if of any ye may loose the sins, they are loosed to them; if of any ye may retain, they have been retained.'
John 20:23 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Whose soever sins ye remit - See the notes on Matthew 16:19; Matthew 18:18. It is certain God alone can forgive sins; and it would not only be blasphemous, but grossly absurd, to say that any creature could remit the guilt of a transgression which had been committed against the Creator. The apostles received from the Lord the doctrine of reconciliation, and the doctrine of condemnation. They who believed on the Son of God, in consequence of their preaching, had their sins remitted; and they who would not believe were declared to lie under condemnation. The reader is desired to consult the note referred to above, where the custom to which our Lord alludes is particularly considered. Dr. Lightfoot supposes that the power of life and death, and the power of delivering over to Satan, which was granted to the apostles, is here referred to. This was a power which the primitive apostles exclusively possessed.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Matthew 16:19 And I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven...
Matthew 18:18 Truly I say to you, Whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven...
Mark 2:5-10 When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the sick of the palsy, Son, your sins be forgiven you...
Acts 2:38 Then Peter said to them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins...
Acts 10:43 To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whoever believes in him shall receive remission of sins.
Acts 13:38,39 Be it known to you therefore, men and brothers, that through this man is preached to you the forgiveness of sins...
1 Corinthians 5:4 In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you are gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ,
2 Corinthians 2:6-10 Sufficient to such a man is this punishment, which was inflicted of many...
Ephesians 2:20 And are built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;
1 Timothy 1:20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered to Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.
John 20:23 Parallel CommentariesBind Bound Fast Forgive Forgiven Forgiveness Free Loose Persons Remit Remitted Retain Retained Sins Soever Whoever'sBind Bound Fast Forgive Forgiven Forgiveness Free Loose Persons Remit Remitted Retain Retained Sins Soever Whoever'sTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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