Isaiah 30:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Woe to the obstinate children," declares the LORD, "to those who carry out plans that are not mine, forming an alliance, but not by my Spirit, heaping sin upon sin;

New Living Translation
"What sorrow awaits my rebellious children," says the LORD. "You make plans that are contrary to mine. You make alliances not directed by my Spirit, thus piling up your sins.

English Standard Version
“Ah, stubborn children,” declares the LORD, “who carry out a plan, but not mine, and who make an alliance, but not of my Spirit, that they may add sin to sin;

New American Standard Bible
"Woe to the rebellious children," declares the LORD, "Who execute a plan, but not Mine, And make an alliance, but not of My Spirit, In order to add sin to sin;

King James Bible
Woe to the rebellious children, saith the LORD, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Woe to the rebellious children! This is the LORD's declaration. They carry out a plan, but not Mine; they make an alliance, but against My will, piling sin on top of sin.

International Standard Version
"Oh, you stubborn children," declares the LORD, "who carry out plans— but they are not mine, and who make alliances— but not by my Spirit, piling sin upon sin.

NET Bible
"The rebellious children are as good as dead," says the LORD, "those who make plans without consulting me, who form alliances without consulting my Spirit, and thereby compound their sin.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD declares, "How horrible it will be for those rebellious children. They carry out plans, but not mine. They make alliances against my will. They pile sin on top of sin.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Woe to the sons that leave, saith the LORD, to make counsel, but not of me; to cover themselves with a covering, and not by my spirit, adding sin unto sin!

King James 2000 Bible
Woe to the rebellious children, says the LORD, that take counsel, but not from me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin:

American King James Version
Woe to the rebellious children, said the LORD, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin:

American Standard Version
Woe to the rebellious children, saith Jehovah, that take counsel, but not of me; and that make a league, but not of my Spirit, that they may add sin to sin,

Douay-Rheims Bible
WOE to you, apostate children, saith the Lord, that you would take counsel, and not of me: and would begin a web, and not by my spirit, that you might add sin upon sill:

Darby Bible Translation
Woe to the rebellious children, saith Jehovah, who take counsel, but not of me, and who make leagues, but not by my Spirit, that they may heap sin upon sin;

English Revised Version
Woe to the rebellious children, saith the LORD, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin:

Webster's Bible Translation
Woe to the rebellious children, saith the LORD, that take counsel, but not from me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin:

World English Bible
"Woe to the rebellious children," says Yahweh, "who take counsel, but not from me; and who make an alliance, but not with my Spirit, that they may add sin to sin,

Young's Literal Translation
Woe to apostate sons, The affirmation of Jehovah! To do counsel, and not from Me, And to spread out a covering, and not of My spirit, So as to add sin to sin.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

30:1-7 It was often the fault and folly of the Jews, that when troubled by their neighbours on one side, they sought for succour from others, instead of looking up to God. Nor can we avoid the dreadful consequences of adding sin to sin, but by making the righteousness of Christ our refuge, and seeking for the sanctification of the Holy Spirit. Men have always been prone to lean to their own understandings, but this will end in their shame and misery. They would not trust in God. They took much pains to gain the Egyptians. The riches so spent turned to a bad account. See what dangers men run into who forsake God to follow their carnal confidences. The Creator is the Rock of ages, the creature a broken reed; we cannot expect too little from man, or too much from God. Our strength is to sit still, in humble dependence upon God and his goodness, and quiet submission to his will.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - Woe to the rebellious children (comp. Isaiah 1:23; Isaiah 65:2). The word translated "rebellious" is used in Deuteronomy 21:18, 20 of the persistently disobedient son, who was to be brought before the elders and stoned to death. That take counsel; rather, that form plans, such as the plan now formed to call in the aid of Egypt. It must be borne in mind that, under the theocracy, there was an authorized mode of consulting God, and receiving an answer from him, in any political emergency. That cover with a covering. The exact metaphor employed is uncertain, Mr. Cheyne renders, "that weave a web;" Dr. Kay, "that pour out a molten image." The meaning, however, in any case is, "that carry out a design," the clause being a mere variant of the preceding one. That they may add sin to sin; i.e. "to add a fresh sin to all their former sins."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Woe to the rebellious children, saith the Lord,.... The Jews, who were, by national adoption, and by outward profession of religion, the "children" of God, but were apostates from him, had turned their backs upon him, deviated from his law, and departed from his worship and ordinances; and therefore a woe is pronounced against them, or they are called upon to consider of their evil ways, and return, that iniquity might not be their ruin:

that take counsel, but not of me; they met and consulted together about their safety, when in danger, but did not ask counsel of the Lord; they did not consult his word, nor his prophets, nor by Urim and Thummim, as in case of war they should more especially:

and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit; they sought for a cover, a shelter, a protection from the enemy, but not from the Spirit of the Lord, in his word and prophets, who would have directed them to a more suitable and sufficient one. Kimchi understands this of their covert and secret counsels, which they laid deep, as they fancied, and sought to hide. The Targum of the former clause and this is,

"that take counsel, but not of my word; that consult a consultation, but do not ask of my prophets:''

that they may add sin to sin; the sins of consulting others, and of putting confidence in a creature, to their other sins of rebellion and apostasy: so wicked men, who are enemies in their minds, by wicked works, to God, and commit acts of hostility against him, and are in danger thereby of eternal ruin, do not consult the word and ministers of the Gospel, but flesh and blood, carnal sense and reason, and seek to cover themselves with the rags of their own righteousness, and not with the robe of Christ's righteousness, and garments of salvation, which the Spirit of God reveals and brings near; and so to their other sins they add that of trusting to their own righteousness, and not submitting to Christ's.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 30

Isa 30:1-32. The Thirtieth Through Thirty-second Chapters Refer Probably to the Summer of 714 B.C., AS THE Twenty-ninth Chapter to the Passover of That Year.

Jewish ambassadors were now on their way to Egypt to seek aid against Assyria (Isa 30:2-6, 15; 31:1). Isaiah denounces this reliance on Egypt rather than on Jehovah. God had prohibited such alliances with heathen nations, and it was a leading part of Jewish polity that they should be a separate people (Ex 23:32; De 7:2).

1. take counsel—rather, as Isa 30:4, 6 imply, "execute counsels."

cover … covering—that is, wrap themselves in reliances disloyal towards Jehovah. "Cover" thus answers to "seek to hide deeply their counsel from the Lord" (Isa 29:15). But the Hebrew is literally, "who pour out libations"; as it was by these that leagues were made (Ex 24:8; Zec 9:11), translate, "who make a league."

not of—not suggested by My Spirit" (Nu 27:21; Jos 9:14).

that they may add—The consequence is here spoken of as their intention, so reckless were they of sinning: one sin entails the commission of another (De 29:19).

Isaiah 30:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Worthless Treaty with Egypt
1"Woe to the rebellious children," declares the LORD, "Who execute a plan, but not Mine, And make an alliance, but not of My Spirit, In order to add sin to sin; 2Who proceed down to Egypt Without consulting Me, To take refuge in the safety of Pharaoh And to seek shelter in the shadow of Egypt!…
Cross References
Isaiah 1:2
Hear me, you heavens! Listen, earth! For the LORD has spoken: "I reared children and brought them up, but they have rebelled against me.

Isaiah 1:23
Your rulers are rebels, partners with thieves; they all love bribes and chase after gifts. They do not defend the cause of the fatherless; the widow's case does not come before them.

Isaiah 8:11
This is what the LORD says to me with his strong hand upon me, warning me not to follow the way of this people:

Isaiah 8:12
"Do not call conspiracy everything this people calls a conspiracy; do not fear what they fear, and do not dread it.

Isaiah 29:15
Woe to those who go to great depths to hide their plans from the LORD, who do their work in darkness and think, "Who sees us? Who will know?"

Isaiah 30:9
For these are rebellious people, deceitful children, children unwilling to listen to the LORD's instruction.

Isaiah 65:2
All day long I have held out my hands to an obstinate people, who walk in ways not good, pursuing their own imaginations--

Jeremiah 17:5
This is what the LORD says: "Cursed is the one who trusts in man, who draws strength from mere flesh and whose heart turns away from the LORD.

Jeremiah 37:7
"This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: Tell the king of Judah, who sent you to inquire of me, 'Pharaoh's army, which has marched out to support you, will go back to its own land, to Egypt.

Jeremiah 42:19
"Remnant of Judah, the LORD has told you, 'Do not go to Egypt.' Be sure of this: I warn you today

Ezekiel 11:2
The LORD said to me, "Son of man, these are the men who are plotting evil and giving wicked advice in this city.

Ezekiel 24:3
Tell this rebellious people a parable and say to them: 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: "'Put on the cooking pot; put it on and pour water into it.

Ezekiel 29:16
Egypt will no longer be a source of confidence for the people of Israel but will be a reminder of their sin in turning to her for help. Then they will know that I am the Sovereign LORD.'"

Zechariah 4:6
So he said to me, "This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel: 'Not by might nor by power, but by my Spirit,' says the LORD Almighty.
Treasury of Scripture

Woe to the rebellious children, said the LORD, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin:

A.M.cir.3291. B.C.cir.713
the rebellious

Isaiah 30:9 That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will …

Isaiah 1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD has spoken, …

Isaiah 63:10 But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned …

Isaiah 65:2 I have spread out my hands all the day to a rebellious people, which …

Deuteronomy 9:7,24 Remember, and forget not, how you provoked the LORD your God to wrath …

Deuteronomy 29:19 And it come to pass, when he hears the words of this curse, that …

Jeremiah 4:17 As keepers of a field, are they against her round about; because …

Jeremiah 5:23 But this people has a revolting and a rebellious heart; they are …

Ezekiel 2:3 And he said to me, Son of man, I send you to the children of Israel, …

Ezekiel 3:9,26,27 As an adamant harder than flint have I made your forehead: fear them …

Ezekiel 12:2,3 Son of man, you dwell in the middle of a rebellious house, which …

Hosea 7:13 Woe to them! for they have fled from me: destruction to them! because …

Acts 7:51,52 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always …

that take

Isaiah 8:19 And when they shall say to you, Seek to them that have familiar spirits, …

Isaiah 29:15 Woe to them that seek deep to hide their counsel from the LORD, and …

1 Chronicles 10:13,14 So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the …

Hosea 4:10-12 For they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall commit prostitution, …

cover

Isaiah 4:5 And the LORD will create on every dwelling place of mount Zion, and …

Isaiah 28:15,20 Because you have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with …

Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert …

Psalm 61:4 I will abide in your tabernacle for ever: I will trust in the covert …

Psalm 91:1-4 He that dwells in the secret place of the most High shall abide under …

add

Isaiah 1:5 Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: …

Isaiah 5:18 Woe to them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it …

Numbers 32:14 And, behold, you are risen up in your fathers' stead, an increase …

Hosea 13:2 And now they sin more and more, and have made them molten images …

Romans 2:5 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself …

2 Timothy 3:13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and …

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