Genesis 3:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken.

New Living Translation
So the LORD God banished them from the Garden of Eden, and he sent Adam out to cultivate the ground from which he had been made.

English Standard Version
therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken.

New American Standard Bible
therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden, to cultivate the ground from which he was taken.

King James Bible
Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So the LORD God sent him away from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken.

International Standard Version
therefore the LORD God expelled the man from the garden of Eden so he would work the ground from which he had been taken.

NET Bible
So the LORD God expelled him from the orchard in Eden to cultivate the ground from which he had been taken.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So the LORD God sent the man out of the Garden of Eden to farm the ground from which the man had been formed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden to till the ground from which he was taken.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he was taken.

American King James Version
Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from from where he was taken.

American Standard Version
therefore Jehovah God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord God sent him out of the paradise of pleasure, to till the earth from which he was taken.

Darby Bible Translation
Therefore Jehovah Elohim sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he was taken.

English Revised Version
therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he was taken.

World English Bible
Therefore Yahweh God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he was taken.

Young's Literal Translation
Jehovah God sendeth him forth from the garden of Eden to serve the ground from which he hath been taken;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:22-24 God bid man go out; told him he should no longer occupy and enjoy that garden: but man liked the place, and was unwilling to leave it, therefore God made him go out. This signified the shutting out of him, and all his guilty race, from that communion with God, which was the bliss and glory of paradise. But man was only sent to till the ground out of which he was taken. He was sent to a place of toil, not to a place of torment. Our first parents were shut out from the privileges of their state of innocency, yet they were not left to despair. The way to the tree of life was shut. It was henceforward in vain for him and his to expect righteousness, life, and happiness, by the covenant of works; for the command of that covenant being broken, the curse of it is in full force: we are all undone, if we are judged by that covenant. God revealed this to Adam, not to drive him to despair, but to quicken him to look for life and happiness in the promised Seed, by whom a new and living way into the holiest is laid open for us.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 23, 24. - Therefore (literally, and) the Lord God sent (or cast, shalach in the Piel conveying the ideas of force and displeasure; cf. Deuteronomy 21:14; 1 Kings 9:7) him forth from the garden of Eden to till the ground (i.e. the soil outside of paradise, which had been cursed for his sake) whence he was taken. Vide ver. 19. So (and) he drove out the man (along with his guilty partner); and he placed (literally, caused to dwell) at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubim.

1. Griffins, like those of Persian and Egyptian mythology, which protected gold-producing countries like Eden; from carav, to tear in pieces; Sanscrit, grivh; Persian, giriften; Greek, γρυπ, γρυφ; German, grip, krip, greif (Eichhorn, Fürst).

2. Divine steeds; by metathesis for rechubim, from rachab, to ride (Psalm 18:11; Gesenius, Lange).

3. "Beings who approach to God and minister to him," taking cerub - karov, to come near, to serve (Hyde).

4. The engravings or carved figures; from carav (Syriac), to engrave (Taylor Lewis); from an Egyptian root (Cook, vide Speaker's Commentary). Biblical notices describe them as living creatures (Ezekiel 1:5; Revelation 4:6) in the form of a man (Ezekiel 1:5), with four (Ezekiel 1:8; 2:23; 10:7, 8-21) or with six wings (Revelation 4:8), and full of eyes (Ezekiel 1:18; Ezekiel 10:12; Revelation 4:8); having each four faces, viz., of a man, of a lion, of an ox, of an eagle (Ezekiel 1:10; Ezekiel 10:16); or with one face each - of a man, of a lion, of a calf, and of an eagle respectively trey. 4:7). Representations of these chay ath - LXX., ζωά ( were by Divine directions placed upon the Capporeth (Exodus 25:17) and curtains of the tabernacle (Exodus 26:1, 31; Exodus 36:8, 35), and afterwards engraved upon the walls and doors of the temple (1 Kings 6:29, 32, 35). In the Apocalypse they are depicted as standing in the immediate neighborhood of the throne trey. 4:6; 5:6; 7:11), and as taking part in the acts of adoration and praise m which the heavenly hosts engage (ibid. 5:11), and that on the express ground of their redemption (ibid. 5:8, 9). Whence the opinion that most exactly answers all the facts of the case is, that these mysterious creatures were symbolic not of the fullness of the Deity (Bahr), nor of the sum of earthly life (Hengstenberg), nor of the angelic nature (Calvin), nor of the Divine manhood of Jesus Christ (Wordsworth), but of redeemed and glorified humanity (Jamieson, Fairbairn, Macdonald, Candlish). Combining with the intelligence of human nature the highest qualities of the animal world, as exhibited in the lion, the ox, and the eagle, they were emblematic of creature life in its most absolutely perfect form. As such they were caused to dwell at the gate of Eden to intimate that only when perfected and purified could fallen human nature return to paradise. Meantime man was utterly unfit to dwell within its fair abode. And a flaming sword, which turned every way. Literally, the flame of a sword turning itself; not brandished by the cherubim, but existing separately, and flashing out from among them (cf. Ezekiel 1:4). An emblem of the Divine glory in its attitude towards sin (Macdonald). To keep (to watch over or guard; cf. Genesis 2:15) the way of the tree of life. "To keep the tree of life might imply that all access to it was to be precluded; but to keep the way signifies to keep the way open as well as to keep it shut" (Macdonald).





Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden,.... Gave him orders to depart immediately; sent or put him away as a man does his wife, when he divorces her; or as a prince banishes a rebellious subject: for how long Adam was in the garden see Gill on Psalm 49:12, however, he did not send him to hell at once, as he did the apostate angels, but

to till the ground, from whence he was taken: either the earth in general, out of which he was made, and to which he must return, and in the mean while must labour hard, in digging and ploughing, in planting and sowing, that so he might get a livelihood; or that particular spot out of which he was formed, which is supposed from hence to have been without the garden of Eden, though very probably near unto it: some say it was a field near Damascus; the Targum of Jonathan is,"he went and dwelt in Mount Moriah, to till the ground out of which he was created;''and so other Jewish writers say (p), the gate of paradise was near Mount Moriah, and there Adam dwelt after he was cast out.

(p) Pirke Eliezer, c. 20. fol. 20. 2.



Genesis 3:23 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Expulsion from Paradise
22Then the LORD God said, "Behold, the man has become like one of Us, knowing good and evil; and now, he might stretch out his hand, and take also from the tree of life, and eat, and live forever "-- 23therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden, to cultivate the ground from which he was taken. 24So He drove the man out; and at the east of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to the tree of life.
Cross References
Genesis 3:22
And the LORD God said, "The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever."

Genesis 3:24
After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.
Treasury of Scripture

Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from from where he was taken.

till.

Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, till you return to …

Genesis 2:5 And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every …

Genesis 4:2,12 And she again bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, …

Genesis 9:20 And Noah began to be an farmer, and he planted a vineyard:

Ecclesiastes 5:9 Moreover the profit of the earth is for all: the king himself is …

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