6083. aphar
Strong's Concordance
aphar: dry earth, dust
Original Word: עָפָר
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: aphar
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-fawr')
Short Definition: dust
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from an unused word
Definition
dry earth, dust
NASB Translation
ashes (2), debris (2), dirt (1), dry soil (1), dust (91), dusty (1), earth (5), ground (1), heap (2), loose earth (1), plaster (3), rubbish (1), rubble (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
עָפָר noun masculineLeviticus 14:42 dry earth, dust; — absolute ׳ע Genesis 2:7 +, construct עֲפַר Genesis 13:16 +; suffix עֲפָרֵךְ Ezekiel 26:12, עֲפָרוֺ Deuteronomy 9:21, etc.; plural construct עַפְרֹת Job 28:6; Proverbs 8:26; —

1 literally:

a. dry, loose earth, thrown (in malice) 2 Samuel 16:13 ("" אֲבָנִים); עַלרֿאֹשׁ ׳וַיַעֲלוּ ע Joshua 7:6 (J E; sign of grief), so Ezekiel 27:30; Lamentations 2:10, and (with זָרַק) Job 2:12; loose earth (on surface of ground) 1 Kings 18:38; Amos 2:7; Micah 1:10; Isaiah 34:7,9; Leviticus 17:13 (H) Ezekiel 24:7 (in figurative), Numbers 5:17; Job 14:19; Job 38:38; Job 39:14; Genesis 26:15 (R), made into siege works Habakkuk 1:10; of sand-storm Deuteronomy 28:24 (+ אָבָק); as serpent's food, token of punishment and humiliation, Genesis 3:14 (J) Isaiah 65:25 (compare Micah 7:17 2e below); ׳זֹחֲלֵי ע Deuteronomy 32:24 (poem; compare 2e).

b. specifically as material of human body Genesis 2:7; Genesis 3:19 (J), Ecclesiastes 3:20, compare Job 4:19; Job 8:19; Psalm 103:14, to which it returns (שׁוּב אֶלֿ) Genesis 3:19; Job 10:9; Psalm 104:29; Ecclesiastes 3:20; so (with עַל) Job 34:15; Ecclesiastes 12:7.

c. = surface of ground Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13 (twice in verse); (P; הָאָרַץ ׳ע), Job 19:25; Isaiah 25:12; Isaiah 26:5 (both "" אֶרֶץ), surface of (whole) earth Job 41:25, ׳מְחִלוֺת ע Isaiah 2:19 (for hiding), so ׳ע alone Isaiah 2:10, compare ׳חֹרֵי ע Job 30:6; = soil, Job 5:6; Job 14:8.

d. powder of anything pulverized Deuteronomy 9:21 (twice in verse) (compare דָּ֑ק "" Exodus 32:20), 2 Kings 23:6 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 23:12,15, so in simile 2 Samuel 22:43 = Psalm 18:43, hence = ashes Psalm 18:4; Numbers 19:17.

e. debris, of ruined city 1 Kings 20:10; Ezekiel 26:4,12; Nehemiah 3:34; Nehemiah 4:4; Psalm 102:15. The following are late:

f. earth of the grave: אֶשְׁכַּב ׳לֶע Job 7:21, so (with עַל) Job 20:11; Job 21:26, compare Job 17:16; ׳יוֺרְדֵי ע Psalm 22:30, ׳שֹׁכְנֵי ע Isaiah 26:19, ׳יְשֵׁנֵי אַדְמַתעֿ Daniel 12:2; עֲפַרמָֿוֶת Psalm 22:16; ׳ע in figure Psalm 30:10.

g. mortar (i.e. dried mud) for plastering houses Leviticus 14:41,42,45 (P).

h. (iron-) ore Job 28:2; עַפְרֹת זָהָב Job 28:6 gold-dust (but see סַמִּיר).

i. material of earth Isaiah 40:12, compare ראֹשׁ עַפְרֹת תֵּבֵל Proverbs 8:26 the first of the earth particles of the world.

2 figurative:

a. of abundance Genesis 13:16 (twice in verse); Genesis 28:14 (all J) 2 Chronicles 1:9; Job 27:16; Psalm 78:27 ("" חוֺל יַמִּים), compare עֲפַר יַעֲקֹב Numbers 23:10 (JE); with added idea of commonness, worthlessness Zephaniah 1:7; Zechariah 9:3.

b. of worthlessness (alone) Job 22:24.

c. simile of the scattered, dispersed 2 Kings 13:7; ׳כֶּע Isaiah 41:2 (so van d. H. Ginsb; Baer ׳כֵּע; on meaning see Du Che, reading תְּשִׂימֵם for יִתֵּן).

d. of self-abasement Genesis 18:27 (+ אֵפַר), ׳וְנִחַמְתִּי עַלעֿ וָאֵפֶר Job 42:6, מִּיהוּ ׳יִתֵּן בֶּע Lamentations 3:29.

e. of humiliation (sitting or lying in dust) Isaiah 47:1; compare Isaiah 29:4 (twice in verse), Job 16:15; Job 40:13; Psalm 7:6; Psalm 44:26; Psalm 119:25, simile Job 30:19; licking dust Psalm 72:9; Isaiah 49:23; Micah 7:17, compare Tel Amarna tikalu ipra (of enemies, see WklAltor. Forsch. iii. 291; also of serpent 1a above); of ׳י raising from the dust 1 Samuel 2:8 = Psalm 113:7, 1 Kings 16:2; of lifting oneself Isaiah 52:2.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
ashes, dust, earth, ground, mortar, powder, rubbish

From aphar; dust (as powdered or gray); hence, clay, earth, mud -- ashes, dust, earth, ground, morter, powder, rubbish.

see HEBREW aphar

Forms and Transliterations
בֶּֽעָפָ֑ר בֶּֽעָפָר֙ בֶּעָפָ֣ר בֶּעָפָ֥ר בֶּעָפָֽר׃ בֶעָפָ֣ר בעפר בעפר׃ הֶ֣עָפָ֔ר הֶֽעָפָ֔ר הֶֽעָפָ֗ר הֶֽעָפָר֙ הֶעָפָ֑ר הֶעָפָ֖ר הֶעָפָ֛ר הֶעָפָֽר׃ העפר העפר׃ וְֽלַעֲפַר־ וְהֶעָפָ֖ר וְעַפְרֹ֖ת וְעָפָ֑ר וְעָפָ֥ר וַֽעֲפָרֵ֔ךְ וַעֲפַ֥ר וַעֲפָרָ֖הּ וַעֲפָרָ֖ם וּ֝בֶעָפָ֗ר וּ֝מֵעָפָ֗ר וּמֵֽעָפָ֖ר וּמֵעָפָ֖ר ובעפר והעפר ולעפר־ ומעפר ועפר ועפרה ועפרך ועפרם ועפרת כְּעָפָ֥ר כֶּֽעָפָ֔ר כֶּֽעָפָ֖ר כֶּֽעָפָר֙ כֶּעָפָ֣ר כֶּעָפָ֥ר כַּעֲפַ֣ר כַּעֲפַ֥ר כַּעֲפַר־ כעפר כעפר־ לְעָפָ֑ר לְעָפָ֖ר לֶעָפָ֖ר לֶעָפָ֣ר לעפר מֵעֲפַ֖ר מֵעָפָ֛ר מֵעָפָ֜ר מֵעָפָ֣ר מעפר עֲפַ֣ר עֲפַ֥ר עֲפַר־ עֲפָר֔וֹ עֲפָרָ֔הּ עֲפָרָ֖הּ עֲפָרָ֖ם עֲפָרָ֥הּ עֲפָרָ֥ם עָ֭פָר עָֽפָר֙ עָפְר֥וֹת עָפָ֑ר עָפָ֖ר עָפָ֗ר עָפָ֛ר עָפָ֣ר עָפָ֥ר עָפָֽר׃ עָפָר֙ עפר עפר־ עפר׃ עפרה עפרו עפרות עפרם ‘ă·p̄ā·rāh ‘ă·p̄ā·rām ‘ă·p̄ā·rōw ‘ă·p̄ar ‘ā·p̄ār ‘ă·p̄ar- ‘ā·p̄ə·rō·wṯ ‘ăp̄ar ‘āp̄ār ‘ăp̄ar- ‘ăp̄ārāh ‘ăp̄ārām ‘ăp̄ārōw ‘āp̄ərōwṯ aFar afaRah afaRam afaRo afeRot Afor be‘āp̄ār ḇe‘āp̄ār be·‘ā·p̄ār ḇe·‘ā·p̄ār beaFar he‘āp̄ār he·‘ā·p̄ār heaFar ka‘ăp̄ar ka‘ăp̄ar- ka·‘ă·p̄ar ka·‘ă·p̄ar- kaaFar ke‘āp̄ār kə‘āp̄ār ke·‘ā·p̄ār kə·‘ā·p̄ār keaFar le‘āp̄ār lə‘āp̄ār le·‘ā·p̄ār lə·‘ā·p̄ār leaFar mê‘ăp̄ar mê‘āp̄ār mê·‘ă·p̄ar mê·‘ā·p̄ār meaFar ū·ḇe·‘ā·p̄ār ū·mê·‘ā·p̄ār ūḇe‘āp̄ār ūmê‘āp̄ār umeaFar uveaFar vaaFar vaafaRah vaafaRam vaafaRech veaFar veafRot veheaFar velaafar wa‘ăp̄ar wa‘ăp̄ārāh wa‘ăp̄ārām wa‘ăp̄ārêḵ wa·‘ă·p̄ā·rāh wa·‘ă·p̄ā·rām wa·‘ă·p̄ā·rêḵ wa·‘ă·p̄ar wə‘āp̄ār wə‘ap̄rōṯ wə·‘ā·p̄ār wə·‘ap̄·rōṯ wə·he·‘ā·p̄ār wə·la·‘ă·p̄ar- wəhe‘āp̄ār wəla‘ăp̄ar-
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Strong's Hebrew 6083
110 Occurrences


‘ā·p̄ār — 47 Occ.
‘ă·p̄ā·rāh — 3 Occ.
‘ă·p̄ā·rām — 3 Occ.
‘ă·p̄ā·rōw — 1 Occ.
‘ā·p̄ə·rō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
‘ā·p̄ār — 1 Occ.
be·‘ā·p̄ār — 6 Occ.
he·‘ā·p̄ār — 8 Occ.
ka·‘ă·p̄ar — 4 Occ.
ke·‘ā·p̄ār — 8 Occ.
lə·‘ā·p̄ār — 7 Occ.
mê·‘ă·p̄ar — 6 Occ.
ū·mê·‘ā·p̄ār — 3 Occ.
ū·ḇe·‘ā·p̄ār — 1 Occ.
wa·‘ă·p̄ar — 1 Occ.
wa·‘ă·p̄ā·rāh — 1 Occ.
wa·‘ă·p̄ā·rām — 1 Occ.
wa·‘ă·p̄ā·rêḵ — 1 Occ.
wə·‘ā·p̄ār — 4 Occ.
wə·‘ap̄·rōṯ — 1 Occ.
wə·he·‘ā·p̄ār — 1 Occ.
wə·la·‘ă·p̄ar- — 1 Occ.

Genesis 2:7
HEB: אֶת־ הָֽאָדָ֗ם עָפָר֙ מִן־ הָ֣אֲדָמָ֔ה
NAS: man of dust from the ground,
KJV: man [of] the dust of
INT: God man of dust of the ground

Genesis 3:14
HEB: גְּחֹנְךָ֣ תֵלֵ֔ךְ וְעָפָ֥ר תֹּאכַ֖ל כָּל־
NAS: you will go, And dust you will eat
KJV: shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat
INT: your belly will go and dust will eat All

Genesis 3:19
HEB: לֻקָּ֑חְתָּ כִּֽי־ עָפָ֣ר אַ֔תָּה וְאֶל־
NAS: from it you were taken; For you are dust, And to dust
KJV: for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou
INT: were taken Because are dust thou and to

Genesis 3:19
HEB: אַ֔תָּה וְאֶל־ עָפָ֖ר תָּשֽׁוּב׃
NAS: For you are dust, And to dust you shall return.
KJV: thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.
INT: thou and to dust shall return

Genesis 13:16
HEB: אֶֽת־ זַרְעֲךָ֖ כַּעֲפַ֣ר הָאָ֑רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֣ר ׀
NAS: your descendants as the dust of the earth,
KJV: thy seed as the dust of the earth:
INT: will make your descendants as the dust of the earth so

Genesis 13:16
HEB: לִמְנוֹת֙ אֶת־ עֲפַ֣ר הָאָ֔רֶץ גַּֽם־
NAS: number the dust of the earth,
KJV: number the dust of the earth,
INT: another number the dust of the earth also

Genesis 18:27
HEB: אֲדֹנָ֔י וְאָנֹכִ֖י עָפָ֥ר וָאֵֽפֶר׃
NAS: to the Lord, although I am [but] dust and ashes.
KJV: which [am but] dust and ashes:
INT: the Lord which I am dust and ashes

Genesis 26:15
HEB: פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים וַיְמַלְא֖וּם עָפָֽר׃
NAS: stopped up by filling them with earth.
KJV: them, and filled them with earth.
INT: the Philistines filling earth

Genesis 28:14
HEB: וְהָיָ֤ה זַרְעֲךָ֙ כַּעֲפַ֣ר הָאָ֔רֶץ וּפָרַצְתָּ֛
NAS: Your descendants will also be like the dust of the earth,
KJV: And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth,
INT: become your descendants the dust of the earth will spread

Exodus 8:16
HEB: וְהַ֖ךְ אֶת־ עֲפַ֣ר הָאָ֑רֶץ וְהָיָ֥ה
NAS: and strike the dust of the earth,
KJV: and smite the dust of the land,
INT: your staff and strike the dust of the earth may become

Exodus 8:17
HEB: וַיַּךְ֙ אֶת־ עֲפַ֣ר הָאָ֔רֶץ וַתְּהִי֙
NAS: and struck the dust of the earth,
KJV: and smote the dust of the earth,
INT: his staff and struck the dust of the earth became

Exodus 8:17
HEB: וּבַבְּהֵמָ֑ה כָּל־ עֲפַ֥ר הָאָ֛רֶץ הָיָ֥ה
NAS: All the dust of the earth
KJV: and in beast; all the dust of the land
INT: and beast All the dust of the earth became

Leviticus 14:41
HEB: וְשָׁפְכ֗וּ אֶת־ הֶֽעָפָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הִקְצ֔וּ
NAS: and they shall dump the plaster that they scrape off
KJV: and they shall pour out the dust that they scrape
INT: all shall dump the plaster they scrape

Leviticus 14:42
HEB: תַּ֣חַת הָאֲבָנִ֑ים וְעָפָ֥ר אַחֵ֛ר יִקַּ֖ח
NAS: other plaster and replaster
KJV: other morter, and shall plaister
INT: the place stones plaster other shall take

Leviticus 14:45
HEB: וְאֵ֖ת כָּל־ עֲפַ֣ר הַבָּ֑יִת וְהוֹצִיא֙
NAS: and all the plaster of the house,
KJV: of it, and the timber thereof, and all the morter of the house;
INT: timbers and all the plaster of the house shall take

Leviticus 17:13
HEB: דָּמ֔וֹ וְכִסָּ֖הוּ בֶּעָפָֽר׃
NAS: out its blood and cover it with earth.
KJV: thereof, and cover it with dust.
INT: blood and cover earth

Numbers 5:17
HEB: חָ֑רֶשׂ וּמִן־ הֶֽעָפָ֗ר אֲשֶׁ֤ר יִהְיֶה֙
NAS: some of the dust that is on the floor
KJV: vessel; and of the dust that is in the floor
INT: an earthenware some of the dust after is on

Numbers 19:17
HEB: וְלָֽקְחוּ֙ לַטָּמֵ֔א מֵעֲפַ֖ר שְׂרֵפַ֣ת הַֽחַטָּ֑את
NAS: some of the ashes of the burnt
KJV: [person] they shall take of the ashes of the burnt heifer
INT: shall take the unclean of the ashes of the burnt purification

Numbers 23:10
HEB: מִ֤י מָנָה֙ עֲפַ֣ר יַעֲקֹ֔ב וּמִסְפָּ֖ר
NAS: can count the dust of Jacob,
KJV: Who can count the dust of Jacob,
INT: Who count the dust of Jacob number

Deuteronomy 9:21
HEB: אֲשֶׁר־ דַּ֖ק לְעָפָ֑ר וָֽאַשְׁלִךְ֙ אֶת־
NAS: it was as fine as dust; and I threw
KJV: [even] until it was as small as dust: and I cast
INT: which dwarf dust threw dust

Deuteronomy 9:21
HEB: וָֽאַשְׁלִךְ֙ אֶת־ עֲפָר֔וֹ אֶל־ הַנַּ֖חַל
NAS: and I threw its dust into the brook
KJV: and I cast the dust thereof into the brook
INT: dust threw dust into the brook

Deuteronomy 28:24
HEB: אַרְצְךָ֖ אָבָ֣ק וְעָפָ֑ר מִן־ הַשָּׁמַ֙יִם֙
NAS: powder and dust; from heaven
KJV: powder and dust: from heaven
INT: of your land powder and dust from heaven

Deuteronomy 32:24
HEB: חֲמַ֖ת זֹחֲלֵ֥י עָפָֽר׃
NAS: of crawling things of the dust.
KJV: of serpents of the dust.
INT: the venom of crawling of the dust

Joshua 7:6
HEB: יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וַיַּעֲל֥וּ עָפָ֖ר עַל־ רֹאשָֽׁם׃
NAS: and they put dust on their heads.
KJV: and put dust upon their heads.
INT: of Israel put dust on their heads

1 Samuel 2:8
HEB: מֵקִ֨ים מֵעָפָ֜ר דָּ֗ל מֵֽאַשְׁפֹּת֙
NAS: the poor from the dust, He lifts
KJV: the poor out of the dust, [and] lifteth up
INT: raises the dust the poor the ash

110 Occurrences

6082
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