Psalm 78:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He did miracles in the sight of their ancestors in the land of Egypt, in the region of Zoan.

New Living Translation
the miracles he did for their ancestors on the plain of Zoan in the land of Egypt.

English Standard Version
In the sight of their fathers he performed wonders in the land of Egypt, in the fields of Zoan.

New American Standard Bible
He wrought wonders before their fathers In the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

King James Bible
Marvellous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He worked wonders in the sight of their fathers in the land of Egypt, the region of Zoan.

International Standard Version
He performed marvelous things in the presence of their ancestors in the land of Egypt— in the fields of Zoan.

NET Bible
He did amazing things in the sight of their ancestors, in the land of Egypt, in the region of Zoan.

New Heart English Bible
He did marvelous things in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
In front of their fathers when he did wonders in the land of Egypt and in the fields of Zoan.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In front of their ancestors he performed miracles in the land of Egypt, in the fields of Zoan.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Marvellous things did He in the sight of their fathers, In the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

New American Standard 1977
He wrought wonders before their fathers,
            In the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He did marvellous things in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

King James 2000 Bible
Marvelous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

American King James Version
Marvelous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

American Standard Version
Marvellous things did he in the sight of their fathers, In the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wonderful things did he do in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Tanis.

Darby Bible Translation
In the sight of their fathers had he done wonders, in the land of Egypt, the field of Zoan.

English Revised Version
Marvelous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

Webster's Bible Translation
Marvelous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

World English Bible
He did marvelous things in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

Young's Literal Translation
Before their fathers He hath done wonders, In the land of Egypt -- the field of Zoan.
Study Bible
I will Open My Mouth in Parables
11They forgot His deeds And His miracles that He had shown them. 12He wrought wonders before their fathers In the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan. 13He divided the sea and caused them to pass through, And He made the waters stand up like a heap.…
Cross References
Exodus 7:1
Then the LORD said to Moses, "See, I make you as God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet.

Numbers 13:22
When they had gone up into the Negev, they came to Hebron where Ahiman, Sheshai and Talmai, the descendants of Anak were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)

Psalm 44:1
For the choir director. A Maskil of the sons of Korah. O God, we have heard with our ears, Our fathers have told us The work that You did in their days, In the days of old.

Psalm 78:43
When He performed His signs in Egypt And His marvels in the field of Zoan,

Psalm 106:22
Wonders in the land of Ham And awesome things by the Red Sea.

Isaiah 19:11
The princes of Zoan are mere fools; The advice of Pharaoh's wisest advisers has become stupid. How can you men say to Pharaoh, "I am a son of the wise, a son of ancient kings "?

Isaiah 30:4
"For their princes are at Zoan And their ambassadors arrive at Hanes.

Ezekiel 30:14
"I will make Pathros desolate, Set a fire in Zoan And execute judgments on Thebes.

Micah 7:15
"As in the days when you came out from the land of Egypt, I will show you miracles."
Treasury of Scripture

Marvelous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

marvellous

Psalm 78:42-50 They remembered not his hand, nor the day when he delivered them …

Psalm 105:27-38 They showed his signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham…

Psalm 135:9 Who sent tokens and wonders into the middle of you, O Egypt, on Pharaoh, …

Exodus 7:1 And the LORD said to Moses, See, I have made you a god to Pharaoh: …

Exodus 8:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, Go to Pharaoh, and say to him, Thus …

Exodus 9:1 Then the LORD said to Moses, Go in to Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus …

Exodus 10:1 And the LORD said to Moses, Go in to Pharaoh: for I have hardened …

Exodus 11:1 And the LORD said to Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more on Pharaoh, …

Exodus 12:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying,

Deuteronomy 4:34 Or has God assayed to go and take him a nation from the middle of …

Deuteronomy 6:22 And the LORD showed signs and wonders, great and sore, on Egypt, …

Nehemiah 9:10 And showed signs and wonders on Pharaoh, and on all his servants, …

Zoan. Zoan, the ancient capital of the Pharaohs, where Moses wrought so many miracles, is rendered by the Chaldee, Tanium, LXX. Tavie Vulgate, Tanis, and Coptic, Tane from the Coptic, ten, plain, flat, level; being situated in the low ground of the Delta, on one of the eastern branches of the Nile, bearing its own name, near a large lake, now called the lake of Menzala,

Psalm 78:43 How he had worked his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Zoan.

Genesis 32:3 And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother to the land …

Numbers 13:22 And they ascended by the south, and came to Hebron; where Ahiman, …

Isaiah 19:11,13 Surely the princes of Zoan are fools, the counsel of the wise counsellors …

Ezekiel 30:14 And I will make Pathros desolate, and will set fire in Zoan, and …

(12) Field of Zoan.--See Numbers 13:22. It is the classical "Tanis," merely a corruption of Tsoan, i.e., low country (LXX. and Vulgate). Tanis is situated on the east bank of what was formerly called the Tanitic branch of the Nile. Between it and Pelusium, about thirty miles to the east, stretched a rich plain known as "the marshes," or "the pastures," or "the field" of Zoan.

The psalm now turns to the adventures in the wilderness, postponing the marvels in Egypt till Psalm 78:43.

Verse 12. - Marvellous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan. The miracles of Egypt are, perhaps, the most striking series in Jewish history. A more particular account of them is given below (vers. 44-53). They were wrought "in the field of Zoan," i.e. in the rich flat tract east and south of the city of Zoan, the Greek Tanis, now San. (On this place, see Mr. Reginald Peele's 'Cities of Egypt,' pp. 64-88.) This fact could not have been gathered from Exodus, but must have come to the writer from the tradition of which he speaks in ver. 3. Marvellous things did he in the sight of their fathers,.... The Targum is,

"before Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes of their fathers, he did marvellous things;''

but these were dead before this time; the Jews have a fancy, that these were brought to the sea, and placed upon it; and the Lord showed them what he would do for their children, and how he would redeem them; but this is to be understood of the plagues which were brought upon the Egyptians, and which are called wonders, Exodus 11:10, and were so to the Egyptians themselves; and these were done by the hands of Moses and Aaron, and in their sight:

in the land of Egypt; where the Israelites were in bondage, and while they were there, and on their account were these things done:

in the field of Zoan; that is, in the territory of Zoan, which was an ancient city of Egypt, Numbers 13:22, the metropolis of the land where Pharaoh kept his court; hence we read of the princes of Zoan, Isaiah 19:11, it is the same with Tanis, and so it is called here in the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions, and also in the Targum; it is said to have been two miles from Heliopolis, and one from Memphis; and at this day these three cities are become one, which is fifteen miles in compass, and goes by the name of Alcair. In this great city, the metropolis of the nation, before Pharaoh and all his court, were the above wonders done. 12-14. A record of God's dealings and the sins of the people is now made. The writer gives the history from the exode to the retreat from Kadesh; then contrasts their sins with their reasons for confidence, shown by a detail of God's dealings in Egypt, and presents a summary of the subsequent history to David's time.

Zoan—for Egypt, as its ancient capital (Nu 13:22; Isa 19:11).78:9-39. Sin dispirits men, and takes away the heart. Forgetfulness of God's works is the cause of disobedience to his laws. This narrative relates a struggle between God's goodness and man's badness. The Lord hears all our murmurings and distrusts, and is much displeased. Those that will not believe the power of God's mercy, shall feel the fire of his indignation. Those cannot be said to trust in God's salvation as their happiness at last, who can not trust his providence in the way to it. To all that by faith and prayer, ask, seek, and knock, these doors of heaven shall at any time be opened; and our distrust of God is a great aggravation of our sins. He expressed his resentment of their provocation; not in denying what they sinfully lusted after, but in granting it to them. Lust is contented with nothing. Those that indulge their lust, will never be estranged from it. Those hearts are hard indeed, that will neither be melted by the mercies of the Lord, nor broken by his judgments. Those that sin still, must expect to be in trouble still. And the reason why we live with so little comfort, and to so little purpose, is, because we do not live by faith. Under these rebukes they professed repentance, but they were not sincere, for they were not constant. In Israel's history we have a picture of our own hearts and lives. God's patience, and warnings, and mercies, imbolden them to harden their hearts against his word. And the history of kingdoms is much the same. Judgments and mercies have been little attended to, until the measure of their sins has been full. And higher advantages have not kept churches from declining from the commandments of God. Even true believers recollect, that for many a year they abused the kindness of Providence. When they come to heaven, how will they admire the Lord's patience and mercy in bringing them to his kingdom!
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