1 Corinthians 10:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
We should not test Christ, as some of them did--and were killed by snakes.

New Living Translation
Nor should we put Christ to the test, as some of them did and then died from snakebites.

English Standard Version
We must not put Christ to the test, as some of them did and were destroyed by serpents,

Berean Study Bible
We should not test Christ, as some of them did, and were killed by snakes.

Berean Literal Bible
Neither should we test the Christ, as some of them tested, and were destroyed by serpents.

New American Standard Bible
Nor let us try the Lord, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the serpents.

King James Bible
Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Let us not test Christ as some of them did and were destroyed by snakes.

International Standard Version
Let's stop putting the Lord to the test, as some of them were doing, and were destroyed by snakes.

NET Bible
And let us not put Christ to the test, as some of them did, and were destroyed by snakes.

New Heart English Bible
Neither let us test the Christ, as some of them tested, and perished by the serpents.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Neither should we tempt The Messiah as some of them tempted and serpents destroyed them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
We shouldn't put the Lord to the test as some of them did. They were killed by snakes.

New American Standard 1977
Nor let us try the Lord, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the serpents.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Neither let us tempt the Christ, as some of them also tempted and perished by the serpents.

King James 2000 Bible
Neither let us test Christ, as some of them also tested him, and were destroyed by serpents.

American King James Version
Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.

American Standard Version
Neither let us make trial of the Lord, as some of them made trial, and perished by the serpents.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Neither let us tempt Christ: as some of them tempted, and perished by the serpents.

Darby Bible Translation
Neither let us tempt the Christ, as some of them tempted, and perished by serpents.

English Revised Version
Neither let us tempt the Lord, as some of them tempted, and perished by the serpents.

Webster's Bible Translation
Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by serpents.

Weymouth New Testament
And do not let us test the Lord too far, as some of them tested Him and were destroyed by the serpents.

World English Bible
Neither let us test the Lord, as some of them tested, and perished by the serpents.

Young's Literal Translation
neither may we tempt the Christ, as also certain of them did tempt, and by the serpents did perish;
Study Bible
Warnings from Israel's Past
8We should not commit sexual immorality, as some of them did, and in one day twenty-three thousand of them died. 9We should not test Christ, as some of them did, and were killed by snakes. 10And do not complain, as some of them did, and were killed by the destroying angel.…
Cross References
Exodus 17:2
Therefore the people quarreled with Moses and said, "Give us water that we may drink." And Moses said to them, "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you test the LORD?"

Numbers 21:5
The people spoke against God and Moses, "Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no food and no water, and we loathe this miserable food."

Numbers 21:6
The LORD sent fiery serpents among the people and they bit the people, so that many people of Israel died.

Psalm 78:18
And in their heart they put God to the test By asking food according to their desire.

Psalm 95:9
"When your fathers tested Me, They tried Me, though they had seen My work.

Psalm 106:14
But craved intensely in the wilderness, And tempted God in the desert.
Treasury of Scripture

Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.

tempt.

Exodus 17:2,7 Why the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that …

Exodus 23:20,21 Behold, I send an Angel before you, to keep you in the way, and to …

Numbers 21:5 And the people spoke against God, and against Moses, Why have you …

Deuteronomy 6:16 You shall not tempt the LORD your God, as you tempted him in Massah.

Psalm 78:18,56 And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust…

Psalm 95:9 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work.

Psalm 106:14 But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert.

Hebrews 3:8-11 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation …

Hebrews 10:28-30 He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses…

and were.

Numbers 21:6 And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the …

(9) Neither let us tempt Christ.--Better, Neither let us tempt the Lord, as some of them tempted, and perished by serpents. There is much controversy as to whether the word here is "God" or "Christ" or "the Lord," each having a certain amount of MS. support. On the whole, the reading here adopted (the Lord) seems from internal evidence to have been most likely the true reading. It is possible that the word "God" crept into the text, having been put as a marginal explanation to get over the supposed difficulty involved in applying the words which follow, "they also tempted," to Christ. For in what sense could it have been said that the Israelites tempted Christ? There is no reason, however, for connecting "some of them tempted" (the word "also" is not in the original) with the object of the previous clause: and it is noticeable that the second word translated "tempted" is not the same as the first. "Let us not tempt" is in the original an intensified form of the verb which is used in its simple form in "some of them tempted." The reading "Christ" may have come into the text as being an explanation that by the word "Lord" St. Paul meant the Redeemer.

The real meaning of the passage, however, is evident. The Israelites had, by their longing after the things left behind in Egypt, tried God so that God had asserted Himself in visiting them with punishment, and so Christians must be on their guard, with such a warning before them, not to tempt their Lord by hankering after those worldly and physical pleasures from which He by His death has delivered them. (See Numbers 21:4-6.) Some of the Corinthian Christians seemed by their conduct, as regards eating and drinking and indulging in sensuality, to long for that liberty in reference to things which they had enjoyed before conversion, instead of enjoying these spiritual blessings and feeding on the spiritual sustenance which Christ had provided for them.

Were destroyed of serpents.--Better, and were destroyed by the serpents. The article before "serpents" indicates that the reference is to a particular and well known fact.

Verse 9. - Tempt Christ (see the note on ver. 4). Christ is here identified with the angel which went before the Israelites, whom they were specially warned not "to provoke," because "my Name is in him" (Exodus 23:20, 21). Another reading is "the Lord." "Christ" may have come in from a marginal gloss. On the other hand, since "Christ" is the more difficult reading, it was, perhaps, the more likely to be altered by copyists. The word for "tempt" means "tempt utterly," "tempt beyond endurance." As some of them (Exodus 17:2, 7; Numbers 14:22; Numbers 21:5, 6). Of serpents; rather, perished by the serpents, viz. the "fiery serpents" of the wilderness (Numbers 21:6). Neither let us tempt Christ,.... As all such persons do, who, presuming on the power and grace of Christ to keep them, or upon what they have received from him, unnecessarily expose themselves to snares and temptations, and so to danger; and as many of the Corinthians did, who are here chiefly respected, who trusting to their gifts and attainments, their knowledge and Christian liberty, would go into an idol's temple, sit down at meat there, and exposed themselves great and imminent danger; which was a tempting Christ, whether he would preserve them or not:

as some of them also tempted; that is, as some of the Israelites tempted, which they did more than once; but what is referred to here, is the time they spake against God and Moses, in Numbers 21:5 as appears from the punishment annexed, their being destroyed by serpents. The Arabic version adds "him", meaning Christ, which is a right interpretation of the text; otherwise there would be no force in the apostle's reasoning; for Christ was the angel that went before the Israelites in the wilderness, the angel of God's presence, that bore, and carried, and saved them; he is the Jehovah they tempted at Massah and Meribah, and elsewhere, and God they spake against at this place referred to; hence it is clear that our Lord existed before his incarnation, and that he is truly and properly God; the Alexandrian copy reads, "neither let us tempt God", and so the Ethiopic version: "and were destroyed of serpents"; fiery ones, which were sent among them by the Lord Christ, they tempted and spoke against, which bit them, and of these bites many of them died. This might lead to the consideration, of the original cause of man's sin and fall, and the ruin of human nature, by the means of a serpent; and may be an emblem of the future destruction of the wicked, which will be everlasting fire, prepared for the devil, the old serpent, and his angels. 9. tempt Christ—So the oldest versions, Irenæus (264), and good manuscripts read. Some of the oldest manuscripts read "Lord"; and one manuscript only "God." If "Lord" be read, it will mean Christ. As "Christ" was referred to in one of the five privileges of Israel (1Co 10:4), so it is natural that He should be mentioned here in one of the five corresponding sins of that people. In Nu 21:5 it is "spake against God" (whence probably arose the alteration in the one manuscript, 1Co 10:9, "God," to harmonize it with Nu 21:5). As either "Christ" or "Lord" is the genuine reading, "Christ" must be "God." Compare "Why do ye tempt the Lord?" (Ex 17:2, 7. Compare Ro 14:11, with Isa 45:22, 23). Israel's discontented complainings were temptings of Christ especially, the "Angel" of the covenant (Ex 23:20, 21; 32:34; Isa 63:9). Though they drank of "that Rock … Christ" (1Co 10:4), they yet complained for want of water (Ex 17:2, 7). Though also eating the same spiritual meat (Christ, "the true manna," "the bread of life"), they yet murmured, "Our soul loatheth this light bread." In this case, being punished by the fiery serpents, they were saved by the brazen serpent, the emblem of Christ (compare Joh 8:56; Heb 11:26). The Greek for "tempt" means, tempt or try, so as to wear out the long-suffering of Christ (compare Ps 95:8, 9; Nu 14:22). The Corinthians were in danger of provoking God's long-suffering by walking on the verge of idolatry, through overweening confidence in their knowledge.10:6-14 Carnal desires gain strength by indulgence, therefore should be checked in their first rise. Let us fear the sins of Israel, if we would shun their plagues. And it is but just to fear, that such as tempt Christ, will be left by him in the power of the old serpent. Murmuring against God's disposals and commands, greatly provokes him. Nothing in Scripture is written in vain; and it is our wisdom and duty to learn from it. Others have fallen, and so may we. The Christian's security against sin is distrust of himself. God has not promised to keep us from falling, if we do not look to ourselves. To this word of caution, a word of comfort is added. Others have the like burdens, and the like temptations: what they bear up under, and break through, we may also. God is wise as well as faithful, and will make our burdens according to our strength. He knows what we can bear. He will make a way to escape; he will deliver either from the trial itself, or at least the mischief of it. We have full encouragement to flee from sin, and to be faithful to God. We cannot fall by temptation, if we cleave fast to him. Whether the world smiles or frowns, it is an enemy; but believers shall be strengthened to overcome it, with all its terrors and enticements. The fear of the Lord, put into their hearts, will be the great means of safety.
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