7617. shabah
Strong's Concordance
shabah: to take captive
Original Word: שָׁבָה
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: shabah
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-baw')
Short Definition: taken
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to take captive
NASB Translation
captives (2), captors (2), captors captive (1), captured (4), carried (4), carried away captive (1), carried captive (1), carried off (1), driven away (1), keep (1), led them captive (1), led captive (1), take (3), take them away captive (1), take them captive (1), taken (8), taken captive (5), took (2), took them captive (2), took away (1), took captive (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
שָׁבָה verb take captive (Late Hebrew, Old Aramaic id.;Arabic (); Aramaic שְׁבָא, ) —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳שׁ Jeremiah 41:14; suffixוְשָׁבָם (consecutive) Jeremiah 43:12 (but read וְשָׁבָה Gie; Du conjectures וְ˜שׁמְמוּ); 2 masculine singular שָׁבִיתָ 2 Kings 6:22; Psalm 68:19, etc., Imperfect3masculine singular וַיִּשְׁבְּ Numbers 21:1; Jeremiah 41:10, etc.; Imperative masculine singular וּשְׁבֵה Judges 5:12; Infinitive construct שְׁבוֺת Obadiah 11; Participle active plural שֹׁבִים Isaiah 14:2, etc.; passive masculine plural שְׁבוּיִם Isaiah 61:1, feminine plural construct שְׁבֻיוֺת Genesis 31:26; — take captive

1.a. with accusative of person, Numbers 24:22 (JE), 1 Samuel 30:2; 2 Kings 5:2; 2 Kings 6:22 (+ ב instrumental) Jeremiah 41:10 (twice in verse) (but Jeremiah 41:10 b Gie reads וַיַּשְׁכֵּם, compare ᵐ5 Luc), Jeremiah 41:14, Genesis 34:29 (P), 2 Chronicles 28:8 (+ מִן part), + 6 t.; + Jeremiah 43:12 apparently with accusative idols (but see above; accusative land Gie).

b. accusative חֵילוֺ Obadiah 11 הָֽרְכוּשׁ2Chronicles 21:17, cattle, etc., 1 Chronicles 5:21; 2Chron 14:14

c. participle in periphrastic conjugation (לְשֹׁבֵיהֶם) וְהָיוּ שֹׁבִים Isaiah 14:2; participle with suffix = their captives, etc., 1 Kings 8:46 2Chronicles 6:36; Isaiah 14:2; Jeremiah 50:33, +5 t.; Passive participle Isaiah 61:1 = captives; כִּשְׁבֻיוֺת חָ֑רֶב Genesis 31:26 my daughters as captives of the sword.

2 with accusative of congnate meaning with verb שְׁבִי Judges 5:12 lead captive thy captives, compare Psalm 68:19; 2Chronicles 28:17, so (+ מִן person) Numbers 21:1 (JE), and (accusative שִׁבְיָה) 2 Chronicles 28:5,11; שִׁבְיוֺ ׳שׁ Deuteronomy 21:10 = take him captive.

Niph`al be taken captive: Perfect3masculine singular נִשְׁבָּה, of man Genesis 14:14, of beast Exodus 22:9 (E), of ׳עֵדֶר י Jeremiah 13:17; 3plural נִשְׁבּוּ, human subject 1 Samuel 30:8,5; 1 Kings 8:47 2Chronicles 6:37; Ezekiel 6:9.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
bring away, carry, carry away, lead, lead away, take captives, take away

A primitive root; to transport into captivity -- (bring away, carry, carry away, lead, lead away, take) captive(-s), drive (take) away.

Forms and Transliterations
וְשָׁב֤וּם וְשָׁב֧וּם וְשָׁבִ֥יתָ וְשָׁבָ֑ם וַיִּ֣שְׁבְּ ׀ וַיִּ֥שְׁבְּ ׀ וַיִּשְׁבֵּם֙ וַיִּשְׁבּ֗וּ וַיִּשְׁבּ֛וּ וַיִּשְׁבּ֣וּ וַיִּשְׁבּ֤וּ וַיִּשְׁבּ֧וּ וַיִּשְׁבּ֨וּ וַיִּשְׁבּוּ֩ וַיִּשְׁבּוּ־ וישב וישבו וישבו־ וישבם ושבום ושבית ושבם כִּשְׁבֻי֖וֹת כשביות לְשֹֽׁבֵיהֶ֔ם לִשְׁבוּיִם֙ לשבוים לשביהם נִשְׁבָּ֖ה נִשְׁבּ֑וּ נִשְׁבּֽוּ׃ נִשְׁבּוּ־ נשבה נשבו נשבו־ נשבו׃ שְׁב֥וֹת שְׁבִיתֶ֖ם שִׁבְיֽוֹ׃ שֶׁבְיְךָ֖ שָׁ֘בִ֤יתָ שָׁב֖וּ שָׁב֣וּ שָׁבִ֛יתָ שָׁבָ֥ה שָׁבוּ֙ שֹֽׁבֵיהֶם֙ שֹׁבִ֣ים שֹׁבֵיהֶ֖ם שֽׁוֹבֵיהֶ֔ם שׁוֹבֵ֡ינוּ שׁוֹבֵיהֶ֛ם שׁוֹבֵיהֶֽם׃ שבה שבו שבות שביהם שביו׃ שביך שבים שבית שביתם שוביהם שוביהם׃ שובינו תִּשְׁבֶּֽךָּ׃ תשבך׃ kiš·ḇu·yō·wṯ kišḇuyōwṯ kishvuYot lə·šō·ḇê·hem leshoeiHem ləšōḇêhem liš·ḇū·yim lišḇūyim lishvuYim niš·bāh niš·bū niš·bū- nišbāh nišbū nišbū- nishBah nishBu šā·ḇāh šā·ḇî·ṯā šā·ḇū šāḇāh šāḇîṯā šāḇū šə·ḇî·ṯem šə·ḇō·wṯ šeḇ·yə·ḵā šəḇîṯem šəḇōwṯ šeḇyəḵā shaVah shaVita shaVu sheviTem sheVot shevyeCha shivYo shoeiHem shoVeinu shoVim šiḇ·yōw šiḇyōw šō·ḇê·hem šō·ḇîm šō·w·ḇê·hem šō·w·ḇê·nū šōḇêhem šōḇîm šōwḇêhem šōwḇênū tiš·be·kā tišbekā tishBeka vaiYishb vaiyishBem vaiyishBu veshaVam veshaVita veshaVum way·yiš·bêm way·yiš·bū way·yiš·bū- way·yišb wayyišb wayyišbêm wayyišbū wayyišbū- wə·šā·ḇām wə·šā·ḇî·ṯā wə·šā·ḇūm wəšāḇām wəšāḇîṯā wəšāḇūm
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Strong's Hebrew 7617
48 Occurrences


kiš·ḇu·yō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
lə·šō·ḇê·hem — 1 Occ.
liš·ḇū·yim — 1 Occ.
niš·bāh — 3 Occ.
niš·bū — 5 Occ.
šā·ḇāh — 1 Occ.
šā·ḇî·ṯā — 2 Occ.
šā·ḇū — 4 Occ.
šə·ḇî·ṯem — 1 Occ.
šə·ḇō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
šeḇ·yə·ḵā — 1 Occ.
šiḇ·yōw — 1 Occ.
šō·ḇê·hem — 7 Occ.
šō·w·ḇê·nū — 1 Occ.
šō·ḇîm — 1 Occ.
tiš·be·kā — 1 Occ.
way·yišb — 2 Occ.
way·yiš·bêm — 1 Occ.
way·yiš·bū — 9 Occ.
wə·šā·ḇām — 1 Occ.
wə·šā·ḇî·ṯā — 1 Occ.
wə·šā·ḇūm — 2 Occ.

Genesis 14:14
HEB: אַבְרָ֔ם כִּ֥י נִשְׁבָּ֖ה אָחִ֑יו וַיָּ֨רֶק
NAS: that his relative had been taken captive, he led
KJV: that his brother was taken captive, he armed
INT: Abram for had been taken his relative armed

Genesis 31:26
HEB: אֶת־ בְּנֹתַ֔י כִּשְׁבֻי֖וֹת חָֽרֶב׃
NAS: my daughters like captives of the sword?
KJV: my daughters, as captives [taken] with the sword?
INT: and carrying my daughters captives dagger

Genesis 34:29
HEB: וְאֶת־ נְשֵׁיהֶ֔ם שָׁב֖וּ וַיָּבֹ֑זּוּ וְאֵ֖ת
NAS: and they captured and looted all
KJV: and their wives took they captive, and spoiled
INT: their little and their wives captured and looted all

Exodus 22:10
HEB: נִשְׁבַּ֥ר אוֹ־ נִשְׁבָּ֖ה אֵ֥ין רֹאֶֽה׃
NAS: or is driven away while no one
KJV: or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing
INT: is hurt or is driven no is looking

Numbers 21:1
HEB: וַיִּלָּ֙חֶם֙ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַיִּ֥שְׁבְּ ׀ מִמֶּ֖נּוּ שֶֽׁבִי׃
NAS: against Israel and took some
KJV: against Israel, and took [some] of them prisoners.
INT: fought Israel and took some captive

Numbers 24:22
HEB: מָ֖ה אַשּׁ֥וּר תִּשְׁבֶּֽךָּ׃
NAS: long will Asshur keep you captive?
KJV: until Asshur shall carry thee away captive.
INT: How will Asshur keep

Numbers 31:9
HEB: וַיִּשְׁבּ֧וּ בְנֵי־ יִשְׂרָאֵ֛ל
NAS: of Israel captured the women
KJV: of Midian captives, and their little ones,
INT: captured the sons of Israel

Deuteronomy 21:10
HEB: אֱלֹהֶ֛יךָ בְּיָדֶ֖ךָ וְשָׁבִ֥יתָ שִׁבְיֽוֹ׃
NAS: them into your hands and you take them away captive,
KJV: them into thine hands, and thou hast taken them captive,
INT: your God your hands take take

Deuteronomy 21:10
HEB: בְּיָדֶ֖ךָ וְשָׁבִ֥יתָ שִׁבְיֽוֹ׃
INT: your hands take take

Judges 5:12
HEB: בָּרָ֛ק וּֽשֲׁבֵ֥ה שֶׁבְיְךָ֖ בֶּן־ אֲבִינֹֽעַם׃
NAS: Barak, and take away your captives,
KJV: and lead thy captivity captive, thou son
INT: Barak your captives and take son of Abinoam

1 Samuel 30:2
HEB: וַיִּשְׁבּ֨וּ אֶת־ הַנָּשִׁ֤ים
NAS: and they took captive the women
KJV: And had taken the women captives, that [were] therein: they slew
INT: took the women who

1 Samuel 30:3
HEB: וּבְנֵיהֶ֥ם וּבְנֹתֵיהֶ֖ם נִשְׁבּֽוּ׃
NAS: and their daughters had been taken captive.
KJV: and their daughters, were taken captives.
INT: and their sons and their daughters had been taken

1 Samuel 30:5
HEB: נְשֵֽׁי־ דָוִ֖ד נִשְׁבּ֑וּ אֲחִינֹ֙עַם֙ הַיִּזְרְעֵלִ֔ית
NAS: wives had been taken captive,
KJV: wives were taken captives, Ahinoam
INT: wives now David's had been taken Ahinoam the Jezreelitess

1 Kings 8:46
HEB: לִפְנֵ֣י אוֹיֵ֑ב וְשָׁב֤וּם שֹֽׁבֵיהֶם֙ אֶל־
NAS: them to an enemy, so that they take them away captive
KJV: them to the enemy, so that they carry them away captives
INT: unto to the enemy take take to

1 Kings 8:46
HEB: אוֹיֵ֑ב וְשָׁב֤וּם שֹֽׁבֵיהֶם֙ אֶל־ אֶ֣רֶץ
KJV: so that they carry them away captives unto
INT: to the enemy take take to the land

1 Kings 8:47
HEB: בָּאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נִשְׁבּוּ־ שָׁ֑ם וְשָׁ֣בוּ ׀
NAS: where they have been taken captive,
KJV: themselves in the land whither they were carried captives, and repent,
INT: the land they have been taken in it and repent

1 Kings 8:47
HEB: אֵלֶ֗יךָ בְּאֶ֤רֶץ שֹֽׁבֵיהֶם֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר חָטָ֥אנוּ
NAS: to You in the land of those who have taken them captive,
KJV: unto thee in the land of them that carried them captives, saying,
INT: to you the land have taken saying have sinned

1 Kings 8:48
HEB: אֹיְבֵיהֶ֖ם אֲשֶׁר־ שָׁב֣וּ אֹתָ֑ם וְהִֽתְפַּֽלְל֣וּ
NAS: who have taken them captive,
KJV: of their enemies, which led them away captive, and pray
INT: of their enemies who have taken and pray to you

1 Kings 8:50
HEB: לְרַחֲמִ֛ים לִפְנֵ֥י שֹׁבֵיהֶ֖ם וְרִֽחֲמֽוּם׃
NAS: before those who have taken them captive,
KJV: before them who carried them captive, that they may have compassion
INT: compassion before have taken may have

2 Kings 5:2
HEB: יָצְא֣וּ גְדוּדִ֔ים וַיִּשְׁבּ֛וּ מֵאֶ֥רֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל
NAS: out in bands and had taken captive
KJV: by companies, and had brought away captive out of the land
INT: had gone bands taken the land of Israel

2 Kings 6:22
HEB: תַכֶּ֔ה הַאֲשֶׁ֥ר שָׁבִ֛יתָ בְּחַרְבְּךָ֥ וּֽבְקַשְׁתְּךָ֖
NAS: [them]. Would you kill those you have taken captive
KJV: [them]: wouldest thou smite those whom thou hast taken captive with thy sword
INT: kill those have taken your sword arch

1 Chronicles 5:21
HEB: וַיִּשְׁבּ֣וּ מִקְנֵיהֶ֗ם גְּֽמַלֵּיהֶ֞ם
NAS: They took away their cattle:
KJV: And they took away their cattle;
INT: away their cattle of their camels

2 Chronicles 6:36
HEB: לִפְנֵ֣י אוֹיֵ֑ב וְשָׁב֧וּם שׁוֹבֵיהֶ֛ם אֶל־
NAS: them to an enemy, so that they take them away captive
KJV: [their] enemies, and they carry them away captives
INT: before enemies take captive to

2 Chronicles 6:36
HEB: אוֹיֵ֑ב וְשָׁב֧וּם שׁוֹבֵיהֶ֛ם אֶל־ אֶ֥רֶץ
NAS: so that they take them away captive to a land
KJV: and they carry them away captives unto a land
INT: enemies take captive to A land

2 Chronicles 6:37
HEB: בָּאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נִשְׁבּוּ־ שָׁ֑ם וְשָׁ֣בוּ ׀
NAS: where they are taken captive, and repent
KJV: themselves in the land whither they are carried captive, and turn
INT: the land they are taken in it and repent

48 Occurrences

7616
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