James 3:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But the wisdom that comes from heaven is first of all pure; then peace-loving, considerate, submissive, full of mercy and good fruit, impartial and sincere.

New Living Translation
But the wisdom from above is first of all pure. It is also peace loving, gentle at all times, and willing to yield to others. It is full of mercy and good deeds. It shows no favoritism and is always sincere.

English Standard Version
But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, open to reason, full of mercy and good fruits, impartial and sincere.

New American Standard Bible
But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, unwavering, without hypocrisy.

King James Bible
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peace-loving, gentle, compliant, full of mercy and good fruits, without favoritism and hypocrisy.

International Standard Version
However, the wisdom that comes from above is first of all pure, then peace-loving, gentle, willing to yield, full of compassion and good deeds, and without a trace of partiality or hypocrisy.

NET Bible
But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, accommodating, full of mercy and good fruit, impartial, and not hypocritical.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But the wisdom that is from above is pure, filled with peace, meek and attentive, filled with love and good fruit, without division and does not show partiality.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
However, the wisdom that comes from above is first of all pure. Then it is peaceful, gentle, obedient, filled with mercy and good deeds, impartial, and sincere.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, modest, benevolent, full of mercy and of good fruits, not judgmental, unfeigned.

King James 2000 Bible
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and compliant, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

American King James Version
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

American Standard Version
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without variance, without hypocrisy.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the wisdom, that is from above, first indeed is chaste, then peaceable, modest, easy to be persuaded, consenting to the good, full of mercy and good fruits, without judging, without dissimulation.

Darby Bible Translation
But the wisdom from above first is pure, then peaceful, gentle, yielding, full of mercy and good fruits, unquestioning, unfeigned.

English Revised Version
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without variance, without hypocrisy.

Webster's Bible Translation
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

Weymouth New Testament
The wisdom from above is first of all pure, then peaceful, courteous, not self-willed, full of compassion and kind actions, free from favouritism and from all insincerity.

World English Bible
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceful, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

Young's Literal Translation
and the wisdom from above, first, indeed, is pure, then peaceable, gentle, easily entreated, full of kindness and good fruits, uncontentious, and unhypocritical: --
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

3:13-18 These verses show the difference between men's pretending to be wise, and their being really so. He who thinks well, or he who talks well, is not wise in the sense of the Scripture, if he does not live and act well. True wisdom may be know by the meekness of the spirit and temper. Those who live in malice, envy, and contention, live in confusion; and are liable to be provoked and hurried to any evil work. Such wisdom comes not down from above, but springs up from earthly principles, acts on earthly motives, and is intent on serving earthly purposes. Those who are lifted up with such wisdom, described by the apostle James, is near to the Christian love, described by the apostle Paul; and both are so described that every man may fully prove the reality of his attainments in them. It has no disguise or deceit. It cannot fall in with those managements the world counts wise, which are crafty and guileful; but it is sincere, and open, and steady, and uniform, and consistent with itself. May the purity, peace, gentleness, teachableness, and mercy shown in all our actions, and the fruits of righteousness abounding in our lives, prove that God has bestowed upon us this excellent gift.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 17. - The wisdom which is from above; ἡ ἄνωθεν σοφία, equivalent to חכמה עליוגה - an expression not unknown among rabbinical writers (see Schöttgen, 'Horae Hebraicae,' vol. 1. p. 1026). First pure, then peaceable. "The sequence is that of thought, not of time" (Plumptre). Purity must be secured, even at the expense of peace. Gentle, and easy to be entreated (ἐπιεκὴς εὐπειθής). The former of these two terms signifies "forbearing under provocation" (cf. 1 Timothy 3:3; Titus 3:2; 1 Peter 2:18); the latter is found only here. Vulgate, snadibilis; Syriac, "obedient;" R.V. as A.V., "easy to be entreated," i.e. ready to forgive. Thus the conjunction of the two terms ἐπιεικής and εὐπειθής reminds us of the Jewish saying in 'Pirqe Aboth,' 5:17, describing four characters in dispositions, in which the man who is "hard to provoke and easily pacified" is set down as pious. Without partiality (ἀδιάκριτος); here only in the New Testament. The word is used in the LXX. in Proverbs 25:1; and by Ignatius (Ephesians 3; Magn. 15; Trall. 1), but none of these passages throw light on its meaning. It may be either

(1) without variance, or

(2) without doubtfulness, or

(3) without partiality;

probably (1) as R.V. text. Without hypocrisy; ἀνυπόκριτος applied to πιστίς in 1 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 1:5; to ἀγαπή in Romans 12:9; 2 Corinthians 6:6; and to φιλαδελφία in 1 Peter 1:22.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

But the wisdom that is from above,.... Which has God for its author; which is infused into the soul by the Spirit of God; and leads into the knowledge of things that are above, of heavenly things; and which only is true wisdom and knowledge; and those who are possessed of it are the only true Gnostics; for which; see Gill on James 3:13 namely, the grace of God: this wisdom

is first pure; it is pure in itself, it is free from everything that is earthly, carnal, or sensual, or devilish; it produces purity of heart, of life, and conversation; and is the means of keeping persons pure and chaste, and free from impure lusts, lusts of uncleanness, pride, envy, wrath, &c. which prevail in carnal and unregenerate men:

and then peaceable; it inclines and engages those who have it to live in peace with the saints, and even with all men; with those of their own household, with their neighbours, yea, with their enemies: it is also "gentle"; or makes men gentle, moderate, and humane, so as that they bear, and forbear; they bear with the infirmities of the weak; readily forgive injuries done them; do not rigidly exact what is their due, but recede from their just right for the sake of peace and love; and do not bear hard upon others for their failings, but cover them with the mantle of love: and it is

easy to be treated; or those who have it readily yield to the superior judgments and stronger reasonings of others; and are easily induced to hope and believe all things, and entertain a good opinion of men, and their conduct; and are far from being proud, arrogant, obstinate, and overbearing:

full of mercy and good fruits; of compassion and beneficence to the poor; feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, visiting the widows and fatherless in their affliction; and doing all other good works and duties, both with respect to God and man, as fruits of grace, and of the Spirit:

without partiality: to one another; or making a difference between them; showing no respect to persons; bestowing upon the poor and indigent, without any distinction: and

without hypocrisy; either with respect to God or man; not making show of that which they have not, or do not intend.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

17. first pure—literally, "chaste," "sanctified": pure from all that is "earthly, sensual (animal), devilish" (Jas 3:15). This is put, "first of all," before "peaceable" because there is an unholy peace with the world which makes no distinction between clean and unclean. Compare "undefiled" and "unspotted from the world," Jas 1:27; 4:4, 8, "purify … hearts"; 1Pe 1:22, "purified … souls" (the same Greek). Ministers must not preach before a purifying change of heart, "Peace," where there is no peace. Seven (the perfect number) characteristic peculiarities of true wisdom are enumerated. Purity or sanctity is put first because it has respect both to God and to ourselves; the six that follow regard our fellow men. Our first concern is to have in ourselves sanctity; our second, to be at peace with men.

gentle—"forbearing"; making allowances for others; lenient towards neighbors, as to the DUTIES they owe us.

easy to be entreated—literally, "easily persuaded," tractable; not harsh as to a neighbor's FAULTS.

full of mercy—as to a neighbor's MISERIES.

good fruits—contrasted with "every evil work," Jas 3:16.

without partiality—recurring to the warning against partial "respect to persons," Jas 2:1, 4, 9. Alford translates as the Greek is translated, Jas 1:6, "wavering," "without doubting." But thus there would be an epithet referring to one's self inserted amidst those referring to one's conduct towards others. English Version is therefore better.

without hypocrisy—Not as Alford explains from Jas 1:22, 26, "Without deceiving yourselves" with the name without the reality of religion. For it must refer, like the rest of the six epithets, to our relations to others; our peaceableness and mercy towards others must be "without dissimulation."

James 3:17 Additional Commentaries
Context
True Wisdom from Above
16For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there is disorder and every evil thing. 17But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, unwavering, without hypocrisy. 18And the seed whose fruit is righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.
Cross References
Matthew 5:9
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.

Luke 6:36
Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful.

Romans 12:9
Love must be sincere. Hate what is evil; cling to what is good.

2 Corinthians 6:6
in purity, understanding, patience and kindness; in the Holy Spirit and in sincere love;

2 Corinthians 7:11
See what this godly sorrow has produced in you: what earnestness, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing, what concern, what readiness to see justice done. At every point you have proved yourselves to be innocent in this matter.

Titus 3:2
to slander no one, to be peaceable and considerate, and always to be gentle toward everyone.

Hebrews 12:11
No discipline seems pleasant at the time, but painful. Later on, however, it produces a harvest of righteousness and peace for those who have been trained by it.

James 1:5
If any of you lacks wisdom, you should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to you.

James 1:17
Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights, who does not change like shifting shadows.

James 2:4
have you not discriminated among yourselves and become judges with evil thoughts?

James 2:13
because judgment without mercy will be shown to anyone who has not been merciful. Mercy triumphs over judgment.

James 4:8
Come near to God and he will come near to you. Wash your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded.

1 Peter 2:18
Slaves, in reverent fear of God submit yourselves to your masters, not only to those who are good and considerate, but also to those who are harsh.
Treasury of Scripture

But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

the wisdom.

James 3:15 This wisdom descends not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.

James 1:5,17 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all …

Genesis 41:38,39 And Pharaoh said to his servants, Can we find such a one as this …

Exodus 36:2 And Moses called Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man, …

1 Kings 3:9,12,28 Give therefore your servant an understanding heart to judge your …

1 Chronicles 22:12 Only the LORD give you wisdom and understanding, and give you charge …

Job 28:12,23,28 But where shall wisdom be found? and where is the place of understanding…

Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD gives wisdom: out of his mouth comes knowledge and understanding.

Isaiah 11:2,3 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest on him, the spirit of wisdom …

Daniel 1:17 As for these four children, God gave them knowledge and skill in …

Luke 21:15 For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries …

1 Corinthians 2:6,7 However, we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the …

1 Corinthians 12:8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another …

first.

James 4:8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, …

Malachi 3:3 And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall …

Matthew 5:8 Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.

Philippians 4:8 Finally, brothers, whatever things are true, whatever things are …

Titus 1:15 To the pure all things are pure: but to them that are defiled and …

1 John 3:3 And every man that has this hope in him purifies himself, even as he is pure.

peaceable.

1 Chronicles 22:9 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and …

Isaiah 2:4 And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: …

Isaiah 9:6,7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government …

Isaiah 11:2-9 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest on him, the spirit of wisdom …

Isaiah 32:15-17 Until the spirit be poured on us from on high, and the wilderness …

Romans 12:18 If it be possible, as much as lies in you, live peaceably with all men.

Hebrews 12:14 Follow peace with all men, and holiness, without which no man shall …

gentle.

Isaiah 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs …

1 Corinthians 13:4-7 Charity suffers long, and is kind; charity envies not; charity braggs …

2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, …

Galatians 5:22,23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, …

Ephesians 5:9 (For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)

1 Thessalonians 2:7 But we were gentle among you, even as a nurse cherishes her children:

2 Timothy 2:24 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle to all …

Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, showing all …

full.

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory…

Acts 9:36 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by …

Acts 11:24 For he was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith: and …

Romans 15:14 And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brothers, that you also …

2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministers seed to the sower both minister bread for your …

Philippians 1:11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus …

Colossians 1:10 That you might walk worthy of the Lord to all pleasing, being fruitful …

without.

James 2:4 Are you not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts?

Malachi 2:9 Therefore have I also made you contemptible and base before all the …

1 Timothy 5:21 I charge you before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels…

partiality. or, wrangling. hypocrisy.

Isaiah 32:6 For the vile person will speak villainy, and his heart will work …

Matthew 23:28 Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but within you …

Luke 12:1,2 In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable …

John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and said of him, Behold an Israelite …

Romans 12:9 Let love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; hold …

1 Peter 1:22 Seeing you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through …

1 Peter 2:1 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and …

1 John 3:18 My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but …

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Alphabetical: above all and But comes considerate first from fruit fruits full gentle good heaven hypocrisy impartial is mercy of peaceable peace-loving pure reasonable sincere submissive that the then unwavering wisdom without

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