Romans 8:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But if Christ is in you, then even though your body is subject to death because of sin, the Spirit gives life because of righteousness.

New Living Translation
And Christ lives within you, so even though your body will die because of sin, the Spirit gives you life because you have been made right with God.

English Standard Version
But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

New American Standard Bible
If Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is alive because of righteousness.

King James Bible
And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

International Standard Version
But if the Messiah is in you, your bodies are dead due to sin, but the spirit is alive due to righteousness.

NET Bible
But if Christ is in you, your body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is your life because of righteousness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But if The Messiah is in you, the body is dead for the cause of sin, but The Spirit is alive for the cause of righteousness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
However, if Christ lives in you, your bodies are dead because of sin, but your spirits are alive because you have God's approval.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But if Christ is in you, the body is truly dead because of sin, but the Spirit is alive because of righteousness.

King James 2000 Bible
And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

American King James Version
And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

American Standard Version
And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the spirit is life because of righteousness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And if Christ be in you, the body indeed is dead, because of sin; but the spirit liveth, because of justification.

Darby Bible Translation
but if Christ be in you, the body is dead on account of sin, but the Spirit life on account of righteousness.

English Revised Version
And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the spirit is life because of righteousness.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

Weymouth New Testament
But if Christ is in you, though your body must die because of sin, yet your spirit has Life because of righteousness.

World English Bible
If Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the spirit is alive because of righteousness.

Young's Literal Translation
and if Christ is in you, the body, indeed, is dead because of sin, and the Spirit is life because of righteousness,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

8:10-17 If the Spirit be in us, Christ is in us. He dwells in the heart by faith. Grace in the soul is its new nature; the soul is alive to God, and has begun its holy happiness which shall endure for ever. The righteousness of Christ imputed, secures the soul, the better part, from death. From hence we see how much it is our duty to walk, not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. If any habitually live according to corrupt lustings, they will certainly perish in their sins, whatever they profess. And what can a worldly life present, worthy for a moment to be put against this noble prize of our high calling? Let us then, by the Spirit, endeavour more and more to mortify the flesh. Regeneration by the Holy Spirit brings a new and Divine life to the soul, though in a feeble state. And the sons of God have the Spirit to work in them the disposition of children; they have not the spirit of bondage, which the Old Testament church was under, through the darkness of that dispensation. The Spirit of adoption was not then plentifully poured out. Also it refers to that spirit of bondage, under which many saints were at their conversion. Many speak peace to themselves, to whom God does not speak peace. But those who are sanctified, have God's Spirit witnessing with their spirits, in and by his speaking peace to the soul. Though we may now seem to be losers for Christ, we shall not, we cannot, be losers by him in the end.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 10, 11. - But (or, and) if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwelleth in you, he that raised up Christ (the previous Ἰησοῦν denotes the human person of our Lord; Ξριστὸν his office, fitly used here in connection with the thought of his resurrection ensuring ours. Some readings give τὸν before, and Ἰησοῦν after, Ξριστὸν) from the dead shall quicken also your mortal bodies, through his Spirit that dwelleth in you. These verses have been variously understood. It has been supposed by some that ver. 10 continues the thought of ver. 9; "the body" (τὸ σῶμα) meaning the same as "the flesh (σάρξ),and dead (νεκρὸν) meaning νενεκρωμένον, i.e. mortified, or lifeless with respect to the power of sin that was in it (cf. Romans 6:6, ἵνα καταργηθῇ τὸ σῶμα τῆς ἀμαρτίας). Thus the meaning of the first clause of ver. 10 would be, "If Christ be in you, the body of sin in you is dead; but you are alive in the Spirit." Decisive objections to this view are,

(1) that the word σῶμα by itself is not elsewhere used as an equivalent to σάρξ, but as denoting our mere bodily organization. This statement is consistent with the metaphorical application of the word sometimes in a different verse, as in Romans 6:6, above quoted, and in Romans 7:24. Observe also τὰ θνητὰ σώματα ὑμῶν in ver. 11, which can hardly be taken but as expressing what is intended here;

(2) that διὰ with the accusative (διὰ τὴν ἁμαρτίαν) cannot be forced out of its proper meaning of "because of," which, according to the view we are considering, would be unintelligible;

(3) that ver. 11, which is obviously connected in thought with ver. 10, cannot well be brought into tune with it according to the view proposed. All is made clear, in view both of language and of context, by taking these two verses as introducing a new thought, which is carried out afterwards in ver. 18, viz. that of the drawback to the full enjoyment and development of our spiritual life owing to the mortal bodies which clothe us now and the purpose is to bid us believe in the reality of our redemption, and persevere in correspondent life, notwithstanding such present drawback. Thus the idea is that, though in our present earthly state the mortal body is death-stricken in consequence of sin (δἰ ἁμαρτίαν) - subject to the doom of Adam, that extended to all his race (cf. Romans 5:12, etc.) - yet, Christ being in us now, the same Divine Spirit that raised him from the dead will in us too at last overcome mortality. cf. 1 Corinthians 15:22, "As in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive" (ζωοποιηθήσονται, the same word as in ver. 11 here); and compare also all that follows in that chapter. This view of the meaning of the passage before us is strongly confirmed by our finding, in 2 Corinthians 4:7-5:6, exactly the same idea carried out at length, with a correspondence also of the language used. The frail, mortal, ever-dying earthen vessels, in which we have now the treasure of our life in Christ, are there regarded as crippling the expansion of our spiritual life, and causing us to "groan, being burdened" (cf. in the chapter before us, ver. 23, ἐν ἐαυτοῖς στενάζομεν); but the very consciousness of this higher life within him, yearning so for an adequate and deathless organism, assures the apostle that God has one in store for him, having already given him "the earnest of the Spirit." And this seems to be what is meant hereby "shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you." As to particular expressions in the verses before us, νεκρὸν, applied to "the body," may be taken to mean infected with death, and doomed to it (cf. 1 Corinthians 15:31; 2 Corinthians 1:9; 2 Corinthians 4:10 - Διὰ δικαιοσύνην, in opposition to δἰ ἁμαρτίαν, given as the reason for the Spirit being life, may be explained with reference to the essential conception of righteousness throughout the Epistle, as God's righteousness, revealed in Christ, and made over to man as the remedy of human sin. Before carrying out the thought peculiarly suggested by the last two verses (as is done at ver. 18), the apostle now draws a conclusion (expressed by ἄρα οῦν) from what has been so far said, so as to press the more the obligation of a spiritual life in Christians.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And if Christ be in you,.... Not as he is in the whole world, and in all his creatures, or circumscriptively, and to the exclusion of himself elsewhere; for his person is above in heaven, his blood is within the vail, his righteousness is upon his people, and his Spirit and grace are in them; and so he comes to be in them, he is formed in their hearts by the Spirit of God in regeneration, when the Father reveals him not only to them, but in them; and he himself enters and takes possession of them as his own, manifests himself to them, communicates his grace, and grants them communion with him. This being their case,

the body is dead because of sin: by which is meant, not the body of sin, though this is called a body, and a body of death, yet is not dead, much less is it so by reason of sin; but this fleshly body, because liable to afflictions, which are called deaths, has the seeds of mortality in it, and shall in a little time die, notwithstanding the gift of it to Christ, though it is redeemed by his blood, and united to him; the reason of it is not merely the decree of God, nor does it arise from the original constitution of the body, but sin is the true reason of it, sin original and actual, indwelling sin, but not by way of punishment for it, for Christ has bore that, death is one of the saints' privileges, it is for their good, and therefore desired by them; but that they might be rid of it, and free from all those troubles which are the consequences of it:

but the spirit is life, because of righteousness; not the Spirit of God, who lives in himself, is the author of life to others, of natural and spiritual life, continues as a principle of life in the saints, is the pledge of everlasting life, and is so to them because of the righteousness of Christ nor grace, or the new creature, which is sometimes called Spirit, and may be said to be life, it lives unto righteousness, and is owing to and supported by the righteousness of the Son of God; but the soul of man is here meant, in opposition to the body, which is of a spiritual nature, immaterial and immortal; and this may be said in believers to be life or live, for it not only lives naturally, but spiritually; it lives a life of holiness from Christ, a life of faith upon him, and a life of justification by him, and will live eternally; first in a separate state from the body after death, till the resurrection morn, it does not die with the body, nor sleep with it in the grave, nor is it in any "limbus" or state of purgatory, but in paradise, in heaven, in the arms and presence of Christ, where it is not inactive, but employed in the best of service: and after the resurrection it will live with the body in glory for evermore; and this is owing to righteousness, not to the righteousness of man, but the imputed righteousness of Christ; for as it was sin, and loss of righteousness thereby which brought death on man, the righteousness of Christ is that on which believers live now, and is their right and title to eternal life hereafter.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

10, 11. And if Christ be in you—by His indwelling Spirit in virtue of which we have one life with him.

the body—"the body indeed."

is dead because of—"by reason of"

sin; but the spirit is life because—or, "by reason"

of righteousness—The word "indeed," which the original requires, is of the nature of a concession—"I grant you that the body is dead … and so far redemption is incomplete, but," &c.; that is, "If Christ be in you by His indwelling Spirit, though your 'bodies' have to pass through the stage of 'death' in consequence of the first Adam's 'sin,' your spirit is instinct with new and undying 'life,' brought in by the 'righteousness' of the second Adam" [Tholuck, Meyer, and Alford in part, but only Hodge entirely].

Romans 8:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Control by the Spirit
9However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him. 10If Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is alive because of righteousness. 11But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.
Cross References
John 17:23
I in them and you in me--so that they may be brought to complete unity. Then the world will know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.

Galatians 2:20
I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.

Ephesians 3:17
so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith. And I pray that you, being rooted and established in love,

Colossians 1:27
To them God has chosen to make known among the Gentiles the glorious riches of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.
Treasury of Scripture

And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

if Christ.

John 6:56 He that eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, dwells in me, and I in him.

John 14:20,23 At that day you shall know that I am in my Father, and you in me, …

John 15:5 I am the vine, you are the branches: He that stays in me, and I in …

John 17:23 I in them, and you in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and …

2 Corinthians 13:5 Examine yourselves, whether you be in the faith; prove your own selves. …

Ephesians 3:17 That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that you, being rooted …

Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of …

the body.

Romans 8:11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you…

Romans 5:12 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; …

2 Corinthians 4:11 For we which live are always delivered to death for Jesus' sake, …

2 Corinthians 5:1-4 For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, …

1 Thessalonians 4:16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with …

Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed to men once to die, but after this the judgment:

2 Peter 1:13,14 Yes, I think it meet, as long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir …

Revelation 14:13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying to me, Write, Blessed are …

but.

John 4:14 But whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst…

John 6:54 Whoever eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, has eternal life; and …

John 11:25,26 Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believes …

John 14:19 Yet a little while, and the world sees me no more; but you see me: …

1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; …

2 Corinthians 5:6-8 Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at …

Philippians 1:23 For I am in a strait between two, having a desire to depart, and …

Colossians 3:3,4 For you are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God…

Hebrews 12:23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written …

Revelation 7:14-17 And I said to him, Sir, you know. And he said to me, These are they …

life.

Romans 5:21 That as sin has reigned to death, even so might grace reign through …

2 Corinthians 5:21 For he has made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might …

Philippians 3:9 And be found in him, not having my own righteousness, which is of …

Jump to Previous
Account Alive Although Bodies Body Christ Dead Die Indeed Life Righteousness Sin Spirit Spirits
Jump to Next
Account Alive Although Bodies Body Christ Dead Die Indeed Life Righteousness Sin Spirit Spirits
Links
Romans 8:10 NIV
Romans 8:10 NLT
Romans 8:10 ESV
Romans 8:10 NASB
Romans 8:10 KJV

Romans 8:10 Bible Apps
Romans 8:10 Bible Suite
Romans 8:10 Biblia Paralela
Romans 8:10 Chinese Bible
Romans 8:10 French Bible
Romans 8:10 German Bible

Alphabetical: alive because body But Christ dead if in is of righteousness sin spirit the though yet you your

NT Letters: Romans 8:10 If Christ is in you the body (Rom. Ro) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Romans 8:9
Top of Page
Top of Page