Psalm 78:8
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
They would not be like their ancestors-- a stubborn and rebellious generation, whose hearts were not loyal to God, whose spirits were not faithful to him.

New Living Translation
Then they will not be like their ancestors--stubborn, rebellious, and unfaithful, refusing to give their hearts to God.

English Standard Version
and that they should not be like their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation whose heart was not steadfast, whose spirit was not faithful to God.

New American Standard Bible
And not be like their fathers, A stubborn and rebellious generation, A generation that did not prepare its heart And whose spirit was not faithful to God.

King James Bible
And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then they would not be like their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation whose heart was not loyal and whose spirit was not faithful to God.

International Standard Version
They will not be like the rebellious generation of their ancestors, a rebellious generation, whose heart was not steadfast, and whose spirits were unfaithful to God.

NET Bible
Then they will not be like their ancestors, who were a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation that was not committed and faithful to God.

New Heart English Bible
and might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation that did not make their hearts loyal, whose spirit was not steadfast with God.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they should not be like their fathers, an evil and rebellious generation, a generation that has not set its heart right and whose spirit did not trust in God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then they will not be like their ancestors, a stubborn and rebellious generation. Their hearts were not loyal. Their spirits were not faithful to God.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And might not be as their fathers, A stubborn and rebellious generation; A generation that set not their heart aright, And whose spirit was not stedfast with God.

New American Standard 1977
And not be like their fathers,
            A stubborn and rebellious generation,
            A generation that did not prepare its heart,
            And whose spirit was not faithful to God.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation that did not set their heart aright and whose spirit was not steadfast with God.

King James 2000 Bible
And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not steadfast with God.

American King James Version
And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not steadfast with God.

American Standard Version
And might not be as their fathers, A stubborn and rebellious generation, A generation that set not their heart aright, And whose spirit was not stedfast with God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
That they may not become like their fathers, a perverse end exasperating generation. A generation that set not their heart aright: and whose spirit was not faithful to God.

Darby Bible Translation
And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation that prepared not their heart, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God.

English Revised Version
And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God.

Webster's Bible Translation
And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not steadfast with God.

World English Bible
and might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation that didn't make their hearts loyal, whose spirit was not steadfast with God.

Young's Literal Translation
And they are not like their fathers, A generation apostate and rebellious, A generation! it hath not prepared its heart, Nor stedfast with God is its spirit.
Study Bible
I will Open My Mouth in Parables
7That they should put their confidence in God And not forget the works of God, But keep His commandments, 8And not be like their fathers, A stubborn and rebellious generation, A generation that did not prepare its heart And whose spirit was not faithful to God. 9The sons of Ephraim were archers equipped with bows, Yet they turned back in the day of battle.…
Cross References
Exodus 32:9
The LORD said to Moses, "I have seen this people, and behold, they are an obstinate people.

Deuteronomy 9:7
"Remember, do not forget how you provoked the LORD your God to wrath in the wilderness; from the day that you left the land of Egypt until you arrived at this place, you have been rebellious against the LORD.

Deuteronomy 9:24
"You have been rebellious against the LORD from the day I knew you.

Deuteronomy 31:27
"For I know your rebellion and your stubbornness; behold, while I am still alive with you today, you have been rebellious against the LORD; how much more, then, after my death?

Judges 2:19
But it came about when the judge died, that they would turn back and act more corruptly than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them and bow down to them; they did not abandon their practices or their stubborn ways.

2 Kings 17:14
However, they did not listen, but stiffened their neck like their fathers, who did not believe in the LORD their God.

2 Chronicles 30:7
"Do not be like your fathers and your brothers, who were unfaithful to the LORD God of their fathers, so that He made them a horror, as you see.

Job 11:13
"If you would direct your heart right And spread out your hand to Him,

Psalm 51:10
Create in me a clean heart, O God, And renew a steadfast spirit within me.

Psalm 78:37
For their heart was not steadfast toward Him, Nor were they faithful in His covenant.
Treasury of Scripture

And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not steadfast with God.

as their

Psalm 68:6 God sets the solitary in families: he brings out those which are …

Psalm 106:7 Our fathers understood not your wonders in Egypt; they remembered …

Exodus 32:9 And the LORD said to Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, …

Exodus 33:3,5 To a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the …

Exodus 34:9 And he said, If now I have found grace in your sight, O LORD, let …

Deuteronomy 9:6,13 Understand therefore, that the LORD your God gives you not this good …

Deuteronomy 31:27 For I know your rebellion, and your stiff neck: behold, while I am …

2 Kings 17:14 Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like …

Ezekiel 2:3-8 And he said to me, Son of man, I send you to the children of Israel, …

Ezekiel 20:8,18 But they rebelled against me, and would not listen to me: they did …

Matthew 23:31-33 Why you be witnesses to yourselves, that you are the children of …

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always …

set not. Heb. prepared not

Psalm 78:37 For their heart was not right with him, neither were they steadfast …

2 Chronicles 12:14 And he did evil, because he prepared not his heart to seek the LORD.

2 Chronicles 19:3 Nevertheless there are good things found in you, in that you have …

2 Chronicles 20:33 However, the high places were not taken away: for as yet the people …

2 Chronicles 30:19 That prepares his heart to seek God, the LORD God of his fathers…

whose

Psalm 78:37 For their heart was not right with him, neither were they steadfast …

Deuteronomy 4:4 But you that did join to the LORD your God are alive every one of you this day.

Joshua 14:8,9 Nevertheless my brothers that went up with me made the heart of the …

Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted …

(8) Stubborn.--Refractory.

That set not their heart aright.--Literally, did not establish their heart, which preserves the parallelism better.

Verse 8. - And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation (comp. Deuteronomy 21:18, 20, for the combination of the two words). The "stubbornness" of Israel is noted in Deuteronomy 9:27; Judges 2:19; and frequently by Jeremiah (Jeremiah 3:17; Jeremiah 7:24; Jeremiah 9:14; Jeremiah 11:8, etc.); their "rebelliousness" in Deuteronomy 9:7, 24; Isaiah 30:1, 9; Isaiah 65:2; Jeremiah 5:23; Ezekiel 2:3-8; Ezekiel 3:9, 26, 27; Ezekiel 12:2, 3, etc. (compare also for the idea 2 Kings 17:14-17:2 Chronicles 36:14-16; Ezra 9:6, 7; Nehemiah 1:6, 7; Daniel 9:5-11; and Acts 7:51, "Ye stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost; as your fathers did, so do ye"). A generation that set not their heart aright; literally, that prepared not their heart - did not make it ready to receive Divine influences (see 1 Samuel 7:3; Job 11:13; 2 Chronicles 20:33). And whose spirit was not steadfast with God. It was not that Israel was wholly without religious feeling, but the feeling was fickle, unsteadfast, never to be depended on (comp. Exodus 32:1-6; Numbers 16:41, 42; Judges 2:17, etc.). And might not be as their fathers,.... This chiefly respects the Jews in Christ's time: though it also is an admonition to them in succeeding ages, and especially in the latter day, when they shall be instructed, called, and converted; and even to us, to whom the Gospel is preached, on whom the ends of the world are come, not to be disobedient, as the Jewish fathers were, and to take care we do not fall after the same example of unbelief; this opens the whole scope and general design of the psalm; see 1 Corinthians 10:6,

a stubborn and rebellions generation; as the generation in the wilderness was, Deuteronomy 9:6 and so were their posterity in Christ's time, Matthew 12:34,

a generation that set not their heart aright; to seek the Lord, serve and obey him; their hearts were removed far from him, and they were hypocritical in their prayers to him, and service of him:

and whose spirit was not steadfast with God; did not continue in the faith of God, in the true religion, but departed and apostatized from him; see Psalm 78:37. Apostasy is generally the fruit and effect of hypocrisy; all the following facts support the character which is here given of them. 8. stubborn and rebellious—(De 21:18).

set not their heart—on God's service (2Ch 12:14).78:1-8 These are called dark and deep sayings, because they are carefully to be looked into. The law of God was given with a particular charge to teach it diligently to their children, that the church may abide for ever. Also, that the providences of God, both in mercy and in judgment, might encourage them to conform to the will of God. The works of God much strengthen our resolution to keep his commandments. Hypocrisy is the high road to apostacy; those that do not set their hearts right, will not be stedfast with God. Many parents, by negligence and wickedness, become murderers of their children. But young persons, though they are bound to submit in all things lawful, must not obey sinful orders, or copy sinful examples.
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