Genesis 32:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

New Living Translation
Then Jacob sent messengers ahead to his brother, Esau, who was living in the region of Seir in the land of Edom.

English Standard Version
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother in the land of Seir, the country of Edom,

New American Standard Bible
Then Jacob sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

King James Bible
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

International Standard Version
Then Jacob sent messengers ahead of him into the land of Seir (that is, into the territory of Edom) to meet his brother Esau.

NET Bible
Jacob sent messengers on ahead to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the region of Edom.

New Heart English Bible
Jacob sent messengers in front of him to Esau, his brother, to the land of Seir, the field of Edom.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in Seir, the country of Edom.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the field of Edom.

New American Standard 1977
Then Jacob sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

King James 2000 Bible
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

American King James Version
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother to the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

American Standard Version
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the field of Edom.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he sent messengers before him to Esau his brother to the land of Seir to the country of Edom:

Darby Bible Translation
And Jacob sent messengers before his face to Esau his brother, into the land of Seir, the fields of Edom.

English Revised Version
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the field of Edom.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother, to the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

World English Bible
Jacob sent messengers in front of him to Esau, his brother, to the land of Seir, the field of Edom.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jacob sendeth messengers before him unto Esau his brother, towards the land of Seir, the field of Edom,
Study Bible
Jacob's Fear of Esau
2Jacob said when he saw them, "This is God's camp." So he named that place Mahanaim. 3Then Jacob sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom. 4He also commanded them saying, "Thus you shall say to my lord Esau: 'Thus says your servant Jacob, "I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed until now;…
Cross References
Genesis 14:6
and the Horites in their Mount Seir, as far as El-paran, which is by the wilderness.

Genesis 25:30
and Esau said to Jacob, "Please let me have a swallow of that red stuff there, for I am famished." Therefore his name was called Edom.

Genesis 27:41
So Esau bore a grudge against Jacob because of the blessing with which his father had blessed him; and Esau said to himself, "The days of mourning for my father are near; then I will kill my brother Jacob."

Genesis 27:42
Now when the words of her elder son Esau were reported to Rebekah, she sent and called her younger son Jacob, and said to him, "Behold your brother Esau is consoling himself concerning you by planning to kill you.

Genesis 32:7
Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed; and he divided the people who were with him, and the flocks and the herds and the camels, into two companies;

Genesis 32:11
"Deliver me, I pray, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; for I fear him, that he will come and attack me and the mothers with the children.

Genesis 33:14
"Please let my lord pass on before his servant, and I will proceed at my leisure, according to the pace of the cattle that are before me and according to the pace of the children, until I come to my lord at Seir."

Genesis 36:8
So Esau lived in the hill country of Seir; Esau is Edom.

Genesis 36:9
These then are the records of the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir.

Numbers 24:18
"Edom shall be a possession, Seir, its enemies, also will be a possession, While Israel performs valiantly.
Treasury of Scripture

And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother to the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

sent.

Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before …

Luke 9:52 And sent messengers before his face: and they went, and entered into …

Luke 14:31,32 Or what king, going to make war against another king, sits not down first…

land. The land, or mountains, of Seir was situated south and east of the Dead Sea; forming a continuation of the eastern Syrian chain of mountains, beginning with Antilibanus, and extending from thence to the eastern gulf of the Red Sea.

Seir.

Genesis 14:6 And the Horites in their mount Seir, to Elparan, which is by the wilderness.

Genesis 33:14,16 Let my lord, I pray you, pass over before his servant: and I will …

Genesis 36:6-8 And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all …

Deuteronomy 2:5,22 Meddle not with them; for I will not give you of their land, no, …

Joshua 24:4 And I gave to Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave to Esau mount Seir, …

country. Heb. field. Edom.

Genesis 25:30 And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray you, with that same red pottage; …

JACOB'S RECONCILIATION WITH ESAU.

(Genesis 32:3 to Genesis 33:16.)

(3) Jacob sent messengers.--As Jacob travelled homewards to Hebron the news somehow reached him that Esau, at the head of a large body of retainers, was engaged in an expedition against the Horites. These, as we have seen on Genesis 14:6, were a miserable race of cave-men, utterly unable to cope with Esau and his trained servants. We learn from Genesis 36:6 that Esau's home was still with Isaac at Hebron, and probably this was a mere marauding expedition, like that against the people of Gath, which a century later cost Ephraim the lives of so many of his sons (1Chronicles 7:21); but it revealed to Esau the weakness of the in habitants, and also that the land was admirably adapted for his favourite pursuit of hunting. He seems also to have taken a Horite wife (Genesis 36:5), and being thus connected with the country, upon Isaac's death he willingly removed into it, and it then became "the country," Heb. the field of Edom. Its other name, Seir, i.e. rough, hairy, shows that it was then covered with forests, and the term field that it was an uncultivated region. It was entirely in the spirit of the adventurous Esau to make this expedition, and on his father's death to prefer this wild land to the peaceful pastures at Hebron, where he was surrounded by powerful tribes of Amorites and Hittites. The land of Seir was a hundred miles distant from Mahanaim, but Esau apparently had been moving up through what were afterwards the countries of Moab and Ammon, and was probably, when Jacob sent his messengers, at no very great distance. At all events, Jacob remained at Mahanaim till his brother was near, when he crossed the brook Jabbok, and went to meet him.

Verse 3. - And Jacob sent messengers (with the messengers of Jacob, the messengers of Elohim form a contrast which can scarcely have been accidental) before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, - vide on Genesis 14:6. Seir, nearly equivalent in force to Esau (Ewald), and meaning the rough or bristling mountain (Gesenius), was originally occupied by the Horites, but afterwards became the seat of Esau and his descendants (Deuteronomy 2:4; 2 Chronicles 20:10), though as yet Esau had not withdrawn from Canaan (Genesis 36:5-8) - the country (literally, plain or level tract = Padan (male Hoses 12:13) of Edom, as it was afterwards called. And Jacob sent messengers before him unto Esau his brother,.... Or "angels": not angels simply, as Jarchi, for these were not under the command, and in the power of Jacob to send, nor would they have needed any instruction from him afterwards given, but these were some of his own servants. Esau it seems was removed from his father's house, and was possessed of a country after mentioned, called from his name; and which Aben Ezra says lay between Haran and the land of Israel; but if it did not directly lie in the road of Jacob, yet, as it was near him, he did not choose to pass by without seeing his brother; and therefore sent messengers to inform him of his coming, and by whom he might learn in what temper and disposition of mind he was towards him:

unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom: which had its first name from Seir the Horite; and Esau having married into his family, came into the possession of it, by virtue of that marriage; or rather he and his sons drove out the Horites, the ancient possessors of it, and took it to themselves, from whom it was afterwards called Edom, a name of Esau, which he had from the red pottage he sold his birthright for to his brother Jacob, Genesis 25:30; perhaps it is here called Edom by an anticipation, not having as yet that name, though it had in Moses's time, when this history was wrote; see Genesis 36:18. Ge 32:3-32. Mission to Esau.

3. Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau—that is, "had sent." It was a prudent precaution to ascertain the present temper of Esau, as the road, on approaching the eastern confines of Canaan, lay near the wild district where his brother was now established.

land of Seir—a highland country on the east and south of the Dead Sea, inhabited by the Horites, who were dispossessed by Esau or his posterity (De 11:12). When and in what circumstances he had emigrated thither, whether the separation arose out of the undutiful conduct and idolatrous habits of his wives, which had made them unwelcome in the tent of his parents, or whether his roving disposition had sought a country from his love of adventure and the chase, he was living in a state of power and affluence, and this settlement on the outer borders of Canaan, though made of his own free will, was overruled by Providence to pave the way for Jacob's return to the promised land.32:1-8 The angels of God appeared to Jacob, to encourage him with the assurance of the Divine protection. When God designs his people for great trials, he prepares them by great comforts. While Jacob, to whom the promise belonged, had been in hard service, Esau was become a prince. Jacob sent a message, showing that he did not insist upon the birth-right. Yielding pacifies great offences, Ec 10:4. We must not refuse to speak respectfully, even to those unjustly angry with us. Jacob received an account of Esau's warlike preparations against him, and was greatly afraid. A lively sense of danger, and quickening fear arising from it, may be found united with humble confidence in God's power and promise.
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