1 Corinthians 15:45
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So it is written: "The first man Adam became a living being"; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit.

New Living Translation
The Scriptures tell us, "The first man, Adam, became a living person." But the last Adam--that is, Christ--is a life-giving Spirit.

English Standard Version
Thus it is written, “The first man Adam became a living being”; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

New American Standard Bible
So also it is written, "The first MAN, Adam, BECAME A LIVING SOUL." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

King James Bible
And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So it is written: The first man Adam became a living being; the last Adam became a life-giving Spirit.

International Standard Version
This, indeed, is what is written: "The first man, Adam, became a living being." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

NET Bible
So also it is written, "The first man, Adam, became a living person"; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Thus also it is written: “Adam the first man was a living soul; the last Adam - The Life Giver Spirit.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is what Scripture says: "The first man, Adam, became a living being." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a life-giving Spirit.

King James 2000 Bible
And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a life-giving spirit.

American King James Version
And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

American Standard Version
So also it is written, The first man Adam became a living soul. The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The first man Adam was made into a living soul; the last Adam into a quickening spirit.

Darby Bible Translation
Thus also it is written, The first man Adam became a living soul; the last Adam a quickening spirit.

English Revised Version
So also it is written, The first man Adam became a living soul. The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

Webster's Bible Translation
And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul, the last Adam was made a vivifying spirit.

Weymouth New Testament
In the same way also it is written, "The first man Adam became a living animal"; the last Adam is a life-giving Spirit.

World English Bible
So also it is written, "The first man, Adam, became a living soul." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

Young's Literal Translation
so also it hath been written, 'The first man Adam became a living creature,' the last Adam is for a life-giving spirit,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

15:35-50 1. How are the dead raised up? that is, by what means? How can they be raised? 2. As to the bodies which shall rise. Will it be with the like shape, and form, and stature, and members, and qualities? The former objection is that of those who opposed the doctrine, the latter of curious doubters. To the first the answer is, This was to be brought about by Divine power; that power which all may see does somewhat like it, year after year, in the death and revival of the corn. It is foolish to question the Almighty power of God to raise the dead, when we see it every day quickening and reviving things that are dead. To the second inquiry; The grain undergoes a great change; and so will the dead, when they rise and live again. The seed dies, though a part of it springs into new life, though how it is we cannot fully understand. The works of creation and providence daily teach us to be humble, as well as to admire the Creator's wisdom and goodness. There is a great variety among other bodies, as there is among plants. There is a variety of glory among heavenly bodies. The bodies of the dead, when they rise, will be fitted for the heavenly bodies. The bodies of the dead, when they rise, will be fitted for the heavenly state; and there will be a variety of glories among them. Burying the dead, is like committing seed to the earth, that it may spring out of it again. Nothing is more loathsome than a dead body. But believers shall at the resurrection have bodies, made fit to be for ever united with spirits made perfect. To God all things are possible. He is the Author and Source of spiritual life and holiness, unto all his people, by the supply of his Holy Spirit to the soul; and he will also quicken and change the body by his Spirit. The dead in Christ shall not only rise, but shall rise thus gloriously changed. The bodies of the saints, when they rise again, will be changed. They will be then glorious and spiritual bodies, fitted to the heavenly world and state, where they are ever afterwards to dwell. The human body in its present form, and with its wants and weaknesses, cannot enter or enjoy the kingdom of God. Then let us not sow to the flesh, of which we can only reap corruption. And the body follows the state of the soul. He, therefore, who neglects the life of the soul, casts away his present good; he who refuses to live to God, squanders all he has.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 45. - The first man Adam was made a living soul (Genesis 2:7). The last Adam. A rabbinic expression also for the Messiah. A quickening Spirit. "The Son quickeneth whom he will" (John 5:21; comp. 6:23). The best comment on the expression will be found in Romans 8:2, 11. Christ is "a quickening," i.e. a life giving, "Spirit," here mainly in the sense that we shall only be raised by "the power of his resurrection" (John 5:24, 25), but also in the sense that his Spirit dwelleth in us, and is our true Life.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And so it is written,.... In Genesis 2:7

the first man Adam was made a living soul: in the Hebrew text it is, man, or Adam, became, or was made a living soul; that is, as the apostle says, "the first man Adam": he calls him, as the Jews (a) frequently do, , "the first man"; he was the first man that was made, and the first parent of mankind, and the head and representative of all his posterity, and so the first in time, causality and dignity; whose name was Adam, so called by God in the day he was created, because he was formed , "from the ground, or earth"; when God breathed life into the earthly mass, or lump; and being animated with a rational soul, it became an animal body, or a living creature; and so the apostle proves, from the first man that was upon earth, that there is a natural, or animal body; a body animated by a soul, and which was supported by eating and drinking, by sleep and rest; and was capable of dying, and should die, in case of sin; and which was the state of it in its first creation, whilst in innocence, and before the fall; and this is all he meant to prove by this Scripture; for what follows is not mentioned as therein written, or elsewhere, but as the apostle's own assertion:

the last Adam was made a quickening spirit: by "the last Adam" is meant Jesus Christ, called Adam, because he is really and truly a man, a partaker of the same flesh and blood as the rest of mankind; and because he is the antitype of the first man Adam, who was a figure of him that was to come; and therefore called Adam, for the same reason as he is called David and Solomon: he is said to be "the last", in distinction from the first Adam, with respect to him he stood, last upon the earth, as in Job 19:25 to which passage some think the apostle here alludes; and because he appeared in the last days in the end of the world, and is the last that shall rise up as a common head and representative of the whole, or any part of mankind: now he is made "a quickening spirit"; which some understand of the Holy Spirit, which filled the human nature of Christ, raised him from the dead, and will quicken our mortal bodies at the last day; others of the divine nature of Christ, to which his flesh, or human nature, was united; and which gave life, rigour, and virtue, to all his actions and sufferings, as man; and by which he was quickened, when put to death in the flesh, and by which he will quicken others another day: though rather I think it is to be understood of his spiritual body, of his body, not as it was made of the virgin, for that was a natural, or an animal one; it was conceived and bred, and born as animal bodies are; it grew and increased, and was nourished with meat and drink, and sleep and rest; and was subject to infirmities, and to death itself, as our bodies be; but it is to be understood of it as raised from the dead, when it was made a spiritual body, for which reason it is called a "spirit": not that it was changed into a spirit, for it still remained flesh and blood; but because it was no more supported in an animal way; nor subject to those weaknesses that animal bodies are, but lives as spirits, or angels do; and a quickening one, not only because it has life itself, but because by virtue of the saints' union to it, as it subsists in the divine person of the Son of God, their bodies will be quickened at the last day, and made like unto it, spiritual bodies; also because he lives in his body as a spiritual one, they shall live in theirs as spiritual ones: and so the apostle shows, that there is a spiritual, as well as an animal body; that as the first man's body, even before the fall, was an animal or natural one; the last Adam's body upon his resurrection is a spiritual and life giving one, as the Syriac version renders it; so the Cabalistic writers (b) speak of

"Adam; who is the holy and supreme, who rules over all, and gives spirit and life to all.''

(a) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol 38. 2. & 100. 1. & alibi passim. & , Cabala denud. par. 4. p. 195, &c. Vid. 2 Esdras iii. 21. (b) Zohar in Exod. fol. 59. 4.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

45. so—in accordance with the distinction just mentioned between the natural or animal-souled body and the spiritual body.

it is written—(Ge 2:7); "Man became (was made to become) a living soul," that is, endowed with an animal soul, the living principle of his body.

the last Adam—the LAST Head of humanity, who is to be fully manifested in the last day, which is His day (Joh 6:39). He is so called in Job 19:25; see on [2295]Job 19:25 (compare Ro 5:14). In contrast to "the last," Paul calls "man" (Ge 2:7) "the FIRST Adam."

quickening—not only living, but making alive (Joh 5:21; 6:33, 39, 40, 54, 57, 62, 63; Ro 8:11). As the natural or animal-souled body (1Co 15:44) is the fruit of our union with the first Adam, an animal-souled man, so the spiritual body is the fruit of our union with the second Adam, who is the quickening Spirit (2Co 3:17). As He became representative of the whole of humanity in His union of the two natures, He exhausted in His own person the sentence of death passed on all men, and giveth spiritual and everlasting life to whom He will.

1 Corinthians 15:45 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Resurrection Body
44it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45So also it is written, "The first MAN, Adam, BECAME A LIVING SOUL." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 46However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural; then the spiritual.…
Cross References
Genesis 2:7
Then the LORD God formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.

John 5:21
For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom he is pleased to give it.

John 6:57
Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me.

Romans 5:14
Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who is a pattern of the one to come.

Romans 8:2
because through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit who gives life has set you free from the law of sin and death.

1 Corinthians 15:46
The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual.

Hebrews 9:14
How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!
Treasury of Scripture

And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

The first.

1 Corinthians 15:47-49 The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven…

Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed …

Romans 5:12-14 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; …

Revelation 16:3 And the second angel poured out his vial on the sea; and it became …

a quickening.

John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.

John 4:10,14 Jesus answered and said to her, If you knew the gift of God, and …

John 5:21,25-29 For as the Father raises up the dead, and vivifies them; even so …

John 6:33,39,40,54,57,63,68 For the bread of God is he which comes down from heaven, and gives …

John 10:10,28 The thief comes not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: …

John 11:25,26 Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believes …

John 14:6,19 Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man …

John 17:2,3 As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal …

Acts 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God has raised from the dead; …

Romans 5:17,21 For if by one man's offense death reigned by one…

Romans 8:2,10,11 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free …

Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like to …

Colossians 3:4 When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall you also …

1 John 1:1-3 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we …

1 John 5:11,12 And this is the record, that God has given to us eternal life, and …

Revelation 21:6 And he said to me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning …

Revelation 22:1,17 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, …

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