John 20:21
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Again Jesus said, "Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, I am sending you."

New Living Translation
Again he said, "Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, so I am sending you."

English Standard Version
Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, even so I am sending you.”

Berean Study Bible
Again Jesus said to them, "Peace be with you. As the Father has sent Me, so also I am sending you."

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore Jesus said to them again, "Peace to you. As the Father has sent Me forth, I also send you."

New American Standard Bible
So Jesus said to them again, "Peace be with you; as the Father has sent Me, I also send you."

King James Bible
Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jesus said to them again, "Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you."

International Standard Version
Jesus told them again, "Peace be with you. Just as the Father has sent me, so I am sending you."

NET Bible
So Jesus said to them again, "Peace be with you. Just as the Father has sent me, I also send you."

New Heart English Bible
Jesus therefore said to them again, "Peace be to you. As the Father has sent me, even so I send you."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But Yeshua said to them again, “Peace be with you. Just as my Father has sent me, I also am sending you.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus said to them again, "Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, so I am sending you."

New American Standard 1977
Jesus therefore said to them again, “Peace be with you; as the Father has sent Me, I also send you.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Jesus said to them again, Peace be unto you; as my Father has sent me, even so send I you.

King James 2000 Bible
Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father has sent me, even so send I you.

American King James Version
Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be to you: as my Father has sent me, even so send I you.

American Standard Version
Jesus therefore said to them again, Peace be unto you: as the Father hath sent me, even so send I you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He said therefore to them again: Peace be to you. As the Father hath sent me, I also send you.

Darby Bible Translation
[Jesus] said therefore again to them, Peace [be] to you: as the Father sent me forth, I also send you.

English Revised Version
Jesus therefore said to them again, Peace be unto you: as the Father hath sent me, even so send I you.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be to you: as my Father hath sent me, even so I send you.

Weymouth New Testament
A second time, therefore, He said to them, "Peace be to you! As the Father sent me, I also now send you."

World English Bible
Jesus therefore said to them again, "Peace be to you. As the Father has sent me, even so I send you."

Young's Literal Translation
Jesus, therefore, said to them again, 'Peace to you; according as the Father hath sent me, I also send you;'
Study Bible
Jesus Appears to the Disciples
20After He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. The disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord. 21Again Jesus said to them, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent Me, so also I am sending you.” 22When He had said this, He breathed on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit.…
Cross References
Luke 24:36
While they were describing these events, Jesus Himself stood among them and said, "Peace be with you."

John 3:17
For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through Him.

John 14:27
Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled; do not be afraid.

John 17:18
As You sent Me into the world, I have also sent them into the world.

John 20:19
It was the first day of the week, and that very evening, while the disciples were together with the doors locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them. "Peace be with you!" He said to them.

John 20:22
When He had said this, He breathed on them and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit.

John 20:26
Eight days later, His disciples were once again inside with the doors locked, and Thomas was with them. Jesus came and stood among them and said, "Peace be with you."

Acts 1:2
until the day He was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles He had chosen.

3 John 1:14
Instead, I hope to see you soon and speak face to face. Peace to you. The friends here send you greetings. Greet each of our friends there by name.
Treasury of Scripture

Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be to you: as my Father has sent me, even so send I you.

Peace.

John 14:27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give to you: not as the world …

as.

John 13:20 Truly, truly, I say to you, He that receives whomsoever I send receives …

John 17:18,19 As you have sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them …

John 21:15-17 So when they had dined, Jesus said to Simon Peter, Simon, son of …

Isaiah 63:1-3 Who is this that comes from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? …

Matthew 10:16,40 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the middle of wolves: be you …

Matthew 28:18-20 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me …

Mark 16:15-18 And he said to them, Go you into all the world, and preach the gospel …

Luke 24:47-49 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his …

Acts 1:8 But you shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come on …

2 Timothy 2:2 And the things that you have heard of me among many witnesses, the …

Hebrews 3:1 Why, holy brothers, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the …

(21) Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you.--These words may be here a solemn repetition of the greeting in John 20:19, by which our Lord's own message of peace is immediately connected with that which the Apostles were to deliver to the world. It is, however, more natural to understand the words in John 20:19 as those of greeting, and these as words of farewell. (Comp. John 14:27.) Other words had intervened, as we know from St. Luke's narrative. He is now about to withdraw the evidence of His presence from them, and does so with the customary "Shal?m;" but with this He reminds them of the apostleship to which He has called them, gives them an earnest of the Presence which will never leave them, but always qualify them for it (John 20:22), and places before them the greatness of the work to which He sends them (John 20:23).

As my (better, the) Father hath sent me, even so send I you.--Comp. Note on John 17:18, where the words occur in prayer to the Father. As spoken here to the disciples 'they are the identification of them with Himself in His mediatorial work. He is the great Apostle (Hebrews 3:1); they are ambassadors for Christ, to whom He commits the ministry of reconciliation (2Corinthians 5:18 et seq.). He stands in the same relation to the Father as that in which they stand to Him. He declares to them, and they in His name are to declare to the world, the fulness of the Father's love, and the peace between man and God, witnessed to in His life and death. He and they stand also in the same relation to the world. At this very moment they are assembled with shut doors, for fear of the Jews, who are triumphing over Him as dead. But to that world, which will hate, persecute, and kill them, as it had hated, persecuted, and killed Him, they are sent as He was sent; they are to declare forgiveness, mercy, love, peace, as He had declared them, to every heart that does not harden itself against them; and they are to find in His presence, as He had ever found in the Father's presence, the support which will ever bring peace to their own hearts (John 14:27).

And when he had said this, he breathed on them.--The word rendered "breathed" occurs nowhere else in the New Testament, but was familiar from its use in the Greek (LXX.) of Genesis 2:7. St. John uses to describe this act of the risen Lord the striking word which had been used to describe the act by which God breathed into man's nostrils the breath of life. He writes as one who remembered how the influence of that moment on their future lives was a new spiritual creation, by which they were called, as it were, out of death into life. It was the first step in that great moral change which passed over the disciples after the Crucifixion, and of which the day of Pentecost witnessed the accomplishment.

And saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost.--These words are not, on the one hand, to be understood as simply a promise of the future gift of the Holy Ghost, for they are a definite imperative, referring to the moment when they were spoken; nor are they, on the other hand, to be taken as the promised advent of the Paraclete (John 14:16 et seq.), for the gift of the Holy Ghost was not yet, because Jesus was not yet glorified (John 7:39; John 16:7 et seq.). The meaning is that He then gave to them a sign, which was itself to faithful hearts as the firstfruits of that which was to come. His act was sacramental, and with the outer and visible sign there was the inward and spiritual grace. The very word used was that used when He said to them, "Take (receive ye), eat; this is My body" (Matthew 26:26; Mark 14:22). It would come to them now with a fulness of sacred meaning. The Risen Body is present with them. The constant spiritual Presence in the person of the Paraclete is promised to them. They again hear the words "Receive ye," and the very command implies the power to obey. (Comp. Excursus C: The Sacramental Teaching of St. John's Gospel, p. 556.)

Verses 21-23. -

(4) Peace, spiration of the Holy Spirit, and conference of power to remit or retain sin. Verse 21. - Therefore [Jesus] said unto them again, Peace be unto you. With added emphasis, and in obvious reference to his valedictory discourse, he gave to them the essence of his own sublime repose, the blending of an infinite joy with a measureless sorrow; the equilibrium that springs from the spirit mastering the flesh. Not an ecstatic rapture, nor a joy that would make their life on earth insupportable by its contrast with their abiding frame of mind; but peace - "the peace of God, which passeth understanding." The first "peace" gave to all who were assembled a new revelation; the second "peace," a summons to service. The Lord added the memorable words, As the Father hath sent me (ἀπέσταλκε, hath sent me on a special commission), I also send you (πέμπω, charge you to go forth and accomplish this commission of mine); see Westcott's excursus on the New Testament usage of the two verbs, which does much to justify these shades of meaning. Both verbs are used of both the mission of the Son and the mission of believers, but in the two senses,

(1) that sometimes the special service on which he or they are sent is emphasized by the use of ἀποστέλλω; and

(2) that at other times the simple mission or sending forth is the dominant idea when πέμπω is employed. Thus in John 4:38 the Lord says, "I sent (ἀπέστειλα) you to reap that on which ye bestowed no labor;" and John 17:18 (see note) the same word is appropriately used twice - for the Lord's own commission, and also for the commission of the disciples. Then it seems to point back to an event in their history and the work done already and before Christ's death for the world. Now the disciples have a new conception of Christ and of his work, and they must go forth to fulfill it. This usage of ἀποστέλλω is more or less conspicuous in John 1:6; John 3:28; John 5:33; John 18:24. Πέμπω is used often to describe the Father's mission of the Son, the mission of the Comforter, and the mission of the disciples (John 13:20; John 14:26; John 16:7). Moulton says, " Ἀροστέλλω means 'commission' and πέπμω 'mission.' With the first word our thoughts turn to the 'special embassy;' with the second, to the authority of the ' ambassador' and the obedience of the sent." Another peculiarity of this passage is that the Lord uses the perfect tense, ἀπέσταλκε, rather than the aorist used elsewhere, suggesting a complete commission on his own side, whose meaning and effects are still in operation. Those who have received this revelation are to become at once witnesses to the fact of his resurrection, agents and organs of his Spirit. Moulton suggests that τέμπω is used in order to enforce the physical separation between the Lord and his disciples; and that we cannot overlook in the similarity of the ideas the difference in the manner of the sending, by the Savior of the disciples, from the manner in which the Son had been sent by the Father. Christ came forth from the eternal companionship of the Father, in the fact of his incarnation, taking humanity up into his eternal substance. The disciples were sent forth by the risen Lord, who had called them by grace into fellowship with himself, and who equipped them for his service. The difference in these two methods of sending is as conspicuous as the resemblance. Then said Jesus to them again,.... The words he said before:

peace be unto you; which he repeated, to put them out of their fright, by reason of which they returned him no answer; and to raise and engage their attention to what he was about to say; and to pacify their consciences, distressed with a sense of their conduct towards him; and with a view to the Gospel of peace, he was now going to send them to preach:

as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you; Christ's mission of his disciples, supposes power in him, honour done to them, authority put upon them, qualifications given them, and hence success attended them; what they were sent to do, was to preach the Gospel, convert sinners, build up saints, plant churches, and administer ordinances. The pattern of their mission, is the mission of Christ by his Father, which was into this world, to do his will, preach the Gospel, work miracles, and obtain eternal redemption for his people; and which mission does not suppose inferiority in his divine person, nor change of place, but harmony and agreement between the Father and Son: the likeness of these missions lies in these things; their authority is both divine; they are both sent into the same place, the world; and in much the same condition, mean, despicable, hated and persecuted; and in part for the same end, to preach the Gospel, and work miracles, for the confirmation of it; but not to obtain redemption, that being a work done solely by Christ; in which he has no partner, and to whom the glory must be only ascribed. 21. Then said Jesus—prepared now to listen to Him in a new character.

Peace be unto you. As my Father hath sent me, so send I you—(See on [1918]Joh 17:18).20:19-25 This was the first day of the week, and this day is afterwards often mentioned by the sacred writers; for it was evidently set apart as the Christian sabbath, in remembrance of Christ's resurrection. The disciples had shut the doors for fear of the Jews; and when they had no such expectation, Jesus himself came and stood in the midst of them, having miraculously, though silently, opened the doors. It is a comfort to Christ's disciples, when their assemblies can only be held in private, that no doors can shut out Christ's presence. When He manifests his love to believers by the comforts of his Spirit, he assures them that because he lives, they shall live also. A sight of Christ will gladden the heart of a disciple at any time; and the more we see of Jesus, the more we shall rejoice. He said, Receive ye the Holy Ghost, thus showing that their spiritual life, as well as all their ability for their work, would be derived from him, and depended upon him. Every word of Christ which is received in the heart by faith, comes accompanied by this Divine breathing; and without this there is neither light nor life. Nothing is seen, known, discerned, or felt of God, but through this. After this, Christ directed the apostles to declare the only method by which sin would be forgiven. This power did not exist at all in the apostles as a power to give judgment, but only as a power to declare the character of those whom God would accept or reject in the day of judgment. They have clearly laid down the marks whereby a child of God may be discerned and be distinguished from a false professor; and according to what they have declared shall every case be decided in the day of judgment. When we assemble in Christ's name, especially on his holy day, he will meet with us, and speak peace to us. The disciples of Christ should endeavour to build up one another in their most holy faith, both by repeating what they have heard to those that were absent, and by making known what they have experienced. Thomas limited the Holy One of Israel, when he would be convinced by his own method or not at all. He might justly have been left in his unbelief, after rejecting such abundant proofs. The fears and sorrows of the disciples are often lengthened, to punish their negligence.
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