Genesis 32:24
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New International Version
So Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him till daybreak.

New Living Translation
This left Jacob all alone in the camp, and a man came and wrestled with him until the dawn began to break.

English Standard Version
And Jacob was left alone. And a man wrestled with him until the breaking of the day.

New American Standard Bible
Then Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him until daybreak.

King James Bible
And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him until daybreak.

International Standard Version
And so Jacob was left alone, and he struggled with a man until daybreak.

NET Bible
So Jacob was left alone. Then a man wrestled with him until daybreak.

New Heart English Bible
Jacob was left alone, and wrestled with a man there until the breaking of the day.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So Jacob was left alone. Then a man wrestled with him until dawn.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.

New American Standard 1977
Then Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him until daybreak.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him until the breaking of the day.

King James 2000 Bible
And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.

American King James Version
And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.

American Standard Version
And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He remained alone: and behold a man wrestled with him till morning.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jacob remained alone; and a man wrestled with him until the rising of the dawn.

English Revised Version
And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him, until the breaking of the day.

World English Bible
Jacob was left alone, and wrestled with a man there until the breaking of the day.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jacob is left alone, and one wrestleth with him till the ascending of the dawn;
Study Bible
Jacob Wrestles with God
23He took them and sent them across the stream. And he sent across whatever he had. 24Then Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him until daybreak. 25When he saw that he had not prevailed against him, he touched the socket of his thigh; so the socket of Jacob's thigh was dislocated while he wrestled with him.…
Cross References
Genesis 18:2
When he lifted up his eyes and looked, behold, three men were standing opposite him; and when he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them and bowed himself to the earth,

Genesis 32:23
He took them and sent them across the stream. And he sent across whatever he had.

Genesis 32:25
When he saw that he had not prevailed against him, he touched the socket of his thigh; so the socket of Jacob's thigh was dislocated while he wrestled with him.

Joshua 5:13
Now it came about when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, a man was standing opposite him with his sword drawn in his hand, and Joshua went to him and said to him, "Are you for us or for our adversaries?"

Daniel 10:8
So I was left alone and saw this great vision; yet no strength was left in me, for my natural color turned to a deathly pallor, and I retained no strength.

Hosea 12:3
In the womb he took his brother by the heel, And in his maturity he contended with God.

Hosea 12:4
Yes, he wrestled with the angel and prevailed; He wept and sought His favor. He found Him at Bethel And there He spoke with us,
Treasury of Scripture

And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.

wrestled.

Genesis 30:8 And Rachel said, With great wrestlings have I wrestled with my sister, …

Luke 13:24 Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say to you, will …

Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was …

Romans 8:26,27 Likewise the Spirit also helps our infirmities: for we know not what …

Romans 15:30 Now I beseech you, brothers, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and …

Ephesians 6:12,18 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, …

Colossians 2:1 For I would that you knew what great conflict I have for you, and …

Colossians 4:12 Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, salutes you, always …

Hebrews 5:7 Who in the days of his flesh…

man.

Genesis 32:28,30 And he said, Your name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: …

Genesis 48:16 The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let …

Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert …

Hosea 12:3-5 He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength …

1 Corinthians 15:47 The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven.

breaking of the day. Heb. ascending of the morning.

Exodus 14:27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned …

Songs 2:17 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, …

(24) There wrestled.--This verb, abak, occurs only here, and without doubt it was chosen because of its resemblance to the name Jabbok. Its probable derivation is from a word signifying dust, because wrestlers were quickly involved in a cloud of dust, or because, as was the custom in Greece, they rubbed their bodies with it.

A man.--Such he seemed to be to Jacob; but Hosea (Genesis 12:4) calls him an angel; and, in Genesis 32:30, Jacob recognises in him a manifestation of the Deity, as Hagar had done before, when an angel appeared to her (Genesis 16:13). There is no warrant for regarding the angel as an incarnation of Deity, any more than in the case of Manoah (Judges 13:22); but it was a manifestation of God mediately by His messenger, and was one of the many signs indicative of a more complete manifestation by the coming of the Word in the flesh. The opposite idea of many modern commentators, that the narrative is an allegory, is contradicted by the attendant circumstances, especially by the change of Jacob's name, and his subsequent lameness, to which national testimony was borne by the customs of the Jews.

Verse 24. - And Jacob was left alone (probably on the north bank of the Jabbok; but vide on ver. 23); and there wrestled - thus assaulting in his strong point one who had been a wrestler or heel-catcher from his youth (Murphy). The old word נֶךאבַק, niph. of אָבַק, unused, a dehorn, from חָבַק, dust, because in wrestling the dust is raised (Aben Ezra, Gesenius), or a weakened form of חָבַק, to wind round, to embrace (Furst), obviously contains an allusion to the Jabbok (vide on ver. 22) - a man - called an angel by Hosea (Genesis 12:4), and God by Jacob (ver. 30); but vide infra - with him until the breaking of the day - literally, the ascending of the morning. And Jacob was left alone,.... On the other side of Jabbok, his family and cattle having passed over it; and this solitude he chose, in order to spend some time in prayer to God for the safety of him and his:

and there wrestled a man with him; not a phantasm or spectre, as Josephus (e) calls him; nor was this a mere visionary representation of a man, to the imagination of Jacob; or done in the vision of prophecy, as Maimonides (f); but it was something real, corporeal, and visible: the Targum of Jonathan says, it was an angel in the likeness of a man, and calls him Michael, which is not amiss, since he is expressly called an angel, Hosea 12:4; and if Michael the uncreated angel is meant, it is most true; for not a created angel is designed, but a divine Person, as appears from Jacob's desiring to be blessed by him; and besides, being expressly called God, Genesis 32:28; and was, no doubt, the Son of God in an human form; who frequently appeared in it as a token and pledge of his future incarnation: and "this wrestling" was real and corporeal on the part of both; the man took hold of Jacob, and he took hold of the man, and they strove and struggled together for victory as wrestlers do; and on Jacob's part it was also mental and spiritual, and signified his fervent and importunate striving with God in prayer; or at least it was attended with earnest and importunate supplications; see Hosea 12:4; and this continued

until the breaking of the day: how long this conflict lasted is not certain, perhaps not long; since after Jacob rose in the night he had a great deal of business to do, and did it before this affair happened; as sending his wives, children, servants, and cattle over the brook: however, this may denote, that in the present state or night of darkness, wrestling in prayer with God must be continued until the perfect state commences, when the everlasting day of glory will break.

(e) Antiqu. l. 1. c. 20. sect. 2.((f) Morch Nevochim, par. 2. c. 42. p. 310. 24, 25. There wrestled a man with him—This mysterious person is called an angel (Ho 12:4) and God (Ge 32:28, 30; Ho 12:5); and the opinion that is most supported is that he was "the angel of the covenant," who, in a visible form, appeared to animate the mind and sympathize with the distress of his pious servant. It has been a subject of much discussion whether the incident described was an actual conflict or a visionary scene. Many think that as the narrative makes no mention in express terms either of sleep, or dream, or vision, it was a real transaction; while others, considering the bodily exhaustion of Jacob, his great mental anxiety, the kind of aid he supplicated, as well as the analogy of former manifestations with which he was favored—such as the ladder—have concluded that it was a vision [Calvin, Hessenberg, Hengstenberg]. The moral design of it was to revive the sinking spirit of the patriarch and to arm him with confidence in God, while anticipating the dreaded scenes of the morrow. To us it is highly instructive; showing that, to encourage us valiantly to meet the trials to which we are subjected, God allows us to ascribe to the efficacy of our faith and prayers, the victories which His grace alone enables us to make.32:24-32 A great while before day, Jacob being alone, more fully spread his fears before God in prayer. While thus employed, One in the likeness of a man wrestled with him. When the spirit helpeth our infirmities, and our earnest and vast desires can scarcely find words to utter them, and we still mean more than we can express, then prayer is indeed wrestling with God. However tried or discouraged, we shall prevail; and prevailing with Him in prayer, we shall prevail against all enemies that strive with us. Nothing requires more vigour and unceasing exertion than wrestling. It is an emblem of the true spirit of faith and prayer. Jacob kept his ground; though the struggle continued long, this did not shake his faith, nor silence his prayer. He will have a blessing, and had rather have all his bone put out of joint than go away without one. Those who would have the blessing of Christ, must resolve to take no denial. The fervent prayer is the effectual prayer. The Angel puts a lasting mark of honour upon him, by changing his name. Jacob signifies a supplanter. From henceforth he shall be celebrated, not for craft and artful management, but for true valour. Thou shalt be called Israel, a prince with God, a name greater than those of the great men of the earth. He is a prince indeed that is a prince with God; those are truly honourable that are mighty in prayer. Having power with God, he shall have power with men too; he shall prevail, and gain Esau's favour. Jacob gives a new name to the place. He calls it Peniel, the face of God, because there he had seen the appearance of God, and obtained the favour of God. It becomes those whom God honours, to admire his grace towards them. The Angel who wrestled with Jacob was the second Person in the sacred Trinity, who was afterwards God manifest in the flesh, and who, dwelling in human nature, is called Immanuel, Ho 12:4,5. Jacob halted on his thigh. It might serve to keep him from being lifted up with the abundance of the revelations. The sun rose on Jacob: it is sun-rise with that soul, which has had communion with God.
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