John 19:40
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Taking Jesus' body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs.

New Living Translation
Following Jewish burial custom, they wrapped Jesus' body with the spices in long sheets of linen cloth.

English Standard Version
So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.

New American Standard Bible
So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.

King James Bible
Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then they took Jesus' body and wrapped it in linen cloths with the aromatic spices, according to the burial custom of the Jews.

International Standard Version
They took the body of Jesus and wrapped it in linen cloths along with spices, according to the burial custom of the Jews.

NET Bible
Then they took Jesus' body and wrapped it, with the aromatic spices, in strips of linen cloth according to Jewish burial customs.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they took away the body of Yeshua and wrapped it in linen and in sweet spices, just as the custom of the Judeans is for burying.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These two men took the body of Jesus and bound it with strips of linen. They laced the strips with spices. This was the Jewish custom for burial.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they took the body of Jesus and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as is the manner of the Jews to bury.

King James 2000 Bible
Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen cloths with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

American King James Version
Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

American Standard Version
So they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They took therefore the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths, with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

Darby Bible Translation
They took therefore the body of Jesus and bound it up in linen with the spices, as it is the custom with the Jews to prepare for burial.

English Revised Version
So they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then they took the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen cloths, with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

Weymouth New Testament
Taking down the body they wrapped it in linen cloths along with the spices, in accordance with the Jewish mode of preparing for burial.

World English Bible
So they took Jesus' body, and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.

Young's Literal Translation
They took, therefore, the body of Jesus, and bound it with linen clothes with the spices, according as it was the custom of the Jews to prepare for burial;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

19:38-42 Joseph of Arimathea was a disciple of Christ in secret. Disciples should openly own themselves; yet some, who in lesser trials have been fearful, in greater have been courageous. When God has work to do, he can find out such as are proper to do it. The embalming was done by Nicodemus, a secret friend to Christ, though not his constant follower. That grace which at first is like a bruised reed, may afterward resemble a strong cedar. Hereby these two rich men showed the value they had for Christ's person and doctrine, and that it was not lessened by the reproach of the cross. We must do our duty as the present day and opportunity are, and leave it to God to fulfil his promises in his own way and his own time. The grave of Jesus was appointed with the wicked, as was the case of those who suffered as criminals; but he was with the rich in his death, as prophesied, Isa 53:9; these two circumstances it was very unlikely should ever be united in the same person. He was buried in a new sepulchre; therefore it could not be said that it was not he, but some other that rose. We also are here taught not to be particular as to the place of our burial. He was buried in the sepulchre next at hand. Here is the Sun of Righteousness set for a while, to rise again in greater glory, and then to set no more.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 40. - They took therefore - i.e. Nicodemus and Joseph - the body of Jesus, and bound it in linen clothes with the spices, as is the manner of the Jews to bury. The synoptists specially mention a linen cloth (σίνδων), which they wound around it. It would seem probable, from what is afterwards said, that John wished to discriminate and affirm both processes (see John 20:7). The Jews' method differed from the Egyptians' embalming process. The latter removed all the viscera; and, by long baking and other processes, rendered the remaining shell of the corpse incorruptible and almost imperishable. The Jews' process of sepulture differed from the Roman cremation, and is emphasized. Importance was attached to a splendid funeral (Luke 16:22); and this costly interment was not without its deep significance.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Then took they the body of Jesus,.... It being taken down from the cross, and carried to the designed place of interment; they, Joseph and Nicodemus, either themselves, or by their servants, took the body;

and wound it in linen clothes; or "swathed", or "wrapped it in linen"; rolled it about the body many times, as was the custom of the eastern nations to do; this was what Joseph prepared:

with the spices; which they either wrapped up with the linen, or strowed over the body when it was wound up; these Nicodemus brought;

as the manner of the Jews is to bury; both was usual with them; both to wind up the dead in linen; hence R. Jonathan, alluding to this custom, when R. Isai was taken, and others would have delivered him, said, , "let the dead be wrapped in his own linen (d)"; and also to bury them with spices; hence we read of "the spices of the dead" in a Jewish canon (e):

"they do not say a blessing over a lamp, nor over the spices of idolaters; nor over a lamp, nor over , "the spices of the dead":''

the use of which, Bartenora on the place says, was to drive away an ungrateful smell. The wrapping up the body of Christ in a fine linen cloth, was a token of his purity and innocence; and significative of that pure and spotless righteousness he had now brought in: the strewing it with spices may denote the fragrancy of Christ's death to Jehovah the Father, in whose sight it was precious, and whose sacrifice to him is of a sweet smelling savour; and also to all sensible sinners, to whom a crucified Christ is precious; since by his death sin is expiated, the law fulfilled, justice satisfied, reconciliation made, security from condemnation obtained, and death is abolished.

(d) T. Hieros. Ternmot, fol. 46. 2.((e) Misn. Beracot. c. 8. sect. 6.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

40. Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury—the mixed and pulverized myrrh and aloes shaken into the folds, and the entire body, thus swathed, wrapt in an outer covering of "clean linen cloth" (Mt 27:59). Had the Lord's own friends had the least reason to think that the spark of life was still in Him, would they have done this? But even if one could conceive them mistaken, could anyone have lain thus enveloped for the period during which He was in the grave, and life still remained? Impossible. When, therefore, He walked forth from the tomb, we can say with the most absolute certainty, "Now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the first-fruits of them that slept" (1Co 15:20). No wonder that the learned and the barbarians alike were prepared to die for the name of the Lord Jesus; for such evidence was to the unsophisticated resistless. (No mention is made of anointing in this operation. No doubt it was a hurried proceeding, for fear of interruption, and because it was close on the sabbath, the women seem to have set this as their proper task "as soon as the sabbath should be past" [Mr 16:1]. But as the Lord graciously held it as undesignedly anticipated by Mary at Bethany [Mr 14:8], so this was probably all the anointing, in the strict sense of it, which He received.)

John 19:40 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Burial of Jesus
39Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight. 40So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid.…
Cross References
Genesis 50:2
Then Joseph directed the physicians in his service to embalm his father Israel. So the physicians embalmed him,

2 Chronicles 16:14
They buried him in the tomb that he had cut out for himself in the City of David. They laid him on a bier covered with spices and various blended perfumes, and they made a huge fire in his honor.

Matthew 26:12
When she poured this perfume on my body, she did it to prepare me for burial.

Mark 14:8
She did what she could. She poured perfume on my body beforehand to prepare for my burial.

Luke 24:12
Peter, however, got up and ran to the tomb. Bending over, he saw the strips of linen lying by themselves, and he went away, wondering to himself what had happened.

John 11:44
The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped with strips of linen, and a cloth around his face. Jesus said to them, "Take off the grave clothes and let him go."

John 12:7
"Leave her alone," Jesus replied. "It was intended that she should save this perfume for the day of my burial.

John 20:5
He bent over and looked in at the strips of linen lying there but did not go in.

John 20:7
as well as the cloth that had been wrapped around Jesus' head. The cloth was still lying in its place, separate from the linen.

Acts 5:6
Then some young men came forward, wrapped up his body, and carried him out and buried him.
Treasury of Scripture

Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

wound.

John 11:44 And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with grave clothes: …

John 20:5-7 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; …

Acts 5:6 And the young men arose, wound him up, and carried him out, and buried him.

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