Revelation 16:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and the sun was allowed to scorch people with fire.

New Living Translation
Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, causing it to scorch everyone with its fire.

English Standard Version
The fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was allowed to scorch people with fire.

New American Standard Bible
The fourth angel poured out his bowl upon the sun, and it was given to it to scorch men with fire.

King James Bible
And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The fourth poured out his bowl on the sun. He was given the power to burn people with fire,

International Standard Version
The fourth angel poured his bowl on the sun, which then was allowed to burn people with fire,

NET Bible
Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was permitted to scorch people with fire.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the fourth Angel poured his vessel over the Sun, and it was given him to scorch people with fire.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The fourth angel poured his bowl on the sun. The sun was allowed to burn people with fire.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the fourth angel poured out his vial against the sun; and it was given unto it to scorch men with fire.

King James 2000 Bible
And the fourth angel poured out his bowl upon the sun; and power was given unto it to scorch men with fire.

American King James Version
And the fourth angel poured out his vial on the sun; and power was given to him to scorch men with fire.

American Standard Version
And the fourth poured out his bowl upon the sun; and it was given unto it to scorch men with fire.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun, and it was given unto him to afflict men with heat and fire:

Darby Bible Translation
And the fourth poured out his bowl on the sun; and it was given to it to burn men with fire.

English Revised Version
And the fourth poured out his bowl upon the sun; and it was given unto it to scorch men with fire.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given to him to scorch men with fire.

Weymouth New Testament
Then the fourth angel poured his bowl on to the sun, and power was given to it to scorch men with fire.

World English Bible
The fourth poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was given to him to scorch men with fire.

Young's Literal Translation
And the fourth messenger did pour out his vial upon the sun, and there was given to him to scorch men with fire,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

16:8-11 The heart of man is so desperately wicked, that the most severe miseries never will bring any to repent, without the special grace of God. Hell itself is filled with blasphemies; and those are ignorant of the history of human nature, of the Bible, and of their own hearts, who do not know that the more men suffer, and the more plainly they see the hand of God in their sufferings, the more furiously they often rage against him. Let sinners now seek repentance from Christ, and the grace of the Holy Spirit, or they will have the anguish and horror of an unhumbled, impenitent, and desperate heart; thus adding to their guilt and misery through all eternity. Darkness is opposed to wisdom and knowledge, and forebodes the confusion and folly of the idolaters and followers of the beast. It is opposed to pleasure and joy, and signifies anguish and vexation of spirit.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 8. - And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun. Ἀγγέλος, "angel," is omitted in nearly all manuscripts, though, of course, it is understood. For the first time we have ἐπί, "upon," instead of εἰς. "into" (see on ver. 2). Another part of creation is visited, thus completing the visitation of the fourfold division of the universe - the earth, the sea, the rivers, the heavens - as foretold in Revelation 14:7. And power was given unto him to scorch men with fire. "And it was given to it" is more probable than "to him;" the angels do not directly punish, but indirectly by pouring out the vials. This form of words expresses the permissory nature of the evil which is wrought; nothing can be done but by the will of God (cf. Revelation 13:5, 7, 14). Bengel, Hengstenberg, and others consider that the permission to scorch men is given to the angel. The men (with the article); perhaps referring to those mentioned in ver. 2. who had the mark of the beast, and those who worshipped his image, and who are the object of all the vial plagues. Though differing in form from the fourth trumpet, where the sun was darkened, yet the judgment is similar, though here of a more intense nature. In both cases, those objects which are given to men for their good are converted into instruments of punishment. We may, perhaps, see here an allusion to the heat of men's passions and vices, by which physically as well as morally they are destroyed; and which are also an emblem of the pains of hell as pictured in Luke 16. It has been noticed as a coincidence that the objects of creation which are the subjects of the judgments of the fourth trumpet and fourth vial, were created on the fourth day.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun,.... Not literally; and so designs not a violent heat, which shall go before, and be a preparation for the burning of the world; nor any sore famine arising from it, which would be common to all, good and bad; but mystically: some understand this of Christ, the sun of righteousness, not of any wrath that shall be poured forth on him again, being now justified in the Spirit; but either of that clear shining of Christ in the ministry of the word, in those times this vial refers to; when Zion's light will be come, and the light of the sun will be seven fold, and Christ alone will be exalted; which clear ministration of Christ, though it will not savingly enlighten, yet will convict and confound the antichristian party; they will be scorched with the beams of heat and light, which will dart from hence; these will torture them, and fill them with envy, rage, and malice, because they will not be able to obscure this light, or stop the progress of it; they themselves will be so enlightened by it, as to see and know the truth of Christ's person, and offices, and grace, and yet will sin against it, and so be guilty of blasphemy against the Spirit of God, a sin which will greatly prevail among them; and they will, like the clay, be the more hardened by this light and heat, and will not repent of their sins and errors, nor confess them, nor own the light and conviction they have received: or else of the wrath of Christ, which he will be moved by this angel to stir up against the antichristian party, and which they will be sensible of, and be fearfully looking for. Others, and which comes much to the same sense, understand this of the Scriptures, the fountain of spiritual light, and of the clear interpretation of them in those times; when the watchmen shall see eye to eye, and when the day shall declare and make manifest every man's work, and the fire reveal and try it; and the same effects upon the antichristian party shall follow as before: but I rather think this refers to some part of the antichristian state, as in the other vials, or to something belonging to it; some have thought that the house of Austria, the chief family in the empire, or the king of Spain, or the emperor, who were both formerly of that house, or Germany itself, is meant; but the empire, as we have seen, seems to be designed by the earth in the first vial; wherefore, rather as the smiting of the third part of the sun, moon, and stars, under the fourth trumpet, signifies the utter extirpation of the Roman emperor, and all other Roman magistrates, who were the sun, moon, and stars in that empire; so this vial upon the sun refers to the pope, and his creatures, the cardinals, &c. who is the sun in the antichristian kingdom; and this angel may design the kings of the earth, who will be stirred up against him, by whom he and his dependents will suffer sorely, if not destroyed.

And power was given unto him to scorch men with fire; which may either respect the burning of Rome, and the adjacent parts; or rather the filling of the antichristian party with rage and malice, at the destruction of the pope, and his creatures; for these men are the same with those in Revelation 16:2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. angel—so Coptic and Andreas. But A, B, C, Vulgate, and Syriac omit it.

upon—not as in Re 16:2, 3, "into."

sun—Whereas by the fourth trumpet the sun is darkened (Re 8:12) in a third part, here by the fourth vial the sun's bright scorching power is intensified.

power was given unto him—rather, "unto it," the sun.

men—Greek, "the men," namely, those who had the mark of the beast (Re 16:2).

Revelation 16:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
The First Six Bowls of Wrath
7And I heard the altar saying, "Yes, O Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments." 8The fourth angel poured out his bowl upon the sun, and it was given to it to scorch men with fire. 9Men were scorched with fierce heat; and they blasphemed the name of God who has the power over these plagues, and they did not repent so as to give Him glory.…
Cross References
Revelation 6:12
I watched as he opened the sixth seal. There was a great earthquake. The sun turned black like sackcloth made of goat hair, the whole moon turned blood red,

Revelation 14:18
Still another angel, who had charge of the fire, came from the altar and called in a loud voice to him who had the sharp sickle, "Take your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of grapes from the earth's vine, because its grapes are ripe."
Treasury of Scripture

And the fourth angel poured out his vial on the sun; and power was given to him to scorch men with fire.

upon.

Revelation 6:12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, see, there was …

Revelation 8:12 And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, …

Revelation 9:2 And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of …

Isaiah 24:23 Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the …

Luke 21:25 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the …

Acts 2:20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before …

and power.

Revelation 7:16 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall …

Revelation 9:17,18 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, …

Revelation 14:18 And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; …

Jonah 4:8 And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a …

Matthew 13:6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had …

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