Job 4:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
how much more those who live in houses of clay, whose foundations are in the dust, who are crushed more readily than a moth!

New Living Translation
how much less will he trust people made of clay! They are made of dust, crushed as easily as a moth.

English Standard Version
how much more those who dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed like the moth.

New American Standard Bible
'How much more those who dwell in houses of clay, Whose foundation is in the dust, Who are crushed before the moth!

King James Bible
How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
how much more those who dwell in clay houses, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed like a moth!

International Standard Version
how much less confidence does he have in those who dwell in houses of clay; who were formed from a foundation in dust and can perish like a moth?

NET Bible
how much more to those who live in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed like a moth?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
How much more will he accuse those who live in clay houses that have their foundation in the dust. Those houses can be crushed quicker than a moth!

Jubilee Bible 2000
How much more with those that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, who shall be crushed by the moth!

King James 2000 Bible
How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed before the moth?

American King James Version
How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth?

American Standard Version
How much more them that dwell in houses of clay, Whose foundation is in the dust, Who are crushed before the moth!

Douay-Rheims Bible
How much more shall they that dwell in houses of clay, who have an earthly foundation, be consumed as with the moth?

Darby Bible Translation
How much more them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed as the moth!

English Revised Version
How much more them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth!

Webster's Bible Translation
How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed before the moth?

World English Bible
How much more, those who dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed before the moth!

Young's Literal Translation
Also -- the inhabitants of houses of clay, (Whose foundation is in the dust, They bruise them before a moth.)
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

4:12-21 Eliphaz relates a vision. When we are communing with our own hearts, and are still, Ps 4:4, then is a time for the Holy Spirit to commune with us. This vision put him into very great fear. Ever since man sinned, it has been terrible to him to receive communications from Heaven, conscious that he can expect no good tidings thence. Sinful man! shall he pretend to be more just, more pure, than God, who being his Maker, is his Lord and Owner? How dreadful, then, the pride and presumption of man! How great the patience of God! Look upon man in his life. The very foundation of that cottage of clay in which man dwells, is in the dust, and it will sink with its own weight. We stand but upon the dust. Some have a higher heap of dust to stand upon than others but still it is the earth that stays us up, and will shortly swallow us up. Man is soon crushed; or if some lingering distemper, which consumes like a moth, be sent to destroy him, he cannot resist it. Shall such a creature pretend to blame the appointments of God? Look upon man in his death. Life is short, and in a little time men are cut off. Beauty, strength, learning, not only cannot secure them from death, but these things die with them; nor shall their pomp, their wealth, or power, continue after them. Shall a weak, sinful, dying creature, pretend to be more just than God, and more pure than his Maker? No: instead of quarrelling with his afflictions, let him wonder that he is out of hell. Can a man be cleansed without his Maker? Will God justify sinful mortals, and clear them from guilt? or will he do so without their having an interest in the righteousness and gracious help of their promised Redeemer, when angels, once ministering spirits before his throne, receive the just recompence of their sins? Notwithstanding the seeming impunity of men for a short time, though living without God in the world, their doom is as certain as that of the fallen angels, and is continually overtaking them. Yet careless sinners note it so little, that they expect not the change, nor are wise to consider their latter end.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 19. - How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay! rather, hew muck more cloth he not put trust in them that inhabit houses of clay! i.e. "earthly bodies," bodies made out of the dust of the ground (Genesis 2:7; setup, Job 33:6). Whose foundation is in the dust; i.e." whose origin was the dust of the ground," which were formed from it and must return to it, according to the words of Genesis 3:19, "Dust thou art, and unto dust thou must return." Which are crushed before the moth. This is somewhat obscure. It may mean, "which are so fragile that a moth, a fly, or other weak creature may destroy them," or "which are crushed with the same ease with which a moth is crushed and destroyed."

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

How much less on them that dwell in houses of clay,.... Meaning men, but not as dwelling in houses, in a proper sense, made of clay dried by the sun, as were common in the eastern countries; nor in mean cottages, as distinguished from cedar, and ceiled houses, in which great personages dwelt, for this respects men in common; nor as being in the houses of the grave, as the Targum, Jarchi, and others, which are no other than dust, dirt, and clay; for this regards not the dead, but the living; but the bodies of men are meant; in which their souls dwell; which shows the superior excellency of the soul to the body, and its independency of it, being capable of existing without it, as it does in the separate state before the resurrection; so bodies are called tabernacles, and earthen vessels, and earthly houses, 2 Peter 1:13 2 Corinthians 4:7; and bodies of clay, Job 13:12; so the body is by Epictetus (c) called clay elegantly wrought; and another Heathen writer (d) calls it clay steeped in, or macerated and mixed with blood: being of clay denotes the original of bodies, the dust of the earth; and the frailty of them, like brittle clay, and the pollution of them, all the members thereof being defiled with sin, and so called vile bodies, and will remain such till changed by Christ, Philippians 3:21; now the argument stands thus, if God put no trust in angels, then much less in poor, frail, mortal, sinful men; he has no dependence on their services, whose weakness, unprofitableness, and unfaithfulness, he well knows; he puts no trust in their purposes, and resolutions, and vows, which often come to nothing; nor does he trust his own people with their salvation and justification, or put these things upon the foot of their works, but trusts them and the salvation and justification of them with his Son, and puts them upon the foot of his own grace and mercy: and if he charges the holy angels with folly, then much more (for so it may be also rendered) will he charge mortal sinful men with it, who are born like the wild ass's colt, and are foolish as well as disobedient, even his chosen ones, especially before conversion; or thus if so stands the case of angels, then much less can man be just before him, and pure in his sight: the weakness, frailty, and pollution of the bodies of men, are further enlarged on in some following clauses:

whose foundation is in the dust; meaning not the lower parts of the body, as the feet, which support and bear it up; rather the soul, which is the basis of it, referring to its corruption and depravity by sin; though it seems chiefly to respect the original of the body, which is the dust of the earth, of which it consists, and to which it will return again, this being but a poor foundation to stand upon, Genesis 2:7; for the sense is, whose foundation is dust, mere dust, the particle being redundant, or rather an Arabism:

which are crushed before the moth? that is, which bodies of men, or houses of clay founded in the dust; or, "they crush them"; or "which" or "whom they crush" (e); either God, Father, Son, and Spirit, as some; or the angels, as others; or distresses, calamities, and afflictions, which sense seems best, by which they are crushed "before the moth" or "worm" (f); that is, before they die, and come to be the repast of worms, Job 19:26; or before a moth is destroyed, as soon, or sooner (g), than it is; so a man may be crushed to death, or his life taken from him, as soon as a moth's; either by the immediate hand of God, as Ananias and Sapphira, Acts 5:5; or by the sword of man, as Amasa by Joab, 2 Samuel 20:10; or rather, "like a moth" (h), as easily and as quickly as a moth is crushed between a man's fingers, or by his foot: some, as Saadiah Gaon, and others, render it, "before Arcturus" (i), a constellation in the heavens, Job 9:9; and take the phrase to be the same as that, "before the sun"; Psalm 72:17; and to denote the perpetuity and duration of their being crushed, which would be as long as the sun or Arcturus continued, that is, for ever; but either of the above senses is best, especially the last of them.

(c) Arrian. Epictet. l. 1. c. 1.((d) Theodor. Gadareus, apud Sueton. Vit. Tiber. c. 57. (e) "conterent eos", Montanus, Mercerus, Michaelis, Schultens; "sub trinitas personarum", Schmidt; "angeli", Mercerus; so Sephorno and R. Simeon Bar Tzemach; "calamitates", Vatablus; so some in Bar Tzemach. (f) "conam verme", Coceius; so the Targum and Bar Tzemach. (g) "Antequam tinea", Junius & Tremellius; "citius quam tinea", Piscator. (h) , Sept. "instar tineae", Noldius, Schmidt; so Aben Ezra and Broughton. (i) "Donec fuerit Arcturus", Pagninus, Vatablus; so some in Aben Ezra, Ben Melech.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

19. houses of clay—(2Co 5:1). Houses made of sun-dried clay bricks are common in the East; they are easily washed away (Mt 7:27). Man's foundation is this dust (Ge 3:19).

before the moth—rather, "as before the moth," which devours a garment (Job 13:28; Ps 39:11; Isa 50:9). Man, who cannot, in a physical point of view, stand before the very moth, surely cannot, in a moral, stand before God.

Job 4:19 Additional Commentaries
Context
Eliphaz: the Innocent Prosper
18'He puts no trust even in His servants; And against His angels He charges error. 19'How much more those who dwell in houses of clay, Whose foundation is in the dust, Who are crushed before the moth! 20'Between morning and evening they are broken in pieces; Unobserved, they perish forever.…
Cross References
2 Corinthians 4:7
But we have this treasure in jars of clay to show that this all-surpassing power is from God and not from us.

2 Corinthians 5:1
For we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed, we have a building from God, an eternal house in heaven, not built by human hands.

Genesis 2:7
Then the LORD God formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.

Genesis 3:19
By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return."

Job 10:9
Remember that you molded me like clay. Will you now turn me to dust again?

Job 22:16
They were carried off before their time, their foundations washed away by a flood.

Job 33:6
I am the same as you in God's sight; I too am a piece of clay.
Treasury of Scripture

How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth?

dwell.

Job 10:9 Remember, I beseech you, that you have made me as the clay; and will …

Job 13:12 Your remembrances are like to ashes, your bodies to bodies of clay.

Job 33:6 Behold, I am according to your wish in God's stead: I also am formed …

Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed …

Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread, till you return to …

Genesis 18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken on me to …

Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit …

2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency …

2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, …

crushed.

Job 13:28 And he, as a rotten thing, consumes, as a garment that is moth eaten.

Job 14:2 He comes forth like a flower, and is cut down: he flees also as a …

Psalm 39:11 When you with rebukes do correct man for iniquity, you make his beauty …

Psalm 90:5-7 You carry them away as with a flood; they are as a sleep: in the …

Psalm 103:15,16 As for man, his days are as grass: as a flower of the field, so he flourishes…

Psalm 146:4 His breath goes forth, he returns to his earth; in that very day …

1 Peter 1:24 For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower …

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