petra: a (large mass of) rockOriginal Word: πέτρα, ας, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Phonetic Spelling: (pet'-ra)
Short Definition: rock
Definition: a rock, ledge, cliff, cave, stony ground.
4073 pétra (a feminine noun) – "a mass of connected rock," which is distinct from 4074 (Pétros) which is "a detached stone or boulder" (A-S). 4073 (pétra) is a "solid or native rock, rising up through the earth" (Souter) – a huge mass of rock (a boulder), such as a projecting cliff.
4073 (petra) is "a projecting rock, cliff (feminine noun) . . . 4074 (petros, the masculine form) however is a stone . . . such as a man might throw" (S. Zodhiates, Dict).
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a prim. word
a (large mass of) rock
rock (10), rocks (3), rocky (2).
Thayer's Greek LexiconSTRONGS NT 4073: πέτρα
πέτρα, πέτρας, ἡ, from Homer down; the Sept. for סֶלַע and צוּר; a rock, ledge, cliff;
c. metaphorically, a man like a rock, by reason of his firmness and strength of soul: Matthew 16:18 (some interpretations regard the distinction (generally observed in classic Greek; see the commentaries and cf. Schmidt, Syn., chapter 51, §§ 4-6) between πέτρα, the massive living rock, and πέτρος, a detached but large fragment, as important for the correct understanding of this passage; others explain the different genders here as due first to the personal then to the material reference. Cf. Meyer, Keil, others; Green, Critical Note on John 1:43). Feminine of the same as Petros; a (mass of) rock (literally or figuratively) -- rock. see GREEK Petros
Feminine of the same as Petros; a (mass of) rock (literally or figuratively) -- rock.
see GREEK Petros
Englishman's ConcordanceStrong's Greek 4073
πέτρᾳ — 4 Occ.
πέτραι — 1 Occ.
πέτραις — 1 Occ.
πέτραν — 5 Occ.
πέτρας — 4 Occ.
Matthew 7:24 N-AFS
GRK: ἐπὶ τὴν πέτραν
NAS: built his house on the rock.
KJV: house upon a rock:
INT: upon the rock