Matthew 28:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.

New Living Translation
Jesus came and told his disciples, "I have been given all authority in heaven and on earth.

English Standard Version
And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.

New American Standard Bible
And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.

King James Bible
And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Jesus came near and said to them, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.

International Standard Version
Then Jesus approached them and told them, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.

NET Bible
Then Jesus came up and said to them, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Yeshua spoke with them and he said to them, “All authority has been given to me in Heaven and in the earth; in the manner in which my Father has sent me, I am sending you.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Jesus came near, he spoke to them. He said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Jesus came and spoke unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

King James 2000 Bible
And Jesus came and spoke unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

American King James Version
And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.

American Standard Version
And Jesus came to them and spake unto them, saying, All authority hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jesus coming up spoke to them, saying, All power has been given me in heaven and upon earth.

English Revised Version
And Jesus came to them and spake unto them, saying, All authority hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jesus came, and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me in heaven and upon earth.

Weymouth New Testament
Jesus however came near and said to them, "All power in Heaven and over the earth has been given to me.

World English Bible
Jesus came to them and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth.

Young's Literal Translation
And having come near, Jesus spake to them, saying, 'Given to me was all authority in heaven and on earth;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

28:16-20 This evangelist passes over other appearances of Christ, recorded by Luke and John, and hastens to the most solemn; one appointed before his death, and after his resurrection. All that see the Lord Jesus with an eye of faith, will worship him. Yet the faith of the sincere may be very weak and wavering. But Christ gave such convincing proofs of his resurrection, as made their faith to triumph over doubts. He now solemnly commissioned the apostles and his ministers to go forth among all nations. The salvation they were to preach, is a common salvation; whoever will, let him come, and take the benefit; all are welcome to Christ Jesus. Christianity is the religion of a sinner who applies for salvation from deserved wrath and from sin; he applies to the mercy of the Father, through the atonement of the incarnate Son, and by the sanctification of the Holy Spirit, and gives up himself to be the worshipper and servant of God, as the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, three Persons but one God, in all his ordinances and commandments. Baptism is an outward sign of that inward washing, or sanctification of the Spirit, which seals and evidences the believer's justification. Let us examine ourselves, whether we really possess the inward and spiritual grace of a death unto sin, and a new birth unto righteousness, by which those who were the children of wrath become the children of God. Believers shall have the constant presence of their Lord always; all days, every day. There is no day, no hour of the day, in which our Lord Jesus is not present with his churches and with his ministers; if there were, in that day, that hour, they would be undone. The God of Israel, the Saviour, is sometimes a God that hideth himself, but never a God at a distance. To these precious words Amen is added. Even so, Lord Jesus, be thou with us and all thy people; cause thy face to shine upon us, that thy way may be known upon earth, thy saving health among all nations.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 18. - Jesus came. Some medieval exegetes have deemed that this verse refers to the time of the ascension; but there is no valid reason for dissociating this portion from the rest of the account. If we do this, we lose the great reason for the oft-enjoined meeting on the Galilaean mountain, which seems to have been expressly and with much care arranged to notify at large the fact of Christ's Resurrection and of his supreme authority, and to convey the Lord's commission to the apostles in the presence of many witnesses. We may suppose that Jesus, who had been standing apart, now drew near to the company, so that all, especially the doubting, might see him closely and hear his familiar voice. Spake unto them (e)lalhsen au)toi = , talked unto them). Doubtless he said much more than is here recorded, resolving doubts, confirming faith, infusing comfort. "Thus it is even now; we worship him, and then he draws near, and, by his nearer approaches and secret manifestation of himself to our hearts, we are confirmed in the faith, and see in him God and man" (I. Williams). All power (ἐξιυσία) is given (ἐδόθη, was given) unto me in heaven and in earth. Jesus here asserts that he, as Son of man, has received from the Father supreme authority in heaven and earth, over the whole kingdom of God in its fullest extent. This is net given to him as Son o! God; for, as God, naught can be added to him or taken from him; it is a power which he has merited by his incarnation, death, and Passion (Philippians 2:8-10), which was foretold in the Old Testament, by psalmist (Psalm 2:8; Psalm 8:5-8) and prophet (Daniel 7:13, 14), and with which he was indued on the day that he rose victorious from the grave. So the verb "was given" is in the past tense, because it refers to the dotation arranged in God's eternal purpose, and to the actual investiture at the Resurrection. The power is exercised in his mediatorial kingdom, and will continue to be exercised till he hath put all enemies under his feet, and destroyed death itself (1 Corinthians 15:24-27); but his absolute kingdom is everlasting; as God and Man he reigns forever and ever. This mediatorial authority extends not only over men, so that he governs and protects the Church, disposes bureau events, controls hearts and opinions; but the forces of heaven also are at his command, the Holy Spirit is bestowed by him, the angels are in his employ as ministering to the members of his body.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Jesus came and spake unto them,.... To the eleven disciples and apostles; for though there might be so large a number as before observed, yet the following words were only spoken to the apostles:

saying, all power is given unto me in heaven and in earth; which is to be understood of him, not as God, who has the same original and underived power and authority over all creatures, and things in heaven and earth, as the Father has; but as mediator, to whom all things are delivered by the Father; and not of a power of doing this, or the other thing, or of omnipotence, being the Almighty; nor of doing miracles, and forgiving sins, which he had, and exercised before his death and resurrection, but of governing: he was king before, but his kingdom was not with observation; but now he was declared, and made manifest, to be both Lord and Christ; he had "all" power and authority for the settling the affairs of his church and kingdom, to appoint offices and officers in it, and, to bestow gifts upon men, to qualify them for the same, and to institute ordinances to be observed till his second coming: and this power of his reached to things in heaven; he having the angels in heaven subject to him, as ministering spirits to be sent forth by him at his pleasure; and all the gifts of the Spirit to dispose of as he thought good; and to things on earth, not only to the saints, whose King he is, and who are made willing to serve him; but to all flesh, to kings and princes, who rule and reign by him; and even to all the wicked of the world, who in some shape or another are made to subserve the ends of his mediatorial kingdom and government: and this is not usurped power, but what is given him, and what he has a right to exercise; having finished sin, abolished death, overcome the world, and destroyed the devil; and must reign till all enemies are subject to him: and this he says, and it was necessary to say it at this time, partly on account of his late sufferings and death, which were attended with weakness and reproach; and partly on account of the following commission he gives to his disciples, that it might be seen and believed, he had power and authority sufficient to give them such an one; as also to animate and encourage them under all the weakness, contempt, and persecution that should attend them in their ministry. The Syriac and Persic versions add, "as the Father hath sent me, even so I send you", as in John 20:21, from whence these words seem to be taken.



Matthew 28:18 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Great Commission
17When they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some were doubtful. 18And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19"Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,…
Cross References
Proverbs 8:15
By me kings reign and rulers issue decrees that are just;

Isaiah 9:6
For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Daniel 7:13
"In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence.

Matthew 11:27
"All things have been committed to me by my Father. No one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.

Matthew 26:64
"You have said so," Jesus replied. "But I say to all of you: From now on you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven."

Luke 1:33
and he will reign over Jacob's descendants forever; his kingdom will never end."

John 3:31
The one who comes from above is above all; the one who is from the earth belongs to the earth, and speaks as one from the earth. The one who comes from heaven is above all.

John 3:35
The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in his hands.

Acts 10:36
You know the message God sent to the people of Israel, announcing the good news of peace through Jesus Christ, who is Lord of all.

Romans 14:9
For this very reason, Christ died and returned to life so that he might be the Lord of both the dead and the living.

1 Corinthians 15:27
For he "has put everything under his feet." Now when it says that "everything" has been put under him, it is clear that this does not include God himself, who put everything under Christ.

Ephesians 1:20
he exerted when he raised Christ from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly realms,

Ephesians 1:21
far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every name that is invoked, not only in the present age but also in the one to come.

Philippians 2:9
Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name,

Colossians 2:10
and in Christ you have been brought to fullness. He is the head over every power and authority.

Hebrews 1:2
but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom also he made the universe.

1 Peter 3:22
who has gone into heaven and is at God's right hand--with angels, authorities and powers in submission to him.
Treasury of Scripture

And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.

All.

Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows the …

Matthew 16:28 Truly I say to you, There be some standing here, which shall not …

Psalm 2:6-9 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion…

Psalm 89:19,27 Then you spoke in vision to your holy one, and said, I have laid …

Psalm 110:1-3 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make …

Isaiah 9:6,7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government …

Daniel 7:14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that …

Luke 1:32,33 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and …

Luke 10:22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows who …

John 3:35 The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into his hand.

John 5:22-27 For the Father judges no man, but has committed all judgment to the Son…

John 13:3 Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, …

John 17:2 As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal …

Acts 2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God has …

Acts 10:36 The word which God sent to the children of Israel, preaching peace …

Romans 14:9 For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he …

1 Corinthians 15:27 For he has put all things under his feet. But when he said all things …

Ephesians 1:20-22 Which he worked in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and …

Philippians 2:9-11 Why God also has highly exalted him, and given him a name which is …

Colossians 1:16-19 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that …

Hebrews 1:2 Has in these last days spoken to us by his Son, whom he has appointed …

Hebrews 2:8 You have put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that …

1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels …

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying…

Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: …

Revelation 19:16 And he has on his clothing and on his thigh a name written, KING …

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