Revelation 1:18
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
I am the Living One; I was dead, and now look, I am alive for ever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades.

New Living Translation
I am the living one. I died, but look--I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and the grave.

English Standard Version
and the living one. I died, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.

Berean Study Bible
the Living One. I was dead, and behold, now I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of Death and of Hades.

Berean Literal Bible
and the Living One. And I was dead, and behold I am living to the ages of the ages, and I have the keys of Death and of Hades.

New American Standard Bible
and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

King James Bible
I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and the Living One. I was dead, but look--I am alive forever and ever, and I hold the keys of death and Hades.

International Standard Version
the living one. I was dead—but look!—I am alive forever and ever! I have the keys of Death and Hades.

NET Bible
and the one who lives! I was dead, but look, now I am alive--forever and ever--and I hold the keys of death and of Hades!

New Heart English Bible
and the Living one. I was dead, but look, I am alive forevermore. I have the keys of Death and of hell.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
I am he who lived and died, and behold, I am alive to the eternity of eternities, amen, and I have the key of Death and of Sheol.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
the living one. I was dead, but now I am alive forever. I have the keys of death and hell.

New American Standard 1977
and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and he that lives and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen, and have the keys of Hades and of death.

King James 2000 Bible
I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive forevermore, Amen; and have the keys of hades and of death.

American King James Version
I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever more, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

American Standard Version
and the Living one; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive for evermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And alive, and was dead, and behold I am living for ever and ever, and have the keys of death and of hell.

Darby Bible Translation
and the living one: and I became dead, and behold, I am living to the ages of ages, and have the keys of death and of hades.

English Revised Version
and the Living one; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive for evermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

Webster's Bible Translation
I am he that liveth, and was dead; and behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

Weymouth New Testament
I died; but I am now alive until the Ages of the Ages, and I have the keys of the gates of Death and of Hades!

World English Bible
and the Living one. I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. I have the keys of Death and of Hades.

Young's Literal Translation
and he who is living, and I did become dead, and, lo, I am living to the ages of the ages. Amen! and I have the keys of the hades and of the death.
Study Bible
John's Vision on Patmos
17When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. But He placed His right hand on me and said, “Do not be afraid. I am the First and the Last, 18the Living One. I was dead, and behold, now I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of Death and of Hades. 19Therefore write down the things you have seen, and the things that are, and the things that will happen after this.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 2:6
"The LORD kills and makes alive; He brings down to Sheol and raises up.

Job 38:17
"Have the gates of death been revealed to you, Or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?

Matthew 11:23
And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted up to heaven? No, you will descend to Hades! For if the miracles that were performed in you had happened in Sodom, it would have remained to this day.

Matthew 16:19
I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven."

Luke 24:5
As the women bowed their faces to the ground in terror, the two men asked them, "Why do you look for the living among the dead?

John 11:25
Jesus said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me will live, even though he dies.

Romans 6:9
For we know that since Christ was raised from the dead, He cannot die again; death no longer has dominion over Him.

Romans 14:9
For this reason Christ died and returned to life, so that He might be the Lord of both the dead and the living.

Revelation 2:8
To the angel of the church in Smyrna write: These are the words of the First and the Last, who died and returned to life.

Revelation 3:7
To the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: These are the words of the One who is holy and true, who holds the key of David. What He opens, no one will shut; and what He shuts, no one will open.
Treasury of Scripture

I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever more, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

that liveth.

Job 19:25 For I know that my redeemer lives, and that he shall stand at the …

Psalm 18:46 The LORD lives; and blessed be my rock; and let the God of my salvation …

John 14:19 Yet a little while, and the world sees me no more; but you see me: …

Romans 6:9 Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dies no more; death …

2 Corinthians 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he lives by the …

Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ …

Colossians 3:3 For you are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God.

Hebrews 7:25 Why he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come to God …

was.

Romans 14:8,9 For whether we live, we live to the Lord; and whether we die, we …

2 Corinthians 5:14,15 For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that …

Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his …

Hebrews 12:2 Looking to Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the …

I am alive.

Revelation 4:9 And when those beasts give glory and honor and thanks to him that …

Revelation 5:14 And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell …

Hebrews 7:16,25 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after …

the keys.

Revelation 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things …

Revelation 9:1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven to …

Revelation 20:1,2,14 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless …

Psalm 68:20 He that is our God is the God of salvation; and to GOD the Lord belong …

Isaiah 22:22 And the key of the house of David will I lay on his shoulder; so …

Matthew 16:19 And I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatever …

(18) I am he that liveth, and was dead.--Better, and the living One (omit the words "I am"); and I became dead; and, behold, I am alive (or, I am living) unto the ages of ages (or, for evermore), "Amen" is omitted in the best MSS. This verse must be carefully kept in connection with the preceding, as the description should go on without pause. He is the living One--not merely one who once was alive, or is now alive--but the One who has "life in Himself, and the fountain and source of life to others, John 1:4; John 14:6; the One who hath immortality," 1Timothy 6:16 (Trench). Yet He became dead. There are two wonders here: the living One becomes dead, and the dead One is alive for evermore. It is another form of the glorious truth and paradox of which the Apostles were so fond (Philippians 2:8-9; Hebrews 2:9). Comp. Christ's words, Luke 9:24, and Luke 13:43, which contain promises which He only could make who could say, "I have the keys of death and of Hades." The order of these words has been transposed in our English version. The true order is the more appropriate order, "For Hades is the vast unseen realm into which men are ushered by death; dark and mysterious as that realm was, and dreaded as was its monarch, our risen Lord has both under His power. The keys are the emblems of His right and authority." (Comp. Revelation 3:7-8.) It is not of the second death that He speaks; our Lord is here seen as the conqueror of that clouded region, and that resistless foe which man dreaded. (Comp. John 11:25; Hebrews 2:15.) Comp. Henry Vaughan's quaint poem "An Easter Hymn"--

"Death and darkness get you packing,

Nothing now to man is lacking;

All your triumphs now are ended,

And what Adam marred is mended;

Graves are beds now for the weary,

Death a nap to wake more merry.

Christ had spoken before of the gates of hell (Matthew 16:18), and of the keys. (Comp. also 1Peter 3:19.) The key of the grave was one of the four keys which the Eternal King committed to no ministering angel, but reserved for himself (so Targum and Talmud). The whole verse affirms the undying power and inalienable authority of our Master, and is a fitting prelude to a book which is to show the inherent divine tenacity of Christianity. The Church lives on because Christ its Head lives on (John 14:19). The resurrection power which the Lord showed is to be reflected in the history of His Church. "The greatest honour is due to Christianity," says Goethe, "for continually proving its pure and noble origin by coming forth again, after the great aberrations into which human perversity has led it, more speedily than was expected, with its primitive special charm as a mission. . . . for the relief of human necessity"

Verse 18. - I am he that liveth. This should be joined with what precedes. "I am the First and the Last, and the Living One; and I became dead, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades." "Became" or "came to be" (ἐγενόμην), as in vers. 9 and 10, indicates an exceptional condition. The "Amen" has been improperly inserted after "forevermore" (see on "forever and ever," in ver. 6) from liturgical usage. Most English versions omit it. The keys, as so often, are the sign of authority (Revelation 3:7; Revelation 9:1; Revelation 20:1; Matthew 16:19). Christ, as the absolutely Living One, who "has life in himself" and is the Source of life in others, has control, not merely over the passage from this world to the other, but over the other world itself. He can recall departed souls from their resting place. The error of rendering Αιδης "hell" has often been pointed out; it is not a place of punishment, but the temporary home of the departed, who are awaiting the day of judgment. "Death," in all the best manuscripts and versions precedes "Hades;" and this is the logical order. I am he that liveth,.... As the eternal God, who has life in himself, originally, essentially, and inderivatively, and is the fountain and author of life to others; and who ever lived as the Mediator and Redeemer, and still does, and ever will, yea, even when he was dead as man:

and was dead; he died the death of the cross, for the sins of his people, in due time, and but once; and it was but a short time he was held under the power of death, and will never die any more:

and behold I am alive for evermore, Amen; he was always alive as God, or he was always the living God, and ever will be; and he is now alive as man, and will for ever continue so; and he is alive to God, he lives by him, with him, and to his glory; and he is alive to the benefit and advantage of his redeemed ones, for whom he died; he ever lives to make intercession for them; he rose again from the dead for their justification; their being quickened together with him, and their being begotten again to a lively hope, are owing to his being alive; and as their reconciliation is by his death, so their salvation, or the application of it to them, is by his interceding life; and his resurrection is the cause of theirs: this is very fitly said to John, who was fallen as dead at the feet of Christ, and might be to animate him against the fears of death, or whatever he was to meet with on account of Christ; as well as to make himself known unto him, who had before known him, living, dying, and risen again. The word "Amen" is left out in the Alexandrian copy, the Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Ethiopic versions; but is in others, and is rightly retained, either as an asseveration of Christ to the truth of what is before said, or as an assent of John's unto it, who was a proper witness both of the death and resurrection of Christ:

and have the keys of hell and death; or "of death and hell"; as the words are transposed in the Alexandrian copy and Complutensian edition, in the Vulgate Latin and in all the Oriental versions, agreeably to Revelation 6:8, by which phrase is expressed the power of Christ over both: his power over death is seen in taking away persons by death when he pleases, the instances of Ananias and Sapphira are proofs of this; and in delivering persons from death when near it, as the centurion's servant, Peter's wife's mother, and the nobleman's son of Capernaum; and in raising persons from the dead, as Jairus's daughter, the widow of Naam's son, and Lazarus, when he was here on earth; and in his raising up his own body when dead, and which will also appear in raising all the dead at the last day: and his power over "hell", by which may be meant the grave, or the place of the departed, and separate souls, or the place of the damned and of the devils which are there, will be seen in opening the graves at the time of the resurrection, when death and hell, or the grave, will deliver up the dead in them, at his command; and in retaining or sending out the separate souls "in hades"; and in opening the doors of hell, and casting in the wicked, and destroying them, soul and body, there; and in shutting them up, that they cannot come out from thence who are once in; and in binding Satan, and casting him into the bottomless pit, and shutting him up there, the key of which he has in his hand; and in preserving his church and people from his power and malice, so that the gates of hell cannot prevail against them. This is an expression of the sovereignty, power, and authority of Christ; and is designed to encourage and support John under his present concern and anxiety of mind about the person he saw in this vision: , "the key of the grave", and of the resurrection of the dead, is frequently said by the Jews to be one of the keys which are in the hands of the holy blessed God, and his only; not in the hands of an angel or a seraph, or any other (u),

(u) Bereshit Rabba, sect. 73. fol. 64. 3. Targum Jerus. in Genesis 30.21. & Jon in Deuteronomy 28.12. Zohar in Gen. fol. 67. 3. Pirke Eliezer, c. 34. T. Bab. Taanith, fol. 2. 1. & Sandedrin, fol. 113. 1.18. Translate as Greek, "And THE Living One": connected with last sentence, Re 1:17.

and was—Greek, "and (yet) I became."

alive for evermore—Greek, "living unto the ages of ages": not merely "I live," but I have life, and am the source of it to My people. "To Him belongs absolute being, as contrasted with the relative being of the creature; others may share, He only hath immortality: being in essence, not by mere participation, immortal" [Theodoret in Trench]. One oldest manuscript, with English Version, reads Amen." Two others, and most of the oldest versions and Fathers, omit it. His having passed through death as one of us, and now living in the infinite plenitude of life, reassures His people, since through Him death is the gate of resurrection to eternal life.

have … keys of hell—Greek, "Hades"; Hebrew, "Sheol." "Hell" in the sense, the place of torment, answers to a different Greek word, namely, Gehenna. I can release from the unseen world of spirits and from DEATH whom I will. The oldest manuscripts read by transposition, "Death and Hades," or Hell." It is death (which came in by sin, robbing man of his immortal birthright, Ro 5:12) that peoples Hades, and therefore should stand first in order. Keys are emblems of authority, opening and shutting at will "the gates of Hades" (Ps 9:13, 14; Isa 38:10; Mt 16:18).1:12-20 The churches receive their light from Christ and the gospel, and hold it forth to others. They are golden candlesticks; they should be precious and pure; not only the ministers, but the members of the churches; their light should so shine before men, as to engage others to give glory to God. And the apostle saw as though of the Lord Jesus Christ appeared in the midst of the golden candlesticks. He is with his churches always, to the end of the world, filling them with light, and life, and love. He was clothed with a robe down to the feet, perhaps representing his righteousness and priesthood, as Mediator. This vest was girt with a golden girdle, which may denote how precious are his love and affection for his people. His head and hairs white like wool and as snow, may signify his majesty, purity, and eternity. His eyes as a flame of fire, may represent his knowledge of the secrets of all hearts, and of the most distant events. His feet like fine brass burning in a furnace, may denote the firmness of his appointments, and the excellence of his proceedings. His voice as the sound of many waters, may represent the power of his word, to remove or to destroy. The seven stars were emblems of the ministers of the seven churches to which the apostle was ordered to write, and whom Christ upheld and directed. The sword represented his justice, and his word, piercing to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, Heb 4:12. His countenance was like the sun, when it shines clearly and powerfully; its strength too bright and dazzling for mortal eyes to behold. The apostle was overpowered with the greatness of the lustre and glory in which Christ appeared. We may well be contented to walk by faith, while here upon earth. The Lord Jesus spake words of comfort; Fear not. Words of instruction; telling who thus appeared. And his Divine nature; the First and the Last. His former sufferings; I was dead: the very same whom his disciples saw upon the cross. His resurrection and life; I have conquered death, and am partaker of endless life. His office and authority; sovereign dominion in and over the invisible world, as the Judge of all, from whose sentence there is no appeal. Let us listen to the voice of Christ, and receive the tokens of his love, for what can he withhold from those for whose sins he has died? May we then obey his word, and give up ourselves wholly to him who directs all things aright.
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NT Prophecy: Revelation 1:18 And the Living one (Rev. Re Apocalypse) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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