John 17:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For you granted him authority over all people that he might give eternal life to all those you have given him.

New Living Translation
For you have given him authority over everyone. He gives eternal life to each one you have given him.

English Standard Version
since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him.

New American Standard Bible
even as You gave Him authority over all flesh, that to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life.

King James Bible
As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
for You gave Him authority over all flesh; so He may give eternal life to all You have given Him.

International Standard Version
For you have given him authority over all humanity so that he might give eternal life to all those you gave him.

NET Bible
just as you have given him authority over all humanity, so that he may give eternal life to everyone you have given him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“Just as you have given him authority over all flesh, he will give eternal life to them, because you have given all things whatsoever unto him.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After all, you've given him authority over all humanity so that he can give eternal life to all those you gave to him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
as thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.

King James 2000 Bible
As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as you have given him.

American King James Version
As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as you have given him.

American Standard Version
even as thou gavest him authority over all flesh, that to all whom thou hast given him, he should give eternal life.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he may give eternal life to all whom thou hast given him.

Darby Bible Translation
as thou hast given him authority over all flesh, that [as to] all that thou hast given to him, he should give them life eternal.

English Revised Version
even as thou gavest him authority over all flesh, that whatsoever thou hast given him, to them he should give eternal life.

Webster's Bible Translation
As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.

Weymouth New Testament
even as Thou hast given Him authority over all mankind, so that on all whom Thou hast given Him He may bestow the Life of the Ages.

World English Bible
even as you gave him authority over all flesh, he will give eternal life to all whom you have given him.

Young's Literal Translation
according as Thou didst give to him authority over all flesh, that -- all that Thou hast given to him -- he may give to them life age-during;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

17:1-5 Our Lord prayed as a man, and as the Mediator of his people; yet he spoke with majesty and authority, as one with and equal to the Father. Eternal life could not be given to believers, unless Christ, their Surety, both glorified the Father, and was glorified of him. This is the sinner's way to eternal life, and when this knowledge shall be made perfect, holiness and happiness will be fully enjoyed. The holiness and happiness of the redeemed, are especially that glory of Christ, and of his Father, which was the joy set before him, for which he endured the cross and despised the shame; this glory was the end of the sorrow of his soul, and in obtaining it he was fully satisfied. Thus we are taught that our glorifying God is needed as an evidence of our interest in Christ, through whom eternal life is God's free gift.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - Even as thou gavest him authority - an indefeasible claim of influence and intimate organic relations with humanity - over all flesh. [This phrase answers to (col bosor) the Old Testament term for the whole of humanity, the entire race, and is one adopted by New Testament writers (Matthew 24:22; Luke 3:6; 1 Corinthians 1:29; Galatians 2:16).] This authority was implied in his incarnation and sacrifice, and in the recapitulation of all things in him. St. Paul says, "Because he tasted death for every man, God has highly exalted him, and given him the Name that is above every name," etc. These opening words reveal the universality and world-wide aspects of the mission and authority and saving power of the Son of God. He holds the keys of the kingdom and city of God. The government is upon his shoulder. Through him all the nations on earth are to be blessed. But the dependence of "all flesh" upon a Divine gift of eternal life through him is no less conspicuous; hence the hopelessness of human nature as it is and apart from grace. The end of this glorification of the Son in the Father is that, in the exercise of this authority, he may give eternal life to all whom thou hast given him. The construction is unusual, and literally rendered would be, that with reference to the whole of that which thou hast given him, to them he should give eternal life. The clause, πᾶν ὅ δέδωκας, may be a nominative or accusative absolute, which, by the defining αὐτοῖς, is subsequently resolved into individual elements. The redeemed humanity of all time has been given to the incarnate Son, and is undoubtedly different from the (πάσα σάρξ) "all flesh" of the previous clause, but it is further explained to mean the individual men and women who receive from him eternal life. The bestowment of eternal life on those thus given to him is the method in which he will glorify the Father (see notes on John 6:37, where the Father is said to draw men to himself by means of the unveiling of his own true character in the Son, and where this drawing is seen to be another way of describing the Father's gift to the Son). Those who are given to Christ are those who are drawn by the Father's grace to see his perfect self-revelation in the face of Jesus Christ, of whom Jesus says, "I will by no means cast them out" (John 6:37), and concerning whom he avers, "No one cometh unto the Father but by me" (John 14:6). Ζώη αἰώνιος, life eternal, is frequently described as his gift. From the first the evangelist has regarded ξώη as the inherent and inalienable prerogative of the "Logos," and the source of all the "light" which has lighted men. This "life," which is "light," came into the world in his birth, and became the head of a new humanity. It is clearly more than, and profoundly different from, the principle of unending existence. Life is more than perpetuity of being, and eternity is not endlessness, nor is "eternal life" a mere prolongation of duration; it refers rather to state and quality than to one condition of that state; it is the negation of time rather than indefinite or infinite prolongation of time. That which Christ gives to those who believe in him, receive him, is the life of God himself. It is strongly urged by many that this eternal life is a present realizable possession, that he that hath the Son hath life, and that we are to disregard the future in the conscious enjoyment of this blessedness; but we must not forget that our Lord obviously refers the life eternal to the future in Matthew 19:29; Mark 10:30; Luke 18:30; Matthew 25:46. Nor are these statements, as some have said, incompatible with the representations of this Gospel (see John 6:40, 54; John 11:25; John 12:25). The aionian blessedness may have a partial realization here and now, but not fill our vision is less clouded and our perils are less severe shall we fully apprehend it. Nor is this inconsistent with Ver. 3.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

As thou hast given him power over all flesh,.... All men, in distinction from angels; and these as fallen, as weak, frail, sinful, and mortal creatures; men of every nation, Jew or Gentile, and of every character, elect or non-elect: not but that he has also a power over angels; nor is his power over men limited to their "flesh" or bodies, but reaches to their spirits or souls also: which power is a governing, disposing, and judicial one; he rules them with a sceptre of righteousness, he disposes of them in providence as he pleases, and will judge them at the last day: and this is a power that is "given" him by his Father, and is not that original power over all things he has as God, and the Creator of them, which is natural, essential, and underived; but is a derived and delegated power, which he has as Mediator, as subservient to the ends and designs of his office: and as God glorified him as such, by giving him this power; so he glorifies him again, by acknowledging it, and by using it for the end for which it is given:

that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him; eternal life is a gift, and not owing to the merits of men; indeed there is no merit in men's works, no, not in the best; for these are previously due to God, cannot be profitable to him, if done aright, are not done in the creature's strength, but through the grace of God, and bear no proportion to eternal life; which is in Christ's gift: not only the promise of it is in him, but that itself; it is put into his hands, and he came into this world, that his people might have it; he has procured it, and has removed what lay in the way of their enjoyment of it; he has a right to bestow it, and their right unto it comes by him, through his blood and righteousness: the persons on whom he confers this gift, are not all men, but such as the Father in the everlasting covenant has given to him, as his people and portion, his spouse and children, his jewels and his treasure, to be saved and enjoyed by him; whom he has chosen and preserved in him, and made his care and charge; to these, and every one of these, Christ gives this great blessing; nor shalt any of them come short of it; and it is for the sake of this, that all creatures and things, all power in heaven and in earth, are given to him.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. given—gavest

him power over all flesh—(See on [1871]Mt 11:27; [1872]Mt 28:18-20).

give eternal life to as many as, &c.—literally, "to all that which thou hast given him." (See on [1873]Joh 6:37-40).

John 17:2 Additional Commentaries
Context
Prayer for the Son
1Jesus spoke these things; and lifting up His eyes to heaven, He said, "Father, the hour has come; glorify Your Son, that the Son may glorify You, 2even as You gave Him authority over all flesh, that to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life. 3"This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.…
Cross References
Matthew 11:27
"All things have been committed to me by my Father. No one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.

Matthew 25:46
"Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life."

John 3:35
The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in his hands.

John 6:27
Do not work for food that spoils, but for food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you. For on him God the Father has placed his seal of approval."

John 6:37
All those the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never drive away.

John 6:39
And this is the will of him who sent me, that I shall lose none of all those he has given me, but raise them up at the last day.

John 10:28
I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one will snatch them out of my hand.

John 17:6
"I have revealed you to those whom you gave me out of the world. They were yours; you gave them to me and they have obeyed your word.

John 17:9
I pray for them. I am not praying for the world, but for those you have given me, for they are yours.

John 17:24
"Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, and to see my glory, the glory you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world.
Treasury of Scripture

As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as you have given him.

As.

John 3:35 The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into his hand.

John 5:21-29 For as the Father raises up the dead, and vivifies them; even so …

Psalm 2:6-12 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion…

Psalm 110:1 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make …

Daniel 7:14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that …

Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows the …

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me …

1 Corinthians 15:25 For he must reign, till he has put all enemies under his feet.

Ephesians 1:20 Which he worked in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and …

Philippians 2:10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, …

Hebrews 1:2 Has in these last days spoken to us by his Son, whom he has appointed …

Hebrews 2:8,9 You have put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that …

1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels …

give.

John 17:24 Father, I will that they also, whom you have given me, be with me …

John 4:14 But whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst…

John 6:27,54-57 Labor not for the meat which perishes, but for that meat which endures …

John 10:28 And I give to them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither …

John 11:25,26 Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believes …

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life …

Colossians 3:3,4 For you are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God…

1 Timothy 1:16 However, for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus …

1 John 1:2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, …

1 John 2:25 And this is the promise that he has promised us, even eternal life.

1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and has given us an understanding, …

Jude 1:21 Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our …

many.

John 6:37,39 All that the Father gives me shall come to me; and him that comes …

John 10:29 My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is …

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