4074. Petros
Strong's Concordance
Petros: "a stone" or "a boulder," Peter, one of the twelve apostles
Original Word: Πέτρος, ου, ὁ
Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine
Transliteration: Petros
Phonetic Spelling: (pet'-ros)
Short Definition: Peter
Definition: Peter, a Greek name meaning rock.
HELPS Word-studies

4074 Pétros (a masculine noun) – properly, a stone (pebble), such as a small rock found along a pathway. 4074 /Pétros ("small stone") then stands in contrast to 4073 /pétra ("cliff, boulder," Abbott-Smith).

"4074 (Pétros) is an isolated rock and 4073 (pétra) is a cliff" (TDNT, 3, 100). "4074 (Pétros) always means a stone . . . such as a man may throw, . . . versus 4073 (pétra), a projecting rock, cliff" (S. Zodhiates, Dict).

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a noun akin to petra, used as a proper name
"a stone" or "a boulder," Peter, one of the twelve apostles
NASB Translation
Peter (150), Peter's (5).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 4074: Πέτρος

Πέτρος, Πέτρου, (an appellative proper name, signifying 'a stone,' 'a rock,' 'a ledge' or 'cliff'; used metaphorically of a soul hard and unyielding, and so resembling a rock, Sophocles O. R. 334; Euripides, Med. 28; Herc. fur. 1397; answering to the Chaldean Κηφᾶς, which see, John 1:42 (43)), Peter, the surname of the apostle Simon. He was a native of Bethsaida, a town of Galilee, the son of a fisherman (see Ἰωάννης, 3, and Ἰωνᾶς, 2), and dwelt with his wife at Capernaum, Matthew 8:14; Mark 1:30; Luke 4:38, cf. 1 Corinthians 9:5. He had a brother Andrew, with whom he followed the occupation of a fisherman, Matthew 4:18; Mark 1:16; Luke 5:3. Both were received by Jesus as his companions, Matthew 4:19; Mark 1:17; Luke 5:10; John 1:40-42 (41-43); and Simon, whose pre-eminent courage and firmness he discerned and especially relied on for the future establishment of the kingdom of God, he honored with the name of Peter, John 1:42 (43); Matthew 16:18; Mark 3:16. Excelling in vigor of mind, eagerness to learn, and love for Jesus, he enjoyed, together with James and John the sons of Zebedee, the special favor and intimacy of his divine Master. After having for some time presided, in connection with John and James the brother of our Lord (see Ἰάκωβος, 3), over the affairs of the Christians at Jerusalem, he seems to have gone abroad to preach the gospel especially to Jews (Galatians 2:9; 1 Corinthians 9:5; 1 Peter 5:13; Papias in Eusebius 3, 39, 15; for Papias states that Peter employed Mark as 'interpreter' (ἑρμηνευτής), an aid of which he had no need except beyond the borders of Palestine, especially among those who spoke Latin (but on the disputed meaning: of the word 'interpreter' here, see Morison, Commentary on Mark, edition 2, Introduction, p. xxix)). But just as, on the night of the betrayal, Peter proved so far faithless to himself as thrice to deny that he was a follower of Jesus, so also some time afterward at Antioch he made greater concessions to the rigorous Jewish Christians than Christian liberty permitted; accordingly he was rebuked by Paul for his weakness and 'dissimulation' (ὑπόκρισις), Galatians 2:11ff. Nevertheless, in the patristic age Jewish Christians did not hesitate to claim the authority of Peter and of James the brother of the Lord in defense of their narrow views and practices. This is not the place to relate and refute the ecclesiastical traditions concerning Peter's being the founder of the church at Rome and bishop of it for twenty-five years and more; the discussion of them may be found in Hase, Protestant. Polemik gegen die röm.-kathol. Kirche, edition 4, p. 123ff; (cf. Schaff, Church History, 1882, vol. i. §§ 25, 26; Sieffert in Herzog edition 2, vol. xi., p. 524ff, and (for references), p. 537f). This one thing seems to be evident from John 21:18ff, that Peter suffered death by crucifixion (cf. Keil ad loc.; others doubt whether Christ's words contain anything more than a general prediction of martyrdom). If he was crucified at Rome, it must have been several years after the death of Paul. (Cf. BB. DD. and references as above) He is called in the N. T., at one time, simply Σίμων (once Συμεών, Acts 15:14), and (and that, too, most frequently (see B. D. under the word , under the end (p. 2459 American edition))), Πέτρος and Κηφᾶς (which see), then again Σίμων Πέτρος, Matthew 16:16; Luke 5:8; John (John 1:42 ()); 6:(),; ,(); ; once Συμεών Πέτρος (2 Peter 1:1 where L WH text Σίμων); Σίμων λεγόμενος Πέτρος, Matthew 4:18; Matthew 10:2; Σίμων ἐπικαλούμενος Πέτρος, Acts 10:18; Acts 11:13; Σίμων ὅς ἐπικαλεῖται Πέτρος, Acts 10:5, 32.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
Peter, rock.

Apparently a primary word; a (piece of) rock (larger than lithos); as a name, Petrus, an apostle -- Peter, rock. Compare Kephas.

see GREEK lithos

see GREEK Kephas

Forms and Transliterations
Πετρε Πέτρε ΠΕΤΡΟΝ Πέτρον ΠΕΤΡΟΣ Πέτρος Πετρου Πέτρου Πετρω Πέτρῳ Petre Pétre Petro Petrō Pétroi Pétrōi PETRON Pétron PETROS Pétros Petrou Pétrou
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Greek 4074
156 Occurrences

Πέτρε — 3 Occ.
Πέτρῳ — 15 Occ.
Πέτρον — 26 Occ.
Πέτρος — 100 Occ.
Πέτρου — 12 Occ.

Matthew 4:18 N-AMS
GRK: τὸν λεγόμενον Πέτρον καὶ Ἀνδρέαν
NAS: who was called Peter, and Andrew
KJV: Simon called Peter, and Andrew
INT: who is called Peter and Andrew

Matthew 8:14 N-GMS
GRK: τὴν οἰκίαν Πέτρου εἶδεν τὴν
NAS: came into Peter's home,
KJV: was come into Peter's house, he saw
INT: the house of Peter he saw the

Matthew 10:2 N-NMS
GRK: ὁ λεγόμενος Πέτρος καὶ Ἀνδρέας
NAS: who is called Peter, and Andrew
KJV: who is called Peter, and Andrew
INT: who is called Peter and Andrew

Matthew 14:28 N-NMS
GRK: δὲ ὁ Πέτρος εἶπεν αὐτῷ
NAS: Peter said to Him, Lord,
KJV: And Peter answered him
INT: moreover Peter said to him

Matthew 14:29 N-NMS
GRK: πλοίου ὁ Πέτρος περιεπάτησεν ἐπὶ
NAS: Come! And Peter got
KJV: And when Peter was come down
INT: boat Peter walked upon

Matthew 15:15 N-NMS
GRK: δὲ ὁ Πέτρος εἶπεν αὐτῷ
NAS: Peter said to Him, Explain
KJV: Then answered Peter and said unto him,
INT: moreover Peter said to him

Matthew 16:16 N-NMS
GRK: δὲ Σίμων Πέτρος εἶπεν Σὺ
NAS: Simon Peter answered,
KJV: And Simon Peter answered and said,
INT: moreover Simon Peter said You

Matthew 16:18 N-NMS
GRK: σὺ εἶ Πέτρος καὶ ἐπὶ
NAS: say to you that you are Peter, and upon this
KJV: thou art Peter, and upon
INT: you are Peter and on

Matthew 16:22 N-NMS
GRK: αὐτὸν ὁ Πέτρος ἤρξατο ἐπιτιμᾷν
NAS: Peter took Him aside and began
KJV: Then Peter took him,
INT: him Peter began to rebuke

Matthew 16:23 N-DMS
GRK: εἶπεν τῷ Πέτρῳ Ὕπαγε ὀπίσω
NAS: and said to Peter, Get
KJV: and said unto Peter, Get thee
INT: he said to Peter Get behind

Matthew 17:1 N-AMS
GRK: Ἰησοῦς τὸν Πέτρον καὶ Ἰάκωβον
NAS: took with Him Peter and James
KJV: Jesus taketh Peter, James, and
INT: Jesus Peter and James

Matthew 17:4 N-NMS
GRK: δὲ ὁ Πέτρος εἶπεν τῷ
NAS: Peter said to Jesus,
KJV: answered Peter, and said
INT: moreover Peter said

Matthew 17:24 N-DMS
GRK: λαμβάνοντες τῷ Πέτρῳ καὶ εἶπαν
NAS: [tax] came to Peter and said,
KJV: [money] came to Peter, and
INT: received to Peter and said

Matthew 18:21 N-NMS
GRK: προσελθὼν ὁ Πέτρος εἶπεν αὐτῷ
NAS: Then Peter came and said
KJV: Then came Peter to him, and said,
INT: having come Peter said to him

Matthew 19:27 N-NMS
GRK: ἀποκριθεὶς ὁ Πέτρος εἶπεν αὐτῷ
NAS: Then Peter said to Him, Behold,
KJV: Then answered Peter and said unto him,
INT: having answered Peter said to him

Matthew 26:33 N-NMS
GRK: δὲ ὁ Πέτρος εἶπεν αὐτῷ
NAS: But Peter said to Him, [Even] though
KJV: Peter answered and
INT: moreover Peter said to him

Matthew 26:35 N-NMS
GRK: αὐτῷ ὁ Πέτρος Κἂν δέῃ
NAS: Peter said to Him, Even if
KJV: Peter said unto him,
INT: to him Peter Even if it were needful for

Matthew 26:37 N-AMS
GRK: παραλαβὼν τὸν Πέτρον καὶ τοὺς
NAS: And He took with Him Peter and the two
KJV: And he took with him Peter and the two
INT: having taken with [him] Peter and the

Matthew 26:40 N-DMS
GRK: λέγει τῷ Πέτρῳ Οὕτως οὐκ
NAS: and said to Peter, So,
KJV: and saith unto Peter, What, could ye
INT: he says to Peter Thus not

Matthew 26:58 N-NMS
GRK: ὁ δὲ Πέτρος ἠκολούθει αὐτῷ
NAS: But Peter was following
KJV: But Peter followed him
INT: moreover Peter followed him

Matthew 26:69 N-NMS
GRK: Ὁ δὲ Πέτρος ἐκάθητο ἔξω
NAS: Now Peter was sitting outside
KJV: Now Peter sat without
INT: moreover Peter was sitting outside

Matthew 26:73 N-DMS
GRK: εἶπον τῷ Πέτρῳ Ἀληθῶς καὶ
NAS: up and said to Peter, Surely
KJV: and said to Peter, Surely
INT: said to Peter Truly also

Matthew 26:75 N-NMS
GRK: ἐμνήσθη ὁ Πέτρος τοῦ ῥήματος
NAS: And Peter remembered the word
KJV: And Peter remembered the word
INT: remembered Peter the word

Mark 3:16 N-AMS
GRK: τῷ Σίμωνι Πέτρον
NAS: (to whom He gave the name Peter),
KJV: Simon he surnamed Peter;
INT: to Simon Peter

Mark 5:37 N-AMS
GRK: μὴ τὸν Πέτρον καὶ Ἰάκωβον
NAS: Him, except Peter and James
KJV: him, save Peter, and James,
INT: not Peter and James

156 Occurrences

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