1 Corinthians 4:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
when we are slandered, we answer kindly. We have become the scum of the earth, the garbage of the world--right up to this moment.

New Living Translation
We appeal gently when evil things are said about us. Yet we are treated like the world's garbage, like everybody's trash--right up to the present moment.

English Standard Version
when slandered, we entreat. We have become, and are still, like the scum of the world, the refuse of all things.

New American Standard Bible
when we are slandered, we try to conciliate; we have become as the scum of the world, the dregs of all things, even until now.

King James Bible
Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, and are the offscouring of all things unto this day.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
when we are slandered, we respond graciously. Even now, we are like the world's garbage, like the dirt everyone scrapes off their sandals.

International Standard Version
When slandered, we answer with kind words. Even now we have become the filth of the world, the scum of the universe.

NET Bible
when people lie about us, we answer in a friendly manner. We are the world's dirt and scum, even now.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They accuse us and we beg them. We are as the scum of the world and the offscouring of every person until now.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When our reputations are attacked, we remain courteous. Right now we have become garbage in the eyes of the world and trash in the sight of all people.

Jubilee Bible 2000
being blasphemed, we intreat; we are made as the filth of this world and are the offscouring of all things unto this day.

King James 2000 Bible
Being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the filth of the world, and are the trash of all things unto this day.

American King James Version
Being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the filth of the world, and are the offscouring of all things to this day.

American Standard Version
being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the filth of the world, the offscouring of all things, even until now.

Douay-Rheims Bible
We are blasphemed, and we entreat; we are made as the refuse of this world, the offscouring of all even until now.

Darby Bible Translation
insulted, we entreat: we are become as [the] offscouring of the world, [the] refuse of all, until now.

English Revised Version
being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the filth of the world, the offscouring of all things, even until now.

Webster's Bible Translation
Being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the filth of the world, the offscouring of all things to this day.

Weymouth New Testament
when slandered, we try to conciliate. We have come to be regarded as the mere dirt and filth of the world--the refuse of the universe, even to this hour.

World English Bible
Being defamed, we entreat. We are made as the filth of the world, the dirt wiped off by all, even until now.

Young's Literal Translation
being spoken evil of, we entreat; as filth of the world we did become -- of all things an offscouring -- till now.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:7-13 We have no reason to be proud; all we have, or are, or do, that is good, is owing to the free and rich grace of God. A sinner snatched from destruction by sovereign grace alone, must be very absurd and inconsistent, if proud of the free gifts of God. St. Paul sets forth his own circumstances, ver. 9. Allusion is made to the cruel spectacles in the Roman games; where men were forced to cut one another to pieces, to divert the people; and where the victor did not escape with his life, though he should destroy his adversary, but was only kept for another combat, and must be killed at last. The thought that many eyes are upon believers, when struggling with difficulties or temptations, should encourage constancy and patience. We are weak, but ye are strong. All Christians are not alike exposed. Some suffer greater hardships than others. The apostle enters into particulars of their sufferings. And how glorious the charity and devotion that carried them through all these hardships! They suffered in their persons and characters as the worst and vilest of men; as the very dirt of the world, that was to be swept away: nay, as the offscouring of all things, the dross of all things. And every one who would be faithful in Christ Jesus, must be prepared for poverty and contempt. Whatever the disciples of Christ suffer from men, they must follow the example, and fulfil the will and precepts of their Lord. They must be content, with him and for him, to be despised and abused. It is much better to be rejected, despised, and ill used, as St. Paul was, than to have the good opinion and favour of the world. Though cast off by the world as vile, yet we may be precious to God, gathered up with his own hand, and placed upon his throne.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 13. - Being defamed, we entreat. The expression "we entreat" is very general. It may mean "we entreat men not to speak thus injuriously of us" (Calvin); or "we exhort them to do right." As the filth of the world. The Greek word katharmata has a technical sense, in which it means "men devoted to death for purposes of expiation" (homines piaculares). The word perikatharnmta has the sense of "sin offerings" in Proverbs 21:18; Tobit 5:18. It is, however, doubtful whether this meaning of the word could have been at all familiar to Greek readers, and it is only in a very general and distantly metaphorical sense that the sufferings of God's saints can be regarded as, in any sense of the word, vicarious. It is better, therefore, here to retain the sense of "refuse" (purgamenta, things vile and worthless). The offscouring of all things; perhaps rather, of all men. The word peripsema means "a thing scraped off," and this word also was used in expiatory human sacrifices, where the formula used to victims thus flung into the sea, in times of plague or famine, was, "Become our peripsema' ('Schol. on Ar.;' Plut., 456). Thus in Tobit (5:18), Anna the wife of Tobias says, "Let the money be used as a peripsema for the child;" and Ignatius uses the phrase, "I am your peripsema." From this and the similar phrase in the Letter of Barnabas," I am the peripsema of your love," it seems to have become a current expression of tenderness among Christians, "I am your peripsema." But in this case also it may be doubted whether the sacrificial idea was present in the apostle's mind. He is thinking of scenes which he had already faced and would have to face hereafter, when mobs shouted against him that he was "a pestilent fellow" (Acts 24:5) and not fit to live (Acts 22:22).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Being defamed, we entreat,.... Being blasphemed, as the word signifies, being evil spoken of, our good name taken away, and characters hurt; we entreat or pray to God for them, that he would convince them of their evil, give them repentance unto life, and remission of their sins, according to Christ's direction, Matthew 5:44 and in imitation of his example, Luke 23:34 or we entreat them; so the Syriac version reads it, , "we beseech them": not to blaspheme and speak evil of us, since it will be to their own hurt; we give them smooth words, and soft language, not rendering railing for railing, or reviling for reviling:

we are made as the filth of the world, and the offscouring of all things unto this day; referring, as some think, to Lamentations 3:45 or to the lustrations and expiations among the Heathens, who when any calamity was upon them, particularly a plague among them, used to take one of the refuse of the people, and sacrifice him by way of expiation; or any living creature, as a sheep which with imprecations they cast into a river, or into the sea, fancying it carried away all the contagion along with it; hence, by way of reproach, such that were under disgrace, and were ejected, and exiled, were called "purgations"; the refuse of the people, by which the rest were purged (u) or the reference is to any dirt, or filth in common, swept out of houses, and trodden under foot; and so expresses the mean and abject condition of the apostles, and with what disdain and contempt they were treated in the world: all which shows that they were far from reigning as kings; and whilst this was their case, who were at the head of the interest of Christ, it must be a vain conceit of the Corinthians, that they reigned as kings without them.

(u) Vid. Turnebi Adversaria, l. 19. c. 22. & 26. 7. & 27. 16.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

13. defamed, we entreat—namely, God for our defamers, as Christ enjoined (Mt 5:10, 44) [Grotius]. We reply gently [Estius].

filth—"the refuse" [Conybeare and Howson], the sweepings or rubbish thrown out after a cleaning.

of all things—not of the "World" only.

1 Corinthians 4:13 Additional Commentaries
Context
Do Not Be Proud
12and we toil, working with our own hands; when we are reviled, we bless; when we are persecuted, we endure; 13when we are slandered, we try to conciliate; we have become as the scum of the world, the dregs of all things, even until now.
Cross References
Lamentations 3:45
You have made us scum and refuse among the nations.

2 Corinthians 6:8
through glory and dishonor, bad report and good report; genuine, yet regarded as impostors;

1 Peter 3:21
and this water symbolizes baptism that now saves you also--not the removal of dirt from the body but the pledge of a clear conscience toward God. It saves you by the resurrection of Jesus Christ,
Treasury of Scripture

Being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the filth of the world, and are the offscouring of all things to this day.

Lamentations 3:45 You have made us as the offscouring and refuse in the middle of the people.

Acts 22:22 And they gave him audience to this word, and then lifted up their …

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