John 19:34
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.

New Living Translation
One of the soldiers, however, pierced his side with a spear, and immediately blood and water flowed out.

English Standard Version
But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water.

Berean Study Bible
Instead, one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water flowed out.

Berean Literal Bible
But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and blood and water came out immediately.

New American Standard Bible
But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.

King James Bible
But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and at once blood and water came out.

International Standard Version
Instead, one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and blood and water immediately came out.

NET Bible
But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and blood and water flowed out immediately.

New Heart English Bible
However one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
One of the soldiers struck him on his side with his spear, and at once blood and water issued forth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
However, one of the soldiers stabbed Jesus' side with his spear, and blood and water immediately came out.

New American Standard 1977
but one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately there came out blood and water.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith blood and water came out.

King James 2000 Bible
But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and immediately came there out blood and water.

American King James Version
But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and immediately came there out blood and water.

American Standard Version
howbeit one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and straightway there came out blood and water.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But one of the soldiers with a spear opened his side, and immediately there came out blood and water.

Darby Bible Translation
but one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and immediately there came out blood and water.

English Revised Version
howbeit one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and straightway there came out blood and water.

Webster's Bible Translation
But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came out blood and water.

Weymouth New Testament
One of the soldiers, however, made a thrust at His side with a lance, and immediately blood and water flowed out.

World English Bible
However one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.

Young's Literal Translation
but one of the soldiers with a spear did pierce his side, and immediately there came forth blood and water;
Study Bible
Jesus' Side is Pierced
33But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34Instead, one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water flowed out. 35The one who saw it has testified to this, and his testimony is true. He knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.…
Cross References
John 19:33
But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.

John 20:20
After He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. The disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord.

1 John 5:6
This is the One who came by water and blood, Jesus Christ--not by water alone, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit who testifies to this, because the Spirit is the truth.

1 John 5:8
the Spirit, the water, and the blood--and these three are in agreement.
Treasury of Scripture

But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and immediately came there out blood and water.

came.

John 13:8-10 Peter said to him, You shall never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, …

Psalm 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall …

Ezekiel 36:25 Then will I sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean: …

Zechariah 13:1 In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David …

Matthew 27:62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief …

Acts 22:16 And now why tarry you? arise, and be baptized, and wash away your …

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, …

1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, …

Ephesians 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, …

Titus 3:5-7 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to …

Hebrews 9:13,22 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer …

Hebrews 10:19-22 Having therefore, brothers, boldness to enter into the holiest by …

1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto even baptism does also now save us (not …

1 John 1:6-9 If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, …

1 John 5:6,8 This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by …

Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first …

Revelation 7:14 And I said to him, Sir, you know. And he said to me, These are they …

(34) But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side.--They had seen that He was dead, and therefore did not break the legs. To cause death was not, then, the object in piercing the side; and yet it may have seemed to make death doubly sure. The word rendered "pierced" occurs nowhere else in the New Testament, but it is certain, from John 20:27, that the act caused a deep wound, and that the point of the lance therefore penetrated to the interior organs of the body. If the soldier stood before the cross, this wound would naturally be in the left side.

And forthwith came there out blood and water.--"Various physiological explanations have been given of this fact, such as--(1) that the lance pierced the pericardium, which contained a small quantity of watery lymph, which immediately flowed out; and also the heart, from which the blood flowed, the actual death taking place at this moment; (2) that the physical death of Christ resulted from rupture of the heart, and that the cavities of the heart and the surrounding-vessels contained a watery fluid; (3) that decomposition of the blood in the corpse had taken place, the solid matter being separated from the fluid, so that it would appear to be blood mixed with water. (Comp. Notes on 1John 5:5-6.)

Whatever solution we adopt, it is clear that death had taken place some time previously (John 19:30), and that, while we cannot say which physical explanation is the true one, there is within the region of natural occurrences quite sufficient to account for the impression on the mind of St. John which he records here. We have to think of the disciple whom Jesus loved looking at the crucified and pierced body of his Lord, and remembering the picture in later years, and telling that there flowed from that pierced side both blood and water.

But one of the soldiers,.... Whose name some pretend to say was Longinns, and so called from the spear with which he pierced Christ:

with a spear pierced his side; his left side, where the heart lies; though the painters make this wound on the right, and the Arabic version of Erpenius, as cited by Dr. Lightfoot, adds the word "right" to make the miracle the greater: this the soldier did, partly out of spite to Christ, and partly to know whether he was really dead; and which was so ordered by divine providence, that it might beyond all doubt appear that he really died, and was not taken down alive from the cross; so that there might be no room to call in question the truth of his resurrection, when he should appear alive again:

and forthwith came there out blood and water; this is accounted for in a natural way by the piercing of the "pericardium", which contains a small quantity of water about the heart, and which being pierced, a person, if alive, must inevitably die; but it seems rather to be something supernatural, from the asseverations the evangelist makes. This water and blood some make to signify baptism and the Lord's supper, which are both of Christ's appointing, and spring from him, and refer to his sufferings and death; rather they signify the blessings of sanctification and justification, the grace of the one being represented by water, as it frequently is in the Old and New Testament, and the other by blood, and both from Christ: that Christ was the antitype of the rock in the wilderness, the apostle assures us, in 1 Corinthians 10:4 and if the Jews are to be believed, he was so in this instance; Jonathan ben Uzziel, in his Targum on Numbers 20:11 says that

"Moses smote the rock twice, at the first time , "blood dropped out": and at the second time abundance of waters flowed out.''

The same is affirmed by others (h) elsewhere in much the same words and order.

(h) Shemot Rabba, sect. 3. fol. 94. 1. Zohar in Num. fol. 102. 4. 34. But one of the soldiers—to make assurance of the fact doubly sure.

with a spear pierced his side—making a wound deep and wide, as indeed is plain from Joh 20:27, 29. Had life still remained, it must have fled now.

and forthwith came thereout blood and water—"It is now well known that the effect of long-continued and intense agony is frequently to produce a secretion of a colorless lymph within the pericardium (the membrane enveloping the heart), amounting in many cases to a very considerable quantity" [Webster and Wilkinson].19:31-37 A trial was made whether Jesus was dead. He died in less time than persons crucified commonly did. It showed that he had laid down his life of himself. The spear broke up the very fountains of life; no human body could survive such a wound. But its being so solemnly attested, shows there was something peculiar in it. The blood and water that flowed out, signified those two great benefits which all believers partake of through Christ, justification and sanctification; blood for atonement, water for purification. They both flow from the pierced side of our Redeemer. To Christ crucified we owe merit for our justification, and Spirit and grace for our sanctification. Let this silence the fears of weak Christians, and encourage their hopes; there came both water and blood out of Jesus' pierced side, both to justify and sanctify them. The Scripture was fulfilled, in Pilate's not allowing his legs to be broken, Ps 34:20. There was a type of this in the paschal lamb, Ex 12:46. May we ever look to Him, whom, by our sins, we have ignorantly and heedlessly pierced, nay, sometimes against convictions and mercies; and who shed from his wounded side both water and blood, that we might be justified and sanctified in his name.
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