1 Corinthians 8:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as indeed there are many "gods" and many "lords"),

New Living Translation
There may be so-called gods both in heaven and on earth, and some people actually worship many gods and many lords.

English Standard Version
For although there may be so-called gods in heaven or on earth—as indeed there are many “gods” and many “lords”—

New American Standard Bible
For even if there are so-called gods whether in heaven or on earth, as indeed there are many gods and many lords,

King James Bible
For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,)

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth--as there are many "gods" and many "lords"--

International Standard Version
For even if there are "gods" in heaven and on earth (as indeed there are many so-called "gods" and "lords"),

NET Bible
If after all there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as there are many gods and many lords),

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For even though there are what are called gods, whether in the Heavens or in The Earth, as there are many gods and many lords,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
People may say that there are gods in heaven and on earth-many gods and many lords, as they would call them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For though there are some that are called gods, whether in heaven or in the earth (as there are many gods and many lords),

King James 2000 Bible
For though there be those called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,)

American King James Version
For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,)

American Standard Version
For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or on earth; as there are gods many, and lords many;

Douay-Rheims Bible
For although there be that are called gods, either in heaven or on earth (for there be gods many, and lords many);

Darby Bible Translation
For and if indeed there are [those] called gods, whether in heaven or on earth, (as there are gods many, and lords many,)

English Revised Version
For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or on earth; as there are gods many, and lords many;

Webster's Bible Translation
For though there are that are called gods, whether in heaven or upon earth, (as there are gods many, and lords many)

Weymouth New Testament
For if so-called gods do exist, either in Heaven or on earth--and in fact there are many such gods and many such lords--

World English Bible
For though there are things that are called "gods," whether in the heavens or on earth; as there are many "gods" and many "lords;"

Young's Literal Translation
for even if there are those called gods, whether in heaven, whether upon earth -- as there are gods many and lords many --
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

8:1-6 There is no proof of ignorance more common than conceit of knowledge. Much may be known, when nothing is known to good purpose. And those who think they know any thing, and grow vain thereon, are the least likely to make good use of their knowledge. Satan hurts some as much by tempting them to be proud of mental powers, as others, by alluring to sensuality. Knowledge which puffs up the possessor, and renders him confident, is as dangerous as self-righteous pride, though what he knows may be right. Without holy affections all human knowledge is worthless. The heathens had gods of higher and lower degree; gods many, and lords many; so called, but not such in truth. Christians know better. One God made all, and has power over all. The one God, even the Father, signifies the Godhead as the sole object of all religious worship; and the Lord Jesus Christ denotes the person of Emmanuel, God manifest in the flesh, One with the Father, and with us; the appointed Mediator, and Lord of all; through whom we come to the Father, and through whom the Father sends all blessings to us, by the influence and working of the Holy Spirit. While we refuse all worship to the many who are called gods and lords, and to saints and angels, let us try whether we really come to God by faith in Christ.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - For though there be that are called gods. The verse is a limitation of the phrase which perhaps he had quoted from their letter. There are, indeed, demons, and there are created things, like the host of heaven and the powers of nature, which are called gods and pass for gods. Gods many, and lords many. Perhaps a passing allusion to the use of elohim, gods, for men in great positions, and to the habitual deification of Roman emperors even in their lifetime. The title "Augustus," which they all had borne, was to Jewish ears "the name of blasphemy" (Revelation 13:1), implying that they were to be objects of reverence. Indeed, the worship of the Caesars was, in that strange epoch of mingled atheism and superstition, almost the only sincere cult that was left.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For though there be that are called gods,.... That are so by name, though not by nature; who are called so in Scripture, as angels and magistrates, or by men, who give them such names, and account them so:

whether in heaven; as the sun, moon, and stars:

or in earth; as men who formerly lived on earth; or various creatures on earth, who have been accounted deities; or stocks and stones graven by man's device:

as there be gods many: almost without number, as were among the Egyptians, Grecians, Romans, and others; yea, even among the Jews, who falling into idolatry, their gods were according to the number of their cities, Jeremiah 2:28

and lords many; referring to the Baalim, or the several idols that went by the name of Baal, or lord, as Baal Peor, Numbers 25:3 Baal Zephon, Exodus 14:2 Baal Zebub, 2 Kings 1:2 Baal Berith, Judges 8:33.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. "For even supposing there are (exist) gods so called (2Th 2:4), whether in heaven (as the sun, moon, and stars) or in earth (as deified kings, beasts, &c.), as there be (a recognized fact, De 10:17; Ps 135:5; 136:2) gods many and lords many." Angels and men in authority are termed gods in Scripture, as exercising a divinely delegated power under God (compare Ex 22:9, with Ex 22:28; Ps 82:1, 6; Joh 10:34, 35).

1 Corinthians 8:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Food Sacrificed to Idols
4Therefore concerning the eating of things sacrificed to idols, we know that there is no such thing as an idol in the world, and that there is no God but one. 5For even if there are so-called gods whether in heaven or on earth, as indeed there are many gods and many lords, 6yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom are all things and we exist for Him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we exist through Him.…
Cross References
Matthew 27:17
So when the crowd had gathered, Pilate asked them, "Which one do you want me to release to you: Jesus Barabbas, or Jesus who is called the Messiah?"

2 Thessalonians 2:4
He will oppose and will exalt himself over everything that is called God or is worshiped, so that he sets himself up in God's temple, proclaiming himself to be God.
Treasury of Scripture

For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,)

that.

Deuteronomy 10:17 For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great …

Jeremiah 2:11,28 Has a nation changed their gods, which are yet no gods? but my people …

Jeremiah 11:13 For according to the number of your cities were your gods, O Judah…

Daniel 5:4 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of …

John 10:34,35 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, You are gods…

Galatians 4:8 However, then, when you knew not God, you did service to them which …

2 Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God, or that …

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