1 Corinthians 10:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ.

New Living Translation
and all of them drank the same spiritual water. For they drank from the spiritual rock that traveled with them, and that rock was Christ.

English Standard Version
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.

New American Standard Bible
and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ.

King James Bible
And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from a spiritual rock that followed them, and that rock was Christ.

International Standard Version
and drank the same spiritual drink, for they drank from the spiritual rock that went with them. That rock was the Messiah.

NET Bible
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they were all drinking from the spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they all drank of the one drink of The Spirit, for they were drinking from The Rock of The Spirit, which was with them, but that Rock was The Messiah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
and all of them drank the same spiritual drink. They drank from the spiritual rock that went with them, and that rock was Christ.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and did all drink the same spiritual drink, for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them; and that Rock was the Christ.

King James 2000 Bible
And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

American King James Version
And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

American Standard Version
and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was Christ.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all drank the same spiritual drink; (and they drank of the spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ.)

Darby Bible Translation
and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they drank of a spiritual rock which followed [them]: (now the rock was the Christ;)

English Revised Version
and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was Christ.

Webster's Bible Translation
And all drank the same spiritual drink: (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.)

Weymouth New Testament
and all drank the same spiritual drink; for they long drank the water that flowed from the spiritual rock that went with them--and that rock was the Christ.

World English Bible
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ.

Young's Literal Translation
and all the same spiritual drink did drink, for they were drinking of a spiritual rock following them, and the rock was the Christ;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:1-5 To dissuade the Corinthians from communion with idolaters, and security in any sinful course, the apostle sets before them the example of the Jewish nation of old. They were, by a miracle, led through the Red Sea, where the pursuing Egyptians were drowned. It was to them a typical baptism. The manna on which they fed was a type of Christ crucified, the Bread which came down from heaven, which whoso eateth shall live for ever. Christ is the Rock on which the Christian church is built; and of the streams that issue therefrom, all believers drink, and are refreshed. It typified the sacred influences of the Holy Spirit, as given to believers through Christ. But let none presume upon their great privileges, or profession of the truth; these will not secure heavenly happiness.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - The same spiritual drink. The water from the smitten rock might (Exodus 17:6; Numbers 20:11) be called a "spiritual" drink, both as being a miraculous gift (comp. Galatians 4:29, where Isaac is said to be "born after the spirit"), and as being a type of that "living water" which "springs up into everlasting life" (John 4:14; John 7:37), and of the blood of Christ in the Eucharist (John 6:55). These "waters in the wilderness" and "rivers in the desert" were a natural symbol of the grace of God (Isaiah 43:23; Isaiah 55:1), especially as bestowed in the sacrament through material signs. They drank; literally, they were drinking, implying a continuous gift. Of that spiritual Rock that followed them; rather, literally, of a spiritual following Rock. This is explained

(1) as a mere figure of speech, in which the natural rock which Moses smote is left out of sight altogether; and

(2) as meaning that not the rock, but the water from the rock, followed after them in their wanderings (Deuteronomy 9:21). There can, however, be little or no doubt that St. Paul refers to the common Jewish Hagadah, that the actual material rock did follow the Israelites in their wanderings. The rabbis said that it was round, and rolled itself up like a swarm of bees, and that, when the tabernacle was pitched, this rock came and settled in its vestibule, and began to flow when the princes came to it and sang, "Spring up, O well; sing ye unto it" (Numbers 21:17). It does not, of course, follow from this allusion that St. Paul, or even the rabbis, believed their Hagadah in other than a metaphorical sense. The Jewish Hagadoth - legends and illustrations and inferences of an imaginative Oriental people - are not to be taken au pied de la lettre. St. Paul obviates the laying of any stress on the mere legend by the qualifying word, "a spiritual Rock." And that Rock was Christ. The writings of Philo, and the Alexandrian school of thought in general, had familiarized all Jewish readers with language of this kind. They were accustomed to see types of God, or of the Word (Logos), in almost every incident of the deliverance from Egypt and the wanderings in the wilderness. Thus in Wisd. 10:15 and Wisdom 11:4 it is Wisdom - another form of the Logos - who leads and supports the Israelites. The frequent comparison, of God to a Rock in the Old Testament (Deuteronomy 32, passim; 1 Samuel 2:2; Psalm 91:12, etc.) would render the symbolism more easy, especially as in Exodus 17:6 we find, "Behold, I [Jehovah] will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And did all drink the same spiritual drink,.... By which is meant the water out of the rock, which was typical of the blood of Christ, which is drink indeed, and not figurative, as this was, for which reason it is called spiritual; or of the grace of Christ, often signified by water, both in the Old and New Testament; and is what Moses and the law could not give; for righteousness and life, grace and salvation, could never be had by the works of the law: and very unpromising it was, and is to carnal men, that these should come by a crucified Christ, as it was to the Israelites, that water, in such plenty, should gush out of the rock in Horeb; but as those waters did not flow from thence without the rock being stricken by the rod of Moses, so the communication of the blessings of grace from Christ is through his being smitten by divine justice with the rod of the law; through his being, stricken for the transgressions of his people, and and being made sin, and a curse of the law in their room and stead. And as those waters continued through the wilderness as a constant supply for them, so the grace of Christ is always sufficient for his people; a continual supply is afforded them; goodness and mercy follow them all the days of their lives:

for they drank, of that spiritual rock that followed them; by which the apostle means not Christ himself, for he went before them as the angel of God's presence, but the rock that typified him; not that the rock itself removed out of its place, and went after them, but the waters out of the rock ran like rivers, and followed them in the wilderness wherever they went, for the space of eight and thirty years, or thereabout, and then were stopped, to make trial of their faith once more; this was at Kadesh when the rock was struck again, and gave forth its waters, which, as the continual raining of the manna, was a constant miracle wrought for them. And this sense of the apostle is entirely agreeable to the sentiments of the Jews, who say, that the Israelites had the well of water all the forty years (k). The Jerusalem Targum (l) says of the

"well given at Mattanah, that it again became unto them violent overflowing brooks, and again ascended to the tops of the mountains, and descended with them into the ancient valleys.''

And to the same purpose the Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel (m),

"that it again ascended with them to the highest mountains, and from the highest mountains it descended with them to the hills, and encompassed the whole camp of Israel, and gave drink to everyone at the gate of his own dwelling place; and from the high mountains it descended with them into the deep valleys.''

Yea, they speak of the rock in much the same language the apostle does, and seem to understand it of the rock itself, as if that really went along with the Israelites in the wilderness. Thus one of their writers (n) on those words, "must we fetch you water out of this rock?" makes this remark:

"for they knew it not, , "for that rock went", and remained among the rocks.''

And in another place it is said (o),

"that the rock became in the form of a beehive; (elsewhere (p) it is said to be round as a sieve;) and rolled along, , "and came with them", in their journeys; and when the standard bearers encamped, and the tabernacle stood still, the rock came, and remained in the court of the tent of the congregation; and the princes came and stood upon the top of it, and said, ascend, O well, and it ascended.''

Now, though in this account there is a mixture of fable, yet there appears something of the old true tradition received in the Jewish church, which the apostle has here respect to.

And the rock was Christ: that is, it signified Christ, it was a type of him. So the Jews (q) say, that the Shekinah is called , "the holy rock"; and Philo the Jew says (r) of this rock, that the broken rock is , "the wisdom of God". Christ may be compared to the rock for his outward meanness in his parentage and education, in his ministry and audience, in his life and death; and for his height also, being made higher than the kings of the earth, than the angels in heaven, and than the heavens themselves; and for shelter and safety from the wrath of God, and from the rage of men; and for firmness, solidity, and strength, which are seen in his upholding all things by his power, in bearing the sins of his people, and the punishment due unto them, in the support of his church, and bearing up his people under all afflictions and temptations, and in preserving them from a total and final falling away: and a rock he appears to be, as he is the foundation of his church and every believer, against which hell and earth can never prevail; and to it he may be likened for duration, his love being immovable, his righteousness everlasting, his salvation eternal, and he, as the foundation of his church, abiding for ever.

(k) Jarchi in Numbers 20.2.((l) In Numbers 21.20. (m) In ib. (n) Jarchi in Numbers 20.10. (o) Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 1. fol. 177. 2.((p) Gloss. in T. Bab. Pesach. fol. 54. 1.((q) Zohar in Num. fol. 87. 4. & Imre Binah in ib. (r) Lib. Allegor. l. 3. p. 1103.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. drink—(Ex 17:6). In Nu 20:8, "the beasts" also are mentioned as having drunk. The literal water typified "spiritual drink," and is therefore so called.

spiritual Rock that followed them—rather, "accompanied them." Not the literal rock (or its water) "followed" them, as Alford explains, as if Paul sanctioned the Jews' tradition (Rabbi Solomon on Nu 20:2) that the rock itself, or at least the stream from it, followed the Israelites from place to place (compare De 9:21). But Christ, the "Spiritual Rock" (Ps 78:20, 35; De 32:4, 15, 18, 30, 31, 37; Isa 28:16; 1Pe 2:6), accompanied them (Ex 33:15). "Followed" implies His attending on them to minister to them; thus, though mostly going before them, He, when occasion required it, followed "behind" (Ex 14:19). He satisfied all alike as to their bodily thirst whenever they needed it; as on three occasions is expressly recorded (Ex 15:24, 25; 17:6; Nu 20:8); and this drink for the body symbolized the spiritual drink from the Spiritual Rock (compare Joh 4:13, 14; see on [2288]1Co 10:3).

1 Corinthians 10:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
Warnings from Israel's Past
3and all ate the same spiritual food; 4and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ. 5Nevertheless, with most of them God was not well-pleased; for they were laid low in the wilderness.…
Cross References
Exodus 17:6
I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb. Strike the rock, and water will come out of it for the people to drink." So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Numbers 20:11
Then Moses raised his arm and struck the rock twice with his staff. Water gushed out, and the community and their livestock drank.

Psalm 78:15
He split the rocks in the wilderness and gave them water as abundant as the seas;

Psalm 105:41
He opened the rock, and water gushed out; it flowed like a river in the desert.
Treasury of Scripture

And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

did.

Exodus 17:6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you …

Numbers 20:11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock …

Psalm 78:15,20 He split the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out …

Psalm 105:41 He opened the rock, and the waters gushed out; they ran in the dry …

Isaiah 43:20 The beast of the field shall honor me, the dragons and the owls: …

Isaiah 48:21 And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused …

John 4:10,14 Jesus answered and said to her, If you knew the gift of God, and …

John 7:37 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, …

Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that hears say, …

followed them. or, went with them.

Deuteronomy 9:21 And I took your sin, the calf which you had made, and burnt it with …

that Rock.

1 Corinthians 11:24,25 And when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, Take, eat: this …

Genesis 40:12 And Joseph said to him, This is the interpretation of it: The three …

Genesis 41:26 The seven good cows are seven years; and the seven good ears are …

Ezekiel 5:4,5 Then take of them again, and cast them into the middle of the fire, …

Daniel 2:38 And wherever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and …

Daniel 7:17 These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise …

Matthew 13:38,39 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; …

Matthew 26:26-28 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and broke …

Galatians 4:25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answers to Jerusalem …

Colossians 2:17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

Hebrews 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very …

Jump to Previous
Accompanied Christ Drank Drink Drinking Flowed Followed Following Holy Rock Spiritual Supernatural Water
Jump to Next
Accompanied Christ Drank Drink Drinking Flowed Followed Following Holy Rock Spiritual Supernatural Water
Links
1 Corinthians 10:4 NIV
1 Corinthians 10:4 NLT
1 Corinthians 10:4 ESV
1 Corinthians 10:4 NASB
1 Corinthians 10:4 KJV

1 Corinthians 10:4 Bible Apps
1 Corinthians 10:4 Bible Suite
1 Corinthians 10:4 Biblia Paralela
1 Corinthians 10:4 Chinese Bible
1 Corinthians 10:4 French Bible
1 Corinthians 10:4 German Bible

Alphabetical: a accompanied all and Christ drank drink drinking followed for from rock same spiritual that the them they was were which

NT Letters: 1 Corinthians 10:4 And all drank the same spiritual drink (1 Cor. 1C iC 1Cor i cor icor) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
1 Corinthians 10:3
Top of Page
Top of Page