Genesis 3:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return."

New Living Translation
By the sweat of your brow will you have food to eat until you return to the ground from which you were made. For you were made from dust, and to dust you will return."

English Standard Version
By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.”

New American Standard Bible
By the sweat of your face You will eat bread, Till you return to the ground, Because from it you were taken; For you are dust, And to dust you shall return."

King James Bible
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You will eat bread by the sweat of your brow until you return to the ground, since you were taken from it. For you are dust, and you will return to dust."

International Standard Version
You will eat food by the sweat of your brow until you're buried in the ground, because you were taken from it. You're made from dust and you'll return to dust."

NET Bible
By the sweat of your brow you will eat food until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you will return."

New Heart English Bible
By the sweat of your face will you eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken. For you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
By the sweat of your brow, you will produce food to eat until you return to the ground, because you were taken from it. You are dust, and you will return to dust."

JPS Tanakh 1917
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken; for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.'

New American Standard 1977
By the sweat of your face
            You shall eat bread,
            Till you return to the ground,
            Because from it you were taken;
            For you are dust,
            And to dust you shall return.”



Jubilee Bible 2000
in the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread until thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken, for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.

King James 2000 Bible
In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, till you return unto the ground; for out of it were you taken: for dust you are, and unto dust shall you return.

American King James Version
In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, till you return to the ground; for out of it were you taken: for dust you are, and to dust shall you return.

American Standard Version
in the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread till thou return to the earth, out of which thou wast taken: for dust thou art, and into dust thou shalt return.

Darby Bible Translation
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, until thou return to the ground: for out of it wast thou taken. For dust thou art; and unto dust shalt thou return.

English Revised Version
in the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.

Webster's Bible Translation
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou shalt return to the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and to dust shalt thou return.

World English Bible
By the sweat of your face will you eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken. For you are dust, and to dust you shall return."

Young's Literal Translation
by the sweat of thy face thou dost eat bread till thy return unto the ground, for out of it hast thou been taken, for dust thou art, and unto dust thou turnest back.'

Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
3:16-19 The woman, for her sin, is condemned to a state of sorrow, and of subjection; proper punishments of that sin, in which she had sought to gratify the desire of her eye, and of the flesh, and her pride. Sin brought sorrow into the world; that made the world a vale of tears. No wonder our sorrows are multiplied, when our sins are so. He shall rule over thee, is but God's command, Wives, be subject to your own husbands. If man had not sinned, he would always have ruled with wisdom and love; if the woman had not sinned, she would always have obeyed with humility and meekness. Adam laid the blame on his wife; but though it was her fault to persuade him to eat the forbidden fruit, it was his fault to hearken to her. Thus men's frivolous pleas will, in the day of God's judgment, be turned against them. God put marks of displeasure on Adam. 1. His habitation is cursed. God gave the earth to the children of men, to be a comfortable dwelling; but it is now cursed for man's sin. Yet Adam is not himself cursed, as the serpent was, but only the ground for his sake. 2. His employments and enjoyments are imbittered to him. Labour is our duty, which we must faithfully perform; it is part of man's sentence, which idleness daringly defies. Uneasiness and weariness with labour are our just punishment, which we must patiently submit to, since they are less than our iniquity deserves. Man's food shall become unpleasant to him. Yet man is not sentenced to eat dust as the serpent, only to eat the herb of the field. 3. His life also is but short; considering how full of trouble his days are, it is in favour to him that they are few. Yet death being dreadful to nature, even when life is unpleasant, that concludes the punishment. Sin brought death into the world: if Adam had not sinned, he had not died. He gave way to temptation, but the Saviour withstood it. And how admirably the satisfaction of our Lord Jesus, by his death and sufferings, answered the sentence passed on our first parents! Did travailing pains come with sin? We read of the travail of Christ's soul, Isa 53:11; and the pains of death he was held by, are so called, Ac 2:24. Did subjection came in with sin? Christ was made under the law, Ga 4:4. Did the curse come in with sin? Christ was made a curse for us, he died a cursed death, Ga 3:13. Did thorns come in with sin? He was crowned with thorns for us. Did sweat come in with sin? He sweat for us, as it had been great drops of blood. Did sorrow come in with sin? He was a man of sorrows; his soul was, in his agony, exceeding sorrowful. Did death come in with sin? He became obedient unto death. Thus is the plaster as wide as the wound. Blessed be God for his Son our Lord Jesus Christ.
Study Bible
The Punishment of Mankind
18"Both thorns and thistles it shall grow for you; And you will eat the plants of the field; 19By the sweat of your face You will eat bread, Till you return to the ground, Because from it you were taken; For you are dust, And to dust you shall return." 20Now the man called his wife's name Eve, because she was the mother of all the living.…
Cross References
Romans 5:12
Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man and death through sin, so also death was passed on to all men, because all sinned.

Romans 5:17
For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive an abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ!

1 Corinthians 15:47
The first man was of the dust of the earth; the second man from heaven.

Hebrews 9:27
Just as man is appointed to die once, and after that to face judgment,

Genesis 2:7
Then the LORD God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.

Genesis 3:18
"Both thorns and thistles it shall grow for you; And you will eat the plants of the field;

Genesis 18:27
And Abraham replied, "Now behold, I have ventured to speak to the Lord, although I am but dust and ashes.

Job 4:19
'How much more those who dwell in houses of clay, Whose foundation is in the dust, Who are crushed before the moth!

Job 34:15
All flesh would perish together, And man would return to dust.

Psalm 90:3
You turn man back into dust And say, "Return, O children of men."
Treasury of Scripture

In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, till you return to the ground; for out of it were you taken: for dust you are, and to dust shall you return.

In.

Ecclesiastes 1:3,13 What profit has a man of all his labor which he takes under the sun…

Ephesians 4:28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labor, working …

1 Thessalonians 2:9 For you remember, brothers, our labor and travail: for laboring night …

2 Thessalonians 3:10 For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any …

till.

Job 1:21 And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I …

Psalm 90:3 You turn man to destruction; and say, Return, you children of men.

Psalm 104:29 You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, …

Ecclesiastes 5:15 As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shall he return to go …

for dust.

Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed …

Genesis 18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken on me to …

and.

Genesis 23:4 I am a stranger and a sojourner with you: give me a possession of …

Job 17:13-16 If I wait, the grave is my house: I have made my bed in the darkness…

Job 19:26 And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh …

Job 21:26 They shall lie down alike in the dust, and the worms shall cover them.

Job 34:15 All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again to dust.

Psalm 22:15,29 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue sticks to …

Psalm 104:29 You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, …

Proverbs 21:16 The man that wanders out of the way of understanding shall remain …

Ecclesiastes 3:20 All go to one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again.

Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit …

Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, …

Romans 5:12-21 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; …

1 Corinthians 15:21,22 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead…

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