh cannot please God, Ro 8:5-9. Let us, without delay or reserve, come and cleave to our reconciled God in Jesus Christ, that we may love, serve, and obey him acceptably, and be daily changed into his image, from glory to glory, by the Spirit of the Lord. Consider the greatness and glory of God; and his goodness and grace; these persuade us to our duty. Blessed Spirit! Oh for thy purifying, persevering, and renewing influences, that being called out of the state of strangers, such as our fathers were, we may be found among the number of the children of God, and that our lot may be among the saints.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 20. - Reverting to his main theme, Moses anew exhorts Israel to fear Jehovah their God, and to show true reverence to him by serving him, by cleaving to him, and by swearing in his Name (cf. Deuteronomy 4:4; Deuteronomy 6:13; Acts 11:23). Such reverence was due from Israel to God, because of the great things he had done for them, and those terrible acts by which his mighty power had been displayed on their behalf.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God,.... Which includes the whole worship of him, external and internal:

him shalt thou serve; heartily and sincerely, according to his revealed will, and him only:

and to him shall thou cleave; and not turn aside to follow other gods, and worship them:

and swear by his name; and his only, whenever it is necessary to take an oath, which should not be done rashly or on trivial accounts; and never by any creature, but by the living God; see Deuteronomy 6:13.



Deuteronomy 10:20 Additional Commentaries
Context
A Call to Obedience
19"So show your love for the alien, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt. 20"You shall fear the LORD your God; you shall serve Him and cling to Him, and you shall swear by His name. 21"He is your praise and He is your God, who has done these great and awesome things for you which your eyes have seen.…
Cross References
Matthew 4:10
Jesus said to him, "Away from me, Satan! For it is written: 'Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.'"

Luke 4:8
Jesus answered, "It is written: 'Worship the Lord your God and serve him only.'"

Exodus 20:7
"You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

Deuteronomy 5:11
"You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

Deuteronomy 6:13
Fear the LORD your God, serve him only and take your oaths in his name.

Deuteronomy 11:22
If you carefully observe all these commands I am giving you to follow--to love the LORD your God, to walk in obedience to him and to hold fast to him--

Deuteronomy 13:4
It is the LORD your God you must follow, and him you must revere. Keep his commands and obey him; serve him and hold fast to him.

Deuteronomy 30:20
and that you may love the LORD your God, listen to his voice, and hold fast to him. For the LORD is your life, and he will give you many years in the land he swore to give to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

Joshua 23:7
Do not associate with these nations that remain among you; do not invoke the names of their gods or swear by them. You must not serve them or bow down to them.

1 Samuel 7:3
So Samuel said to all the Israelites, "If you are returning to the LORD with all your hearts, then rid yourselves of the foreign gods and the Ashtoreths and commit yourselves to the LORD and serve him only, and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines."

2 Kings 18:6
He held fast to the LORD and did not stop following him; he kept the commands the LORD had given Moses.

Psalm 63:11
But the king will rejoice in God; all who swear by God will glory in him, while the mouths of liars will be silenced.

Jeremiah 4:2
and if in a truthful, just and righteous way you swear, 'As surely as the LORD lives,' then the nations will invoke blessings by him and in him they will boast."
Treasury of Scripture

You shall fear the LORD your God; him shall you serve, and to him shall you hold, and swear by his name.

fear

Deuteronomy 6:13 You shall fear the LORD your God, and serve him, and shall swear by his name.

Deuteronomy 13:4 You shall walk after the LORD your God, and fear him, and keep his …

Matthew 4:10 Then said Jesus to him, Get you hence, Satan: for it is written, …

Luke 4:8 And Jesus answered and said to him, Get you behind me, Satan: for …

cleave

Deuteronomy 4:4 But you that did join to the LORD your God are alive every one of you this day.

Deuteronomy 11:22 For if you shall diligently keep all these commandments which I command …

Deuteronomy 13:4 You shall walk after the LORD your God, and fear him, and keep his …

Joshua 23:8 But hold to the LORD your God, as you have done to this day.

Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted …

Romans 12:9 Let love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; hold …

swear

Deuteronomy 6:13 You shall fear the LORD your God, and serve him, and shall swear by his name.

Psalm 63:11 But the king shall rejoice in God; every one that swears by him shall …

Isaiah 45:23 I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, …

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