Hebrews 3:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
do not harden your hearts as you did in the rebellion, during the time of testing in the wilderness,

New Living Translation
don't harden your hearts as Israel did when they rebelled, when they tested me in the wilderness.

English Standard Version
do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, on the day of testing in the wilderness,

New American Standard Bible
DO NOT HARDEN YOUR HEARTS AS WHEN THEY PROVOKED ME, AS IN THE DAY OF TRIAL IN THE WILDERNESS,

King James Bible
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, on the day of testing in the wilderness,

International Standard Version
do not harden your hearts as they did when they provoked me during the time of testing in the wilderness.

NET Bible
"Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, in the day of testing in the wilderness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Do not harden your hearts to anger him, like the rebellious, and as the day of temptation in the wilderness

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Don't be stubborn like those who rebelled and tested me in the desert.

Jubilee Bible 2000
harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

King James 2000 Bible
Harden not your hearts, as in the rebellion, in the day of testing in the wilderness:

American King James Version
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

American Standard Version
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, Like as in the day of the trial in the wilderness,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation; in the day of temptation in the desert,

Darby Bible Translation
harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness;

English Revised Version
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, Like as in the day of the temptation in the wilderness,

Webster's Bible Translation
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

Weymouth New Testament
do not harden your hearts as your forefathers did in the time of the provocation on the day of the temptation in the Desert,

World English Bible
don't harden your hearts, as in the rebellion, like as in the day of the trial in the wilderness,

Young's Literal Translation
ye may not harden your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of the temptation in the wilderness,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:7-13 Days of temptation are often days of provocation. But to provoke God, when he is letting us see that we entirely depend and live upon him, is a provocation indeed. The hardening of the heart is the spring of all other sins. The sins of others, especially of our relations, should be warnings to us. All sin, especially sin committed by God's professing, privileged people, not only provokes God, but it grieves him. God is loth to destroy any in, or for their sin; he waits long to be gracious to them. But sin, long persisted in, will make God's wrath discover itself in destroying the impenitent; there is no resting under the wrath of God. Take heed: all who would get safe to heaven must look about them; if once we allow ourselves to distrust God, we may soon desert him. Let those that think they stand, take heed lest they fall. Since to-morrow is not ours, we must make the best improvement of this day. And there are none, even the strongest of the flock, who do not need help of other Christians. Neither are there any so low and despised, but the care of their standing in the faith, and of their safety, belongs to all. Sin has so many ways and colours, that we need more eyes than ours own. Sin appears fair, but is vile; it appears pleasant, but is destructive; it promises much, but performs nothing. The deceitfulness of sin hardens the soul; one sin allowed makes way for another; and every act of sin confirms the habit. Let every one beware of sin.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Harden not you hearts,.... There is a natural hardness of the heart; the heart of man is like a stone, destitute of spiritual life, motion, and activity; it is senseless, stupid, impenitent, stubborn, and inflexible, on which no impressions can be made, but by powerful grace: and there is an acquired, habitual, and voluntary hardness of heart, to which men arrive by various steps; as entertaining pleasing thoughts of sin; an actual commission of it, with frequency, till it becomes customary, and so habitual; an extenuation or justification of it, and so they become hardened against all reproofs and sermons, and to all afflictions and judgments; are insensible and past feeling, and openly declare for sin, and glory in it: and there is a hardness which God's people are liable to, and should guard against; and which is brought on by a neglect of private and public worship, and by keeping bad company, and through the ill examples of others, and by giving way to lesser sins; for all sin is of an hardening nature:

as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness; the Jews provoked God in the wilderness by their unbelief, murmurings, ingratitude, and idolatry; and they tempted him there by distrusting his power and goodness; hence one of the places in which they murmured against him was called Massah and Meribah, Exodus 17:7 and it is an aggravation of their sin, that it was in the wilderness, after they had been just brought out of bondage into liberty, and had lately had such an instance of the power and goodness of God, in bringing them through the Red sea; and where they could have no human supplies, and therefore should have been entirely dependent on God, and trust in him.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. Harden not your hearts—This phrase here only is used of man's own act; usually of God's act (Ro 9:18). When man is spoken of as the agent in hardening, the phrase usually is, "harden his neck," or "back" (Ne 9:17).

provocation … temptation—"Massah-meribah," translated in Margin "tentation … chiding," or "strife" (Ex 17:1-7). Both names seem to refer to that one event, the murmuring of the people against the Lord at Rephidim for want of water. The first offense especially ought to be guarded against, and is the most severely reproved, as it is apt to produce many more. Nu 20:1-13 and De 33:8 mention a second similar occasion in the wilderness of Sin, near Kadesh, also called Meribah.

in the day—Greek, "according to the day of."

Hebrews 3:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
Do Not Harden Your Hearts
7Therefore, just as the Holy Spirit says, "TODAY IF YOU HEAR HIS VOICE, 8DO NOT HARDEN YOUR HEARTS AS WHEN THEY PROVOKED ME, AS IN THE DAY OF TRIAL IN THE WILDERNESS, 9WHERE YOUR FATHERS TRIED Me BY TESTING Me, AND SAW MY WORKS FOR FORTY YEARS.…
Cross References
Psalm 95:8
"Do not harden your hearts as you did at Meribah, as you did that day at Massah in the wilderness,

Acts 7:36
He led them out of Egypt and performed wonders and signs in Egypt, at the Red Sea and for forty years in the wilderness.
Treasury of Scripture

Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

Harden.

Hebrews 3:12,13 Take heed, brothers, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of …

Exodus 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, …

1 Samuel 6:6 Why then do you harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh …

2 Kings 17:14 Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like …

2 Chronicles 30:8 Now be you not stiff necked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves …

2 Chronicles 36:13 And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him …

Nehemiah 9:16 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, …

Job 9:4 He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who has hardened himself …

Proverbs 28:14 Happy is the man that fears always: but he that hardens his heart …

Proverbs 29:1 He, that being often reproved hardens his neck, shall suddenly be …

Jeremiah 7:26 Yet they listened not to me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened …

Ezekiel 3:7-9 But the house of Israel will not listen to you; for they will not …

Daniel 5:20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, …

Zechariah 7:11,12 But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped …

Matthew 13:15 For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of …

Acts 19:9 But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spoke evil of …

Romans 2:5,6 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself …

as.

Numbers 14:11,22,23 And the LORD said to Moses, How long will this people provoke me? …

Deuteronomy 9:22-24 And at Taberah, and at Massah, and at Kibrothhattaavah, you provoked …

Psalm 78:56 Yet they tempted and provoked the most high God, and kept not his testimonies:

of.

Exodus 17:7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because …

Deuteronomy 6:16 You shall not tempt the LORD your God, as you tempted him in Massah.

Psalm 78:18 And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust.

Psalm 106:14 But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert.

1 Corinthians 10:9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were …

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