Isaiah 63:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Yet they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit. So he turned and became their enemy and he himself fought against them.

New Living Translation
But they rebelled against him and grieved his Holy Spirit. So he became their enemy and fought against them.

English Standard Version
But they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit; therefore he turned to be their enemy, and himself fought against them.

New American Standard Bible
But they rebelled And grieved His Holy Spirit; Therefore He turned Himself to become their enemy, He fought against them.

King James Bible
But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But they rebelled and grieved His Holy Spirit. So He became their enemy and fought against them.

International Standard Version
Yet they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit; so he changed and became their enemy, and he himself fought against them.

NET Bible
But they rebelled and offended his holy Spirit, so he turned into an enemy and fought against them.

New Heart English Bible
But they rebelled, and grieved his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he himself fought against them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But they rebelled and offended his Holy Spirit. So he turned against them as their enemy; he fought against them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But they rebelled, and grieved His holy spirit; Therefore He was turned to be their enemy, Himself fought against them.

New American Standard 1977
But they rebelled
            And grieved His Holy Spirit;
            Therefore, He turned Himself to become their enemy,
            He fought against them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But they were rebels and angered his holy Spirit; therefore, he was turned to be their enemy, and he himself fought against them.

King James 2000 Bible
But they rebelled, and grieved his holy Spirit: therefore he turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

American King James Version
But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

American Standard Version
But they rebelled, and grieved his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and himself fought against them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they provoked to wrath, and afflicted the spirit of his Holy One: and he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

Darby Bible Translation
But they rebelled and grieved his holy Spirit: and he turned to be their enemy; himself, he fought against them.

English Revised Version
But they rebelled, and grieved his holy spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and himself fought against them.

Webster's Bible Translation
But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

World English Bible
But they rebelled, and grieved his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, [and] himself fought against them.

Young's Literal Translation
And they have rebelled and grieved His Holy Spirit, And He turneth to them for an enemy, He Himself hath fought against them.
Study Bible
God's Mercies Recalled
9In all their affliction He was afflicted, And the angel of His presence saved them; In His love and in His mercy He redeemed them, And He lifted them and carried them all the days of old. 10But they rebelled And grieved His Holy Spirit; Therefore He turned Himself to become their enemy, He fought against them. 11Then His people remembered the days of old, of Moses. Where is He who brought them up out of the sea with the shepherds of His flock? Where is He who put His Holy Spirit in the midst of them,…
Cross References
Acts 7:42
But God turned away from them and gave them over to the worship of the heavenly bodies, as it is written in the book of the prophets: 'Did you offer Me slain beasts and sacrifices forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel?

Acts 7:51
You stiff-necked people with uncircumcised hearts and ears! You always resist the Holy Spirit, just as your fathers did.

Ephesians 4:30
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

Genesis 6:6
The LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.

Psalm 51:11
Do not cast me away from Your presence And do not take Your Holy Spirit from me.

Psalm 78:17
Yet they still continued to sin against Him, To rebel against the Most High in the desert.

Psalm 78:40
How often they rebelled against Him in the wilderness And grieved Him in the desert!

Psalm 106:33
Because they were rebellious against His Spirit, He spoke rashly with his lips.

Isaiah 63:11
Then His people remembered the days of old, of Moses. Where is He who brought them up out of the sea with the shepherds of His flock? Where is He who put His Holy Spirit in the midst of them,

Jeremiah 21:5
"I Myself will war against you with an outstretched hand and a mighty arm, even in anger and wrath and great indignation.
Treasury of Scripture

But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

they rebelled

Isaiah 1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD has spoken, …

Isaiah 65:2 I have spread out my hands all the day to a rebellious people, which …

Exodus 15:24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?

Exodus 16:8 And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the …

Exodus 32:8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: …

Numbers 14:9-11 Only rebel not you against the LORD, neither fear you the people …

Numbers 16:1 Now Korah, the son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, …

Deuteronomy 9:7,22-24 Remember, and forget not, how you provoked the LORD your God to wrath …

Nehemiah 9:16,17,26,29 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, …

Lamentations 1:18,20 The LORD is righteous; for I have rebelled against his commandment: …

Ezekiel 2:3,7 And he said to me, Son of man, I send you to the children of Israel, …

Ezekiel 20:8,13,21 But they rebelled against me, and would not listen to me: they did …

vexed

Psalm 78:8,40,49,56 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; …

Psalm 95:9-11 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work…

Ezekiel 6:9 And they that escape of you shall remember me among the nations where …

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always …

Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed to …

he was

Exodus 23:21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not …

Leviticus 26:17 And I will set my face against you, and you shall be slain before …

Deuteronomy 28:15 But it shall come to pass, if you will not listen to the voice of …

Deuteronomy 32:19-25 And when the LORD saw it, he abhorred them, because of the provoking …

Jeremiah 21:5 And I myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and …

Jeremiah 30:14 All your lovers have forgotten you; they seek you not; for I have …

Lamentations 2:4,5 He has bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as …

Matthew 22:7 But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth …

(10) Vexed his holy Spirit . . .--Literally, his Spirit of holiness. So St. Paul speaks of Christians as "grieving the Holy Spirit." Here, and in Psalm 51:11, as in the "Angel of the Presence," we may note a foreshadowing of the truth of the trinal personality of the unity of the Godhead, which was afterwards to be revealed. That which "vexed" the Holy Spirit was, in the nature of the case, the unholiness of the people, and this involved a change in the manifestation of the Divine Love, which was now compelled to show itself as wrath.

Verse 10. - But they rebelled. The rebellions of Israel against God commenced in the wilderness. They rebelled at Sinai, when they set up the golden calf; at Meribah (Numbers 20:24); at Shittim, when they consorted with the daughters of Moab (Numbers 25:6). Under the Judges, their conduct was one long rebellion (Judges 2:11; Judges 3:7, 12; Judges 4:1; Judges 6:1; Judges 8:33; Judges 10:6; Judges 13:1). They rebelled in Samuel's time by asking for a king (1 Samuel 8:5, 19, 20). The ten tribes rebelled under Jeroboam, and set up the idolatry of the calves at Dan and Bethel. Worse idolatries followed, and in two centuries and a half had reached such a height, that God was provoked to "remove Israel out of his sight" (2 Kings 17:23). Judah remained, but "rebelled" under Manasseh, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, and Zedekiah, "transgressing very much after all the abominations of the heathen, and polluting the very house of the Lord at Jerusalem" (2 Chronicles 36:14). These rebellions against God vexed his Holy Spirit - "provoked him," "grieved him," "moved the Holy One in Israel" (Psalm 78:40, 41; Psalm 106:43). Therefore he was turned to be their enemy (comp. Jeremiah 30:14; Lamentations 2:4, 5). Judah had "filled up the measure of her iniquities," had gone on "until there was no remedy" (2 Chronicles 36:16). God's indignation was therefore poured out upon her without let or stint. "He cut oft' in his fierce anger all the horn of Israel: he drew back his right hand from before the enemy; he burned against Jacob like a flaming fire, which devoureth round about. He bent his bow like an enemy; he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all that were pleasant in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion; he poured out his fury like fire. The Lord was as an enemy" (Lamentations 2:3-5). He fought against them; rather, he himself fought against them. God himself, though they were "his people," yet fought against them and for the Chaldeans in that final struggle. He "gave the city into the hand of the King of Babylon" (Jeremiah 34:2). But they rebelled,.... Against the Lord, not withstanding he thought so well of them; did so many good things for them; sympathized with them, and showed them so many favours; wretched ingratitude! they rebelled against the Lord in the times of Moses, at the Red sea, and in the wilderness, by their murmurings, unbelief, and idolatry; wherefore he calls them a rebellious people, and says they were such from the day he had been with them; and so in later times, in the times of the judges, and of the prophets Isaiah and Ezekiel, they rebelled against God their Parent, Protector, and King; see Deuteronomy 9:7 and so they did in the times of Christ, whom they rejected as the Messiah, and disowned as their King, and still continue in their rebellion, Luke 19:14,

and vexed his Holy Spirit; the Spirit of God the Father, who pitied them in all their afflictions; or the Spirit of the Angel of his presence, that redeemed and saved them; for the Spirit is both the Spirit of the Father and of the Son; and he is holy in his nature and operations, and the author of sanctification in the hearts of his people; him they vexed and provoked to anger against them, speaking after the manner of men, by their sins and transgressions; rejecting his counsels and instructions by Moses, and by the prophets in later times, in and by whom he spake unto them, and by the apostles in Gospel times; for the Jews, as their fathers before them ever did, resisted the Holy Spirit of God in the evidence he gave of the Messiah, which must be very provoking, Acts 7:51. The Targum paraphrases it, the word of his holy prophets; and so Kimchi and Ben Melech interpret it; and according to some, in Aben Ezra, the Angel of glory is meant, who went before the people of Israel, whom they were charged not to provoke, Exodus 23:20,

therefore he was turned to be their enemy; not that there is any change in God, or any turn in him from love to hatred; but he may, and sometimes does, so appear in his providential dispensations towards his people, as to seem to be their enemy, and to be thought to be so by them, Job 13:24. The Targum is, and his Word became their enemy; compare with this Luke 19:27,

and he fought against them; as he threatened he would when they behaved ill towards him; and as he actually did when he brought the sword upon them, gave them up into the hands of their enemies, as often in the times of the judges, and particularly when the king of Babylon came against them; see Leviticus 26:25 and as the Messiah did when he brought the Roman armies against them, and destroyed their city, to which times this prophecy is thought by some to have respect, and not without reason. 10. vexed—grieved (Ps 78:40; 95:10; Ac 7:51; Eph 4:30; Heb 3:10, 17).

he fought—rather, "He it was that fought," namely, the angel of His presence [Horsley], (La 2:5).63:7-14 The latter part of this chapter, and the whole of the next, seem to express the prayers of the Jews on their conversation. They acknowledge God's great mercies and favours to their nation. They confess their wickedness and hardness of heart; they entreat his forgiveness, and deplore the miserable condition under which they have so long suffered. The only-begotten Son of the Father became the Angel or Messenger of his love; thus he redeemed and bare them with tenderness. Yet they murmured, and resisted his Holy Spirit, despising and persecuting his prophets, rejecting and crucifying the promised Messiah. All our comforts and hopes spring from the loving-kindness of the Lord, and all our miseries and fears from our sins. But he is the Saviour, and when sinners seek after him, who in other ages glorified himself by saving and feeding his purchased flock, and leading them safely through dangers, and has given his Holy Spirit to prosper the labours of his ministers, there is good ground to hope they are discovering the way of peace.
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