Romans 5:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone's account where there is no law.

New Living Translation
Yes, people sinned even before the law was given. But it was not counted as sin because there was not yet any law to break.

English Standard Version
for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law.

New American Standard Bible
for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

King James Bible
(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In fact, sin was in the world before the law, but sin is not charged to a person's account when there is no law.

International Standard Version
Certainly sin was in the world before the Law was given, but no record of sin is kept when there is no Law.

NET Bible
for before the law was given, sin was in the world, but there is no accounting for sin when there is no law.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For until The Written Law, sin was in the universe, but it was not accounted as sin, because there was no written law.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Sin was in the world before there were any laws. But no record of sin can be kept when there are no laws.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For until the law, sin was in the world; but the sin was not imputed, there being no law.

King James 2000 Bible
(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

American King James Version
(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

American Standard Version
for until the law sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For until the law sin was in the world; but sin was not imputed, when the law was not.

Darby Bible Translation
(for until law sin was in [the] world; but sin is not put to account when there is no law;

English Revised Version
for until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

Webster's Bible Translation
For until the law, sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

Weymouth New Testament
For prior to the Law sin was already in the world; only it is not entered in the account against us when no Law exists.

World English Bible
For until the law, sin was in the world; but sin is not charged when there is no law.

Young's Literal Translation
for till law sin was in the world: and sin is not reckoned when there is not law;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:12-14 The design of what follows is plain. It is to exalt our views respecting the blessings Christ has procured for us, by comparing them with the evil which followed upon the fall of our first father; and by showing that these blessings not only extend to the removal of these evils, but far beyond. Adam sinning, his nature became guilty and corrupted, and so came to his children. Thus in him all have sinned. And death is by sin; for death is the wages of sin. Then entered all that misery which is the due desert of sin; temporal, spiritual, eternal death. If Adam had not sinned, he had not died; but a sentence of death was passed, as upon a criminal; it passed through all men, as an infectious disease that none escape. In proof of our union with Adam, and our part in his first transgression, observe, that sin prevailed in the world, for many ages before the giving of the law by Moses. And death reigned in that long time, not only over adults who wilfully sinned, but also over multitudes of infants, which shows that they had fallen in Adam under condemnation, and that the sin of Adam extended to all his posterity. He was a figure or type of Him that was to come as Surety of a new covenant, for all who are related to Him.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 13, 14. - For until Law (i.e. all through the time previous to the revelation of law) sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression. Though νόμος, where it first occurs in ver. 13, refers definitely, as appears from the context, to the Law of Moses, yet it is without the article, as denoting the principle of law, of which the Mosaic code was the embodiment; and it has therefore, in accordance with the rule laid down in this translation, been rendered as above. The purport of these two verses, connected by γὰρ with πάντες η{μαρτον of ver. 12, is to prove that the primeval sin did really infect and implicate the whole race of mankind. It might be supposed that those only would be implicated who had themselves transgressed, as Adam did, a known command; it being an acknowledged principle of Divine justice that only sin against law of which the sinner is conscious is imputed to him for con-detonation (cf. Romans 4:15; also John 9:41). Nay. but the universal dominion of death, the doom of sin, over all alike, whether or not they had themselves so sinned, was proof that sin was all along dominant in the world, infecting all. The Mosaic Law is spoken of as the distinct revelation of Divine Law to man; and therefore attention is first drawn to the fact that before that revelation, no less than after it, death had reigned over all. But is it thus implied that until the Law from Mount Sinai men had been without any kind of law, for transgressing which they were responsible? Not so. That Law is indeed regarded as the first definite enunciation of law under evident Divine sanction, after which, to those that were under it, sin became indubitably and exceeding sinful; but that men are conceived as having sinned previously against law of some kind, appears from the phrase, "Even over those (καὶ ἐπὶ τοὺς) who had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression," i.e. consciously against a known command. This surely implies that some had so sinned; and thus the essential point of the argument is that even over those who had not so sinned (such as the unenlightened and invincibly ignorant, or persons dying in infancy) death had equally reigned. Who is the figure of him that was to come. This is added so as to bring round the thought to the main subject of the chapter, viz. the reconciliation of all mankind through Christ, to which the scriptural account of the condemnation of all mankind through Adam had, at ver. 12, been adduced as analogous. Who refers to Adam, who has just been for the first time named; he that was to come is Christ, who is called, in 1 Corinthians 15:45, "the last Adam." Adam was a type (τύπος) of Christ in that both represented entire humanity; one as the representative and author of fallen, the other of restored, humanity - the transgression of the one and the obedience of the other alike affecting all (see vers 18, 19). But there is a difference between the two cases; and this is pointed out in vers. 15, 16, 17, which follow.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For until the law, sin was in the world,.... This is a proof of sin's having entered into the world, by one man's transgression of the positive law of God, which forbid him the eating of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil; since it was in the world before the law of Moses was given: the sin of Adam and the guilt of that were in the world before, and came upon all men to condemnation; the general corruption of nature appeared before; and actual sins, and transgressions of all sorts were committed before; as by the immediate posterity of Adam, by the men of the old world, by the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah, by the patriarchs and their posterity, by the Egyptians, Canaanites, and others. They were all guilty of sin, corrupted by it, and under the dominion of it, except such as were released from it by the grace of God: now when sin is said to be until this time, the meaning is not that it existed and continued until the law of Moses took place, and then ceased; for that law did not, and could not take away sin, it rather increased it, at least it became more known by it; but that it was in being before it, and had influence and power over the sons of men, so as to subject them to death:

but sin is not imputed when there is no law. This looks like an objection, that if there was no law before Moses's time, then there was no sin, nor could any action of man be known or accounted by them as sinful, or be imputed to them to condemnation; or rather it is a concession, allowing that where there is no law, sin is not imputed; but there was a law before that law of Moses, which law was transgressed, and the sin or transgression of it was imputed to men to condemnation and death, as appears from what follows.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

13, 14. For until the law sin was in the world—that is during all the period from Adam "until the law" of Moses was given, God continued to treat men as sinners.

but sin is not imputed where there is no law—"There must therefore have been a law during that period, because sin was then imputed"; as is now to be shown.

Romans 5:13 Additional Commentaries
Context
Death in Adam, Life in Christ
12Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned-- 13for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.…
Cross References
Romans 3:20
Therefore no one will be declared righteous in God's sight by the works of the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of our sin.

Romans 4:15
because the law brings wrath. And where there is no law there is no transgression.
Treasury of Scripture

(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

until.

Genesis 4:7-11 If you do well, shall you not be accepted? and if you do not well, …

Genesis 6:5,6,11 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth…

Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet smell; and the LORD said in his heart, …

Genesis 13:13 But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.

Genesis 18:20 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, …

Genesis 19:4,32,36 But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, …

Genesis 38:7,10 And Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD; and …

but sin.

Romans 4:15 Because the law works wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.

1 Corinthians 15:56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.

1 John 3:4,14 Whoever commits sin transgresses also the law: for sin is the transgression …

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