Psalm 68:18
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When you ascended on high, you took many captives; you received gifts from people, even from the rebellious-- that you, LORD God, might dwell there.

New Living Translation
When you ascended to the heights, you led a crowd of captives. You received gifts from the people, even from those who rebelled against you. Now the LORD God will live among us there.

English Standard Version
You ascended on high, leading a host of captives in your train and receiving gifts among men, even among the rebellious, that the LORD God may dwell there.

New American Standard Bible
You have ascended on high, You have led captive Your captives; You have received gifts among men, Even among the rebellious also, that the LORD God may dwell there.

King James Bible
Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You ascended to the heights, taking away captives; You received gifts from people, even from the rebellious, so that the LORD God might live there.

International Standard Version
You ascended to the heights, you took captives. You received gifts among mankind, even the rebellious, so the LORD God may live there.

NET Bible
You ascend on high, you have taken many captives. You receive tribute from men, including even sinful rebels. Indeed the LORD God lives there!

New Heart English Bible
You have ascended on high. You have led away captives. And you gave gifts to men; but the rebellious will not dwell in the presence of God.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You have ascended on high and you have captured captivity and you have given gifts to the children of men and rebels will not dwell before God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You went to the highest place. You took prisoners captive. You received gifts from people, even from rebellious people, so that the LORD God may live there.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou hast ascended on high, Thou hast led captivity captive; Thou hast received gifts among men, Yea, among the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell there.

New American Standard 1977
Thou hast ascended on high, Thou hast led captive Thy captives;
            Thou hast received gifts among men,
            Even among the rebellious also, that the LORD God may dwell there.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive; thou hast received gifts for men, yea, for the rebellious also that the LORD God might dwell among them.

King James 2000 Bible
You have ascended on high, you have led captivity captive: you have received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them.

American King James Version
You have ascended on high, you have led captivity captive: you have received gifts for men; yes, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them.

American Standard Version
Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led away captives; Thou hast received gifts among men, Yea, among the rebellious also, that Jehovah God might dwell with them .

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive; thou hast received gifts in men. Yea for those also that do not believe, the dwelling of the Lord God.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts in Man, and even [for] the rebellious, for the dwelling [there] of Jah Elohim.

English Revised Version
Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led thy captivity captive; thou hast received gifts among men, yea, among the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell with them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yes, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them.

World English Bible
You have ascended on high. You have led away captives. You have received gifts among men, yes, among the rebellious also, that Yah God might dwell there.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou hast ascended on high, Thou hast taken captive captivity, Thou hast taken gifts for men, That even the refractory may rest, O Jah God.
Study Bible
Let God's Enemies Be Scattered!
17The chariots of God are myriads, thousands upon thousands; The Lord is among them as at Sinai, in holiness. 18You have ascended on high, You have led captive Your captives; You have received gifts among men, Even among the rebellious also, that the LORD God may dwell there. 19Blessed be the Lord, who daily bears our burden, The God who is our salvation. Selah.…
Cross References
Ephesians 4:8
This is why it says: "When He ascended on high, He led captives away, and gave gifts to men."

Judges 5:12
"Awake, awake, Deborah; Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak, and take away your captives, O son of Abinoam.

Psalm 7:7
Let the assembly of the peoples encompass You, And over them return on high.

Psalm 47:5
God has ascended with a shout, The LORD, with the sound of a trumpet.

Proverbs 30:4
Who has ascended into heaven and descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has wrapped the waters in His garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name or His son's name? Surely you know!
Treasury of Scripture

You have ascended on high, you have led captivity captive: you have received gifts for men; yes, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them.

ascended

Psalm 24:3,7-10 Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD? or who shall stand in …

Psalm 47:5 God is gone up with a shout, the LORD with the sound of a trumpet.

Psalm 110:1 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make …

Mark 16:9 Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared …

Luke 24:51 And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, …

Acts 1:2,9 Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the …

Ephesians 4:8-10 Why he said, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, …

Hebrews 4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into …

Hebrews 6:20 Where the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high …

Hebrews 8:1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such …

1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels …

led

Judges 5:12 Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, …

received

Luke 24:49 And, behold, I send the promise of my Father on you: but tarry you …

John 14:16,17 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, …

John 16:7,13-15 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I …

Acts 1:4 And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they …

Acts 2:4,33-38 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak …

Ephesians 4:8 Why he said, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, …

for men [heb.] in the man

1 Corinthians 15:45-47 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; …

Colossians 1:18,19 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, …

Colossians 2:3,9 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge…

Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his …

rebellious

Proverbs 1:22,23 How long, you simple ones, will you love simplicity? and the scorners …

Isaiah 55:7 Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: …

Matthew 9:13 But go you and learn what that means, I will have mercy, and not …

Luke 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his …

Acts 2:23,36,38-41 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge …

Acts 9:17 And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting …

1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Know you not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of …

1 Timothy 1:13-15 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but …

Titus 3:3-7 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, …

that

Psalm 78:60 So that he forsook the tabernacle of Shiloh, the tent which he placed among men;

Psalm 132:13,14 For the LORD has chosen Zion; he has desired it for his habitation…

2 Chronicles 6:18 But will God in very deed dwell with men on the earth? behold, heaven …

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose …

Ezekiel 48:35 It was round about eighteen thousand measures: and the name of the …

John 14:17,23 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because …

2 Corinthians 6:16 And what agreement has the temple of God with idols? for you are …

Revelation 1:20 The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and …

Revelation 2:1 To the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things said he …

Revelation 21:3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle …

(18) Thou hast ascended on high.--Or, to the height, i.e., Mount Zion, as in Psalms 24 (Comp. Jeremiah 31:12; Ezekiel 20:40.)

Captivity captive.--Or, captives into captivity. (See Judges 5:12, Note.)

For men.--This rendering is inadmissible. Literally, in man, which is equivalent to our of men. Gifts of men are therefore captives or hostages, viz., the rebellious in the next clause, i.e., the heathen, whom the poet describes as subjected to Jehovah, and their land made His dweiling-place. (For St. Paul's citation of this verse, or its original, see Note, Ephesians 4:8, New Testament Commentary.)

Verse 18. - Thou hast ascended on high; i.e. ascended into the sanctuary, Mount Zion - gone up with the ark when it was transferred thither (see 2 Samuel 6:12-19; 1 Chronicles 15:11-28). Thou hast led captivity captive; i.e. thou hast made many captives - or enabled us to take many prisoners. Thou hast received gifts for men; rather, among men. Tribute from Israel's enemies is probably intended (see 2 Samuel 8:2; comp. 1 Kings 4:21). Yea, for the rebellious also; literally, yea, rebels also; i.e. enemies, that when reduced have rebelled, and then submitted to pay tribute a second time. That the Lord God (Jah Elohim) might dwell among them; "That God, after the nations had been subdued and submitted themselves, might rest quietly thenceforth in Zion." Thou hast ascended on high,.... Which is to be understood, not of Moses ascending up to the firmament, as the Targum and Jarchi interpret it, of which we nowhere read; nor of David's going up to the high fortresses, as Aben Ezra; nor of God's ascent from Mount Sinai; but of Christ's ascension to heaven, as the apostle cites and explains it in Ephesians 4:8; which ascension respects him as man, was not figurative, as in Genesis 17:22; but real and local, from earth to heaven, and was certain and visible; he was seen to go up by angels and men; and, because of the certainty of it, it is here expressed in the past tense, though it was then future;

thou hast led captivity captive; meaning either such who had been captives, in which sense the word is used, Psalm 126:1; and so may design either those who had been prisoners in the grave, but were set free at Christ's resurrection, and went with him in triumph to heaven; or all his people, whom he redeemed by his blood from that captivity and bondage they were in by nature; or rather those who led them captive are here meant by "captivity"; such as sin, Satan, the world, death, and every spiritual enemy, whom Christ conquered and triumphed over; the allusion may be to public triumphs, when captives were led in chains, even kings and great men, that had captivated others: the words seem to be borrowed out of Judges 5:12;

thou hast received gifts for men; the gifts of the Holy Spirit, qualifying men for the ministry of the Gospel, as they are interpreted by the Apostle, Ephesians 4:11; these Christ received from his divine Father in human nature, when he ascended up to heaven, in order to give them to men; and which he did in a very extraordinary manner on the day of Pentecost. The Targum and Syriac version render it, "thou hast given gifts to men"; and the Arabic version, "and he gave gifts to men", as the apostle, Ephesians 4:8;

yea, for the rebellious also; disobedient and unbelieving (m), as all men are by nature, even God's elect, before conversion, Titus 3:3; who are not only called by grace, and have the blessings of grace bestowed upon them; but some of them have gifts given them, whereby they are fitted to preach the Gospel to others, as Saul, the blasphemer, persecutor, and injurious; and some of those among the Jews, that were concerned in the crucifixion of Christ: though some think the Gentiles are intended, on whom the Holy Spirit was poured forth after our Lord's ascension; and so the Targum interprets it of the rebellious, who become proselytes, and return by repentance;

that the Lord God might dwell among them; that is, that they, by the gifts and graces of the Spirit bestowed on them, might become a fit habitation for God; or that "they", the rebellious, being now partakers of the grace of God and his gifts, "might dwell with the Lord God" (n) in his churches; enjoy his divine presence, and have communion with him in his word and ordinances.

(m) Sept. "non credentes", V. L. (n) "ut habitent cum Jah, Jehovah", Piscator; "cum Deo", Gejerus; "ut habitent pulchritudinem Dei", Cocceius. 18. From the scene of conquest He ascends to His throne, leading—

captivity captive—or, "many captives captive" (Jud 5:12).

received gifts for men—accepting their homage, even when forced, as that of rebels.

that the Lord God might dwell—or literally, "to dwell, O Lord God" (compare Ps 68:16)—that is, to make this hill, His people or Church, His dwelling. This Psalm typifies the conquests of the Church under her divine leader, Christ. He, indeed, "who was with the Church in the wilderness" (Ac 7:38) is the Lord, described in this ideal ascension. Hence Paul (Eph 4:8) applies this language to describe His real ascension, when, having conquered sin, death, and hell, the Lord of glory triumphantly entered heaven, attended by throngs of adoring angels, to sit on the throne and wield the scepter of an eternal dominion. The phrase "received gifts for (or literally, among) men" is by Paul, "gave gifts to men." Both describe the acts of a conqueror, who receives and distributes spoils. The Psalmist uses "receiving" as evincing the success, Paul "gave" as the act, of the conqueror, who, having subdued his enemies, proceeds to reward his friends. The special application of the passage by Paul was in proof of Christ's exaltation. What the Old Testament represents of His descending and ascending corresponds with His history. He who descended is the same who has ascended. As then ascension was an element of His triumph, so is it now; and He, who, in His humiliation, must be recognized as our vicarious sacrifice and the High Priest of our profession, must also be adored as Head of His Church and author of all her spiritual benefits.68:15-21 The ascension of Christ must here be meant, and thereto it is applied, Eph 4:8. He received as the purchase of his death, the gifts needful for the conversion of sinners, and the salvation of believers. These he continually bestows, even on rebellious men, that the Lord God might dwell among them, as their Friend and Father. He gave gifts to men. Having received power to give eternal life, the Lord Jesus bestows it on as many as were given him, Joh 17:2. Christ came to a rebellious world, not to condemn it, but that through him it might be saved. The glory of Zion's King is, that he is a Saviour and Benefactor to all his willing people, and a consuming fire to all that persist in rebellion against him. So many, so weighty are the gifts of God's bounty, that he may be truly said to load us with them. He will not put us off with present things for a portion, but will be the God of our salvation. The Lord Jesus has authority and power to rescue his people from the dominion of death, by taking away the sting of it from them when they die, and giving them complete victory over it when they rise again. The crown of the head, the chief pride and glory of the enemy, shall be smitten; Christ shall crush the head of the serpent.
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