Job 34:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
If it were his intention and he withdrew his spirit and breath,

New Living Translation
If God were to take back his spirit and withdraw his breath,

English Standard Version
If he should set his heart to it and gather to himself his spirit and his breath,

New American Standard Bible
"If He should determine to do so, If He should gather to Himself His spirit and His breath,

King James Bible
If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If He put His mind to it and withdrew the spirit and breath He gave,

International Standard Version
If he were to decide to do so, that is, to take back to himself his spirit and breath of life,

NET Bible
If God were to set his heart on it, and gather in his spirit and his breath,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If he thought only of himself and withdrew his Spirit and his breath,

Jubilee Bible 2000
If he were to set his heart upon man and gather unto himself his spirit and his breath,

King James 2000 Bible
If he should set his heart upon man, if he should gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;

American King James Version
If he set his heart on man, if he gather to himself his spirit and his breath;

American Standard Version
If he set his heart upon himself, If he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;

Douay-Rheims Bible
If he turn his heart to him, he shall draw his spirit and breath unto himself.

Darby Bible Translation
If he only thought of himself, [and] gathered unto him his spirit and his breath,

English Revised Version
If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;

Webster's Bible Translation
If he should set his heart upon man, if he should gather to himself his spirit and his breath;

World English Bible
If he set his heart on himself, If he gathered to himself his spirit and his breath,

Young's Literal Translation
If He doth set on him His heart, His spirit and his breath unto Him He gathereth.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

34:10-15 Elihu had showed Job, that God meant him no hurt by afflicting him, but intended his spiritual benefit. Here he shows, that God did him no wrong by afflicting him. If the former did not satisfy him, this ought to silence him. God cannot do wickedness, nor the Almighty commit wrong. If services now go unrewarded, and sins now go unpunished, yet there is a day coming, when God will fully render to every man according to his works. Further, though the believer's final condemnation is done away through the Saviour's ransom, yet he has merited worse than any outward afflictions; so that no wrong is done to him, however he may be tried.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 14. - If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath. Two renderings are proposed, both supported By about equal authority:

(1) "If he (i.e. God) set his heart upon himself, if he should gather to himself his own spirit, and breath," then all flesh would perish, etc.

(2) "If he [i.e. God] set his heart upon [or, 'against'] man, if he were to gather to himself man's spirit and man's breath," then, etc. The difference is not great. God could, either by withdrawing from man the breath and spirit which he has given him, or simply by withholding from man the quickening and sustaining influences which he is perpetually putting forth, reduce all humankind to nothingness. Being so completely master of man, he would surely not condescend to treat him with injustice. Injustice implies something of opposition, struggle, rivalry.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

If he set his heart upon man,.... Not his love and affections; though there are some he does in this sense set his heart on, and whose souls at death he gathers to himself, but with this sense the next verse will not agree; but to destroy him, as Jarchi adds by way of explanation; if he gives his mind to it, is set upon it and resolved to do it, none can hinder him; or sets himself against him in an hostile way, the issue must be entire ruin and destruction to the race of men; but it is plain this is not the case, or otherwise all must have perished long ago: or if he severely marks the ways and works of men, and deals with them according to the strictness of his justice, which yet he might do without any charge of injustice, none could stand before him; but this he does not, so far is he from any injustice, or any appearance of it;

if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath; not his own spirit and breath, drawing in and retaining that within himself, and withholding the influence of it from his creatures, which the Septuagint version seems to favour; but the spirit and breath of man, which are of God, and which, as he gives, he can gather when he pleases. The spirit or rational soul of man is put in him by the Lord; this at death is separated from the body, yet dies not with it, but is gathered to the Lord: and the breath which he breathes into man, and is in his nostrils, and which, as he gives, he can take away, and then man dies. But in doing this he does no injustice; indeed, should he in anger and resentment rise up and deal thus with men in general, the consequence must be as follows.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

14, 15. "If He were to set His heart on man," either to injure him, or to take strict account of his sins. The connection supports rather [Umbreit], "If He had regard to himself (only), and were to gather unto Himself (Ps 104:29) man's spirit, &c. (which he sends forth, Ps 104:30; Ec 12:7), all flesh must perish together," &c. (Ge 3:19). God's loving preservation of His creatures proves He cannot be selfish, and therefore cannot be unjust.

Job 34:14 Additional Commentaries
Context
Elihu Confirms God's Justice
13"Who gave Him authority over the earth? And who has laid on Him the whole world? 14"If He should determine to do so, If He should gather to Himself His spirit and His breath, 15All flesh would perish together, And man would return to dust.…
Cross References
Job 12:10
In his hand is the life of every creature and the breath of all mankind.

Psalm 90:3
You turn people back to dust, saying, "Return to dust, you mortals."

Psalm 104:29
When you hide your face, they are terrified; when you take away their breath, they die and return to the dust.

Ecclesiastes 12:7
and the dust returns to the ground it came from, and the spirit returns to God who gave it.
Treasury of Scripture

If he set his heart on man, if he gather to himself his spirit and his breath;

set

Job 7:17 What is man, that you should magnify him? and that you should set …

Job 9:4 He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who has hardened himself …

upon man. Heb. upon him. he gather

Psalm 104:29 You hide your face, they are troubled: you take away their breath, …

Isaiah 24:22 And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in …

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