|New International Version (©2011)|
All kinds of animals, birds, reptiles and sea creatures are being tamed and have been tamed by mankind,
New Living Translation (©2007)
People can tame all kinds of animals, birds, reptiles, and fish,
English Standard Version (©2001)
For every kind of beast and bird, of reptile and sea creature, can be tamed and has been tamed by mankind,
New American Standard Bible (©1995)
For every species of beasts and birds, of reptiles and creatures of the sea, is tamed and has been tamed by the human race.
King James Bible (Cambridge Ed.)
For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind:
Holman Christian Standard Bible (©2009)
Every sea creature, reptile, bird, or animal is tamed and has been tamed by man,
International Standard Version (©2012)
For all kinds of animals, birds, reptiles, and sea creatures can be or have been tamed by humans,
NET Bible (©2006)
For every kind of animal, bird, reptile, and sea creature is subdued and has been subdued by humankind.
Aramaic Bible in Plain English (©2010)
And all kinds of animals, birds and creeping things of the sea and of the land are tamed by the nature of humanity,
GOD'S WORD® Translation (©1995)
People have tamed all kinds of animals, birds, reptiles, and sea creatures.
King James 2000 Bible (©2003)
For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and has been tamed by mankind:
American King James Version
For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and has been tamed of mankind:
American Standard Version
For every kind of beasts and birds, of creeping things and things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed by mankind.
For every nature of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of the rest, is tamed, and hath been tamed, by the nature of man:
Darby Bible Translation
For every species both of beasts and of birds, both of creeping things and of sea animals, is tamed and has been tamed by the human species;
English Revised Version
For every kind of beasts and birds, of creeping things and things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed by mankind:
Webster's Bible Translation
For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of animals in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed by mankind:
Weymouth New Testament
For brute nature under all its forms--beasts and birds, reptiles and fishes--can be subjected and kept in subjection by human nature.
World English Bible
For every kind of animal, bird, creeping thing, and thing in the sea, is tamed, and has been tamed by mankind.
Young's Literal Translation
For every nature, both of beasts and of fowls, both of creeping things and things of the sea, is subdued, and hath been subdued, by the human nature,
|Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary|
3:1-12 We are taught to dread an unruly tongue, as one of the greatest evils. The affairs of mankind are thrown into confusion by the tongues of men. Every age of the world, and every condition of life, private or public, affords examples of this. Hell has more to do in promoting the fire of the tongue than men generally think; and whenever men's tongues are employed in sinful ways, they are set on fire of hell. No man can tame the tongue without Divine grace and assistance. The apostle does not represent it as impossible, but as extremely difficult. Other sins decay with age, this many times gets worse; we grow more froward and fretful, as natural strength decays, and the days come on in which we have no pleasure. When other sins are tamed and subdued by the infirmities of age, the spirit often grows more tart, nature being drawn down to the dregs, and the words used become more passionate. That man's tongue confutes itself, which at one time pretends to adore the perfections of God, and to refer all things to him; and at another time condemns even good men, if they do not use the same words and expressions. True religion will not admit of contradictions: how many sins would be prevented, if men would always be consistent! Pious and edifying language is the genuine produce of a sanctified heart; and none who understand Christianity, expect to hear curses, lies, boastings, and revilings from a true believer's mouth, any more than they look for the fruit of one tree from another. But facts prove that more professors succeed in bridling their senses and appetites, than in duly restraining their tongues. Then, depending on Divine grace, let us take heed to bless and curse not; and let us aim to be consistent in our words and actions.
Verse 7. - Fourth illustration, involving a proof of the terrible power of the tongue for evil. All kinds of wild animals, etc., can be tamed and have been tamed: the tongue cannot be. What a deadly power for evil must it therefore be! The famous chorus in Sophocles, 'Antigone,' 1. 332, seq., Πολλὰ τὰ δεινὰ κοὐδὲν ἀνθώπου δεινότερον πέλει, is quoted by nearly all commentators, and affords a remarkable parallel to this passage. Every kind of beasts, etc.; literally, every nature (φύσις) of beasts... hath been tamed by man's nature (τῇ φύσει τῇ ἀνθρωπίνῃ); Vulgate, omnis enim natura bestiarum... domita sunt a natura humana. (On the dative τῇ φύσει, see Winer, 'Gram. of N. T.,' p. 275.) With this fourfold enumeration of the brute creation ("beasts ... birds.., serpents... things in the sea"), cf. Genesis 9:2, "The fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon all the beasts (θήρια) of the earth, upon all the fowls (πέτεινα) of the heavens, and upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea." Serpents (ἐρπετά) would be better rendered, as B.V., creeping things.
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
For every kind of beasts, and of birds,.... Or the "nature" of them, as it is in the Greek text; however fierce, as beasts of prey are, or shy, as the fowls of the air be:
and of serpents and things in the sea; the fishes there:
is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind, or "by human nature": by the wit and industry of man; by the various ways, means, and methods devised by man. So Pliny (l) relates, that elephants lions and tigers among beasts, and the eagle among birds, and crocodiles, asps, and other serpents, and fishes of the sea, have been tamed: though some think this is only to be understood of their being mastered and subdued, by one means or another; or of their being despoiled of their power, or of their poison: and the Syriac and Ethiopic versions render it, "subjected to human nature".
(l) Nat. Hist. l. 8. c. 9. 16, 17. & 10. 5, 44.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
7. every kind—rather, "every nature" (that is, natural disposition and characteristic power).
of beasts—that is, quadrupeds of every disposition; as distinguished from the three other classes of creation, "birds, creeping things (the Greek includes not merely 'serpents,' as English Version), and things in the sea."
is tamed, and hath been—is continually being tamed, and hath been so long ago.
of mankind—rather, "by the nature of man": man's characteristic power taming that of the inferior animals. The dative in the Greek may imply, "Hath suffered itself to be brought into tame subjection TO the nature of men." So it shall be in the millennial world; even now man, by gentle firmness, may tame the inferior animal, and even elevate its nature.
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Taming the Tongue
…6And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defiles the whole body, and sets on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell. 7For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and has been tamed of mankind: 8But the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison. …
It contained all kinds of four-footed animals, as well as reptiles and birds.
The tongue also is a fire, a world of evil among the parts of the body. It corrupts the whole body, sets the whole course of one's life on fire, and is itself set on fire by hell.
but no human being can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison.