John 4:38
Parallel Verses
New International Version
I sent you to reap what you have not worked for. Others have done the hard work, and you have reaped the benefits of their labor."

New Living Translation
I sent you to harvest where you didn't plant; others had already done the work, and now you will get to gather the harvest."

English Standard Version
I sent you to reap that for which you did not labor. Others have labored, and you have entered into their labor.”

New American Standard Bible
"I sent you to reap that for which you have not labored; others have labored and you have entered into their labor."

King James Bible
I sent you to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labour: other men laboured, and ye are entered into their labours.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I sent you to reap what you didn't labor for; others have labored, and you have benefited from their labor."

International Standard Version
I have sent you to harvest what you have not worked for. Others have worked, and you have adopted their work as your own."

NET Bible
I sent you to reap what you did not work for; others have labored and you have entered into their labor."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
I sent you to harvest something in which you were not laboring, for another labored and you have entered upon their labors.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I have sent you to harvest a crop you have not worked for. Other people have done the hard work, and you have followed them in their work."

Jubilee Bible 2000
I have sent you to reap that upon which ye bestowed no labour; others laboured, and ye have entered into their labours.

King James 2000 Bible
I sent you to reap that on which you bestowed no labor: other men labored, and you are entered into their labors.

American King James Version
I sent you to reap that where on you bestowed no labor: other men labored, and you are entered into their labors.

American Standard Version
I sent you to reap that whereon ye have not labored: others have labored, and ye are entered into their labor.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I have sent you to reap that in which you did not labour: others have laboured, and you have entered into their labours.

Darby Bible Translation
I have sent you to reap that on which ye have not laboured; others have laboured, and ye have entered into their labours.

English Revised Version
I sent you to reap that whereon ye have not laboured: others have laboured, and ye are entered into their labour.

Webster's Bible Translation
I sent you to reap that on which ye bestowed no labor: other men labored, and ye have entered into their labors.

Weymouth New Testament
I sent you to reap a harvest which is not the result of your own labours. Others have laboured, and you are getting benefit from their labours."

World English Bible
I sent you to reap that for which you haven't labored. Others have labored, and you have entered into their labor."

Young's Literal Translation
I sent you to reap that on which ye have not laboured; others laboured, and ye into their labour have entered.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:27-42 The disciples wondered that Christ talked thus with a Samaritan. Yet they knew it was for some good reason, and for some good end. Thus when particular difficulties occur in the word and providence of God, it is good to satisfy ourselves that all is well that Jesus Christ says and does. Two things affected the woman. The extent of his knowledge. Christ knows all the thoughts, words, and actions, of all the children of men. And the power of his word. He told her secret sins with power. She fastened upon that part of Christ's discourse, many would think she would have been most shy of repeating; but the knowledge of Christ, into which we are led by conviction of sin, is most likely to be sound and saving. They came to him: those who would know Christ, must meet him where he records his name. Our Master has left us an example, that we may learn to do the will of God as he did; with diligence, as those that make a business of it; with delight and pleasure in it. Christ compares his work to harvest-work. The harvest is appointed and looked for before it comes; so was the gospel. Harvest-time is busy time; all must be then at work. Harvest-time is a short time, and harvest-work must be done then, or not at all; so the time of the gospel is a season, which if once past, cannot be recalled. God sometimes uses very weak and unlikely instruments for beginning and carrying on a good work. Our Saviour, by teaching one poor woman, spread knowledge to a whole town. Blessed are those who are not offended at Christ. Those taught of God, are truly desirous to learn more. It adds much to the praise of our love to Christ and his word, if it conquers prejudices. Their faith grew. In the matter of it: they believed him to be the Saviour, not only of the Jews but of the world. In the certainty of it: we know that this is indeed the Christ. And in the ground of it, for we have heard him ourselves.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 38. - If this be the meaning, then, in the following verse, the whole conception of their relation to the past and dependence upon it is singled out for additional comment. I have sent you, and am now sending you, to reap that whereon ye have not toiled to weariness. The idea of sowing (σπείρειν) is now expanded to (κοπιᾶν) exhausting toil; i.e. to all the laborious preparation of the soil for the seed, clearing of the forest, and ploughing on the rocky places, the cultivation of the jungle and fen. Much has been done by those who have gone before you. Others have toiled thus; their footmarks are red with blood, their tears have watered the earth, and ye have entered (and are now entering) into their toil. There is no limitation here to the cycles of work and suffering, of disappointment and apparent failure which have preceded you. The "others" is surely not a pleonasm for himself, he does verily associate with himself all his forerunners. This κόπος is far more than the mere sowing of seed or diffusion of truth, and they who have during many centuries contributed of their life to the creation of the state of mind which makes these people susceptible to the truth, have prepared the way of the disciples. In a fit place, and in the fulness of the times, he came. The disciples of Jesus, moreover, have always had a greater or less degree of pioneer work to do. The efforts of the missionary Church may be represented at all times as toiling as well as sowing. Each generation of labourers in the great field of love to man enters upon work and toil which its precursors have originated. The Tubingen critics here, true to their theory of the origin of the Fourth Gospel in the second century, suppose that, by the "others," Jesus is supposed to mean Philip the evangelist, and, by the "reapers," Peter and John, who entered into his labours, in Acts 8:15. Hilgenfeld thinks by the "others" was meant Paul, and by the "reapers" the twelve apostles, who sought to enter upon his work and appropriate its fruit. Thoma has followed vigorously along the same lines, and supposes that the Pauline thought 1 Corinthians 3:6-8, and the story of the conversion of the Samaritans and of the heathen world to the Church, are here forthshadowed by the fourth evangelist.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

I sent you to reap,.... To preach the Gospel, and gather in souls by your ministry; referring to the mission of them in Matthew 10:6;

that whereon ye bestowed no labour; being sent to the Jews, who had the writings of the prophets, and were versed in them; and had learned from them that the Messiah was to come, and were now in general expectation of him; so that they had nothing more to do, than to declare to those persons who were cultivated by the prophets, and were like to ground tilled and manured, that the Messiah was come, and the kingdom of heaven was at hand.

Other men laboured; the prophets, and John the Baptist:

and ye are entered into their labours; to finish the work they had begun, and which was almost done to their hands.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

38. I sent you, &c.—The I is emphatic—I, the Lord of the whole harvest: "sent you," points to their past appointment to the apostleship, though it has reference only to their future discharge of it, for they had nothing to do with the present ingathering of the Sycharites.

ye bestowed no labour—meaning that much of their future success would arise from the preparation already made for them. (See on [1780]Joh 4:42).

others laboured—Referring to the Old Testament laborers, the Baptist, and by implication Himself, though He studiously keeps this in the background, that the line of distinction between Himself and all His servants might not be lost sight of. "Christ represents Himself as the Husbandman [rather the Lord of the laborers], who has the direction both of the sowing and of the harvest, who commissions all the agents—those of the Old Testament as well as of the New—and therefore does not stand on a level with either the sowers or the reapers" [Olshausen].

John 4:38 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Disciples Return and Marvel
37"For in this case the saying is true, 'One sows and another reaps.' 38"I sent you to reap that for which you have not labored; others have labored and you have entered into their labor."
Cross References
John 4:37
Thus the saying 'One sows and another reaps' is true.

John 4:39
Many of the Samaritans from that town believed in him because of the woman's testimony, "He told me everything I ever did."

John 17:18
As you sent me into the world, I have sent them into the world.

2 Corinthians 10:15
Neither do we go beyond our limits by boasting of work done by others. Our hope is that, as your faith continues to grow, our sphere of activity among you will greatly expand,
Treasury of Scripture

I sent you to reap that where on you bestowed no labor: other men labored, and you are entered into their labors.

sent.

Acts 2:41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same …

Acts 4:4,32 However, many of them which heard the word believed; and the number …

Acts 5:14 And believers were the more added to the Lord, multitudes both of …

Acts 6:7 And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied …

Acts 8:4-8,14-17 Therefore they that were scattered abroad went every where preaching the word…

other.

John 1:7 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all …

2 Chronicles 36:15 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, …

Jeremiah 44:4 However, I sent to you all my servants the prophets, rising early …

Matthew 3:1-6 In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea…

Matthew 4:23 And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and …

Matthew 11:8-13 But what went you out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? …

Acts 10:37,38,42,43 That word, I say, you know, which was published throughout all Judaea, …

1 Peter 1:11,12 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which …

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