Psalm 78:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He split the rocks in the wilderness and gave them water as abundant as the seas;

New Living Translation
He split open the rocks in the wilderness to give them water, as from a gushing spring.

English Standard Version
He split rocks in the wilderness and gave them drink abundantly as from the deep.

New American Standard Bible
He split the rocks in the wilderness And gave them abundant drink like the ocean depths.

King James Bible
He clave the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He split rocks in the wilderness and gave them drink as abundant as the depths.

International Standard Version
He caused the rocks to split in the wilderness, and gave them water as from an abundant sea.

NET Bible
He broke open rocks in the wilderness, and gave them enough water to fill the depths of the sea.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He breached the flint in the wilderness and gave them drink as from the great depths.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He split rocks in the desert. He gave them plenty to drink, an ocean of water.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He clave the rocks in the wilderness and gave them drink as out of the great depths.

King James 2000 Bible
He split the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths.

American King James Version
He split the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths.

American Standard Version
He clave rocks in the wilderness, And gave them drink abundantly as out of the depths.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He struck the rock in the wilderness: and gave them to drink, as out of the great deep.

Darby Bible Translation
He clave rocks in the wilderness, and gave [them] drink as out of the depths, abundantly;

English Revised Version
He clave rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink abundantly as out of the depths.

Webster's Bible Translation
He cleaved the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths.

World English Bible
He split rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink abundantly as out of the depths.

Young's Literal Translation
He cleaveth rocks in a wilderness, And giveth drink -- as the great deep.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

78:9-39. Sin dispirits men, and takes away the heart. Forgetfulness of God's works is the cause of disobedience to his laws. This narrative relates a struggle between God's goodness and man's badness. The Lord hears all our murmurings and distrusts, and is much displeased. Those that will not believe the power of God's mercy, shall feel the fire of his indignation. Those cannot be said to trust in God's salvation as their happiness at last, who can not trust his providence in the way to it. To all that by faith and prayer, ask, seek, and knock, these doors of heaven shall at any time be opened; and our distrust of God is a great aggravation of our sins. He expressed his resentment of their provocation; not in denying what they sinfully lusted after, but in granting it to them. Lust is contented with nothing. Those that indulge their lust, will never be estranged from it. Those hearts are hard indeed, that will neither be melted by the mercies of the Lord, nor broken by his judgments. Those that sin still, must expect to be in trouble still. And the reason why we live with so little comfort, and to so little purpose, is, because we do not live by faith. Under these rebukes they professed repentance, but they were not sincere, for they were not constant. In Israel's history we have a picture of our own hearts and lives. God's patience, and warnings, and mercies, imbolden them to harden their hearts against his word. And the history of kingdoms is much the same. Judgments and mercies have been little attended to, until the measure of their sins has been full. And higher advantages have not kept churches from declining from the commandments of God. Even true believers recollect, that for many a year they abused the kindness of Providence. When they come to heaven, how will they admire the Lord's patience and mercy in bringing them to his kingdom!

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 15, 16. - He clave the rocks in the wilderness; rather, he clave rocks. The word has no article. The reference is probably to both Exodus 17:6 and Numbers 20:8-11. And gave them drink as out of the great depths; rather, "and gave them drink abundantly, as out of the depths" (so Cheyne and the Revised Version). On the abundance of the water, see Numbers 20:11, and compare the next verse: He brought streams also out of the rock, and caused waters to run down like rivers.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He clave the rocks in the wilderness,.... The one at Rephidim, Exodus 17:1, and the other at Kadesh, Numbers 20:1 both to be seen at this day; See Gill on Exodus 17:1; see Gill on Exodus 17:2; see Gill on Exodus 17:3; see Gill on Exodus 17:4; see Gill on Exodus 17:5; see Gill on Exodus 17:6; see Gill on Numbers 20:1; see Gill on Numbers 20:2; see Gill on Numbers 20:3; see Gill on Numbers 20:4; see Gill on Numbers 20:5; see Gill on Numbers 20:6; see Gill on Numbers 20:7; see Gill on Numbers 20:8; see Gill on Numbers 20:9; see Gill on Numbers 20:10; see Gill on Numbers 20:11, though of the latter no modern traveller makes mention but one, yet Jerom (b) from Eusebius affirms that it was shown in his day: they were typical of Christ, 1 Corinthians 10:4, who is frequently compared to one for height, strength, and duration, shade, shelter, and protection; and is called the Rock of Israel, the Rock of offence to both houses of Israel, the Rock of salvation, the Rock of refuge, the Rock of strength, the Rock that is higher than the saints, and on which the church is built, and who is the shadow of a great rock in a weary land. The cleaving of the rocks is ascribed to God, which was done by the hands of Moses; and so the Targum adds,

"by the rod of Moses their master;''

but Moses was only the instrument, it was the Lord that did it; Moses with his rod could never have done it, had not the power of God went along with it. This smiting and cleaving the rocks were an emblem of the sufferings of Christ, who was smitten of God with the rod of justice, according to the law of Moses, in a judicial way, for the sins of his people, and in order to obtain salvation for them:

and gave them drink as out of the great depths; such a large quantity of water flowed out of the rocks when smitten, as if it came out of the great sea, which furnished them with drink sufficient, and more than enough for them and their cattle; this was typical of the large abundance of grace, and the blessings of it, which flow freely and plentifully from Christ and his fulness, and through his sufferings and death.

(b) De loc. Heb. fol. 93. L.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

15, 16. There were two similar miracles (Ex 17:6; Nu 20:11).

great depths—and—rivers—denote abundance.

Psalm 78:15 Additional Commentaries
Context
I will Open My Mouth in Parables
14Then He led them with the cloud by day And all the night with a light of fire. 15He split the rocks in the wilderness And gave them abundant drink like the ocean depths. 16He brought forth streams also from the rock And caused waters to run down like rivers.…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:4
and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ.

Exodus 17:6
I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb. Strike the rock, and water will come out of it for the people to drink." So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Numbers 20:11
Then Moses raised his arm and struck the rock twice with his staff. Water gushed out, and the community and their livestock drank.

Deuteronomy 8:15
He led you through the vast and dreadful wilderness, that thirsty and waterless land, with its venomous snakes and scorpions. He brought you water out of hard rock.

Psalm 18:2
The LORD is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer; my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.

Psalm 74:15
It was you who opened up springs and streams; you dried up the ever-flowing rivers.

Psalm 78:20
True, he struck the rock, and water gushed out, streams flowed abundantly, but can he also give us bread? Can he supply meat for his people?"

Psalm 105:41
He opened the rock, and water gushed out; it flowed like a river in the desert.

Psalm 114:8
who turned the rock into a pool, the hard rock into springs of water.

Isaiah 48:21
They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts; he made water flow for them from the rock; he split the rock and water gushed out.
Treasury of Scripture

He split the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths.

Psalm 105:41 He opened the rock, and the waters gushed out; they ran in the dry …

Psalm 114:8 Which turned the rock into a standing water, the flint into a fountain …

Exodus 17:6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you …

Numbers 20:11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock …

Isaiah 41:18 I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the middle of …

Isaiah 43:20 The beast of the field shall honor me, the dragons and the owls: …

John 7:37,38 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, …

1 Corinthians 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that …

Revelation 22:1,17 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, …

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