Isaiah 1:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Why should you be beaten anymore? Why do you persist in rebellion? Your whole head is injured, your whole heart afflicted.

New Living Translation
Why do you continue to invite punishment? Must you rebel forever? Your head is injured, and your heart is sick.

English Standard Version
Why will you still be struck down? Why will you continue to rebel? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

New American Standard Bible
Where will you be stricken again, As you continue in your rebellion? The whole head is sick And the whole heart is faint.

King James Bible
Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Why do you want more beatings? Why do you keep on rebelling? The whole head is hurt, and the whole heart is sick.

International Standard Version
"Why will you still be struck down? Why will you continue to rebel? Your whole head is sick, and your whole heart is faint.

NET Bible
Why do you insist on being battered? Why do you continue to rebel? Your head has a massive wound, your whole body is weak.

New Heart English Bible
Why should you be beaten more, that you revolt more and more? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Why do you still want to be beaten? Why do you continue to rebel? Your whole head is infected. Your whole heart is failing.

JPS Tanakh 1917
On what part will ye yet be stricken, Seeing ye stray away more and more? The whole head is sick, And the whole heart faint;

New American Standard 1977
Where will you be stricken again,
            As you continue in your rebellion?
            The whole head is sick,
            And the whole heart is faint.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Why should I chastise you any more? Ye will revolt more and more; every head is sick, and every heart faint.

King James 2000 Bible
Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

American King James Version
Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

American Standard Version
Why will ye be still stricken, that ye revolt more and more? the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For what shall I strike you any more, you that increase transgression? the whole head is sick, and the whole heart is sad.

Darby Bible Translation
Why should ye be smitten any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

English Revised Version
Why will ye be still stricken, that ye revolt more and more? the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Webster's Bible Translation
Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

World English Bible
Why should you be beaten more, that you revolt more and more? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Young's Literal Translation
Wherefore are ye stricken any more? Ye do add apostasy! Every head is become diseased, and every heart is sick.
Study Bible
Judah's Rebellion
4Alas, sinful nation, People weighed down with iniquity, Offspring of evildoers, Sons who act corruptly! They have abandoned the LORD, They have despised the Holy One of Israel, They have turned away from Him. 5Where will you be stricken again, As you continue in your rebellion? The whole head is sick And the whole heart is faint. 6From the sole of the foot even to the head There is nothing sound in it, Only bruises, welts and raw wounds, Not pressed out or bandaged, Nor softened with oil.…
Cross References
2 Kings 1:13
So he again sent the captain of a third fifty with his fifty. When the third captain of fifty went up, he came and bowed down on his knees before Elijah, and begged him and said to him, "O man of God, please let my life and the lives of these fifty servants of yours be precious in your sight.

2 Chronicles 28:22
Now in the time of his distress this same King Ahaz became yet more unfaithful to the LORD.

Isaiah 31:6
Return to Him from whom you have deeply defected, O sons of Israel.

Isaiah 33:24
And no resident will say, "I am sick"; The people who dwell there will be forgiven their iniquity.

Jeremiah 2:30
"In vain I have struck your sons; They accepted no chastening. Your sword has devoured your prophets Like a destroying lion.

Jeremiah 5:3
O LORD, do not Your eyes look for truth? You have smitten them, But they did not weaken; You have consumed them, But they refused to take correction. They have made their faces harder than rock; They have refused to repent.

Jeremiah 13:23
"Can the Ethiopian change his skin Or the leopard his spots? Then you also can do good Who are accustomed to doing evil.

Jeremiah 17:9
"The heart is more deceitful than all else And is desperately sick; Who can understand it?

Jeremiah 44:15
Then all the men who were aware that their wives were burning sacrifices to other gods, along with all the women who were standing by, as a large assembly, including all the people who were living in Pathros in the land of Egypt, responded to Jeremiah, saying,

Lamentations 5:17
Because of this our heart is faint, Because of these things our eyes are dim;
Treasury of Scripture

Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

should

Isaiah 9:13,21 For the people turns not to him that smites them, neither do they …

Jeremiah 2:30 In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: …

Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, are not your eyes on the truth? you have stricken them, but …

Jeremiah 6:28-30 They are all grievous rebels, walking with slanders: they are brass …

Ezekiel 24:13 In your filthiness is lewdness: because I have purged you, and you …

Hebrews 12:5-8 And you have forgotten the exhortation which speaks to you as to …

ye will

2 Chronicles 28:22 And in the time of his distress did he trespass yet more against …

Jeremiah 9:3 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are …

Revelation 16:8-11 And the fourth angel poured out his vial on the sun; and power was …

revolt more and more. Heb. increase revolt
the whole Is

Isaiah 1:23 Your princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one …

Nehemiah 9:34 Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, …

Jeremiah 5:5,31 I will get me to the great men, and will speak to them; for they …

Daniel 9:8-11 O Lord, to us belongs confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, …

Zephaniah 3:1-4 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!…

(5) Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more.--Better, by revolting more and more. The prophet does not predict persistency in rebellion, but pleads against it. (Comp. "Why will ye die?" in Ezekiel 18:31.)

The whole head is sick. . . .--Better, every head. . . . every heart. The sin of the people is painted as a deadly epidemic, spreading everywhere, affecting the noblest organs of the body (see Note on Jeremiah 17:9), and defying all the resources of the healing art. The description that follows is one of the natural parables of ethics, and reminds us of Plato's description of the souls of tyrants as being full of ulcerous sores (Gorg., c. 80). The description may have connected itself with the prophet's personal experience or training in the medicine and surgery of his time, or with the diseases which came as judgments on Jehoram (2Chronicles 21:18) and Uzziah (2Chronicles 26:20). We find him in Isaiah 38:21 prescribing for Hezekiah's boil. It would seem, indeed, from 2Chronicles 16:12, that the prophets, as an order, practised the art of healing, and so were rivals of the "physicians," who depended chiefly on idolatrous charms and incantations. The picture of the disease reminds us of the language of Deuteronomy 28:22-35; Job 2:7, and of the descriptions of like pestilences in the history of Florence, and of England. Every part of the body is tainted by the poison. "We note a certain technical precision in the three terms used: "wounds" (literally, cuts, as inflicted by a sword or knife); "bruises," or weals, marks of the scourge or rod; "putrifying sores," wounds that have festered into ulcers. As the diagnosis is technical, so also are the therapeutic agencies. To "close" or "press" the festering wound was the process tried at first to get rid of the purulent discharge; then, as in Hezekiah's case (Isaiah 38:21), it was "bound up," with a poultice, then some stimulating oil or unguent, probably, as in Luke 10:34, oil and wine were used, to cleanse the ulcer. No such remedies, the prophet says, had been applied to the spiritual disease of Israel.

Verse 5. - Why should ye, etc.? Translate, Why will ye be still smitten, revolting more and more? or, Why will ye persist in re-hellion, and so be smitten yet more? The Authorized Version does not express the sense, which is that suffering must follow sin - that if they still revolt, they must still be smitten for it - why, then, will they do so? Compare Ezekiel's "Why will ye die, O house of Israel?" (Ezekiel 18:31). The whole head... the whole heart. Mr. Cheyne translates, "Every head... every heart;" but Lowth, Gesenius, and Ewald agree with the Authorized Version. The prophet personifies Israel, and means to say that the whole head of the nation is diseased, its whole heart faint, or "prostrate with languor" (Kay). The head and heart represent respectively the intellectual and moral natures. Why should ye be stricken any more? .... Or "for what are ye stricken again" (a)? with afflictions and chastisements, with which God smites his people by way of correction for their sins, Isaiah 57:17 and the sense is, either that they did not consider what they were afflicted for, that it was for their sins and transgressions; they thought they came by chance, or imputed them to second causes, and so went on in sin, and added sin to sin; to which sense the Targum, Jarchi, and Kimchi, incline: or the meaning is, that the chastisements that were laid upon them were to no purpose; had produced no good effect, were of no avail, and unprofitable to them; and which is mentioned as an aggravation of their sins, obstinacy, and impenitence; see Jeremiah 5:3.

Ye will revolt more and more, or "add defection" (b); go on in sin, and apostatize more and more, and grow more obdurate and resolute in it; unless afflictions are sanctified, men become more hardened by them:

the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint; which may be understood either of their chastisements, which were universal, and had reached all sorts and ranks of men among them, without any reformation, and therefore it was in vain to use more; or of their sins and transgressions which abounded among them, even among the principal of them; their civil rulers and governors, meant by the "head"; and the priests, who should feed the people with knowledge and understanding, designed by the "heart"; but both were corrupted, and in a bad condition.

(a) "super quo", V. L. "ad quid", Ar. (b) "addentes prevaricationem", Sept. V. L. 5. Why—rather, as Vulgate, "On what part." Image from a body covered all over with marks of blows (Ps 38:3). There is no part in which you have not been smitten.

head … sick, etc.—not referring, as it is commonly quoted, to their sins, but to the universality of their punishment. However, sin, the moral disease of the head or intellect, and the heart, is doubtless made its own punishment (Pr 1:31; Jer 2:19; Ho 8:11). "Sick," literally, "is in a state of sickness" [Gesenius]; "has passed into sickness" [Maurer].1:1-9 Isaiah signifies, The salvation of the Lord; a very suitable name for this prophet, who prophesies so much of Jesus the Saviour, and his salvation. God's professing people did not know or consider that they owed their lives and comforts to God's fatherly care and kindness. How many are very careless in the affairs of their souls! Not considering what we do know in religion, does us as much harm, as ignorance of what we should know. The wickedness was universal. Here is a comparison taken from a sick and diseased body. The distemper threatens to be mortal. From the sole of the foot even to the head; from the meanest peasant to the greatest peer, there is no soundness, no good principle, no religion, for that is the health of the soul. Nothing but guilt and corruption; the sad effects of Adam's fall. This passage declares the total depravity of human nature. While sin remains unrepented, nothing is done toward healing these wounds, and preventing fatal effects. Jerusalem was exposed and unprotected, like the huts or sheds built up to guard ripening fruits. These are still to be seen in the East, where fruits form a large part of the summer food of the people. But the Lord had a small remnant of pious servants at Jerusalem. It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed. The evil nature is in every one of us; only Jesus and his sanctifying Spirit can restore us to spiritual health.
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