1 Corinthians 10:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ.

King James Bible
And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

American Standard Version
and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was Christ.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all drank the same spiritual drink; (and they drank of the spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ.)

English Revised Version
and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was Christ.

Webster's Bible Translation
And all drank the same spiritual drink: (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.)

Weymouth New Testament
and all drank the same spiritual drink; for they long drank the water that flowed from the spiritual rock that went with them--and that rock was the Christ.

1 Corinthians 10:4 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Drink - spiritual drink

Spiritual, like the meat, in being supernaturally given. The aorist tense denotes something past, yet without limiting it to a particular occasion. They drank at Rephidim (Exodus 17:6), but they continued to drink spiritual drink, for -

They drank (ἔπινον)

The imperfect tense denoting continued action - throughout their journey.

That spiritual rock

For that read a. Paul appears to recall a rabbinic tradition that there was a well formed out of the spring in Horeb, which gathered itself up into a rock like a swarm of bees, and followed the people for forty years; sometimes rolling itself, sometimes carried by Miriam, and always addressed by the elders, when they encamped, with the words, "Spring up, O well!" Numbers 21:17. Stanley says: "In accordance with this notion, the Rock of Moses, as pointed out by the local tradition of Mt. Sinai, is not a cleft in the mountain, but a detached fragment of rock about fifteen feet high, with twelve or more fissures in its surface, from which the water is said to have gushed out for the twelve tribes. This local tradition is as old as the Koran, which mentions this very stone."

Was Christ

Showing that he does not believe the legend, but only uses it allegorically. The important point is that Christ the Word was with His people under the old covenant. "In each case we recognize the mystery of a 'real presence"' (Ellicott). "God was in Christ" here, as from the beginning. The mosaic and the christian economies are only different sides of one dispensation, which is a gospel dispensation throughout. The Jewish sacraments are not mere types of ours. They are identical.

1 Corinthians 10:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

did.

Exodus 17:6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you shall smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it...

Numbers 20:11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank...

Psalm 78:15,20 He split the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths...

Psalm 105:41 He opened the rock, and the waters gushed out; they ran in the dry places like a river.

Isaiah 43:20 The beast of the field shall honor me, the dragons and the owls: because I give waters in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert...

Isaiah 48:21 And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them...

John 4:10,14 Jesus answered and said to her, If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that said to you, Give me to drink...

John 7:37 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come to me, and drink.

Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that hears say, Come. And let him that is thirsty come. And whoever will...

followed them. or, went with them.

Deuteronomy 9:21 And I took your sin, the calf which you had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, and ground it very small...

that Rock.

1 Corinthians 11:24,25 And when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me...

Genesis 40:12 And Joseph said to him, This is the interpretation of it: The three branches are three days:

Genesis 41:26 The seven good cows are seven years; and the seven good ears are seven years: the dream is one.

Ezekiel 5:4,5 Then take of them again, and cast them into the middle of the fire, and burn them in the fire...

Daniel 2:38 And wherever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven has he given into your hand...

Daniel 7:17 These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth.

Matthew 13:38,39 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one...

Matthew 26:26-28 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take...

Galatians 4:25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answers to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.

Colossians 2:17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

Hebrews 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things...

Cross References
Exodus 17:6
Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, and the people will drink." And Moses did so, in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Numbers 20:11
And Moses lifted up his hand and struck the rock with his staff twice, and water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their livestock.

Psalm 78:15
He split rocks in the wilderness and gave them drink abundantly as from the deep.

Psalm 105:41
He opened the rock, and water gushed out; it flowed through the desert like a river.

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