Isaiah 1:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Why should you be beaten anymore? Why do you persist in rebellion? Your whole head is injured, your whole heart afflicted.

New Living Translation
Why do you continue to invite punishment? Must you rebel forever? Your head is injured, and your heart is sick.

English Standard Version
Why will you still be struck down? Why will you continue to rebel? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

New American Standard Bible
Where will you be stricken again, As you continue in your rebellion? The whole head is sick And the whole heart is faint.

King James Bible
Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Why do you want more beatings? Why do you keep on rebelling? The whole head is hurt, and the whole heart is sick.

International Standard Version
"Why will you still be struck down? Why will you continue to rebel? Your whole head is sick, and your whole heart is faint.

NET Bible
Why do you insist on being battered? Why do you continue to rebel? Your head has a massive wound, your whole body is weak.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Why do you still want to be beaten? Why do you continue to rebel? Your whole head is infected. Your whole heart is failing.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Why should I chastise you any more? Ye will revolt more and more; every head is sick, and every heart faint.

King James 2000 Bible
Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

American King James Version
Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

American Standard Version
Why will ye be still stricken, that ye revolt more and more? the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For what shall I strike you any more, you that increase transgression? the whole head is sick, and the whole heart is sad.

Darby Bible Translation
Why should ye be smitten any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

English Revised Version
Why will ye be still stricken, that ye revolt more and more? the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Webster's Bible Translation
Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

World English Bible
Why should you be beaten more, that you revolt more and more? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Young's Literal Translation
Wherefore are ye stricken any more? Ye do add apostasy! Every head is become diseased, and every heart is sick.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:1-9 Isaiah signifies, The salvation of the Lord; a very suitable name for this prophet, who prophesies so much of Jesus the Saviour, and his salvation. God's professing people did not know or consider that they owed their lives and comforts to God's fatherly care and kindness. How many are very careless in the affairs of their souls! Not considering what we do know in religion, does us as much harm, as ignorance of what we should know. The wickedness was universal. Here is a comparison taken from a sick and diseased body. The distemper threatens to be mortal. From the sole of the foot even to the head; from the meanest peasant to the greatest peer, there is no soundness, no good principle, no religion, for that is the health of the soul. Nothing but guilt and corruption; the sad effects of Adam's fall. This passage declares the total depravity of human nature. While sin remains unrepented, nothing is done toward healing these wounds, and preventing fatal effects. Jerusalem was exposed and unprotected, like the huts or sheds built up to guard ripening fruits. These are still to be seen in the East, where fruits form a large part of the summer food of the people. But the Lord had a small remnant of pious servants at Jerusalem. It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed. The evil nature is in every one of us; only Jesus and his sanctifying Spirit can restore us to spiritual health.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - Why should ye, etc.? Translate, Why will ye be still smitten, revolting more and more? or, Why will ye persist in re-hellion, and so be smitten yet more? The Authorized Version does not express the sense, which is that suffering must follow sin - that if they still revolt, they must still be smitten for it - why, then, will they do so? Compare Ezekiel's "Why will ye die, O house of Israel?" (Ezekiel 18:31). The whole head... the whole heart. Mr. Cheyne translates, "Every head... every heart;" but Lowth, Gesenius, and Ewald agree with the Authorized Version. The prophet personifies Israel, and means to say that the whole head of the nation is diseased, its whole heart faint, or "prostrate with languor" (Kay). The head and heart represent respectively the intellectual and moral natures.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Why should ye be stricken any more? .... Or "for what are ye stricken again" (a)? with afflictions and chastisements, with which God smites his people by way of correction for their sins, Isaiah 57:17 and the sense is, either that they did not consider what they were afflicted for, that it was for their sins and transgressions; they thought they came by chance, or imputed them to second causes, and so went on in sin, and added sin to sin; to which sense the Targum, Jarchi, and Kimchi, incline: or the meaning is, that the chastisements that were laid upon them were to no purpose; had produced no good effect, were of no avail, and unprofitable to them; and which is mentioned as an aggravation of their sins, obstinacy, and impenitence; see Jeremiah 5:3.

Ye will revolt more and more, or "add defection" (b); go on in sin, and apostatize more and more, and grow more obdurate and resolute in it; unless afflictions are sanctified, men become more hardened by them:

the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint; which may be understood either of their chastisements, which were universal, and had reached all sorts and ranks of men among them, without any reformation, and therefore it was in vain to use more; or of their sins and transgressions which abounded among them, even among the principal of them; their civil rulers and governors, meant by the "head"; and the priests, who should feed the people with knowledge and understanding, designed by the "heart"; but both were corrupted, and in a bad condition.

(a) "super quo", V. L. "ad quid", Ar. (b) "addentes prevaricationem", Sept. V. L.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. Why—rather, as Vulgate, "On what part." Image from a body covered all over with marks of blows (Ps 38:3). There is no part in which you have not been smitten.

head … sick, &c.—not referring, as it is commonly quoted, to their sins, but to the universality of their punishment. However, sin, the moral disease of the head or intellect, and the heart, is doubtless made its own punishment (Pr 1:31; Jer 2:19; Ho 8:11). "Sick," literally, "is in a state of sickness" [Gesenius]; "has passed into sickness" [Maurer].

Isaiah 1:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Judah's Rebellion
4Alas, sinful nation, People weighed down with iniquity, Offspring of evildoers, Sons who act corruptly! They have abandoned the LORD, They have despised the Holy One of Israel, They have turned away from Him. 5Where will you be stricken again, As you continue in your rebellion? The whole head is sick And the whole heart is faint. 6From the sole of the foot even to the head There is nothing sound in it, Only bruises, welts and raw wounds, Not pressed out or bandaged, Nor softened with oil.…
Cross References
2 Kings 1:13
So the king sent a third captain with his fifty men. This third captain went up and fell on his knees before Elijah. "Man of God," he begged, "please have respect for my life and the lives of these fifty men, your servants!

2 Chronicles 28:22
In his time of trouble King Ahaz became even more unfaithful to the LORD.

Isaiah 31:6
Return, you Israelites, to the One you have so greatly revolted against.

Isaiah 33:24
No one living in Zion will say, "I am ill"; and the sins of those who dwell there will be forgiven.

Jeremiah 2:30
"In vain I punished your people; they did not respond to correction. Your sword has devoured your prophets like a ravenous lion.

Jeremiah 5:3
LORD, do not your eyes look for truth? You struck them, but they felt no pain; you crushed them, but they refused correction. They made their faces harder than stone and refused to repent.

Jeremiah 13:23
Can an Ethiopian change his skin or a leopard its spots? Neither can you do good who are accustomed to doing evil.

Jeremiah 17:9
The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can understand it?

Jeremiah 44:15
Then all the men who knew that their wives were burning incense to other gods, along with all the women who were present--a large assembly--and all the people living in Lower and Upper Egypt, said to Jeremiah,

Lamentations 5:17
Because of this our hearts are faint, because of these things our eyes grow dim

Ezekiel 34:4
You have not strengthened the weak or healed the sick or bound up the injured. You have not brought back the strays or searched for the lost. You have ruled them harshly and brutally.

Ezekiel 34:16
I will search for the lost and bring back the strays. I will bind up the injured and strengthen the weak, but the sleek and the strong I will destroy. I will shepherd the flock with justice.
Treasury of Scripture

Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

should

Isaiah 9:13,21 For the people turns not to him that smites them, neither do they …

Jeremiah 2:30 In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: …

Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, are not your eyes on the truth? you have stricken them, but …

Jeremiah 6:28-30 They are all grievous rebels, walking with slanders: they are brass …

Ezekiel 24:13 In your filthiness is lewdness: because I have purged you, and you …

Hebrews 12:5-8 And you have forgotten the exhortation which speaks to you as to …

ye will

2 Chronicles 28:22 And in the time of his distress did he trespass yet more against …

Jeremiah 9:3 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are …

Revelation 16:8-11 And the fourth angel poured out his vial on the sun; and power was …

revolt more and more. Heb. increase revolt
the whole Is

Isaiah 1:23 Your princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one …

Nehemiah 9:34 Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, …

Jeremiah 5:5,31 I will get me to the great men, and will speak to them; for they …

Daniel 9:8-11 O Lord, to us belongs confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, …

Zephaniah 3:1-4 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!…

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