Deuteronomy 6:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Fear the LORD your God, serve him only and take your oaths in his name.

New Living Translation
You must fear the LORD your God and serve him. When you take an oath, you must use only his name.

English Standard Version
It is the LORD your God you shall fear. Him you shall serve and by his name you shall swear.

New American Standard Bible
"You shall fear only the LORD your God; and you shall worship Him and swear by His name.

King James Bible
Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Fear Yahweh your God, worship Him, and take your oaths in His name.

International Standard Version
Fear the LORD your God, serve him, and make your oaths in his name.

NET Bible
You must revere the LORD your God, serve him, and take oaths using only his name.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You must fear the LORD your God, serve him, and take your oaths only in his name.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God and serve him and shalt swear by his name.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall fear the LORD your God, and serve him, and shall swear by his name.

American King James Version
You shall fear the LORD your God, and serve him, and shall swear by his name.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt fear Jehovah thy God; and him shalt thou serve, and shalt swear by his name.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Take heed diligently lest thou forget the Lord, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and shalt serve him only, and thou shalt swear by his name.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt fear Jehovah thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; and him shalt thou serve, and shalt swear by his name.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.

World English Bible
You shall fear Yahweh your God; and you shall serve him, and shall swear by his name.

Young's Literal Translation
Jehovah thy God thou dost fear, and Him thou dost serve, and by His name thou dost swear;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

6:6-16 Here are means for maintaining and keeping up religion in our hearts and houses. 1. Meditation. God's words must be laid up in our hearts, that our thoughts may be daily employed about them. 2. The religious education of children. Often repeat these things to them. Be careful and exact in teaching thy children. Teach these truths to all who are any way under thy care. 3. Pious discourse. Thou shalt talk of these things with due reverence and seriousness, for the benefit not only of thy children, but of thy servants, thy friends and companions. Take all occasions to discourse with those about thee, not of matters of doubtful disputation, but of the plain truths and laws of God, and the things that belong to our peace. 4. Frequent reading of the word. God appointed them to write sentences of the law upon their walls, and in scrolls of parchment to be worn about their wrists. This seems to have been binding in the letter of it to the Jews, as it is to us in the intent of it; which is, that we should by all means make the word of God familiar to us; that we may have it ready to use upon all occasions, to restrain us from sin, and direct us in duty. We must never be ashamed to own our religion, nor to own ourselves under its check and government. Here is a caution not to forget God in a day of prosperity and plenty. When they came easily by the gift, they would be apt to grow secure, and unmindful of the Giver. Therefore be careful, when thou liest safe and soft, lest thou forget the Lord. When the world smiles, we are apt to make court to it, and expect our happiness in it, and so we forget Him who is our only portion and rest. There is need of great care and caution at such a time. Then beware; being warned of your danger, stand upon your guard. Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God; neither by despairing of his power and goodness, while we keep in the way of our duty; nor by presuming upon it, when we turn aside out of that way.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 13-18. - Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God. The fear of the Lord - that reverent awe which is akin to love - is the beginning of wisdom and the foundation of piety; where it is in the heart it will lead to serving of the Lord in holy obedience; and they in whom it dwells will swear by his Name, recognizing his presence and omniscience, and not daring to asseverate anything but what they know to be true. Thus, really believing in God and reverently worshipping him, the Israelites would be careful not to go after other gods, or to give to any object that homage which is due unto Jehovah alone, knowing that this he will not endure or suffer with impunity; for he is a jealous God, and them that thus dishonor him he will destroy (Exodus 20:5; Deuteronomy 4:24, etc.). Thus also they should be kept from murmuring against God, and thereby tempting him - putting him, as it were, to the proof, and calling in question his presence and his power, as they had done at Massah (Exodus 17:1-7). Without this genuine religious principle there will be no sincere worship, no true reverence, no real obedience, rendered unto God. But where this dwells in the heart it will influence the whole life, so that the commandments of God shall be diligently kept, and that which is good and right in his sight shall be done.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him,.... Serve him through fear; not through slavish fear, a fear of hell and damnation; but through filial fear, a reverential affection for that God that had brought them out of a state of bondage into great and glorious liberty, out of Egypt into Canaan's land, out of a place of misery into a land of plenty; and therefore should fear the Lord and his goodness, and from such a fear of him serve him, in every part of worship, public and private, enjoined; this passage Christ refers to Matthew 4:10.

and shalt swear by his name; when they made a covenant with any, or were called to bear a testimony for the decision of any controversy which could not be otherwise finished; or whenever they took an oath on any account, which should never be taken rashly or on any trivial account, and much less falsely; it should be taken not in the name of any idol, or of any other but the true and living God; the Targum of Jonathan is,"in the name of the Word of the Lord, in truth ye shall swear.''



Deuteronomy 6:13 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Greatest Commandment
12then watch yourself, that you do not forget the LORD who brought you from the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. 13"You shall fear only the LORD your God; and you shall worship Him and swear by His name. 14"You shall not follow other gods, any of the gods of the peoples who surround you,…
Cross References
Matthew 4:10
Jesus said to him, "Away from me, Satan! For it is written: 'Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.'"

Matthew 5:33
"Again, you have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not break your oath, but fulfill to the Lord the vows you have made.'

Luke 4:8
Jesus answered, "It is written: 'Worship the Lord your God and serve him only.'"

Exodus 20:7
"You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

Exodus 23:25
Worship the LORD your God, and his blessing will be on your food and water. I will take away sickness from among you,

Deuteronomy 5:11
"You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

Deuteronomy 10:20
Fear the LORD your God and serve him. Hold fast to him and take your oaths in his name.

Deuteronomy 13:4
It is the LORD your God you must follow, and him you must revere. Keep his commands and obey him; serve him and hold fast to him.

Joshua 23:7
Do not associate with these nations that remain among you; do not invoke the names of their gods or swear by them. You must not serve them or bow down to them.

1 Samuel 7:3
So Samuel said to all the Israelites, "If you are returning to the LORD with all your hearts, then rid yourselves of the foreign gods and the Ashtoreths and commit yourselves to the LORD and serve him only, and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines."

1 Samuel 20:3
But David took an oath and said, "Your father knows very well that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said to himself, 'Jonathan must not know this or he will be grieved.' Yet as surely as the LORD lives and as you live, there is only a step between me and death."

2 Kings 17:36
But the LORD, who brought you up out of Egypt with mighty power and outstretched arm, is the one you must worship. To him you shall bow down and to him offer sacrifices.

Psalm 63:11
But the king will rejoice in God; all who swear by God will glory in him, while the mouths of liars will be silenced.

Isaiah 45:23
By myself I have sworn, my mouth has uttered in all integrity a word that will not be revoked: Before me every knee will bow; by me every tongue will swear.

Isaiah 48:1
"Listen to this, you descendants of Jacob, you who are called by the name of Israel and come from the line of Judah, you who take oaths in the name of the LORD and invoke the God of Israel-- but not in truth or righteousness--
Treasury of Scripture

You shall fear the LORD your God, and serve him, and shall swear by his name.

fear

Deuteronomy 6:2 That you might fear the LORD your God, to keep all his statutes and …

Deuteronomy 5:29 O that there were such an heart in them, that they would fear me, …

Deuteronomy 10:12 And now, Israel, what does the LORD your God require of you, but …

Deuteronomy 13:4 You shall walk after the LORD your God, and fear him, and keep his …

Matthew 4:10 Then said Jesus to him, Get you hence, Satan: for it is written, …

Luke 4:8 And Jesus answered and said to him, Get you behind me, Satan: for …

and serve him Our Saviour quotes these words thus: `And him only () shalt thou serve;' from which it would appear, that the word {levaddo} was anciently in the hebrew text, as it was in the Septuagint, Coptic, Vulgate (illi soli), and Anglo-Saxon. Dr. Kennicott argues that without the word {only}, the text would not have conclusive for the purpose for which our Lord advanced it. It is proper, however, to observe, that the word {levaddo} is not found in any MS. yet collated, though retained in the above versions.

shalt swear

Leviticus 19:12 And you shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shall you profane …

Joshua 2:12 Now therefore, I pray you, swear to me by the LORD, since I have …

Psalm 15:4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honors them that …

Psalm 63:11 But the king shall rejoice in God; every one that swears by him shall …

Isaiah 45:23 I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, …

Isaiah 65:16 That he who blesses himself in the earth shall bless himself in the …

Jeremiah 4:2 And you shall swear, The LORD lives, in truth, in judgment, and in …

Jeremiah 5:2,7 And though they say, The LORD lives; surely they swear falsely…

Jeremiah 12:16 And it shall come to pass, if they will diligently learn the ways …

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