Romans 9:32
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Why not? Because they pursued it not by faith but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone.

New Living Translation
Why not? Because they were trying to get right with God by keeping the law instead of by trusting in him. They stumbled over the great rock in their path.

English Standard Version
Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were based on works. They have stumbled over the stumbling stone,

Berean Study Bible
Why not? Because their pursuit was not by faith, but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone,

Berean Literal Bible
Why? Because it was not by faith, but as by works. They stumbled over the stone of stumbling,

New American Standard Bible
Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as though it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone,

King James Bible
Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Why is that? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone.

International Standard Version
Why not? Because they did not pursue it on the basis of faith, but as if it were based on achievements. They stumbled over the stone that causes people to stumble.

NET Bible
Why not? Because they pursued it not by faith but (as if it were possible) by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone,

New Heart English Bible
Why? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Why? Because it was not from faith, but from the works of The Written Law, for they were stumbled at the stumbling stone,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Why? They didn't rely on faith to gain God's approval, but they relied on their own efforts. They stumbled over the rock that trips people.

New American Standard 1977
Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as though it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Why? Because they followed it not by faith but, as it were, by the works (of the law); therefore, they stumbled on the stumblingstone;

King James 2000 Bible
Why? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone;

American King James Version
Why? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone;

American Standard Version
Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by works. They stumbled at the stone of stumbling;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Why so? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were of works. For they stumbled at the stumblingstone.

Darby Bible Translation
Wherefore? Because [it was] not on the principle of faith, but as of works. They have stumbled at the stumblingstone,

English Revised Version
Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by works. They stumbled at the stone of stumbling;

Webster's Bible Translation
Why? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling-stone;

Weymouth New Testament
And why? Because they were pursuing a righteousness which should arise not from faith, but from what they regarded as merit. They stuck their foot against the stone which lay in their way;

World English Bible
Why? Because they didn't seek it by faith, but as it were by works of the law. They stumbled over the stumbling stone;

Young's Literal Translation
wherefore? because -- not by faith, but as by works of law; for they did stumble at the stone of stumbling,
Study Bible
Israel's Unbelief
31but Israel, who pursued a law of righteousness, has not attained it. 32Why not? Because their pursuit was not by faith, but as if it were by works. They stumbled over the stumbling stone, 33as it is written: “See, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense; and the one who believes in Him will never be put to shame.”…
Cross References
Isaiah 8:14
"Then He shall become a sanctuary; But to both the houses of Israel, a stone to strike and a rock to stumble over, And a snare and a trap for the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

Isaiah 8:15
"Many will stumble over them, Then they will fall and be broken; They will even be snared and caught."

1 Peter 2:6
For it stands in Scripture: "See, I lay in Zion a stone, a chosen and precious cornerstone; and the one who believes in Him will never be put to shame."

1 Peter 2:8
and, "A stone of stumbling and a rock of offense." They stumble because they disobey the message--and to this they were appointed.
Treasury of Scripture

Why? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone;

Because.

Romans 4:16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the …

Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to …

Matthew 19:16-20 And, behold, one came and said to him, Good Master, what good thing …

John 6:27-29 Labor not for the meat which perishes, but for that meat which endures …

Acts 16:30-34 And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved…

1 John 5:9-12 If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: …

they stumbled.

Romans 11:11 I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: …

Matthew 13:57 And they were offended in him. But Jesus said to them, A prophet …

Luke 2:34 And Simeon blessed them, and said to Mary his mother, Behold, this …

Luke 7:23 And blessed is he, whoever shall not be offended in me.

1 Corinthians 1:23 But we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumbling block, and …

(32) For they stumbled.--"For," in this clause, should be omitted, and the two clauses thrown together, the words "of the law" also going out--Because (seeking righteousness), not of faith, but as if of works, they stumbled, &c.

That stumblingstone.--Christ. When Christianity, with the justification by faith which goes with it, was offered to them, they "were offended," and refused it.

Verses 32, 33. - Wherefore? Because they sought it not of faith, but as of works of law. The genuineness of the concluding word νόμου here is doubtful. Its omission does not affect the sense. If retained, it must, according to the rule observed in this Exposition, be translated law, not the Law. For they stumbled at the stone of stumbling; as it is written, Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and rock of offence: and he that (πᾶς before ὁ πιστεύων, expressed in the Authorized Version by "whosoever," has no good support, having probably been supplied from ch. 10:11) believeth on him shall not be ashamed. Here, as throughout the Epistle, the apostle's position is supported by an Old Testament reference. In this instance it is to two passages of Isaiah intermingled (Isaiah 28:16 and Isaiah 8:14). The way in which they are fused is illustrative of St. Paul's way, elsewhere apparent, of referring to Scripture. As a rule, he quotes the LXX., but often varies from it, and sometimes so as to be closer to the Hebrew. Sometimes he seems to be quoting from memory, as one who is familiar with the general drift of prophecy on the subject in hand, and satisfied if the form of his quotation expresses such general drift. In the ease before us, he follows the Hebrew in Psalm 8:14, and the LXX. 2:28:16, where for the Hebrew expression rendered "shall not make haste," the LXX. has οῦ μὴ καταισχυνθῆ, apparently with the same essential meaning; for "make haste" seems to signify "haste away in terror and confusion." The two texts combined express the idea of a stone being laid by the Lord in Zion, which should be the support of the faithful, but a stumbling-block to others. It is not necessary to inquire whether the texts themselves have in the original any obvious Messianic reference. Enough that they denote God's plan of dealing with his people. But to understand the full idea in the apostle's mind, when he speaks of "the stone of stumbling," we must take into account also Psalm 118:22, and our Lord's language, as recorded in Matthew 21:42, 44 and Luke 20:17, 18. In the Psalms we find the figure of "the stone" used thus: "The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner;" and in the Gospels our Lord refers to this text as de. noting himself, and subjoins, with reference to Isaiah, the idea of the same stone being one on which some should fall and be broken, with the additional conception of its crushing those on whom itself should fall. The same view essentially is expressed in Simeon's words (Luke 2:34), that "this Child" should be for the fall as well as for the rising again of many in Israel; and it is repeated definitely in 1 Peter 2:7 (cf. also Acts 4:11; 1 Corinthians 1:23).



Wherefore? because they sought it not by faith,.... The question is asked, why they did not attain to that, which with so much diligence they pressed after? the answer is, because, as they did not seek for righteousness in a right place, or object, they sought for it in the law, and the works of it, where it is never to be found by a sinful creature, and not in Christ, in whom only are righteousness and strength; so they did not seek for it in a right way, by faith in Christ, without which it is impossible to please God, and by which only true righteousness is discerned and received:

but as it were by the works of the law; not by works which looked like works of the law, and were not; but they sought it as if they expected their justification before God was to be by works of righteousness done by them; or as if it was partly by their own works, and partly by the goodness of God, accepting of them for a justifying righteousness. The Alexandrian Copy, and some others, read only, "as it were by works"; and so does the Vulgate Latin version: another reason, or else a reason of the former is,

for they stumbled at that stumbling stone; meaning the word of the Gospel, at which Peter says they stumbled, and particularly the doctrine of justification by the righteousness of Christ; or rather Christ himself, who was "to the Jews a stumbling block, and to the Greeks foolishness", 1 Corinthians 1:23. 32, 33. Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were—rather simply, "as"

by the works of the law—as if it were thus attainable, which justification is not: Since, therefore, it is attainable only by faith, they missed it.

for—it is doubtful if this particle was originally in the text.

they stumbled at that stumbling-stone—better, "against the stone of stumbling," meaning Christ. But in this they only did.9:30-33 The Gentiles knew not their guilt and misery, therefore were not careful to procure a remedy. Yet they attained to righteousness by faith. Not by becoming proselytes to the Jewish religion, and submitting to the ceremonial law; but by embracing Christ, and believing in him, and submitting to the gospel. The Jews talked much of justification and holiness, and seemed very ambitious to be the favourites of God. They sought, but not in the right way, not in the humbling way, not in the appointed way. Not by faith, not by embracing Christ, depending upon Christ, and submitting to the gospel. They expected justification by observing the precepts and ceremonies of the law of Moses. The unbelieving Jews had a fair offer of righteousness, life, and salvation, made them upon gospel terms, which they did not like, and would not accept. Have we sought to know how we may be justified before God, seeking that blessing in the way here pointed out, by faith in Christ, as the Lord our Righteousness? Then we shall not be ashamed in that awful day, when all refuges of lies shall be swept away, and the Divine wrath shall overflow every hiding-place but that which God hath prepared in his own Son.
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