1 Corinthians 15:45
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Thus it is written, “The first man Adam became a living being”; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

King James Bible
And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

American Standard Version
So also it is written, The first man Adam became a living soul. The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The first man Adam was made into a living soul; the last Adam into a quickening spirit.

English Revised Version
So also it is written, The first man Adam became a living soul. The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

Webster's Bible Translation
And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul, the last Adam was made a vivifying spirit.

Weymouth New Testament
In the same way also it is written, "The first man Adam became a living animal"; the last Adam is a life-giving Spirit.

1 Corinthians 15:45 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

A living soul (ψυχὴν ζῶσαν)

See Genesis 2:7. Here ψυχή passes into its personal sense - an individual personality (see Romans 11:4), yet retaining the emphatic reference to the ψυχή as the distinctive principle of that individuality in contrast with the πνεῦμα spirit following. Hence this fact illustrates the general statement there is a natural body: such was Adam's, the receptacle and organ of the ψυχή soul.

Last Adam

Christ. Put over against Adam because of the peculiar relation in which both stand to the race: Adam as the physical, Christ as the spiritual head. Adam the head of the race in its sin, Christ in its redemption. Compare Romans 5:14.

Quickening spirit (πνεῦμα ζωοποιοῦν)

Rev., life-giving. Not merely living, but imparting life. Compare John 1:4; John 3:36; John 5:26, John 5:40; John 6:33, John 6:35; John 10:10; John 11:25; John 14:6. The period at which Christ became a quickening Spirit is the resurrection, after which His body began to take on the characteristics of a spiritual body. See Romans 6:4; 1 Peter 1:21.

1 Corinthians 15:45 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The first.

1 Corinthians 15:47-49 The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven...

Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

Romans 5:12-14 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed on all men, for that all have sinned...

Revelation 16:3 And the second angel poured out his vial on the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man: and every living soul died in the sea.

a quickening.

John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.

John 4:10,14 Jesus answered and said to her, If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that said to you, Give me to drink...

John 5:21,25-29 For as the Father raises up the dead, and vivifies them; even so the Son vivifies whom he will...

John 6:33,39,40,54,57,63,68 For the bread of God is he which comes down from heaven, and gives life to the world...

John 10:10,28 The thief comes not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life...

John 11:25,26 Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believes in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live...

John 14:6,19 Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man comes to the Father, but by me...

John 17:2,3 As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as you have given him...

Acts 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God has raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.

Romans 5:17,21 For if by one man's offense death reigned by one...

Romans 8:2,10,11 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death...

Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like to his glorious body...

Colossians 3:4 When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall you also appear with him in glory.

1 John 1:1-3 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked on...

1 John 5:11,12 And this is the record, that God has given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son...

Revelation 21:6 And he said to me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end...

Revelation 22:1,17 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb...

Cross References
Genesis 2:7
then the LORD God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature.

John 5:21
For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whom he will.

John 6:57
As the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father, so whoever feeds on me, he also will live because of me.

Romans 5:14
Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.

Romans 8:2
For the law of the Spirit of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death.

1 Corinthians 15:46
But it is not the spiritual that is first but the natural, and then the spiritual.

Hebrews 9:14
how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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