Ephesians 4:30
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

New Living Translation
And do not bring sorrow to God's Holy Spirit by the way you live. Remember, he has identified you as his own, guaranteeing that you will be saved on the day of redemption.

English Standard Version
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

Berean Study Bible
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

Berean Literal Bible
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

New American Standard Bible
Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

King James Bible
And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And don't grieve God's Holy Spirit. You were sealed by Him for the day of redemption.

International Standard Version
Do not grieve the Holy Spirit, by whom you were marked with a seal for the day of redemption.

NET Bible
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

New Heart English Bible
Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Neither be grieving the Holy Spirit of God, for you have been sealed in him for the day of redemption.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Don't give God's Holy Spirit any reason to be upset with you. He has put his seal on you for the day you will be set free [from the world of sin].

New American Standard 1977
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God with which ye are sealed for the day of redemption.

King James 2000 Bible
And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, by whom you are sealed unto the day of redemption.

American King James Version
And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed to the day of redemption.

American Standard Version
And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, in whom ye were sealed unto the day of redemption.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And grieve not the holy Spirit of God: whereby you are sealed unto the day of redemption.

Darby Bible Translation
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with which ye have been sealed for [the] day of redemption.

English Revised Version
And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, in whom ye were sealed unto the day of redemption.

Webster's Bible Translation
And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed to the day of redemption.

Weymouth New Testament
And beware of grieving the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you have been sealed in preparation for the day of Redemption.

World English Bible
Don't grieve the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

Young's Literal Translation
and make not sorrowful the Holy Spirit of God, in which ye were sealed to a day of redemption.
Study Bible
New Life in Christ
29Let no unwholesome talk come out of your mouths, but only what is helpful for building up the one in need and bringing grace to those who listen. 30And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, in whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. 31Get rid of all bitterness, rage and anger, outcry and slander, along with every form of malice.…
Cross References
Genesis 6:6
The LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.

Psalm 78:40
How often they rebelled against Him in the wilderness And grieved Him in the desert!

Isaiah 63:10
But they rebelled And grieved His Holy Spirit; Therefore He turned Himself to become their enemy, He fought against them.

John 3:33
Whoever accepts His testimony has certified that God is truthful.

Ephesians 1:13
And in Him you were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, having heard and believed the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation.

1 Thessalonians 5:19
Do not extinguish the Spirit.

Hebrews 10:29
How much more severely do you think one deserves to be punished who has trampled on the Son of God, profaned the blood of the covenant that sanctified him, and insulted the Spirit of grace?
Treasury of Scripture

And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed to the day of redemption.

grieve.

Genesis 6:3,6 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for …

Judges 10:16 And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the …

Psalm 78:40 How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert!

Psalm 95:10 Forty years long was I grieved with this generation, and said, It …

Isaiah 7:13 And he said, Hear you now, O house of David; Is it a small thing …

Isaiah 43:24 You have bought me no sweet cane with money, neither have you filled …

Isaiah 63:10 But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned …

Ezekiel 16:43 Because you have not remembered the days of your youth, but have …

Mark 3:5 And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved …

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always …

1 Thessalonians 5:19 Quench not the Spirit.

Hebrews 3:10,17 Why I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do always …

whereby. See on ch.

Ephesians 1:13 In whom you also trusted, after that you heard the word of truth, …

the day.

Ephesians 1:14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the …

Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them …

Luke 21:28 And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift …

Romans 8:11,23 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you…

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, …

1 Corinthians 15:54 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this …

(30) And grieve not the holy Spirit.--This verse refers to all the practical commands given above. The four cardinal sins forbidden are regarded as "grieving the Holy Spirit of God." In that expression, even more than in the cognate expressions of "quenching the Spirit" (1Thessalonians 5:19), and "resisting the Holy Ghost" (Acts 7:51), there is implied a personal relation to a Divine Person, capable of being "grieved" by our transgressions, partly as sins against His perfect holiness, partly as suicidal rejections of His unfailing love. In the description of this effect of sin we have the needful complement to the view hitherto taken of its effect, as marring our unity with men; for that unity is always in God, through the Holy Spirit working out in each soul the image of Christ. "There is one Body" only because "there is one Spirit." Sin vexes the one, but grieves the other.

Whereby ye are sealed.--Properly, in whom ye were sealed. See the fuller expression of the same truth in Ephesians 1:13-14, and the Notes there. The reference to it is here emphatic. The "sealing unto the day of redemption" reminds us of the glorious consummation to which we are destined, and from which every sin is a falling off. The very thought of this perfection, with all its associations of purity and love, should shame us from sin.

This general exhortation seems fitly to close the warning against the series of typical sins, which is itself exhaustive of the general sins against men. In the passage which follows (Ephesians 4:31 to Ephesians 5:21) St. Paul does not indeed traverse new ground, but dwells with special emphasis on some of these sins, which especially beset the society to which he wrote, viz.: (in Ephesians 4:31 to Ephesians 5:2) bitterness, (in Ephesians 5:3-14) impurity, (in Ephesians 5:15-21) reckless excess.

Verse 30. - And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God. Very solemn and emphatic counsel. The name is given with unusual fullness, in order to show the magnitude of the sin - τὸ Πνεῦμα τὸ ἅγιον τοῦ Θεοῦ, "The Spirit, the Holy Spirit of God." By an anthropopathy the Spirit is represented as grieved by such treatment as would grieve us - e.g. when his work is obstructed, when sin is trifled with, when Deity is treated carelessly, when place is given to the devil, when the spirit of the world is cherished. Those who act thus resemble the Sanballats and Tobiahs of the time of the restoration, who hindred the rebuilding of the temple and the restoration of order and prosperity. When the Holy Spirit would urge consecration, separation from the world, holy exercises, active service, our indolent and worldly hearts are liable to rebel and vex him. To grieve a parent heedlessly is a great sin; how much more to grieve the Spirit of God? In whom ye were sealed unto the day of redemption. The Spirit being rather the Seal than the Sealer, who is the Father (see Ephesians 1:13), it is better to translate in whom than by whom; besides, this preserves the force of the ἐν, which, whether used of Christ or of the other persons of the Godhead, is so characteristic of the Epistle. To grieve the Spirit is to help to obliterate the seal, and thus weaken the evidence of our redemption. And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God,.... Not a believer's own spirit, sanctified by the Holy Ghost, which is grieved by sin; nor the spirit of a good man, that hears our words and sees our actions, and is displeased and troubled at them; but the third person in the Trinity: and this is said of him by an anthropopathy, and supposes something done that is offensive to him; and he may be grieved, not only by unconverted persons, by their stubborn resistance and opposition to the Gospel and means of grace, and by their contempt of his person, office, and grace, but by believers themselves, and who are here spoken to; and which may be done both by their words, lying, angry, and corrupt ones, before cautioned against, Ephesians 4:25 and by their actions, their behaviour towards God, their conversation in the world, and by their carriage to one another, which is suggested in the following verse: also he may be grieved by their thoughts, their vain and sinful thoughts, and that they are no better employed; and especially when they entertain any undervaluing ones of Jesus Christ, whose glorifier he is; and by the unbelief of their hearts, and by their unmindfulness of the things of the Spirit; and when they disregard the rules, dictates, and advice of the Spirit, and make no use of him: and his being grieved appears by his departure from them; which is to be perceived by the darkness of their souls, the prevailings of corruption, the weakness of grace, and their backwardness to duty: and now there are many reasons why he should not be grieved; as because he is God, and the author of the new birth, the implanter and applier of all grace, and the finisher of it; because he is the saints' comforter, their advocate, helper, and strengthener; and their constant companion, who dwells in them, and will remain in them, until death: and it follows,

whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption; of the sealing work of the Spirit; see Gill on Ephesians 1:13. By "the day of redemption" may be meant, either the day of death, when the saints have a deliverance from the incumbrance of the body; from their present state of exile and banishment; from the body of sin and death; from all sorrows and afflictions; from the reproaches and persecutions of men; from the temptations of Satan; from doubts, fears, and unbelief; and from all fear of death, corporeal, spiritual, and eternal: or the day of the resurrection, when the body will be redeemed from mortality, corruption, weakness, and dishonour; when it will be refined and spiritualized, so that it will not stand in need of natural sustenance; will be endowed with great agility, like that of spirits; and will be subject to the soul, or spirit, and will be suited to spiritual objects; to which may be added, the day of judgment, Luke 21:28 when Christ shall appear in glory, and his saints with him, and he will put them, soul and body, into the possession of everlasting happiness; which will consist in the vision of Christ, in conformity to him, and in that happy company and conversation that will then be enjoyed, and that delightful employment they will be taken up in: and now the saints being sealed up by the Spirit unto this time, shows the perpetual indwelling of the Spirit in them; and that it will continue even after death, who will give them confidence at the day of judgment; and that it is the Spirit which works up the saints, and makes them meet for glory; and gives them the assurance of it, and therefore they should not be grieved. 30. grieve not—A condescension to human modes of thought most touching. Compare "vexed His Holy Spirit" (Isa 63:10; Ps 78:40); "fretted me" (Eze 16:43: implying His tender love to us); and of hardened unbelievers, "resist the Holy Ghost" (Ac 7:51). This verse refers to believers, who grieve the Spirit by inconsistencies such as in the context are spoken of, corrupt or worthless conversation, etc.

whereby ye are sealed—rather, "wherein (or 'in whom') ye were sealed." As in Eph 1:13, believers are said to be sealed "in" Christ, so here "in the Holy Spirit," who is one with Christ, and who reveals Christ in the soul: the Greek implies that the sealing was done already once for all. It is the Father "BY" whom believers, as well as the Son Himself, were sealed (Joh 6:27). The Spirit is represented as itself the seal (Eph 1:13, for the image employed, see on [2370]Eph 1:13). Here the Spirit is the element IN which the believer is sealed, His gracious influences being the seal itself.

unto—kept safely against the day of redemption, namely, of the completion of redemption in the deliverance of the body as well as the soul from all sin and sorrow (Eph 1:14; Lu 21:28; Ro 8:23).4:29-32 Filthy words proceed from corruption in the speaker, and they corrupt the minds and manners of those who hear them: Christians should beware of all such discourse. It is the duty of Christians to seek, by the blessing of God, to bring persons to think seriously, and to encourage and warn believers by their conversation. Be ye kind one to another. This sets forth the principle of love in the heart, and the outward expression of it, in a humble, courteous behaviour. Mark how God's forgiveness causes us to forgive. God forgives us, though we had no cause to sin against him. We must forgive, as he has forgiven us. All lying, and corrupt communications, that stir up evil desires and lusts, grieve the Spirit of God. Corrupt passions of bitterness, wrath, anger, clamour, evil-speaking, and malice, grieve the Holy Spirit. Provoke not the holy, blessed Spirit of God to withdraw his presence and his gracious influences. The body will be redeemed from the power of the grave at the resurrection day. Wherever that blessed Spirit dwells as a Sanctifier, he is the earnest of all the joys and glories of that redemption day; and we should be undone, should God take away his Holy Spirit from us.
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