Romans 8:30
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified.

New Living Translation
And having chosen them, he called them to come to him. And having called them, he gave them right standing with himself. And having given them right standing, he gave them his glory.

English Standard Version
And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified.

Berean Study Bible
And those He predestined He also called, those He called He also justified, those He justified He also glorified.

Berean Literal Bible
And those whom He predestined, these also He called; and whom He called, these also He justified; and whom He justified, these also He glorified.

New American Standard Bible
and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified.

King James Bible
Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And those He predestined, He also called; and those He called, He also justified; and those He justified, He also glorified.

International Standard Version
And those whom he predestined, he also called; and those whom he called, he also justified; and those whom he justified he also glorified.

NET Bible
And those he predestined, he also called; and those he called, he also justified; and those he justified, he also glorified.

New Heart English Bible
Whom he predestined, those he also called. Whom he called, those he also justified. Whom he justified, those he also glorified.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And those whom he pre-fashioned, he called, and those whom he called, he made righteous, and those whom he made righteous, he glorified.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He also called those whom he had already appointed. He approved of those whom he had called, and he gave glory to those whom he had approved of.

New American Standard 1977
and whom He predestined, these He also called; and whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And unto those whom he did mark out beforehand the way, to these he also called; and to whom he called, these he also justified; and to whom he justified, these he also glorified.

King James 2000 Bible
Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

American King James Version
Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

American Standard Version
and whom he foreordained, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And whom he predestinated, them he also called. And whom he called, them he also justified. And whom he justified, them he also glorified.

Darby Bible Translation
But whom he has predestinated, these also he has called; and whom he has called, these also he has justified; but whom he has justified, these also he has glorified.

English Revised Version
and whom he foreordained, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

Webster's Bible Translation
Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

Weymouth New Testament
and those whom He has pre-destined He also has called; and those whom He has called He has also declared free from guilt; and those whom He has declared free from guilt He has also crowned with glory.

World English Bible
Whom he predestined, those he also called. Whom he called, those he also justified. Whom he justified, those he also glorified.

Young's Literal Translation
and whom He did fore-appoint, these also He did call; and whom He did call, these also He declared righteous; and whom He declared righteous, these also He did glorify.
Study Bible
God Works In All Things
29For those God foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brothers. 30And those He predestined He also called, those He called He also justified, those He justified He also glorified. 31What then shall we say in response to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us?…
Cross References
John 17:22
I have given them the glory You gave Me, so that they may be one as We are one--

Romans 8:21
that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to decay and brought into the glorious freedom of the children of God.

Romans 8:28
And we know that God works all things together for the good of those who love Him, who are called according to His purpose.

Romans 9:23
What if He did this to make the riches of His glory known to the vessels of His mercy, whom He prepared in advance for glory--

Romans 9:24
including us, whom He has called not only from the Jews, but also from the Gentiles?

Romans 11:29
For God's gifts and His call are irrevocable.

1 Corinthians 1:9
God, who has called you into fellowship with His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, is faithful.

1 Corinthians 2:7
No, we speak of the mysterious and hidden wisdom of God, which He destined for our glory before time began.

1 Corinthians 6:11
And that is what some of you were. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified, in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

Galatians 1:6
I am astonished how quickly you are deserting the One who called you by the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel--
Treasury of Scripture

Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.

Moreover.

Romans 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love …

Romans 1:6 Among whom are you also the called of Jesus Christ:

Romans 9:23,24 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels …

Isaiah 41:9 You whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, and called you …

1 Corinthians 1:2,9 To the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified …

Ephesians 4:4 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as you are called in one …

Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that …

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, …

2 Peter 1:10 Why the rather, brothers, give diligence to make your calling and …

Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: …

Revelation 19:9 And he said to me, Write, Blessed are they which are called to the …

he called.

Romans 3:22-26 Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ to …

1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, …

Titus 3:4-7 But after that the kindness and love of God our Savior toward man appeared…

he justified.

Romans 8:1,17,18,33-35 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ …

Romans 5:8-10 But God commends his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, …

John 5:24 Truly, truly, I say to you, He that hears my word, and believes on …

John 6:39,40 And this is the Father's will which has sent me, that of all which …

John 17:22,24 And the glory which you gave me I have given them; that they may …

2 Corinthians 4:17 For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, works for us …

Ephesians 2:6 And has raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly …

Colossians 3:4 When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall you also …

1 Thessalonians 2:12 That you would walk worthy of God, who has called you to his kingdom and glory.

2 Thessalonians 1:10-12 When he shall come to be glorified in his saints…

2 Thessalonians 2:13,14 But we are bound to give thanks always to God for you, brothers beloved …

2 Timothy 2:11 It is a faithful saying: For if we be dead with him, we shall also …

Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that …

1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise …

1 Peter 4:13,14 But rejoice, inasmuch as you are partakers of Christ's sufferings; …

1 Peter 5:10 But the God of all grace, who has called us to his eternal glory …

(30) Predestinate.--This is the term which seems most to interfere with human free-will. Foreknowledge does not interfere with free-will, because the foreknowledge, though prior in point of time, is posterior in the order of causation to the act of choice. A man does not choose a certain action because it is foreknown, but it is foreknown because he will choose it. Predestination (the word is not inadequately translated) appears to involve a more rigorous necessity. All we can say is that it must not be interpreted in any sense that excludes free-will. Free-will is a postulate on which all the superstructure of morals and religion must rest. The religious mind, looking back over the course by which it has been brought, sees in it predominating the hand of God; but however large the divine element in salvation may be, it must in the end be apprehended by faith, which is an act of free-will. And the subsequent actions of which faith is the moving cause, though done under a co-operating divine influence, yet belong to the sphere of human freedom. (See Note on Romans 2:6.) It should be remembered that St. Paul is not now writing in the calm temper of philosophical analysis, but in an intense access of religious emotion, and therefore he does not stay to put in all the qualifying clauses that philosophy might require. It is well for mankind that he has done so. In all great and creative religious minds the consciousness of free-will has retired into the background.

Called.--By presenting to them the gospel, directly or indirectly, through the preaching of Christ and His Apostles.

Justified.--In the Pauline sense, as in Romans 3:24, et al.

Glorified.--Strictly, the glorifying of the Christian awaits him in the future, but the Apostle regards all these different acts as focused together as it were on a single point in the past. Glorification is involved in justification.

Moreover, whom he did predestinate,.... Not to sufferings, which are not expressed nor designed, but to grace and glory after mentioned. This predestination is of particular persons, who, in consequence of it, are called, justified, and glorified; it is the effect of divine grace, and entirely owing to it; it is the source of all the other blessings of grace, and is therefore placed at the head of them, and secures them all:

them he also called; not to afflictions: many may be called to afflictions, and endure them, who are neither justified nor glorified; besides, the people of God, though they meet with many afflictions, between their call to eternal glory, and their enjoyment of it, yet they are not so much called to afflictions, as to patience under them: their call is of grace, by special grace, to peculiar blessings of grace, and to a kingdom and glory; and this their calling is secured by predestination, and connected with glorification: and whom he called,

them he also justified; the meaning of which is, not that he approved of them as sincere and faithful, on account of their faith and patience in sufferings; for neither of their sufferings, nor of their faith and patience in them, is there the least mention in the passage; nor can any instance be produced of the use of the word "justified" in this epistle, or elsewhere in this sense: but the meaning is, that such persons whom God predestinates and calls, he makes them righteous by the imputation of the righteousness of his Son unto them; which is unto all, and upon all them that believe; by which they are justified before God, and in their own consciences, from all sin, and so secured from all wrath and condemnation; wherefore glorification stands inseparably connected with it:

and whom he justified, them he also glorified; which is not meant of being made glorious under sufferings; nor of being made glorious by the extraordinary gifts of the Spirit; for the word is never used in this sense, nor is God ever said to glorify his people in this way; and the apostle is speaking of the saints in general, and not of particular ones: if this was the sense, none would be predestinated, called, and justified, but such who have the extraordinary gifts of the Spirit; and none would have the extraordinary gifts of the Spirit, but such persons; whereas many have had these, and yet no interest in the grace of God, and everlasting happiness: but eternal glory is here meant, which is what the apostle had been speaking of in the context; is what the elect are predestinated and called unto; and which their justification gives them a right and title to; and will consist in a likeness to Christ, in communion with him, in an everlasting vision of him, and in a freedom from all that is evil, and in an enjoyment of all that is good; and so the great end of predestinating grace will be answered in them mentioned in the foregoing verse: now this glorification may be said to be already done, with respect to that part of God's elect, who are in heaven, inheriting the promises; and is in some sense true also of that part of them which is on earth, who are called and justified; being made glorious within by the grace of Christ, and arrayed and adorned with the glorious robe of his righteousness; by the one they have a meetness, and by the other a right to eternal glory; of which this grace they have received is the beginning, pledge, and earnest: besides, they are already glorified in Christ, their head and representative, and in the view of God, and with respect to the certainty of it, it being prepared and made ready for them, is in the hands of Christ for them, and is insured to their faith and hope. It is an observation of a Jewish writer (n),

"that a thing , "which is decreed to be", is spoken of in the past tense:''

this is the Scripture style concerning things decreed, and such is the glorification of all God's elect.

(n) Aben Ezra, in Jon. ii. 2.30. Moreover—"And," or "Now"; explanatory of Ro 8:29—In "predestinating us to be conformed to the image of His Son" in final glory, He settled all the successive steps of it. Thus

whom he did predestinate, them he also called—The word "called" (as Hodge and others truly observe) is never in the Epistles of the New Testament applied to those who have only the outward invitation of the Gospel (as in Mt 20:16; 22:14). It always means "internally, effectually, savingly called." It denotes the first great step in personal salvation and answers to "conversion." Only the word conversion expresses the change of character which then takes place, whereas this "calling" expresses the divine authorship of the change, and the sovereign power by which we are summoned, Matthew-like, Zaccheus-like, out of our old, wretched, perishing condition, into a new, safe, blessed life.

and whom he called—thus.

them he also justified—brought into the definite state of reconciliation already so fully described.

and whom he justified, them he also glorified—brought to final glory (Ro 8:17, 18). Noble climax, and so rhythmically expressed! And all this is viewed as past; because, starting from the past decree of "predestination to be conformed to the image of God's Son" of which the other steps are but the successive unfoldings—all is beheld as one entire, eternally completed salvation.8:28-31 That is good for the saints which does their souls good. Every providence tends to the spiritual good of those that love God; in breaking them off from sin, bringing them nearer to God, weaning them from the world, and fitting them for heaven. When the saints act out of character, corrections will be employed to bring them back again. And here is the order of the causes of our salvation, a golden chain, one which cannot be broken. 1. Whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son. All that God designed for glory and happiness as the end, he decreed to grace and holiness as the way. The whole human race deserved destruction; but for reasons not perfectly known to us, God determined to recover some by regeneration and the power of his grace. He predestinated, or before decreed, that they should be conformed to the image of his Son. In this life they are in part renewed, and walk in his steps. 2. Whom he did predestinate, them he also called. It is an effectual call, from self and earth to God, and Christ, and heaven, as our end; from sin and vanity to grace and holiness, as our way. This is the gospel call. The love of God, ruling in the hearts of those who once were enemies to him, proves that they have been called according to his purpose. 3. Whom he called, them he also justified. None are thus justified but those that are effectually called. Those who stand out against the gospel call, abide under guilt and wrath. 4. Whom he justified, them he also glorified. The power of corruption being broken in effectual calling, and the guilt of sin removed in justification, nothing can come between that soul and glory. This encourages our faith and hope; for, as for God, his way, his work, is perfect. The apostle speaks as one amazed, and swallowed up in admiration, wondering at the height and depth, and length and breadth, of the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge. The more we know of other things, the less we wonder; but the further we are led into gospel mysteries, the more we are affected by them. While God is for us, and we keep in his love, we may with holy boldness defy all the powers of darkness.
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