Ephesians 2:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.

New Living Translation
You used to live in sin, just like the rest of the world, obeying the devil--the commander of the powers in the unseen world. He is the spirit at work in the hearts of those who refuse to obey God.

English Standard Version
in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience—

Berean Study Bible
in which you used to walk when you conformed to the ways of this world and of the ruler of the power of the air, the spirit who is now at work in the sons of disobedience.

Berean Literal Bible
in which once you walked according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, the spirit now working in the sons of disobedience,

New American Standard Bible
in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience.

King James Bible
Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
in which you previously walked according to the ways of this world, according to the ruler who exercises authority over the lower heavens, the spirit now working in the disobedient.

International Standard Version
that you once practiced as you lived according to the ways of this present world and according to the ruler of the power of the air, the spirit that is now active in those who are disobedient.

NET Bible
in which you formerly lived according to this world's present path, according to the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the ruler of the spirit that is now energizing the sons of disobedience,

New Heart English Bible
in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the children of disobedience;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And these things in which you walked from the first, you were in them according to the secular life of this world and according to the will of The Ruler of The Authority of The Air and of this spirit which is diligent in the children of disobedience.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You followed the ways of this present world and its spiritual ruler. This ruler continues to work in people who refuse to obey God.

New American Standard 1977
in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience.

Jubilee Bible 2000
in which in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the will of the prince of the power of this air, the spirit that now works in the sons of disobedience,

King James 2000 Bible
In which in time past you walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now works in the children of disobedience:

American King James Version
Wherein in time past you walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now works in the children of disobedience:

American Standard Version
wherein ye once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the powers of the air, of the spirit that now worketh in the sons of disobedience;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wherein in time past you walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of this air, of the spirit that now worketh on the children of unbelief:

Darby Bible Translation
in which ye once walked according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience:

English Revised Version
wherein aforetime ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that now worketh in the sons of disobedience;

Webster's Bible Translation
In which in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:

Weymouth New Testament
which were once habitual to you while you walked in the ways of this world and obeyed the Prince of the powers of the air, the spirits that are now at work in the hearts of the sons of disobedience--to you God has given Life.

World English Bible
in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the children of disobedience;

Young's Literal Translation
in which once ye did walk according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience,
Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
2:1-10 Sin is the death of the soul. A man dead in trespasses and sins has no desire for spiritual pleasures. When we look upon a corpse, it gives an awful feeling. A never-dying spirit is now fled, and has left nothing but the ruins of a man. But if we viewed things aright, we should be far more affected by the thought of a dead soul, a lost, fallen spirit. A state of sin is a state of conformity to this world. Wicked men are slaves to Satan. Satan is the author of that proud, carnal disposition which there is in ungodly men; he rules in the hearts of men. From Scripture it is clear, that whether men have been most prone to sensual or to spiritual wickedness, all men, being naturally children of disobedience, are also by nature children of wrath. What reason have sinners, then, to seek earnestly for that grace which will make them, of children of wrath, children of God and heirs of glory! God's eternal love or good-will toward his creatures, is the fountain whence all his mercies flow to us; and that love of God is great love, and that mercy is rich mercy. And every converted sinner is a saved sinner; delivered from sin and wrath. The grace that saves is the free, undeserved goodness and favour of God; and he saves, not by the works of the law, but through faith in Christ Jesus. Grace in the soul is a new life in the soul. A regenerated sinner becomes a living soul; he lives a life of holiness, being born of God: he lives, being delivered from the guilt of sin, by pardoning and justifying grace. Sinners roll themselves in the dust; sanctified souls sit in heavenly places, are raised above this world, by Christ's grace. The goodness of God in converting and saving sinners heretofore, encourages others in after-time, to hope in his grace and mercy. Our faith, our conversion, and our eternal salvation, are not of works, lest any man should boast. These things are not brought to pass by any thing done by us, therefore all boasting is shut out. All is the free gift of God, and the effect of being quickened by his power. It was his purpose, to which he prepared us, by blessing us with the knowledge of his will, and his Holy Spirit producing such a change in us, that we should glorify God by our good conversation, and perseverance in holiness. None can from Scripture abuse this doctrine, or accuse it of any tendency to evil. All who do so, are without excuse.
Study Bible
Alive with Christ
1As for you, you were dead in your trespasses and sins, 2in which you used to walk when you conformed to the ways of this world and of the ruler of the power of the air, the spirit who is now at work in the sons of disobedience. 3We all lived among them at one time in the cravings of our flesh, indulging its desires and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature children of wrath.…
Cross References
Matthew 13:22
The seed sown among the thorns is the one who hears the word, but the worries of this world and the deceitfulness of wealth choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

Mark 4:19
but the cares of this life, the deceitfulness of wealth, and the desire for other things come in and choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

John 12:31
Now judgment is upon this world; now the prince of this world will be cast out.

1 Corinthians 6:11
And that is what some of you were. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified, in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

Ephesians 1:21
far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come.

Ephesians 2:3
We all lived among them at one time in the cravings of our flesh, indulging its desires and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature children of wrath.

Ephesians 2:11
Therefore remember that formerly you who are Gentiles in the flesh and called uncircumcised by the so-called circumcision (that done in the body by human hands)--

Ephesians 2:13
But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far away have been brought near through the blood of Christ.

Ephesians 4:17
So I tell you this, and testify to it in the Lord: You must no longer walk as the Gentiles do, in the futility of their thinking.

Ephesians 5:6
Let no one deceive you with empty words, for because of such things God's wrath comes on the sons of disobedience.
Treasury of Scripture

Wherein in time past you walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now works in the children of disobedience:

in time.

Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the …

Ephesians 4:22 That you put off concerning the former conversation the old man, …

Job 31:7 If my step has turned out of the way, and my heart walked after my …

Acts 19:35 And when the town cleark had appeased the people, he said, You men of Ephesus…

1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, …

Colossians 1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by …

Colossians 3:7 In the which you also walked some time, when you lived in them.

1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have worked the will …

1 John 5:19 And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in wickedness.

walked according.

Psalm 17:14 From men which are your hand, O LORD, from men of the world, which …

Jeremiah 23:10 For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land …

Luke 16:8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely…

John 7:7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hates, because I testify of …

John 8:23 And he said to them, You are from beneath; I am from above: you are …

John 15:19 If you were of the world, the world would love his own: but because …

Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be you transformed by the …

1 Corinthians 5:10 Yet not altogether with the fornicators of this world, or with the …

Galatians 1:4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this …

2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas has forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is …

James 1:7 For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord.

James 4:4 You adulterers and adulteresses, know you not that the friendship …

1 John 2:15-17 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If …

1 John 5:4 For whatever is born of God overcomes the world: and this is the …

the prince.

Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, …

John 8:44 You are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father you …

John 12:31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world …

John 14:30 Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world …

John 16:11 Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.

1 John 5:19 And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in wickedness.

Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, …

Revelation 13:8,14 And all that dwell on the earth shall worship him…

Revelation 20:2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, …

of the air.

Job 1:7,16,19 And the LORD said to Satan, From where come you? Then Satan answered …

Revelation 16:17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there …

the spirit.

Matthew 12:43-45 When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walks through dry …

Luke 11:21-26 When a strong man armed keeps his palace, his goods are in peace…

Luke 22:2,3,31 And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; …

John 13:2,27 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of …

Acts 5:3 But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to …

2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which …

1 John 3:8 He that commits sin is of the devil; for the devil sins from the …

1 John 4:4 You are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because …

the children.

Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the …

Ephesians 5:6 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things …

Isaiah 30:1 Woe to the rebellious children, said the LORD, that take counsel, …

Isaiah 57:4 Against whom do you sport yourselves? against whom make you a wide …

Hosea 10:9 O Israel, you have sinned from the days of Gibeah: there they stood…

Matthew 11:19 The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man …

Matthew 13:38 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; …

Colossians 3:6 For which things' sake the wrath of God comes on the children of disobedience:

1 Peter 1:14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the …

2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling …

1 John 3:10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the …

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