Romans 8:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children.

New Living Translation
For his Spirit joins with our spirit to affirm that we are God's children.

English Standard Version
The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God,

New American Standard Bible
The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God,

King James Bible
The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Spirit Himself testifies together with our spirit that we are God's children,

International Standard Version
The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children.

NET Bible
The Spirit himself bears witness to our spirit that we are God's children.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And that Spirit testifies to our spirit that we are sons of God;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For the same Spirit bears witness unto our spirit that we are sons of God,

King James 2000 Bible
The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:

American King James Version
The Spirit itself bears witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:

American Standard Version
The Spirit himself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are children of God:

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the Spirit himself giveth testimony to our spirit, that we are the sons of God.

Darby Bible Translation
The Spirit itself bears witness with our spirit, that we are children of God.

English Revised Version
The Spirit himself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are children of God:

Webster's Bible Translation
The Spirit itself testifieth with our spirit, that we are the children of God:

Weymouth New Testament
The Spirit Himself bears witness, along with our own spirits, to the fact that we are children of God;

World English Bible
The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God;

Young's Literal Translation
The Spirit himself doth testify with our spirit, that we are children of God;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

8:10-17 If the Spirit be in us, Christ is in us. He dwells in the heart by faith. Grace in the soul is its new nature; the soul is alive to God, and has begun its holy happiness which shall endure for ever. The righteousness of Christ imputed, secures the soul, the better part, from death. From hence we see how much it is our duty to walk, not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. If any habitually live according to corrupt lustings, they will certainly perish in their sins, whatever they profess. And what can a worldly life present, worthy for a moment to be put against this noble prize of our high calling? Let us then, by the Spirit, endeavour more and more to mortify the flesh. Regeneration by the Holy Spirit brings a new and Divine life to the soul, though in a feeble state. And the sons of God have the Spirit to work in them the disposition of children; they have not the spirit of bondage, which the Old Testament church was under, through the darkness of that dispensation. The Spirit of adoption was not then plentifully poured out. Also it refers to that spirit of bondage, under which many saints were at their conversion. Many speak peace to themselves, to whom God does not speak peace. But those who are sanctified, have God's Spirit witnessing with their spirits, in and by his speaking peace to the soul. Though we may now seem to be losers for Christ, we shall not, we cannot, be losers by him in the end.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The Spirit itself beareth witness,.... The thing which the Spirit of God witnesses to is,

that we are the sons of God; which supposes the case in some sense doubtful and uncertain, at least that it is called in question; not by others, though it sometimes is, as by Satan, which need not seem strange, since he called in question the sonship of Christ himself, and by the world who know them not, and by good men, till better informed: but the testimony of the Spirit is not the satisfaction of others, but the saints themselves; who are ready to doubt of it at times, because of the greatness of the favour, and their own sinfulness and unworthiness; especially after backslidings; through the temptations of the devil, and because of their many trials and afflictions. Now this witness of the Spirit is to establish and confirm it; not to make the thing itself surer, for that stands on the sure foundation of predestination, on the unalterable covenant of grace, on union to Christ; redemption by him, the gift of Christ, and continuance of the Spirit; but to assure them of it, and of their interest in it; for the testimony is given "to our spirits"; so the words are read by the Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic versions, and by the Vulgate Latin; which reading seems better than

with our spirits; for our own spirits are no witnesses to ourselves: the Father and Son are co-witnesses of the Spirit, but not our own spirits; the spirits of the saints are they which receive the witness of the Spirit of God, to which it is made; not to their ears, for it is not an audible testimony; but to their hearts, it is internal; to their renewed souls, where faith is wrought to receive it; to their understandings, that they may know and be assured of it; to their spirits, which are apt to faint and doubt about it. Now it is "the Spirit itself" that bears this witness, and not others, or by others, but he himself in person; who is a divine witness, whose testimony therefore must be greater than others, and a faithful one, who will never deceive; for he witnesses what he knows, and what is sure and certain: his very being and habitation in the saints are witnesses and proofs of their adoption; his powerful operations and divine landings persuade to a belief of the truth of it; and by shedding abroad the Father's love in the heart, and by the application of Gospel promises, he causes and encourages them to "cry Abba", Father; which is a wonderful instance of his condescension and grace.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

16. The Spirit itself—It should be "Himself" (see on [2228]Ro 8:26).

beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children—"are children"

of God—The testimony of our own spirit is borne in that cry of conscious sonship, "Abba, Father"; but we are not therein alone; for the Holy Ghost within us, yea, even in that very cry which it is His to draw forth, sets His own distinct seal to ours; and thus, "in the mouth of two witnesses" the thing is established. The apostle had before called us "sons of God," referring to our adoption; here the word changes to "children," referring to our new birth. The one expresses the dignity to which we are admitted; the other the new life which we receive. The latter is more suitable here; because a son by adoption might not be heir of the property, whereas a son by birth certainly is, and this is what the apostle is now coming to.

Romans 8:16 Additional Commentaries
Context
Heirs with Christ
15For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, "Abba! Father!" 16The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God, 17and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him.
Cross References
Deuteronomy 14:1
You are the children of the LORD your God. Do not cut yourselves or shave the front of your heads for the dead,

Hosea 1:10
"Yet the Israelites will be like the sand on the seashore, which cannot be measured or counted. In the place where it was said to them, 'You are not my people,' they will be called 'children of the living God.'

Matthew 5:9
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.

Luke 20:36
and they can no longer die; for they are like the angels. They are God's children, since they are children of the resurrection.

John 1:12
Yet to all who did receive him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God--

Acts 5:32
We are witnesses of these things, and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey him."

Romans 8:14
For those who are led by the Spirit of God are the children of God.

Romans 8:19
For the creation waits in eager expectation for the children of God to be revealed.

Romans 8:23
Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption to sonship, the redemption of our bodies.

Romans 9:8
In other words, it is not the children by physical descent who are God's children, but it is the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham's offspring.

Romans 9:26
and, "In the very place where it was said to them, 'You are not my people,' there they will be called 'children of the living God.'"

2 Corinthians 1:22
set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come.

2 Corinthians 6:18
And, "I will be a Father to you, and you will be my sons and daughters, says the Lord Almighty."

Galatians 3:26
So in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith,

Galatians 4:6
Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, "Abba, Father."

1 John 3:1
See what great love the Father has lavished on us, that we should be called children of God! And that is what we are! The reason the world does not know us is that it did not know him.

1 John 3:2
Dear friends, now we are children of God, and what we will be has not yet been made known. But we know that when Christ appears, we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is.

1 John 3:10
This is how we know who the children of God are and who the children of the devil are: Anyone who does not do what is right is not God's child, nor is anyone who does not love their brother and sister.

1 John 5:10
Whoever believes in the Son of God accepts this testimony. Whoever does not believe God has made him out to be a liar, because they have not believed the testimony God has given about his Son.

Revelation 21:7
Those who are victorious will inherit all this, and I will be their God and they will be my children.
Treasury of Scripture

The Spirit itself bears witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:

Spirit.

Romans 8:23,26 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the first fruits …

2 Corinthians 1:22 Who has also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

2 Corinthians 5:5 Now he that has worked us for the selfsame thing is God, who also …

Ephesians 1:13 In whom you also trusted, after that you heard the word of truth, …

Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed to …

1 John 4:13 Hereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he has …

with our.

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that …

1 John 3:19-22 And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our …

1 John 5:10 He that believes on the Son of God has the witness in himself: he …

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