Luke 9:52
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New International Version
And he sent messengers on ahead, who went into a Samaritan village to get things ready for him;

New Living Translation
He sent messengers ahead to a Samaritan village to prepare for his arrival.

English Standard Version
And he sent messengers ahead of him, who went and entered a village of the Samaritans, to make preparations for him.

Berean Study Bible
He sent messengers on ahead, who went into a village of the Samaritans to make arrangements for Him.

Berean Literal Bible
And He sent messengers before His face. And having gone, they entered into a village of the Samaritans, so as to make ready for Him.

New American Standard Bible
and He sent messengers on ahead of Him, and they went and entered a village of the Samaritans to make arrangements for Him.

King James Bible
And sent messengers before his face: and they went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He sent messengers ahead of Him, and on the way they entered a village of the Samaritans to make preparations for Him.

International Standard Version
So he sent messengers on ahead of him. On their way they went into a Samaritan village to get things ready for him.

NET Bible
He sent messengers on ahead of him. As they went along, they entered a Samaritan village to make things ready in advance for him,

New Heart English Bible
and sent messengers before his face. They went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, so as to prepare for him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he sent messengers before his presence and they went and entered a village of the Samaritans so as to prepare for him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He sent messengers ahead of him. They went into a Samaritan village to arrange a place for him to stay.

New American Standard 1977
and He sent messengers on ahead of Him. And they went, and entered a village of the Samaritans, to make arrangements for Him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and sent messengers before his face; and they went and entered into a village of the Samaritans to make ready for him.

King James 2000 Bible
And sent messengers before his face: and they went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him.

American King James Version
And sent messengers before his face: and they went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him.

American Standard Version
and sent messengers before his face: and they went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he sent messengers before his face; and going, they entered into a city of the Samaritans, to prepare for him.

Darby Bible Translation
And he sent messengers before his face. And having gone they entered into a village of the Samaritans that they might make ready for him.

English Revised Version
and sent messengers before his face: and they went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And sent messengers before his face: and they went and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him.

Weymouth New Testament
They went and entered a village of the Samaritans to make ready for Him.

World English Bible
and sent messengers before his face. They went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, so as to prepare for him.

Young's Literal Translation
and he sent messengers before his face, and having gone on, they went into a village of Samaritans, to make ready for him,
Study Bible
The Samaritans Reject Jesus
51As the day of His ascension approached, Jesus resolutely set out for Jerusalem. 52He sent messengers on ahead, who went into a village of the Samaritans to make arrangements for Him. 53But the people there refused to welcome Him, because He was heading for Jerusalem.…
Cross References
Matthew 10:5
These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: "Do not go onto the road of the Gentiles or enter any town of the Samaritans.

Luke 10:1
After this, the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them two by two ahead of Him to every town and place He was about to visit.

Luke 10:33
But when a Samaritan on a journey came upon him, he looked at him and had compassion.

Luke 17:11
While Jesus was on His way to Jerusalem, He was passing between Samaria and Galilee.

Luke 17:16
He fell facedown at Jesus' feet in thanksgiving to Him--and he was a Samaritan.

John 4:4
Now He had to pass through Samaria.

John 4:5
So He came to a town of Samaria called Sychar, near the plot of ground Jacob had given to his son Joseph.

John 4:9
"You are a Jew," said the woman. "How can You ask for a drink from me, a Samaritan woman?" (For Jews do not associate with Samaritans.)
Treasury of Scripture

And sent messengers before his face: and they went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him.

sent.

Luke 7:27 This is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before …

Luke 10:1 After these things the LORD appointed other seventy also, and sent …

Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before …

and they.

Matthew 10:5 These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not …

the Samaritans.

Luke 10:33 But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and …

Luke 17:16 And fell down on his face at his feet, giving him thanks: and he …

2 Kings 17:24-33 And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, …

Ezra 4:1-5 Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the children …

John 8:48 Then answered the Jews, and said to him, Say we not well that you …

(52) And sent messengers before his face.--It is remarkable that the words "Samaria" and "Samaritan" do not occur at all in St. Mark, and in St. Matthew in one passage only (Matthew 10:5), and then in the command given to the Twelve that they were not to enter into any city of the Samaritans. St. Luke, on the other hand, seems to have carried his inquiries into that country, and to have treasured up whatever he could find of our Lord's acts and words in relation to it. This seems accordingly the right place for a short account of the region and the people, and of their relations, in our Lord's time, to their neighbours of Juda and Galilee. The city of Samaria (the modern Sebastieh) first comes into notice as built by Omri to be the capital of the kingdom of Israel (1Kings 16:23-24). It continued to occupy that position till its capture by Salmaneser, B.C. 721. After the deportation of the ten tribes, Esar-haddon (Ezra 4:2; Ezra 4:10), after the manner of the great monarchs of the East, brought a mingled race from Babylon, and Cuthah, and Ava, and Hamath, and Sepharvaim (2Kings 17:24), to occupy the district thus left depopulated, and from these the Samaritans of later history were descended. They were accordingly of alien races, and their neighbours of Juda kept up the memory of their foreign origin by speaking of them as Cuthans. Under the influence of a priest of Israel sent by the king of Assyria, they became worshippers of Jehovah (2Kings 17:41), and on the return of Judah and Benjamin from the Captivity, they sought to be admitted as co-religionists, to share with them in the work of rebuilding the Temple, and therefore to obtain like privileges as worshippers in its courts. That claim was, however, refused, and they in return, B.C. 409, guided by Manasseh, a priest who had been expelled from Jerusalem by Nehemiah. for an unlawful marriage with the daughter of Sanballat the Horonite (Nehemiah 13:28), obtained permission from the Persian king, Darius Nothus, to erect a temple on Mount Gerizim. Josephus, it should be added (Ant. xi. 7), places the whole story much later, in the time of Darius Nothus and Alexander the Great. The new worship thus started, placed them at once in the position of a rival and schismatical sect, and their after-history presented the usual features of such antagonism. They refused all hospitality to pilgrims on their way to Jerusalem, or would way-lay and maltreat them on their journey. They mocked the more distant Jews by false signals of the rising of the Paschal moon at Jerusalem. (See Note on Luke 6:1.) They found their way into the Temple, and profaned it by scattering dead men's bones on the sacred pavement (Jos. Ant. xviii. 2, 2; xx. 6, 1). Outrages of this kind rankled in the memory of the Jews, and they, in their turn, looked on the Samaritans as worse than heathen, "had no dealings with them" (John 4:9), cursed them in their synagogues, and even the wise of heart among them, like the son of Sirach, named them as a people that they abhorred (Ecclesiasticus 1:25-26). Probably in consequence of this bitter hostility, the Samaritans became more and more jealous in their observance of the Law, boasted that they possessed the authentic copy of it, substituted Gerizim for Ebal in Deuteronomy 27:4, to support its claim to sanctity, and maintained that it, and not the Temple at Jerusalem, was the chosen sanctuary of Jehovah. They too were looking for the Messiah, who would come as a prophet, and tell them all things (John 4:25). Such was the relative position of the two races in the time of our Lord's ministry, and we cannot wonder that He should have shrunk (if we may so speak) from bringing His disciples at the outset of their work into contact with a people who hated all Jews, and whom all Jews had learnt to hate in return. He Himself, however, had not shrunk from that contact; and some few of the disciples, at all events, had, at an early period of His work, learnt that He saw in them those whom He owned as the sheep of His flock, though not of that fold. In the narrative now before us we find Him apparently endeavouring to continue the work which had then begun so successfully. (See Note on John 4:39.)

Verse 52. - And sent messengers before his face. Probably, as the sequel shows, these were John and James. This was necessary at this period of the Lord's life. A numerous company now usually followed the Lord; it is probable that many of those most devoted to him, both men and women, scarcely ever left him, now that the popular enthusiasm was waning, and the number of his deadly enemies increasing. And they went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him. These Samaritans were the descendants of a, mixed race brought by Esarhaddon ( eighth century B.C.) from Babylon, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, and Sepharvaim, to replace the ten tribes carried captive to the East. These became worshippers of Jehovah, and, on the return of Judah and Benjamin from captivity, sought to be allowed to share in the rebuilding of the temple, and then to be admitted as Jews to share in the religious privileges of the chosen race. Their wishes, however, were not complied with. They subsequently erected a rival temple on Mount Gerizim, and henceforward were known as a schismatical sect, and continued in a state of deadly enmity with the orthodox Jews. This bitter hatred is noticed in the New Testament (see John 4:9), where it is stated that the Jews "had no dealings with the Samaritans," whom they looked on as worse than heathen. In the synagogues these Samaritans were cursed. The Son of Sirach named them as a people that they abhorred (Ecclus. 1:25, 26); and in the Talmud we read this terrible passage, "Let not the Samaritans have part in the resurrection!" This hatred, however, we know, was not shared in by our Lord, and on more than one occasion we find him dealing gently and lovingly with this race. And sent messengers before his face,.... Who very likely were his two disciples, James and John, since they so highly resented the ill treatment their master met with from the Samaritans:

and they went; before him:

and entered into a village of the Samaritans; or "city", as the Vulgate Latin, Persic, and Ethiopic versions read, and so one of Stephens's copies; which lay in the way from Galilee to Judea, where the disciples had been forbid to enter, that is, in order to preach, Matthew 10:5

To make ready for him; to prepare a lodging, and proper food for him and his disciples, as they passed on in their journey, for his intention was not to make any stay there. 52. messengers before his face … to make ready for him—He had not done this before; but now, instead of avoiding, He seems to court publicity—all now hastening to maturity.9:51-56 The disciples did not consider that the conduct of the Samaritans was rather the effect of national prejudices and bigotry, than of enmity to the word and worship of God; and through they refused to receive Christ and his disciples, they did not ill use or injure them, so that the case was widely different from that of Ahaziah and Elijah. Nor were they aware that the gospel dispensation was to be marked by miracles of mercy. But above all, they were ignorant of the prevailing motives of their own hearts, which were pride and carnal ambition. Of this our Lord warned them. It is easy for us to say, Come, see our zeal for the Lord! and to think we are very faithful in his cause, when we are seeking our own objects, and even doing harm instead of good to others.
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