Ephesians 1:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
he predestined us for adoption to sonship through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will--

New Living Translation
God decided in advance to adopt us into his own family by bringing us to himself through Jesus Christ. This is what he wanted to do, and it gave him great pleasure.

English Standard Version
he predestined us for adoption as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,

New American Standard Bible
He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will,

King James Bible
Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He predestined us to be adopted through Jesus Christ for Himself, according to His favor and will,

International Standard Version
he predestined us for adoption to himself through Jesus the Messiah, according to the pleasure of his will,

NET Bible
He did this by predestining us to adoption as his sons through Jesus Christ, according to the pleasure of his will--

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he has constituted us as children by Yeshua The Messiah, as that is pleasing to his will,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Because of his love he had already decided to adopt us through Jesus Christ. He freely chose to do this

Jubilee Bible 2000
having marked out beforehand the way for us to be adopted as sons by Jesus Christ in himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

King James 2000 Bible
Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

American King James Version
Having predestinated us to the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

American Standard Version
having foreordained us unto adoption as sons through Jesus Christ unto himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who hath predestinated us unto the adoption of children through Jesus Christ unto himself: according to the purpose of his will:

Darby Bible Translation
having marked us out beforehand for adoption through Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

English Revised Version
having foreordained us unto adoption as sons through Jesus Christ unto himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

Webster's Bible Translation
Having predestinated us to the adoption of children to himself by Jesus Christ, according to the good pleasure of his will,

Weymouth New Testament
For He pre-destined us to be adopted by Himself as sons through Jesus Christ--such being His gracious will and pleasure--

World English Bible
having predestined us for adoption as children through Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his desire,

Young's Literal Translation
having foreordained us to the adoption of sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:3-8 Spiritual and heavenly blessings are the best blessings; with which we cannot be miserable, and without which we cannot but be so. This was from the choice of them in Christ, before the foundation of the world, that they should be made holy by separation from sin, being set apart to God, and sanctified by the Holy Spirit, in consequence of their election in Christ. All who are chosen to happiness as the end, are chosen to holiness as the means. In love they were predestinated, or fore-ordained, to be adopted as children of God by faith in Christ Jesus, and to be openly admitted to the privileges of that high relation to himself. The reconciled and adopted believer, the pardoned sinner, gives all the praise of his salvation to his gracious Father. His love appointed this method of redemption, spared not his own Son, and brought believers to hear and embrace this salvation. It was rich grace to provide such a surety as his own Son, and freely to deliver him up. This method of grace gives no encouragement to evil, but shows sin in all its hatefulness, and how it deserves vengeance. The believer's actions, as well as his words, declare the praises of Divine mercy.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - Having predestinated (or, foreordained) us to adoption through Jesus Christ unto himself. The same idea is denoted by προορίσας in this verse and ἐξελέξατο in ver. 3, but while in ξελέξατο the idea of selection out from among others is prominent, in προορίσας the special phase of thought is that of the time, πρὸ, before - before the foundation of the world. Both denote the exercise of Divine sovereignty. In ver. 4 we have the ultimate purpose of God's decree the entire sanctification of the elect; here, in ver. 5, we find one of the intermediate steps of the process - adoption. The apostle's reason for speaking of adoption in this place, and of justification afterwards, is that be bad just referred to the restoration of a relation of lore between us and God as connected with our ultimate complete sanctification; thus it was natural for him to bring in our adoption as the preordained act in which this loving relation is formed. Our obedience is not the forced obedience of servants, but the loving obedience of sons. Adoption implies more than sentiment - a real legal relation to God as his sons (Romans 8:17). The adoption is "by Jesus Christ:" "As many as received him, to them gave he the right to become children of God" (John 1:12). And it is εἰς αὐτὸν, unto or into himself - denoting a movement towards God which terminates in union to Him. According to the good pleasure of his will. The spring or motive to the selection is solely in God, not in man. It is an act of sovereignty. It has been disputed whether "the good pleasure of his will" is equivalent to benevolentia or to bene placitum. Parallel passages like Matthew 11:26 and Luke 10:21 lead us to prefer the latter. The idea of kindness is not excluded, but it is not what is affirmed. Kindness is always involved in the Divine will; but the point here is simply that it pleased God to choose and ordain the Ephesian believers to the privilege of adoption through Jesus Christ. This is presented as a ground of praise, a reason for their blessing God. The Divine sovereignty is not presented in Scripture to seekers, but to finders. It is apt to embarrass those that seek; and accordingly the aspect of God's character presented to them is his good will to men, his free offer of mercy: "Look unto me, and be ye saved;" "Him that cometh unto me I will in no wise cast out." But it is a ground of thanksgiving to those who hare accepted the offer; they see that before the foundation of the world God chose them in Christ. What an interest he must have had in them, and how thoroughly they may rely on his finishing the work he has begun! Divine sovereignty, human responsibility, and the free and universal offer of mercy are all found in Scripture, and, though we are unable to harmonize them by our logic, ought all to have a place in our minds.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Having predestinated us,.... Predestination, taken in a large sense, includes both election and reprobation, and even reaches to all affairs and occurrences in the world; to the persons, lives, and circumstances of men; to all mercies, temporal or spiritual; and to all afflictions, whether in love or in wrath: and indeed providence, or the dispensations of providence, are no other than the execution of divine predestination; but here it is the same with election, and is concerned with the same persons, and has regard to a special blessing, the elect are appointed to, as follows;

unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ unto himself; by which is meant, either the grace of adoption, which is an act of the Father's love, a blessing provided and secured in the covenant of grace; and is of persons to an inheritance, to which they have no legal right; and is entirely free, there being no need on the adopter's part, and no worth on the part of the adopted: or rather the inheritance they are adopted to; which exceeds all others, is incorruptible, undefiled, and fades not away; and lies among the saints in light, and belongs to all the children of God: and this they are predestinated unto by God the Father, who takes them into his family, puts them among the children, and gives them a goodly heritage: and that "by Jesus Christ"; or through him; for both the grace of adoption, and the kingdom and glory they are adopted to, come by and through him as Mediator; through his espousing their persons, assuming their nature, and redeeming them from under the law and its curses; through his giving them a power and privilege openly to be the sons of God; and through faith in him, whereby they are manifestly such: the phrase "unto himself", either refers to God the Father, who has chosen, set apart, formed and reserved his people and children for himself, for his peculiar treasure, and for his own glory; or to Jesus Christ, that he might have some brethren, and they be conformed to him, and he be the firstborn among them, and in all things have the pre-eminence; and that they might be with him, and behold his glory, and he be glorified in them: and this act of divine predestination was

according to the good pleasure of his will: the will of God is the rule of all his actions, and of all his acts of grace and goodness; and the good pleasure of it appears in the predestination of men to grace and glory: and from hence it is manifest, that foreseen faith, holiness, and good works, are excluded from being the moving cases of predestinating grace; and that it is wholly to be resolved into the good will and pleasure of God; the view in it being entirely as follows,

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. predestinated—more special in respect to the end and precise means, than "chosen" or elected. We are "chosen" out of the rest of the world; "predestinated" to all things that secure the inheritance for us (Eph 1:11; Ro 8:29). "Foreordained."

by Jesus—Greek, "through Jesus."

to himself—the Father (Col 1:20). Alford explains, "adoption … into Himself," that is, so that we should be partakers of the divine nature (2Pe 1:4). Lachmann reads, "unto Him." The context favors the explanation of Calvin: God has regard to Himself and the glory of His grace (Eph 1:6, 12, 14) as His ultimate end. He had one only-begotten Son, and He was pleased for His own glory, to choose out of a lost world many to become His adopted sons. Translate, "unto Himself."

the good pleasure of his will—So the Greek (Mt 11:26; Lu 10:21). We cannot go beyond "the good pleasure of His will" in searching into the causes of our salvation, or of any of His works (Eph 1:9). (Job 33:13.) Why needest thou philosophize about an imaginary world of optimism? Thy concern is to take heed that thou be not bad. There was nothing in us which deserved His love (Eph 1:1, 9, 11) [Bengel].

Ephesians 1:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Spiritual Blessings
4just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him. In love 5He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will, 6to the praise of the glory of His grace, which He freely bestowed on us in the Beloved.…
Cross References
Luke 12:32
"Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has been pleased to give you the kingdom.

Acts 13:48
When the Gentiles heard this, they were glad and honored the word of the Lord; and all who were appointed for eternal life believed.

Romans 8:14
For those who are led by the Spirit of God are the children of God.

Romans 8:29
For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters.

Romans 8:30
And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified.

Ephesians 1:11
In him we were also chosen, having been predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will,

Philippians 2:13
for it is God who works in you to will and to act in order to fulfill his good purpose.

Colossians 1:19
For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him,

Hebrews 2:4
God also testified to it by signs, wonders and various miracles, and by gifts of the Holy Spirit distributed according to his will.
Treasury of Scripture

Having predestinated us to the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

predestinated.

Ephesians 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance…

Romans 8:29,30 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed …

unto.

Jeremiah 3:4,19 Will you not from this time cry to me, My father, you are the guide …

Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of …

John 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the …

John 11:52 And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together …

Romans 8:14-17,23 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God…

2 Corinthians 6:18 And will be a Father to you, and you shall be my sons and daughters, …

Galatians 4:5,6 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the …

Hebrews 12:5-9 And you have forgotten the exhortation which speaks to you as to …

1 John 3:1 Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed on us, that we …

Revelation 21:7 He that overcomes shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, …

by.

John 20:17 Jesus said to her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my …

Galatians 3:26 For you are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

Hebrews 2:10-15 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, …

according.

Ephesians 1:9,11 Having made known to us the mystery of his will, according to his …

Daniel 4:35 And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and …

Matthew 1:25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and …

Matthew 11:26 Even so, Father: for so it seemed good in your sight.

Luke 10:21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank you, O Father, …

Luke 11:32 The men of Nineve shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, …

Romans 9:11-16 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good …

1 Corinthians 1:1,21 Paul called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of …

Philippians 2:13 For it is God which works in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

2 Thessalonians 1:11 Why also we pray always for you, that our God would count you worthy …

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