John 20:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
If you forgive anyone's sins, their sins are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven."

New Living Translation
If you forgive anyone's sins, they are forgiven. If you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven."

English Standard Version
If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you withhold forgiveness from any, it is withheld.”

New American Standard Bible
"If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained."

King James Bible
Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained."

International Standard Version
If you forgive people's sins, they are forgiven. If you retain people's sins, they are retained."

NET Bible
If you forgive anyone's sins, they are forgiven; if you retain anyone's sins, they are retained."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“If you will forgive a man's sins, they will be forgiven him, and if you hold a man's, they will be held.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Whenever you forgive sins, they are forgiven. Whenever you don't forgive them, they are not forgiven."

Jubilee Bible 2000
unto those whose sins ye release, they shall be released; and unto those whose sins ye retain, they shall be retained.

King James 2000 Bible
Whosoever's sins you remit, they are remitted unto them; and whosoever's sins you retain, they are retained.

American King James Version
Whose soever sins you remit, they are remitted to them; and whose soever sins you retain, they are retained.

American Standard Version
whose soever sins ye forgive, they are forgiven unto them; whose soever'sins ye retain, they are retained.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained.

Darby Bible Translation
whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted to them; whose soever [sins] ye retain, they are retained.

English Revised Version
whose soever sins ye forgive, they are forgiven unto them; whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted to them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.

Weymouth New Testament
If you remit the sins of any persons, they remain remitted to them. If you bind fast the sins of any, they remain bound."

World English Bible
Whoever's sins you forgive, they are forgiven them. Whoever's sins you retain, they have been retained."

Young's Literal Translation
if of any ye may loose the sins, they are loosed to them; if of any ye may retain, they have been retained.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

20:19-25 This was the first day of the week, and this day is afterwards often mentioned by the sacred writers; for it was evidently set apart as the Christian sabbath, in remembrance of Christ's resurrection. The disciples had shut the doors for fear of the Jews; and when they had no such expectation, Jesus himself came and stood in the midst of them, having miraculously, though silently, opened the doors. It is a comfort to Christ's disciples, when their assemblies can only be held in private, that no doors can shut out Christ's presence. When He manifests his love to believers by the comforts of his Spirit, he assures them that because he lives, they shall live also. A sight of Christ will gladden the heart of a disciple at any time; and the more we see of Jesus, the more we shall rejoice. He said, Receive ye the Holy Ghost, thus showing that their spiritual life, as well as all their ability for their work, would be derived from him, and depended upon him. Every word of Christ which is received in the heart by faith, comes accompanied by this Divine breathing; and without this there is neither light nor life. Nothing is seen, known, discerned, or felt of God, but through this. After this, Christ directed the apostles to declare the only method by which sin would be forgiven. This power did not exist at all in the apostles as a power to give judgment, but only as a power to declare the character of those whom God would accept or reject in the day of judgment. They have clearly laid down the marks whereby a child of God may be discerned and be distinguished from a false professor; and according to what they have declared shall every case be decided in the day of judgment. When we assemble in Christ's name, especially on his holy day, he will meet with us, and speak peace to us. The disciples of Christ should endeavour to build up one another in their most holy faith, both by repeating what they have heard to those that were absent, and by making known what they have experienced. Thomas limited the Holy One of Israel, when he would be convinced by his own method or not at all. He might justly have been left in his unbelief, after rejecting such abundant proofs. The fears and sorrows of the disciples are often lengthened, to punish their negligence.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Whose soever sins ye remit,.... God only can forgive sins, and Christ being God, has a power to do so likewise; but he never communicated any such power to his apostles; nor did they ever assume any such power to themselves, or pretend to exercise it; it is the mark of antichrist, to attempt anything of the kind; who, in so doing, usurps the divine prerogative, places himself in his seat, and shows himself as if he was God: but this is to be understood only in a doctrinal, or ministerial way, by preaching the full and free remission of sins, through the blood of Christ, according to the riches of God's grace, to such as repent of their sins, and believe in Christ; declaring, that all such persons as do so repent and believe, all their sins are forgiven for Christ's sake: and accordingly,

they are remitted unto them; in agreement with Christ's own words, in his declaration and commission to his disciples; see Mark 16:16. On the other hand he signifies, that

whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained: that is, that whatsoever sins ye declare are not forgiven, they are not forgiven; which is the case of all final unbelievers, and impenitent sinners; who dying without repentance towards God, and faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, according to the Gospel declaration, shall be damned, and are damned; for God stands by, and will stand by and confirm the Gospel of his Son, faithfully preached by his ministering servants; and all the world will sooner or later be convinced of the validity, truth, and certainty, of the declarations on each of these heads, made by them.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

23. Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them, &c.—In any literal and authoritative sense this power was never exercised by one of the apostles, and plainly was never understood by themselves as possessed by them or conveyed to them. (See on [1919]Mt 16:19). The power to intrude upon the relation between men and God cannot have been given by Christ to His ministers in any but a ministerial or declarative sense—as the authorized interpreters of His word, while in the actings of His ministers, the real nature of the power committed to them is seen in the exercise of church discipline.

John 20:23 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jesus Appears to the Disciples
22And when He had said this, He breathed on them and said to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit. 23"If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained."
Cross References
Matthew 16:19
I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven."

Matthew 18:18
"Truly I tell you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.

John 20:22
And with that he breathed on them and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit.

1 Corinthians 5:4
So when you are assembled and I am with you in spirit, and the power of our Lord Jesus is present,
Treasury of Scripture

Whose soever sins you remit, they are remitted to them; and whose soever sins you retain, they are retained.

Matthew 16:19 And I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatever …

Matthew 18:18 Truly I say to you, Whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven…

Mark 2:5-10 When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the sick of the palsy, Son, …

Acts 2:38 Then Peter said to them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you …

Acts 10:43 To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whoever …

Acts 13:38,39 Be it known to you therefore, men and brothers, that through this …

1 Corinthians 5:4 In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you are gathered together, …

2 Corinthians 2:6-10 Sufficient to such a man is this punishment, which was inflicted of many…

Ephesians 2:20 And are built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus …

1 Timothy 1:20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered to Satan, …

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