|New International Version (© 2011)|
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.
King James Bible
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom.
American Standard Version
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the field of Edom.
Young's Literal Translation
And Jacob sendeth messengers before him unto Esau his brother, towards the land of Seir, the field of Edom,
Genesis 32:3 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Jacob sent messengers - מלאכים malachim, the same word which is before translated angels. It is very likely that these messengers had been sent some time before he had this vision at Mahanaim, for they appear to have returned while Jacob encamped at the brook Jabbok, where he had the vision of angels; see Genesis 32:6, Genesis 32:23.
The land of Seir, the country of Edom - This land, which was, according to Dr. Wells, situated on the south of the Dead Sea, extending from thence to the Arabian Gulf, 1 Kings 9:26, was formerly possessed by the Horites, Genesis 14:6; but Esau with his children drove them out, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead, Deuteronomy 2:22; and thither Esau went from the face of his brother Jacob, Genesis 36:6, Genesis 36:7. Thus we find he verified the prediction, By thy sword shalt thou live, Genesis 27:40.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the LORD, whom you seek...
Luke 9:52 And sent messengers before his face: and they went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him.
Luke 14:31,32 Or what king, going to make war against another king, sits not down first...
land. The land, or mountains, of Seir was situated south and east of the Dead Sea; forming a continuation of the eastern Syrian chain of mountains, beginning with Antilibanus, and extending from thence to the eastern gulf of the Red Sea.
Genesis 14:6 And the Horites in their mount Seir, to Elparan, which is by the wilderness.
Genesis 33:14,16 Let my lord, I pray you, pass over before his servant: and I will lead on softly...
Genesis 36:6-8 And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts...
Deuteronomy 2:5,22 Meddle not with them; for I will not give you of their land, no, not so much as a foot breadth...
Joshua 24:4 And I gave to Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave to Esau mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt.
country. Heb. field. Edom.
Genesis 25:30 And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray you, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom.
Genesis 32:3 Parallel CommentariesAhead Country Edom Esau Face Field Fields Front Jacob Messengers Seir Se'ir Servants TowardsAhead Country Edom Esau Face Field Fields Front Jacob Messengers Seir Se'ir Servants TowardsTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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Genesis 14:6 and the Horites in the hill country of Seir, as far as El Paran near the desert.
Genesis 25:30 He said to Jacob, "Quick, let me have some of that red stew! I'm famished!" (That is why he was also called Edom.)
Genesis 27:41 Esau held a grudge against Jacob because of the blessing his father had given him. He said to himself, "The days of mourning for my father are near; then I will kill my brother Jacob."
Genesis 27:42 When Rebekah was told what her older son Esau had said, she sent for her younger son Jacob and said to him, "Your brother Esau is planning to avenge himself by killing you.
Genesis 32:7 In great fear and distress Jacob divided the people who were with him into two groups, and the flocks and herds and camels as well.
Genesis 32:11 Save me, I pray, from the hand of my brother Esau, for I am afraid he will come and attack me, and also the mothers with their children.
Genesis 33:14 So let my lord go on ahead of his servant, while I move along slowly at the pace of the flocks and herds before me and the pace of the children, until I come to my lord in Seir."