Psalm 104:29
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When you hide your face, they are terrified; when you take away their breath, they die and return to the dust.

New Living Translation
But if you turn away from them, they panic. When you take away their breath, they die and turn again to dust.

English Standard Version
When you hide your face, they are dismayed; when you take away their breath, they die and return to their dust.

New American Standard Bible
You hide Your face, they are dismayed; You take away their spirit, they expire And return to their dust.

King James Bible
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When You hide Your face, they are terrified; when You take away their breath, they die and return to the dust.

International Standard Version
When you withdraw your favor, they are disappointed; Take away their breath, and they die and return to dust.

NET Bible
When you ignore them, they panic. When you take away their life's breath, they die and return to dust.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You turn your face and they are disturbed; you take their spirit and they die and return to their dust.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You hide your face, and they are terrified. You take away their breath, and they die and return to dust.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; thou takest away their spirit, they cease to exist and return to their dust.

King James 2000 Bible
You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

American King James Version
You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

American Standard Version
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; Thou takest away their breath, they die, And return to their dust.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if thou turnest away thy face, they shall be troubled: thou shalt take away their breath, and they shall fail, and shall return to their dust.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; thou takest away their breath, they expire and return to their dust.

English Revised Version
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; thou takest away their breath they die, and return to their dust.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

World English Bible
You hide your face: they are troubled; you take away their breath: they die, and return to the dust.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou hidest Thy face -- they are troubled, Thou gatherest their spirit -- they expire, And unto their dust they turn back.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

104:19-30 We are to praise and magnify God for the constant succession of day and night. And see how those are like to the wild beasts, who wait for the twilight, and have fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness. Does God listen to the language of mere nature, even in ravenous creatures, and shall he not much more interpret favourably the language of grace in his own people, though weak and broken groanings which cannot be uttered? There is the work of every day, which is to be done in its day, which man must apply to every morning, and which he must continue in till evening; it will be time enough to rest when the night comes, in which no man can work. The psalmist wonders at the works of God. The works of art, the more closely they are looked upon, the more rough they appear; the works of nature appear more fine and exact. They are all made in wisdom, for they all answer the end they were designed to serve. Every spring is an emblem of the resurrection, when a new world rises, as it were, out of the ruins of the old one. But man alone lives beyond death. When the Lord takes away his breath, his soul enters on another state, and his body will be raised, either to glory or to misery. May the Lord send forth his Spirit, and new-create our souls to holiness.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 29. - Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled. If God withdraws the light of his countenance from any living thing, instantly it feels the loss. It is "troubled," cast down, confounded (comp. Psalm 30:7). Thou takest away their breath, they die. As the living things have life from God, so they have death from him. Not one of them perishes but he knows it, and causes it or allows it (see Matthew 10:29). And return to their dust. Return, i.e., to the dead matter out of which they were created.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled,.... God may be said to hide his face from the creatures when he withholds their food from them, when there is a scarcity of provisions, a famine in the land; when there is no pasture for them to feed on, nor brooks of water to drink of; then are they troubled or perplexed, as in Joel 1:18 and know not what to do, nor where to go for help, but faint, and sink, and die. So in a spiritual sense when God hides his face from his people, removes his Shechinah, or divine Majesty and Presence, as the Targum here; and withdraws the influences of his grace and Spirit; or when they have no food for their souls, or what they have is not blessed, then are they troubled, Psalm 30:7.

Thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust; their original dust, from whence they sprung, as man himself does; the breath of all is from the Lord; he gives it to his creatures, and when he pleases he takes it away; and when he does, they die and become dust again.



Psalm 104:29 Additional Commentaries
Context
O Lord, My God, You are Very Great
28You give to them, they gather it up; You open Your hand, they are satisfied with good. 29You hide Your face, they are dismayed; You take away their spirit, they expire And return to their dust. 30You send forth Your Spirit, they are created; And You renew the face of the ground.…
Cross References
Genesis 3:19
By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return."

Deuteronomy 31:17
And in that day I will become angry with them and forsake them; I will hide my face from them, and they will be destroyed. Many disasters and calamities will come on them, and in that day they will ask, 'Have not these disasters come on us because our God is not with us?'

1 Samuel 25:38
About ten days later, the LORD struck Nabal and he died.

Job 10:9
Remember that you molded me like clay. Will you now turn me to dust again?

Job 34:14
If it were his intention and he withdrew his spirit and breath,

Job 34:15
all humanity would perish together and mankind would return to the dust.

Psalm 22:15
My mouth is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth; you lay me in the dust of death.

Psalm 30:7
LORD, when you favored me, you made my royal mountain stand firm; but when you hid your face, I was dismayed.

Psalm 90:3
You turn people back to dust, saying, "Return to dust, you mortals."

Psalm 146:4
When their spirit departs, they return to the ground; on that very day their plans come to nothing.

Ecclesiastes 12:7
and the dust returns to the ground it came from, and the spirit returns to God who gave it.

Ezekiel 37:5
This is what the Sovereign LORD says to these bones: I will make breath enter you, and you will come to life.
Treasury of Scripture

You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

hidest

Psalm 30:7 LORD, by your favor you have made my mountain to stand strong: you …

Job 13:24 Why hide you your face, and hold me for your enemy?

Job 34:29 When he gives quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hides …

Romans 8:20-22 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by …

thou takes

Psalm 146:4 His breath goes forth, he returns to his earth; in that very day …

Job 34:14,15 If he set his heart on man, if he gather to himself his spirit and his breath…

Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit …

Acts 17:25 Neither is worshipped with men's hands, as though he needed any thing, …

return

Psalm 90:3 You turn man to destruction; and say, Return, you children of men.

Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, till you return to …

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